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The '''Athens 2004 '''[[Summer Olympic Games]], was officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad.
 
The '''Athens 2004 '''[[Summer Olympic Games]], was officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad.
   
They were held in [[Athens]], Greece from August 13 to August 29, 2004 with the [[File:Athens_2004.jpg|thumb|left|Olympic Stadium in Athens 2004]]motto ''Welcome Home.'' 10,625 athletes competed, from 201 countries and there were 301 medal events in 28 different Olympic sports.
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They were held in [[Athens]], Greece from August 13 to August 29, 2004 with the [[File:Athens_2004.jpg|thumb|right|Olympic Stadium in Athens 2004]]motto ''Welcome Home.'' 10,625 athletes competed, from 201 countries and there were 301 medal events in 28 different Olympic sports.
   
 
Athens 2004 was the first time since 1896 that the [[Summer Olympic Games]] were held in Greece.
 
Athens 2004 was the first time since 1896 that the [[Summer Olympic Games]] were held in Greece.
   
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A new medal obverse was introduced at these Games, replacing the design by [[Giuseppe Cassioli]] that had been used since the [[1928 Summer Olympics|1928 Games]]. This rectified the long lasting mistake of using a depiction of the Roman Colosseum rather than a Greek venue.<ref name="OM">[http://olympic-museum.de/w_medals/wmed1956.htm Winner Medals], [[Olympic Games Museum]]. Accessed 27 July 2011.</ref> The new design features the [[Panathinaiko Stadium]].<ref name="peopledaily">[http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200307/02/eng20030702_119258.shtml Athens' New Olympic Medal Design Win IOC's Nod], People Daily. Accessed 5 August 2011.</ref>
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The 2004 summer games were hailed as "unforgettable, dream games" by IOC president Jacques Rogge, and left Athens with a significantly improved infrastructure, including a new airport, ring road, and subway system.<ref name="ESPN">{{cite web |url=http://sports.espn.go.com/oly/summer04/gen/news/story?id=1870458 |title=Rogge: Athens 'unforgettable, dream Games' |author=Associated Press |date=29 August 2004 |publisher=ESPN |accessdate=28 July 2012}}</ref> However the costs of staging the games have left the host country in a precarious financial situation.<ref>[http://www.businessinsider.com/2004-athens-olympics-venues-abandoned-today-photos-2012-8]</ref>
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==Host city selection==
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[[Athens]] was chosen as the host city during the 106th IOC Session held in Lausanne on 5 September 1997. Athens had lost its bid to organize the [[1996 Summer Olympics]] to [[Atlanta]] nearly seven years before, on 18 September 1990, during the 96th IOC Session in Tokyo. Under the direction of [[Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki]], Athens pursued another bid, this time for the right to host the Summer Olympics in 2004. The success of Athens in securing the 2004 Games was based largely on Athens' appeal to Olympic history and the emphasis that it placed on the pivotal role that [[Greece]] and [[Athens]] could play in promoting Olympism and the Olympic Movement. Furthermore, unlike their bid for the 1996 Games which was largely criticized for its overall disorganization and arrogance – wherein the bid lacked specifics and relied largely upon sentiment and the notion that it was Athens' right to organize the Centennial Games;<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/1990/09/19/sports/atlanta-selected-over-athens-for-1996-olympics.html?sec=&spon=&pagewanted=2&pagewanted=print|title=Atlanta Selected Over Athens for 1996 Olympics|last=Weisman|first=Steven R.|date=19 September 1990|work=The New York Times|accessdate=23 September 2008}}</ref> the bid for the 2004 Games was lauded for its humility and earnestness, its focused message, and its detailed bid concept.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/athens-wins-2004-olympics-1237761.html|title=Athens wins 2004 Olympics|date=6 September 1997|first=Mike|last=Rowbottom|work=The Independent |location=London | accessdate=25 May 2010 <!--DASHBot-->}}</ref> The 2004 bid addressed concerns and criticisms raised in its unsuccessful 1996 bid – primarily Athens' infrastructural readiness, its air pollution, its budget, and politicization of Games preparations.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/1997/09/06/sports/athens-wins-a-vote-for-tradition-and-the-2004-olympics.html?pagewanted=print|title=Athens Wins a Vote for Tradition, and the 2004 Olympics|date=6 September 1997|first=Jere|last=Longman|newspaper=The New York Times| accessdate=25 May 2010 <!--DASHBot-->}}</ref> Athens' successful organization of the [[1997 World Championships in Athletics]] the month before the host city election was also crucial in allaying lingering fears and concerns among the sporting community and some IOC members about its ability to host international sporting events.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/1997/08/03/sports/athens-pins-olympic-bid-to-world-meet.html?pagewanted=print|title=Athens Pins Olympic Bid to World Meet|last=Longman|first=Jere|date=3 August 1997|work=The New York Times|accessdate=23 September 2008}}</ref> Another factor which also contributed to Athens' selection was a growing sentiment among some IOC members to restore the values of the Olympics to the Games, a component which they felt was lost during the heavily criticized over-commercialization of [[Altanta 1996|Atlanta 1996 Games]].<ref name="nytimes.com">{{cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/1997/09/07/sports/athens-can-thank-atlanta-for-2004-games.html|title=Athens Can Thank Atlanta for 2004 Games|date=7 September 1997|first=Dave|last=Anderson|newspaper=New York Times| accessdate=25 May 2010 <!--DASHBot-->}}</ref> Subsequently, the selection of Athens was also motivated by a lingering sense of disappointment among IOC members regarding the numerous organizational and logistical setbacks experienced during the 1996 Games.<ref name="nytimes.com"/>
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After leading all voting rounds, Athens easily defeated Rome in the 5th and final vote. [[Cape Town]], [[Stockholm]], and [[Buenos Aires]], the three other cities that made the IOC shortlist, were eliminated in prior rounds of voting. Six other cities submitted applications, but their bids were dropped by the IOC in 1996. These cities were [[Istanbul]], Lille, Rio de Janeiro, San Juan, Seville, and Saint Petersburg.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/athens/election_uk.asp |title=International Olympic Committee – Athens 2004 – Election |publisher=Olympic.org |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref>
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{| class="wikitable"
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|-
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!colspan=7| 2004 Host City Election – ballot results
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|-
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! City
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! Country (NOC)
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| style="background:silver;"| '''Round 1'''
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| style="background:silver;"| '''Run-off'''
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| style="background:silver;"| '''Round 2'''
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| style="background:silver;"| '''Round 3'''
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| style="background:silver;"| '''Round 4'''
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|-
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| [[Athens]] || {{flag|Greece}} || style="text-align:center;"| '''32''' || style="text-align:center;"| – || style="text-align:center;"| '''38''' || style="text-align:center;"| '''52''' || style="text-align:center;"| '''66'''
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|-
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| [[Rome]] || {{flag|Italy}} || style="text-align:center;"| 23 || style="text-align:center;"| – || style="text-align:center;"| 28 || style="text-align:center;"| 35 || style="text-align:center;"| 41
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|-
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| [[Cape Town]] || {{flag|South Africa}} || style="text-align:center;"| 16 || style="text-align:center;"| '''62''' || style="text-align:center;"| 22 || style="text-align:center;"| 20 || style="text-align:center;"| —
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|-
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| [[Stockholm]] || {{flag|Sweden}} || style="text-align:center;"| 20 || style="text-align:center;"| – || style="text-align:center;"| 19 || style="text-align:center;"| – || style="text-align:center;"| —
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|-
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| [[Buenos Aires]] || {{flag|Argentina}} || style="text-align:center;"| 16 || style="text-align:center;"| 44 || style="text-align:center;"| – || style="text-align:center;"| – || style="text-align:center;"| —
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|}
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==Development and preparation==
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=== Costs ===
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In June 2004, the BBC reported that the costs of hosting Olympic Games were close to € 10 billion.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3770981.stm Olympics 'may cost Greece dear'] bbc.co.uk, Wednesday, 2 June 2004, 16:57 GMT 17:57 UK</ref> On 13 November 2004, the Greek embassy estimated the costs of hosting the Olympics at €8.954 billion (about $11.2 billion in 2004) not including construction made regardless of the Games, but including 1.08 billion Euros ($1.35 billion) in security costs.<ref name=Costs>{{cite web|url=http://www.greekembassy.org/Embassy/content/en/Article.aspx?office=3&folder=200&article=14269|title=Cost of Athens 2004 Olympics|work=Embassy of Greece|date=13 November 2004| accessdate=25 May 2010 <!--DASHBot-->}}</ref> NBC Universal paid the IOC $793 million for U.S. broadcast rights,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://money.cnn.com/2004/08/30/news/fortune500/nbc_olympics/|title=NBC Universal rings in Athens profits|first=Krysten|last=Crawford|work=CNNMoney.com|date=30 August 2004| accessdate=25 May 2010 <!--DASHBot-->}}</ref> the most paid by any country. [[NBC]] broadcast over 1200 hours of coverage during the games, triple what was broadcast in the U.S. [[Sydney 2000|four years earlier]]. Between all the NBC Universal networks (NBC, CNBC, MSNBC, Bravo, USA Network & Telemundo) the games were on television 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
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Concerns about terrorism elevated following the 11 September 2001 attacks. Greece increased the budget for security at the Olympics to €970 million (US$1.2 billion). Approximately 70,000 police officers patrolled Athens and the Olympic venues during the Olympics. NATO and the European Union also provided minor
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support, after Athens asked for co-operation.
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When the [[International Olympic Committee]] expressed its concern over the progress of construction work of the new Olympic venues, a new Organizing Committee was formed in 2000 under President Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki. In the years leading up to the Games, Athens was transformed into a city that used state-of-the-art technology in transportation and urban development. Some of the most modern sporting venues in the world at the time were built to host the 2004 Olympic Games.
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===Construction===
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[[File:Athens 2004 Main Olympic Stadium.jpg|thumb|400px|Inside the Athens Olympic Stadium]]
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By late March 2004, some Olympic projects were still behind schedule, and Greek authorities announced that a roof it had initially proposed as an optional, non-vital addition to the Aquatics Center would no longer be built. The main Olympic Stadium, the designated facility for the opening and closing ceremonies, was completed only two months before the games opened. This stadium was completed with a retractable glass roof designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. The same architect also designed the [[Athens Olympic Sports Complex#Athens Olympic Velodrome|Velodrome]] and other facilities.
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Infrastructure, such as the tram line linking venues in southern Athens with the city proper, and numerous venues were considerably behind schedule just two months before the games. The subsequent pace of preparation, however, made the rush to finish the Athens venues one of the tightest in Olympics history. The Greeks, unperturbed, maintained that they would make it all along. By July/August 2004, all venues were delivered: in August, the Olympic Stadium was officially completed and opened, joined or preceded by the official completion and openings of other venues within the [[Athens Olympic Sports Complex]] (OAKA), and the sports complexes in Faliro and Helliniko.
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[[File:Olympic Athletic Center of Athens Plaza and Arch.jpg|thumb|left|The OAKA Plaza and Arch adjacent to the Olympic Stadium]]
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Late July and early August witnessed the Athens Tram become operational, and this system provided additional connections to those already existing between Athens and its waterfront communities along the Saronic Gulf. These communities included the port city of [[Piraeus]], Agios Kosmas (site of the sailing venue), Helliniko (the site of the old international airport which now contained the fencing venue, the canoe/kayak slalom course, the 15,000-seat [[Helliniko Olympic Arena|Helliniko Olympic Basketball Arena]], and the softball and baseball stadia), and the [[Faliro Coastal Zone Olympic Complex]] (site of the taekwondo, handball, indoor volleyball, and beach volleyball venues, as well as the newly reconstructed [[Karaiskaki Stadium]] for football). The upgrades to the Athens Ring Road were also delivered just in time, as were the expressway upgrades connecting Athens proper with peripheral areas such as Markopoulo (site of the shooting and equestrian venues), the newly constructed [[Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport]], Schinias (site of the rowing venue), Maroussi (site of the OAKA), Parnitha (site of the Olympic Village), Galatsi (site of the rhythmic gymnastics and table tennis venue), and Vouliagmeni (site of the triathlon venue). The upgrades to the [[Athens Metro]] were also completed, and the new lines became operational by mid-summer.
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EMI released ''Unity'', the official pop album of the Athens Olympics, in the leadup to the Olympics.<ref name=unity/> It features contributions from Sting, Lenny Kravitz, Moby, Destiny's Child, and Avril Lavigne.<ref name=unity/> EMI has pledged to donate US$180,000 from the album to UNICEF's HIV/AIDS program in Sub-Saharan Africa.<ref name=unity>{{cite news |url=http://www.star-ecentral.com/music/sleeve/notes.asp?file=archives/sleeve/2004/5/26/26UnityOlymp&date=5/26/2004/2 |title=Unity Olympics Album |work=The Star Online eCentral |year=2004 |accessdate=16 August 2008}}</ref>
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At least 14 people died during the work on the facilities. Most of these people were not from Greece.<ref>{{cite news |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3920919.stm |title=Workers in peril at Athens sites |work=BBC News |date=23 July 2004 |accessdate=16 August 2008}}</ref>
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Before the games, Greek hotel staff staged a series of one-day strikes over wage disputes. They had been asking for a significant raise for the period covering the event being staged. Paramedics and ambulance drivers also protested. They claimed to have the right to the same Olympic bonuses promised to their security force counterparts.
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===Legacy===
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The games left Athens with an expanded subway system, a new airport along with other transportation infrastructure such as new highways, bridges, buses and light rail. It has also left debt and a number of abandoned or underused stadia for sports, including the five venue [[Athens Olympic Sports Complex]].<ref>http://www.thestar.com/news/world/article/1229485--why-athens-has-lived-to-regret-hosting-the-olympic-games</ref>
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==Torch relay==
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{{Main|2004 Summer Olympics torch relay}}
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[[File:Route of Olympic Flame Worldwide.png|300px|thumb|For the first time the [[Olympic Flame]] [[2004 Olympic Torch Relay|toured the world]]]]
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The lighting ceremony of the [[Olympic flame]] took place on 25 March in [[Olympia, Greece|Ancient Olympia]]. For the first time ever, the flame travelled around the world in a [[2004 Olympic Torch Relay|relay]] to former Olympic cities and other large cities, before returning to Greece.
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==Mascots==
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{{Main|Athena and Phevos}}
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[[File:Athens athena model.jpg|thumb|left|upright|The mascots were based on this clay model at the [[National Archaeological Museum of Athens]]]]
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[[File:Athens athena toy.jpg|thumb|upright|A plush mascot]]
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[[Olympic mascot|Mascots]] have been a tradition at the Olympic Games since the [[1968 Winter Olympics]] in [[Grenoble]], France. The Athens games had two official mascots: ''[[Athiná]]'' and ''[[Phévos]]'' (pronounced in Greek, Athina and Fivos). The sister and brother were named after Athena, [[Athena|the goddess of wisdom, strategy and war]], and Phoebus, [[Phoebus|the god of light and music]], respectively. They were inspired by the ancient [[daidala]], which were dolls that had religious connotations as well as being toys.
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==Online coverage==
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For the first time, major broadcasters were allowed to serve video coverage of the Olympics over the Internet, provided that they restricted this service geographically, to protect broadcasting contracts in other areas. For instance, the [[BBC]] made their complete live coverage available to UK high-speed Internet customers for free; customers in the U.S. were only able to receive delayed excerpts.<ref>{{cite news |last=Pfanner |first=Eric |title=Athens Games beating Sydney in TV race |work=International Herald Tribune |date=30 August 2004 |url=http://www.iht.com/articles/2004/08/30/tv30_ed3_.php |accessdate=18 August 2006}} {{Dead link|date=October 2010|bot=H3llBot}}</ref> The International Olympic Committee forbade Olympic athletes, as well as coaches, support personnel and other officials, from setting up specialized [[weblog]]s and/or other websites for covering their personal perspective of the games. They were not allowed to post audio, video, or photos that they had taken. An exception was made if an athlete already has a personal website that was not set up specifically for the Games.<ref>{{cite news |title=You're Athletes, Not Journalists |publisher=Wired News |date=20 August 2004 |url=http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,1284,64650,00.html |accessdate=18 August 2006| archiveurl = http://www.webcitation.org/5Ppo9LSLA | archivedate = 24 June 2007| deadurl=no}}</ref> [[NBC]] launched its own Olympic website, NBCOlympics.com. Focusing on the television coverage of the games, it did provide video clips, medal standings, live results. Its main purpose, however, was to provide a schedule of what sports were on the many stations of NBC Universal. The games were on TV 24 hours a day on one network or another.
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==Technology==
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[[File:TOC-01.jpg|thumb|View of the ATHOC Technology Operations Center during the Games.]]
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As with any enterprise, the Organizing Committee and everyone involved with it relied heavily on technology in order to deliver a successful event. ATHOC maintained two separate data networks, one for the preparation of the Games (known as the Administrative network) and one for the Games themselves (Games Network). The technical infrastructure involved more than 11,000 computers, over 600 [[server (computing)|servers]], 2,000 [[Computer printer|printers]], 23,000 fixed-line telephone devices, 9,000 mobile phones, 12,000 [[TETRA]] devices, 16,000 TV and video devices and 17 Video Walls interconnected by more than 6,000&nbsp;kilometers of cabling (both [[optical fiber]] and [[twisted pair]]).
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This infrastructure was created and maintained to serve directly more than 150,000 ATHOC Staff, Volunteers, Olympic family members ([[IOC]], [[National Olympic Committee|NOCs]], Federations), Partners & Sponsors and Media. It also kept the information flowing for all spectators, TV viewers, Website visitors and news readers around the world, prior and during the Games. The Media Center was located inside the [[Zappeion]] which is a Greek national exhibition center.
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Between June and August 2004, the technology staff worked in the Technology Operations Center (TOC) from where it could centrally monitor and manage all the devices and flow of information, as well as handle any problems that occurred during the Games. The TOC was organized in teams (e.g. Systems, Telecommunications, Information Security, Data Network, Staffing, etc.) under a TOC Director and corresponding team leaders (Shift Managers). The TOC operated on a 24x7 basis with personnel organized into 12-hour shifts.
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==The Games==
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===Opening Ceremony===
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[[File:Olympic flame at opening ceremony.jpg|thumb|The [[Olympic Flame]] at the Opening Ceremony]]
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{{Main|2004 Summer Olympics opening ceremony}}
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The widely praised Opening Ceremony Directed by avant garde choreographer [[Dimitris Papaioannou]] and Produced by Jack Morton Worldwide led by Project Director David Zolkwer was held on 13 August 2004. It began with a twenty eight (the number of the Olympiads up to then) second countdown paced by the sounds of an amplified heartbeat.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2004/08/29/sports/olympics/29closing.html?ex=1148788800&en=1c65a34c3766781c&ei=5070&pagewanted=print|title=Master of Olympic Pageantry Prepares One Final Blowout|date=29 August 2004|newspaper=New York Times|agency=Associated Press| accessdate=25 May 2010 <!--DASHBot-->}}</ref> As the countdown was completed, fireworks rumbled and illuminated the skies overhead. After a drum corps and bouzouki players joined in an opening march, the video screen showed images of flight, crossing southwest from Athens over the Greek countryside to ancient Olympia. Then, a single drummer in the ancient stadium joined in a drum duet with a single drummer in the main stadium in Athens, joining the original ancient Olympic games with the modern ones in symbolism. At the end of the drum duet, a single flaming arrow was launched from the video screen (symbolically from ancient Olympia) and into the reflecting pool, which resulted in fire erupting in the middle of the stadium creating a burning image of the Olympic rings rising from the pool. The Opening Ceremony was a pageant of traditional Greek culture and history hearkening back to its mythological beginnings. The program began as a young Greek boy sailed into the stadium on a 'paper-ship' waving the host nation's flag to [[:wikt:aethereal|aethereal]] music by [[Hadjidakis]] and then a [[centaur]] appeared, followed by a gigantic head of a [[cycladic]] figurine which eventually broke into many pieces symbolising the Greek islands. Underneath the cycladic head was a Hellenistic representation of the human body, reflecting the concept and belief in perfection reflected in Greek art. A man was seen balancing on a hovering cube symbolising man's eternal 'split' between passion and reason followed by a couple of young lovers playfully chasing each other while the god [[Eros (mythology)|Eros]] was hovering above them. There followed a very colourful float parade chronicling Greek history from the ancient [[Minoan civilization]] to modern times.
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Although [[NBC]] in the United States presented the entire opening ceremony from start to finish, a topless Minoan priestess was shown only briefly, the breasts having been [[pixelation|pixelated]] digitally in order to avoid controversy (as the [[Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy|"Nipplegate"]] incident was still fresh in viewer's minds at the time) and potential fines by the [[Federal Communications Commission]]. Also, lower frontal nudity of men dressed as ancient Greek statues was shown in such a way that the area below the waist was cut off by the bottom of the screen. In most other countries presenting the broadcast, there was no censorship of the ceremony.
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Following the artistic performances, a parade of nations entered the stadium with over 10,500 athletes walking under the banners of 201 nations. The nations were arranged according to [[Greek alphabet]] making [[Finland]], Fiji, [[Chile]], and Hong Kong the last four to enter the stadium before the Greek delegation. On this occasion, in observance of the tradition that the delegation of Greece opens the parade and the host nation closes it, the Greek flag bearer opened the parade and all the Greek delegation closed it. Based on audience reaction, the emotional high point of the parade was the entrance of the delegation from [[Afghanistan]] which had been absent from the Olympics and had female competitors for the first time. The [[Iraq]]i delegation also stirred emotions. Also recognized was the symbolic unified march of athletes from [[North Korea]] and South Korea under the [[Korea]]n [[Unification Flag]]. The country of [[Kiribati]] made a debut at these games and [[East Timor]] made a debut under its own flag. After the Parade of Nations, during which the Dutch [[Tiësto|DJ Tiësto]] provided the music, the [[Iceland]]ic singer [[Björk]] performed the song [[Oceania (song)|Oceania]], written specially for the event by her and the poet [[Sjón]].
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The Opening Ceremony culminated in the lighting of the Olympic Cauldron by 1996 Gold Medalist Windsurfer [[Nikolaos Kaklamanakis]]. Many key moments in the ceremony, including the lighting of the Olympic Cauldron, featured music composed and arranged by [[John Psathas]]<ref>{{cite web|title=SOUNZ – NZ composer – John Psathas |url=http://sounz.org.nz/contributor/composer/1017|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5ix23KRGb|archivedate=11 August 2009|deadurl=no|accessdate=7 August 2009}}</ref> from New Zealand. The gigantic cauldron, which was styled after the Athens 2004 Olympic Torch, pivoted down to be lit by the 35 year-old, before slowly swinging up and lifting the flame high above the stadium. Following this, the stadium found itself at the centre of a rousing fireworks spectacular.
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===Participating NOCs===
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All [[National Olympic Committee]]s (NOCs) participated in the Athens Games, as was the case in 1996. Two new NOCs had been created since 1996 and made their debut at these Games ([[Kiribati at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Kiribati]] and [[Timor-Leste at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Timor-Leste]]). Therefore with the re-appearance of [[Afghanistan]] (missing the [[2000 Summer Olympics]]) the number of participating nations increased from 199 to 202. Also since 2000, Yugoslavia had changed its name to [[Serbia and Montenegro]] and its code from YUG to SCG. The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants each NOC contributed.
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{{gallery
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|title=Participating nations
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|width=300
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|height=200
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|lines=1
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|align=center
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|File:2004 Olympic games countries.svg|Participating nations
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|File:2004 Summer olympics team numbers.gif|Team numbers
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}}
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{{-}}
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<div class="center" >
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{| class="wikitable collapsible" style="width:100%;"
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|-
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! Participating NOCs
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|-
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|
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{|
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|-
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{{col-begin}}
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{{col-4}}
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*{{flagIOC|AFG|2004 Summer|3}}
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*{{flagIOC|ALB|2004 Summer|7}}
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*{{flagIOC|ALG|2004 Summer|63}}
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*{{flagIOC|ASA|2004 Summer|5}}
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*{{flagIOC|AND|2004 Summer|8}}
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*{{flagIOC|ANG|2004 Summer|31}}
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*{{flagIOC|ANT|2004 Summer|9}}
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*{{flagIOC|ARG|2004 Summer|156}}
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*{{flagIOC|ARM|2004 Summer|19}}
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*{{flagIOC|ARU|2004 Summer|4}}
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*{{flagIOC|AUS|2004 Summer|482}}
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*{{flagIOC|AUT|2004 Summer|101}}
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*{{flagIOC|AZE|2004 Summer|38}}
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*{{flagIOC|BAH|2004 Summer|41}}
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*{{flagIOC|BRN|2004 Summer|6}}
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*{{flagIOC|BAN|2004 Summer|4}}
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*{{flagIOC|BAR|2004 Summer|10}}
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*{{flagIOC|BLR|2004 Summer|151}}
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*{{flagIOC|BEL|2004 Summer|62}}
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*{{flagIOC|BIZ|2004 Summer|2}}
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*{{flagIOC|BEN|2004 Summer|4}}
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*{{flagIOC|BER|2004 Summer|10}}
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*{{flagIOC|BHU|2004 Summer|2}}
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*{{flagIOC|BOL|2004 Summer|7}}
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*{{flagIOC|BIH|2004 Summer|9}}
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*{{flagIOC|BOT|2004 Summer|11}}
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*{{flagIOC|BRA|2004 Summer|247}}
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*{{flagIOC|IVB|2004 Summer|1}}
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*{{flagIOC|BRU|2004 Summer|1}}
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*{{flagIOC|BUL|2004 Summer|165}}
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*{{flagIOC|BUR|2004 Summer|5}}
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*{{flagIOC|BDI|2004 Summer|7}}
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*{{flagIOC|CAM|2004 Summer|4}}
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*{{flagIOC|CMR|2004 Summer|17}}
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*{{flagIOC|CAN|2004 Summer|262}}
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*{{flagIOC|CPV|2004 Summer|3}}
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*{{flagIOC|CAY|2004 Summer|5}}
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*{{flagIOC|CAF|2004 Summer|4}}
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*{{flagIOC|CHA|2004 Summer|2}}
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*{{flagIOC|CHI|2004 Summer|56}}
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*{{flagIOC|CHN|2004 Summer|407}}
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*{{flagIOC|COL|2004 Summer|51}}
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*{{flagIOC|COM|2004 Summer|3}}
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*{{flagIOC|COD|2004 Summer|4}}
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*{{flagIOC|CGO|2004 Summer|5}}
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*{{flagIOC|COK|2004 Summer|3}}
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*{{flagIOC|CRC|2004 Summer|20}}
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*{{flagIOC|CIV|2004 Summer|5}}
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*{{flagIOC|CRO|2004 Summer|83}}
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*{{flagIOC|CUB|2004 Summer|151}}
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*{{flagIOC|CYP|2004 Summer|20}}
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{{col-4}}
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*{{flagIOC|CZE|2004 Summer|142}}
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*{{flagIOC|DEN|2004 Summer|92}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|DJI|2004 Summer|1}}<ref>Although they marched in the Parade of Nations, neither athlete competed.</ref>
  +
*{{flagIOC|DMA|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|DOM|2004 Summer|33}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ECU|2004 Summer|17}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|EGY|2004 Summer|96}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ESA|2004 Summer|8}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GEQ|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ERI|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|EST|2004 Summer|44}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ETH|2004 Summer|28}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|FIJ|2004 Summer|10}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|FIN|2004 Summer|62}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|FRA|2004 Summer|317}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GAB|2004 Summer|6}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GAM|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GEO|2004 Summer|32}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GER|2004 Summer|479}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GHA|2004 Summer|29}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GBR|2004 Summer|259}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GRE|2004 Summer|441}} (host)
  +
*{{flagIOC|GRN|2004 Summer|5}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GUM|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GUA|2004 Summer|18}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GUI|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GBS|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|GUY|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|HAI|2004 Summer|8}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|HON|2004 Summer|5}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|HKG|2004 Summer|32}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|HUN|2004 Summer|219}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ISL|2004 Summer|26}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|IND|2004 Summer|73}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|INA|2004 Summer|38}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|IRI|2004 Summer|37}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|IRQ|2004 Summer|25}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|IRL|2004 Summer|52}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ISR|2004 Summer|36}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ITA|2004 Summer|364}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|JAM|2004 Summer|47}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|JPN|2004 Summer|312}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|JOR|2004 Summer|8}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|KAZ|2004 Summer|114}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|KEN|2004 Summer|46}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|KIR|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|PRK|2004 Summer|36}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|KOR|2004 Summer|264}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|KUW|2004 Summer|29}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|KGZ|2004 Summer|11}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|LAO|2004 Summer|5}}
  +
{{col-4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|LAT|2004 Summer|35}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|LIB|2004 Summer|8}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|LES|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|LBR|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|LBA|2004 Summer|8}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|LIE|2004 Summer|1}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|LTU|2004 Summer|59}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|LUX|2004 Summer|10}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MKD|2004 Summer|10}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MAD|2004 Summer|8}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MAW|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MAS|2004 Summer|26}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MDV|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MLI|2004 Summer|23}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MLT|2004 Summer|7}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MTN|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MRI|2004 Summer|9}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MEX|2004 Summer|109}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|FSM|2004 Summer|5}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MDA|2004 Summer|33}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MON|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MGL|2004 Summer|20}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MAR|2004 Summer|55}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MOZ|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|MYA|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|NAM|2004 Summer|8}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|NRU|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|NEP|2004 Summer|6}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|NED|2004 Summer|219}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|AHO|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|NZL|2004 Summer|148}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|NCA|2004 Summer|5}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|NIG|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|NGR|2004 Summer|70}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|NOR|2004 Summer|52}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|OMA|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|PAK|2004 Summer|26}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|PLW|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|PLE|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|PAN|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|PNG|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|PAR|2004 Summer|22}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|PER|2004 Summer|9}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|PHI|2004 Summer|16}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|POL|2004 Summer|208}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|POR|2004 Summer|91}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|PUR|2004 Summer|43}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|QAT|2004 Summer|22}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ROU|2004 Summer|108}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|RUS|2004 Summer|456}}
  +
{{col-4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|RWA|2004 Summer|5}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SKN|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|LCA|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|VIN|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|STP|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SAM|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SMR|2004 Summer|5}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|KSA|2004 Summer|16}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SEN|2004 Summer|16}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SCG|2004 Summer|85}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SEY|2004 Summer|9}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SLE|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SIN|2004 Summer|16}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SVK|2004 Summer|64}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SLO|2004 Summer|79}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SOL|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SOM|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|RSA|2004 Summer|106}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ESP|2004 Summer|316}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SRI|2004 Summer|8}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SUD|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SUR|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SWZ|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SWE|2004 Summer|115}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SUI|2004 Summer|98}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|SYR|2004 Summer|6}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|TPE|2004 Summer|87}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|TJK|2004 Summer|9}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|TAN|2004 Summer|8}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|THA|2004 Summer|42}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|TLS|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|TOG|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|TGA|2004 Summer|5}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|TRI|2004 Summer|19}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|TUN|2004 Summer|54}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|TUR|2004 Summer|53}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|TKM|2004 Summer|9}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|UGA|2004 Summer|11}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|UKR|2004 Summer|239}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|UAE|2004 Summer|4}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|USA|2004 Summer|536}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|URU|2004 Summer|15}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|UZB|2004 Summer|70}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|VAN|2004 Summer|2}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|VEN|2004 Summer|48}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|VIE|2004 Summer|11}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ISV|2004 Summer|6}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|YEM|2004 Summer|3}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ZAM|2004 Summer|6}}
  +
*{{flagIOC|ZIM|2004 Summer|13}}
  +
{{col-end}}
  +
|}
  +
</div>
  +
  +
{{-}}
  +
  +
===Sports===
  +
<!--
  +
  +
Editors, see User:Jared/2004 events for a list of events at these games, with links to all of the pages.
  +
  +
-->The sports featured at the 2004 Summer Olympics are listed below. Officially there were 28 sports as swimming, diving, synchronised swimming and water polo are classified by the IOC as disciplines within the sport of [[Aquatic sports|aquatics]], and wheelchair racing was a demonstration sport. For the first time, the wrestling category featured women's wrestling and in the fencing competition women competed in the [[Fencing (sport)#Sabre|sabre]]. American [[Kristin Heaston]], who led off the qualifying round of women's shotput became the first woman to compete at the ancient site of Olympia but Cuban [[Yumileidi Cumba]] became the first woman to win a gold medal there.
  +
  +
The demonstration sport of wheelchair racing was a joint Olympic/[[Paralympic Games|Paralympic]] event, allowing a Paralympic event to occur within the Olympics, and for the future, opening up the wheelchair race to the able-bodied. The [[2004 Summer Paralympics]] were also held in Athens, from 20 to 28 September.
  +
{| class="wikitable"
  +
|-
  +
!2004 Summer Olympic Sports Programme
  +
|-
  +
|
  +
{{col-begin}}
  +
{{Col-4}}
  +
*[[File:Archery pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Archery at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Archery]] <small>(4)</small>
  +
*[[File:Athletics pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Athletics at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Athletics]] <small>(46)</small>
  +
*[[File:Badminton pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Badminton at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Badminton]] <small>(5)</small>
  +
*[[File:Baseball pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Baseball at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Baseball]] <small>(1)</small>
  +
*[[File:Basketball pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Basketball at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Basketball]] <small>(2)</small>
  +
*[[File:Boxing pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Boxing at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Boxing]] <small>(11)</small>
  +
*[[File:Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Canoeing at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Canoeing]] <small>(16)</small>
  +
*[[File:Cycling pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Cycling at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Cycling]] <small>(18)</small>
  +
{{Col-4}}
  +
*[[File:Diving pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Diving at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Diving]] <small>(8)</small>
  +
*[[File:Equestrian pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Equestrian at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Equestrian]] <small>(6)</small>
  +
*[[File:Fencing pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Fencing at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Fencing]] <small>(10)</small>
  +
*[[File:Field hockey pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Field hockey at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Field Hockey]] <small>(2)</small>
  +
*[[File:Football pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Football at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Football]] <small>(2)</small>
  +
*[[File:Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Gymnastics at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Gymnastics]] <small>(18)</small>
  +
*[[File:Handball pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Handball at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Handball]] <small>(2)</small>
  +
*[[File:Judo pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Judo at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Judo]] <small>(14)</small>
  +
{{Col-4}}
  +
*[[File:Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Modern pentathlon at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Modern pentathlon]] <small>(2)</small>
  +
*[[File:Rowing pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Rowing at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Rowing]] <small>(14)</small>
  +
*[[File:Sailing pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Sailing at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Sailing]] <small>(11)</small>
  +
*[[File:Shooting pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Shooting at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Shooting]] <small>(17)</small>
  +
*[[File:Softball pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Softball at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Softball]] <small>(1)</small>
  +
*[[File:Swimming pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Swimming at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Swimming]] <small>(32)</small>
  +
*[[File:Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Synchronized swimming at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Synchronized swimming]] <small>(2)</small>
  +
{{Col-4}}
  +
*[[File:Table tennis pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Table tennis at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Table tennis]] <small>(4)</small>
  +
*[[File:Taekwondo pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Taekwondo at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Taekwondo]] <small>(8)</small>
  +
*[[File:Tennis pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Tennis at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Tennis]] <small>(4)</small>
  +
*[[File:Triathlon pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Triathlon at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Triathlon]] <small>(2)</small>
  +
*[[File:Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Volleyball at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Volleyball]] <small>(4)</small>
  +
*[[File:Water polo pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Water polo at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Water polo]] <small>(2)</small>
  +
*[[File:Weightlifting pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Weightlifting at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Weightlifting]] <small>(15)</small>
  +
*[[File:Wrestling pictogram.svg|20px|alt=|link=]] [[Wrestling at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Wrestling]] <small>(18)</small>
  +
{{col-end}}
  +
|}
  +
  +
===Calendar===
  +
{{2004 Summer Olympics Calendar}} 31 sports
  +
  +
===Highlights===
  +
* The shotput event was held in ancient [[Olympia]], site of the [[ancient Olympic Games]] (that is the very first time women athletes competed in Ancient Olympia), while the archery competition was held in the [[Panathinaiko Stadium]], in which the 1896 games were held.<ref name="olympic"/>
  +
* [[Kiribati]] and [[Timor Leste]] participated for the first time in the Olympic Games.<ref name="olympic"/>
  +
* Women's wrestling and women's sabre made their debut at the 2004 games.<ref name="olympic"/>
  +
* Greece had its best ever medal tally, 6 gold, 6 silver, and 4 bronze, since hosting the 1896 games.
  +
* The marathon was held on the same route as the 1896 games, beginning in the site of the [[Battle of Marathon]] to the [[Panathinaiko Stadium]] in Athens.<ref name="olympic">{{cite web |url=http://www.olympic.org/athens-2004-summer-olympics |title=Athens 2004 |publisher=IOC |accessdate=28 July 2012}}</ref>
  +
* Australia became the first country in Olympic history to win more gold medals (17) immediately after hosting the Olympics in Sydney 2000 where they won 16 gold medals.
  +
* World record holder and strong favourite [[Paula Radcliffe]] crashes out of the women's [[marathon]] in spectacular fashion, leaving [[Mizuki Noguchi]] to win the gold.
  +
* While leading in the men's marathon with less than 10&nbsp;kilometres to go, Brazilian runner [[Vanderlei de Lima]] is attacked by Irish priest [[Cornelius Horan]] and dragged into the crowd. De Lima recovered to take bronze, and was later awarded the [[Pierre de Coubertin medal]] for sportsmanship.<ref name="olympic"/>
  +
* British athlete [[Kelly Holmes]] wins gold in the [[800 m]] and [[1500 m]].<ref name="olympic"/>
  +
* [[Liu Xiang]] wins gold in the [[110 m hurdles]], equalling [[Colin Jackson|Colin Jackson's]] 1993 world record time of 12.91&nbsp;seconds. This was China's first ever gold in men's track and field.
  +
* East African runners swept the medals in the 3000 meters steeple chase.<ref name="olympic"/>
  +
* The Olympics saw [[Afghanistan at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Afghanistan's]] first return to the Games since 1999 (it was banned due to the [[Taliban|Taliban's]] extremist attitudes towards women, but was reinstated in 2002).
  +
* [[Hicham El Guerrouj]] wins gold in the [[1500 m]] and [[5000 m]]. He is the first person to accomplish this feat at the Olympics since [[Paavo Nurmi]] in 1924.<ref name="olympic"/>
  +
* Greek athlete [[Fani Halkia]] comes out of retirement to win the [[400 m hurdles]].
  +
* The US women's 4x200m swimming team of [[Natalie Coughlin]], [[Carly Piper]], [[Dana Vollmer]] and [[Kaitlin Sandeno]] win gold, smashing the long standing world record set by the [[German Democratic Republic]] in 1987.
  +
* The [[United States men's national basketball team|United States]] lost for the first time in Olympic men's basketball since NBA players were permitted to play in the Games. This defeat came at the hands of [[Puerto Rico national basketball team|Puerto Rico]] 92–73.
  +
* [[Argentina national basketball team|Argentina]] won a thrilling victory over the United States in the semi-finals of men's basketball. They went on to beat [[Italy national basketball team|Italy]] 84–69 in the final.
  +
* Windsurfer [[Gal Fridman]] wins [[Israel]]'s first-ever gold medal.
  +
* Dominican athlete [[Félix Sánchez]] won the first ever gold medal for the [[Dominican Republic]] in the [[400 m hurdles]] event.
  +
* German [[kayaker]] [[Birgit Fischer]] wins gold in the K-4 500&nbsp;m and silver in the K-2 500&nbsp;m. In so doing, she became the first woman in any sport to win gold medals at 6 different Olympics, the first woman to win gold 24 years apart and the first person in Olympic history to win two or more medals in five different Games.
  +
* Swimmer [[Michael Phelps]] wins 8 medals (including a record 6 gold and 2 bronze), becoming the first athlete to win 8 medals in non boycotted Olympics.<ref name="olympic"/>
  +
* United States' gymnast [[Carly Patterson]] becomes only the second American woman to win the all-around gold medal.
  +
* Chilean Tennis players Nicolás Massu and Fernando Gonzalez won the gold medal in the Doubles Competition, while Massu won the gold and Gonzalez the bronze on the Singles competition. These were Chile's first-ever gold medals.<ref name="olympic"/>
  +
* Anchored by [[Brazil at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Brazil]], South America had its best Olympics, with nine Gold Medals.
  +
  +
===Closing Ceremony===
  +
[[File:Athens 2004 Olympics Closing ceremony.jpg|thumb|Balloons falling at the Athens 2004 Olympics Closing ceremony]]
  +
The Games were concluded on 29 August 2004. The closing ceremony was held at the [[Olympic Stadium (Athens)|Athens Olympic Stadium]], where the Games had been opened 16 days earlier. Around 70,000 people gathered in the stadium to watch the ceremony.
  +
  +
The initial part of the ceremony interspersed the performances of various Greek singers, and featured traditional Greek dance performances from various regions of Greece (Crete, Pontos, Thessaly, etc.). The event was meant to highlight the pride of the Greeks in their culture and country for the world to see.
  +
  +
A significant part of the closing ceremony was the exchange of the Olympic flag of the Antwerp games between the mayor of Athens and the mayor of Beijing, host city of the next Olympic games. After the flag exchange a presentation from the Beijing delegation presented a glimpse into Chinese culture for the world to see. [[Beijing University]] students (who were at first incorrectly cited as the [[Twelve Girls Band]]) sang [[Mo Li Hua]] (Jasmine Flower) and the medal ceremony for the last event of the Olympics, the [[Athletics at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Men's marathon|men's marathon]], was conducted, with [[Stefano Baldini]] from Italy as the winner. The bronze medal winner, [[Vanderlei Cordeiro de Lima]] of Brazil, was simultaneously announced as a recipient of the [[Pierre de Coubertin medal]] for his bravery in finishing the race despite being attacked by a rogue spectator while leading with 7&nbsp;km to go.
  +
  +
A flag-bearer from each nation's delegation then entered along the stage, followed by the competitors ''en masse'' on the floor.
  +
  +
Short speeches were presented by [[Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki]], President of the Organising Committee, and by President Dr. [[Jacques Rogge]] of the [[International Olympic Committee|IOC]], in which he described the Athens Olympics as "unforgettable, dream Games".<ref name="ESPN"/>
  +
  +
Dr. Rogge had previously declared he would be breaking with tradition in his closing speech as President of the IOC and that he would never use the words of his predecessor [[Juan Antonio Samaranch]], who used to always say 'these were the best ever games'.<ref name="ESPN"/> Dr. Rogge had described [[2002 Winter Olympics|Salt Lake City 2002]] as "superb games" and in turn would continue after Athens 2004 and describe [[2006 Winter Olympics|Turin 2006]] as "truly magnificent games."
  +
  +
The national anthems [[Hymn to Liberty|of Greece]] and [[March of the Volunteers|China]] were played in a handover ceremony as both nations' flags were raised. The [[Mayor of Athens]], [[Dora Bakoyianni]], passed the Olympic Flag to the [[Mayor of Beijing]], [[Wang Qishan]]. After a short cultural performance by Chinese actors, dancers, and musicians directed by eminent Chinese director [[Zhang Yimou]], Rogge declared the 2004 Olympic Games closed. The Olympic flag was next raised again on 10 February 2006 during the [[2006 Winter Olympics opening ceremony|opening ceremony of next Winter Olympic games]] in [[Turin|Torino]].
  +
  +
A young Greek girl, Fotini Papaleonidopoulou, lit a symbolic lantern with the [[Olympic Flame]] and passed it on to other children before "extinguishing" the flame in the cauldron by blowing a puff of air. The ceremony ended with a variety of musical performances by Greek singers, including [[Dionysis Savvopoulos]], [[George Dalaras]], [[Haris Alexiou]], [[Anna Vissi]], [[Sakis Rouvas]], [[Eleftheria Arvanitaki]], Alkistis Protopsalti, [[Antonis Remos]], [[Mixalis Xatzigiannis]], [[Marinella]] and Dimitra Galani, as thousands of athletes carried out symbolic displays on the stadium floor.
  +
  +
==Medal count==
  +
{{Main|2004 Summer Olympics medal table}}
  +
These are the top ten nations that won medals in the 2004 Games.
  +
  +
{| {{RankedMedalTable|class=wikitable sortable}}
  +
|-
  +
| 1 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|USA|2004 Summer}} || 34 || 39 || 27 || 100<ref name="UpdatedMedals">{{YouTube|id=KgtB02lEq18|title=IOC to Strip Hamilton of Athens Gold}}</ref><!-- Updated since games - See "2004 Summer Olympics medal table" talk -->
  +
|-
  +
| 2 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|CHN|2004 Summer}} || 32 || 17 || 14 || 63
  +
|-
  +
| 3 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|RUS|2004 Summer}} || 28 || 26 || 38 || 92<ref name="UpdatedMedals"/><!-- Updated since games - See "2004 Summer Olympics medal table" talk -->
  +
|-
  +
| 4 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|AUS|2004 Summer}} || 17 || 16 || 17<ref name="UpdatedMedals"/> || 50
  +
|-
  +
| 5 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|JPN|2004 Summer}} || 16 || 9 || 12 || 37
  +
|-
  +
| 6 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|GER|2004 Summer}} || 13 || 16 || 20 || 49<!-- Updated since games - See "2004 Summer Olympics medal table" talk -->
  +
|-
  +
| 7 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|FRA|2004 Summer}} || 11 || 9 || 13 || 33
  +
|-
  +
| 8 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|ITA|2004 Summer}} || 10 || 11 || 11 || 32
  +
|-
  +
| 9 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|KOR|2004 Summer}} || 9 || 12 || 9 || 30
  +
|-
  +
| 10 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|GBR|2004 Summer}} || 9 || 9 || 12 || 30
  +
|- style="background:#ccf;"
  +
| 15 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|GRE|2004 Summer}} <small>(host nation)<small> || 6 || 6 || 4 || 16<!-- Updated since games - See "2004 Summer Olympics medal table" talk -->
  +
|}
  +
  +
==Venues==
  +
{{Main|Venues of the 2004 Summer Olympics}}
  +
  +
===OAKA===
  +
* [[Athens Olympic Aquatic Centre]] – diving, swimming, synchronized swimming, water polo
  +
* [[Athens Olympic Tennis Centre]] – tennis
  +
* [[Athens Olympic Velodrome]] – cycling (track)
  +
* [[Olympic Indoor Hall]] – basketball (final), gymnastics (artistic, trampolining)
  +
* [[Olympic Stadium (Athens)|Olympic Stadium]] – ceremonies (opening/ closing), athletics, football (final)
  +
  +
===HOC===
  +
* [[Helliniko Fencing Hall|Fencing Hall]] – fencing
  +
* [[Helliniko Olympic Arena|Helliniko Indoor Arena]] – basketball, handball (final)
  +
* [[Elliniko Stadium|Olympic Baseball Centre]] – baseball
  +
* [[Helliniko Olympic Canoe/Kayak Slalom Centre|Olympic Canoe/Kayak Slalom Centre]] – canoeing (slalom)
  +
* [[Helliniko Olympic Hockey Centre|Olympic Hockey Centre]] – field hockey
  +
* [[Helliniko Olympic Softball Stadium|Olympic Softball Stadium]] – softball
  +
  +
===Faliro===
  +
* [[Faliro Olympic Beach Volleyball Centre]] – volleyball (beach)
  +
* [[Faliro Sports Pavilion Arena]] – handball, taekwondo
  +
* [[Peace and Friendship Stadium]] – volleyball (indoor)
  +
  +
===GOC===
  +
* [[Goudi Olympic Hall]] – badminton
  +
* [[Olympic Modern Pentathlon Centre]] – modern pentathlon
  +
  +
===Football venues===
  +
* [[Kaftanzoglio Stadium]] ([[Thessaloniki]])
  +
* [[Karaiskakis Stadium]] ([[Athens]])
  +
* [[Pampeloponnisiako Stadium]] ([[Patras]])
  +
* [[Pankritio Stadium]] ([[Heraklion]])
  +
* [[Panthessaliko Stadium]] ([[Volos]])
  +
  +
===Other venues===
  +
* [[Agios Kosmas Olympic Sailing Centre]] – sailing
  +
* [[Ano Liosia Olympic Hall]] – judo, wrestling
  +
* [[Galatsi Olympic Hall]] – gymnastics (rhythmic), table tennis
  +
* [[Kotzia Square]] – cycling (individual road race)
  +
* [[Marathon, Greece|Marathon (city)]] – athletics (marathon start)
  +
* [[Markopoulo Olympic Equestrian Centre]] – equestrian
  +
* [[Markopoulo Olympic Shooting Centre]] – shooting
  +
* [[Nikaia Olympic Weightlifting Hall]] – weightlifting
  +
* [[Panathinaiko Stadium]] – archery, athletics (marathons finish)
  +
* [[Peristeri Olympic Boxing Hall]] – boxing
  +
* [[Schinias Olympic Rowing and Canoeing Centre]] – canoeing (sprint), rowing
  +
* [[Stadium at Olympia]] – athletics (shot put)
  +
* [[Vouliagmeni Olympic Centre]] – cycling (individual time trial), triathlon
  +
  +
==Broadcast rights==
  +
*{{flag|Australia}}: [[Seven Network]], [[SBS Television|SBS]]
  +
*{{flag|Argentina}}: [[TV Pública Digital (Argentina)|Canal 7 Argentina]], [[Telefe]], [[Torneos y Competencias|TyC Sports]]
  +
*{{flag|Belgium}}: [[Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep|VRT]], [[RTBF]]
  +
*{{flag|Brazil}}: [[Rede Globo]], [[Rede Bandeirantes]], [[SporTV]], [[ESPN Brasil]] and [[BandSports]]
  +
*{{flag|Brunei}}: [[Radio Televisyen Brunei|RTB]] and [[Astro (Malaysian satellite television)|Astro]]
  +
*{{flag|Bulgaria}}: [[BNT 1]]
  +
*{{flag|Canada}}: [[Canadian Broadcasting Corporation|CBC Radio-Canada]]
  +
*{{flag|Chile}}: [[Televisión Nacional de Chile|TVN]], [[La Red (Chilean TV channel)|Red Televisión]], [[Mega (Chilean television channel)|MEGA]]
  +
*{{flag|China}}: [[China Central Television|CCTV]]
  +
*{{flag|France}}: [[TF1]], [[France Télévisions]]
  +
*{{flag|Germany}}: [[ARD (broadcaster)|ARD]] and [[ZDF]]
  +
*{{flag|Greece}}: [[Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation|ERT]]
  +
*{{flag|Hong Kong}}: [[Asia Television Limited|ATV]] and [[Television Broadcasts Limited|TVB]]
  +
*{{flag|Hungary}}: [[Magyar Televízió]]
  +
*{{flag|India}}: [[Doordarshan]]
  +
*{{flag|Indonesia}}: [[Televisi Republik Indonesia|TVRI]], [[RCTI]], [[SCTV (Indonesia)|SCTV]], [[MNCTV|TPI]], [[Antv|ANTeve]], [[Indosiar]], [[MetroTV]], [[Trans TV]], [[Global TV (Indonesia)|TVG]], [[Trans7|TV7]] and [[TvOne (Indonesia)|LatiVi]]
  +
*{{flag|Ireland}}: [[Raidió Teilifís Éireann|RTÉ]]
  +
*{{flag|Italy}}: [[RAI]]
  +
*{{flag|Japan}}: [[NHK]]
  +
*{{flag|Lithuania}}: [[LRT]]
  +
*{{flag|Macau|colonial}}: [[Teledifusão de Macau|TDM]]
  +
*{{flag|Malaysia}}: [[Radio Televisyen Malaysia|RTM]] and [[Astro (Malaysian satellite television)|Astro]]
  +
*{{flag|Netherlands}}: [[Netherlands Public Broadcasting|NPO]]
  +
*{{flag|Philippines}}: [[National Broadcasting Network|PTV 4]]
  +
*{{flag|Poland}}: [[Telewizja Polska|TVP]]
  +
*{{flag|Portugal}}: [[Radio e Televisao de Portugal|RTP]]
  +
*{{flag|Russia}}: [[Channel One (Russia)|Channel 1]], [[All-Russian State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company|VGTRK Olympiade]]
  +
*{{flag|Singapore}}: [[SPH MediaWorks Channel i]]
  +
*{{flag|South Korea}}: [[Korean Broadcasting System|KBS]], [[Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation|MBC]] and [[Seoul Broadcasting System|SBS]]
  +
*{{flag|Spain}}: [[Televisión Española|TVE]]
  +
*{{flag|Switzerland}}: [[SRG SSR idee suisse]]
  +
*{{flag|Taiwan}}: [[Taiwan Television|TTV]], [[China Television|CTV]] and [[Chinese Television System|CTS]]
  +
*{{flag|Thailand}}: [[National Broadcasting Services of Thailand|National Sports]]
  +
*{{flag|Turkey}}: [[Turkish Radio and Television Corporation|TRT]]
  +
*{{flag|United Kingdom}}: [[BBC]]
  +
*{{flag|United States}}: [[Olympics on NBC|NBC]]
  +
  +
==Legacy==
  +
[[File:2003 Greece 100 Euro OS Common back.jpg|thumb|[[Euro gold and silver commemorative coins (Greece)#2003 coinage|Greek €100 commemorative coin]] part of the series Athens 2004 Summer Olympics.]]
  +
  +
To commemorate the games, a series of [[Euro gold and silver commemorative coins (Greece)#2003 coinage|Greek high value euro collectors' coins]] were minted by the Mint of Greece, in both silver and gold. The pieces depict landmarks in Greece as well as ancient and modern sports on the obverse of the coin. On the reverse, a common motif with the logo of the games, circled by an olive branch representing the spirit of the games.
  +
  +
Preparations to stage the Olympics led to a number of positive developments for the city's infrastructure. These improvements included the establishment of [[Athens International Airport|Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport]], a modern new international airport serving as Greece's main aviation gateway;<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.aia.gr/pages.asp?pageid=5&langid=2 |title=The Company |publisher=Aia.gr |date=28 March 2001 |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100218151043/http://www.aia.gr/pages.asp?pageid=5&langid=2| archivedate= 18 February 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> expansions to the [[Athens Metro]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ametro.gr/page/default.asp?la=1&id=376 |title=AttikoMetro Inside |publisher=Ametro.gr |date=9 September 2009 |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100211142041/http://www.ametro.gr/page/default.asp?la=1&id=376| archivedate= 11 February 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> system; the "[[Athens Tram|Tram]]", a new metropolitan tram (light rail) system<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.tramsa.gr/ |title=Tram Sa |publisher=Tramsa.gr |date=22 February 2010 |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100323163748/http://www.tramsa.gr/| archivedate= 23 March 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> system; the "[[Proastiakos]]", a new suburban railway system linking the airport and suburban towns to the city of Athens; the "[[Attiki Odos]]", a new toll motorway encircling the city,<ref>http://www.aodos.gr/article.asp?catid=12069&tag=7275 {{Wayback|df=yes|url=http://www.aodos.gr/article.asp?catid=12069&tag=7275|date =20090111094933}}</ref> and the conversion of streets into pedestrianized walkways in the historic center of Athens which link several of the city's main tourist sites, including the [[Parthenon]] and the [[Panathinaiko Stadium]] (the site of the [[1896 Summer Olympics|first modern Olympic Games in 1896]]).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.minenv.gr/4/44/4401/440102/44010202/e4401020202.html |title=Unification of Archaeological Sites in the Centre of Athens |publisher=Minenv.gr |date=4 November 1995 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref name=csm>{{cite web|url=http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/0721/p04s01-wogn.html |title=As Olympic Glow Fades, Athens Questions $15 Billion Cost |publisher=Csmonitor.com |date=21 July 2008 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref> All of the above infrastructure is still in use to this day, and there have been continued expansions and proposals to expand Athens' metro, tram, suburban rail and motorway network, the airport, as well as further plans to pedestrianize more thoroughfares in the historic center of Athens.
  +
  +
The Greek Government has created a corporation, Olympic Properties SA, which is overseeing the post-Olympics management, development and conversion of these facilities, some of which will be sold off (or have already been sold off) to the private sector,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_en.asp?id=2 |title=Hellenic Olympic Properties: The Company |publisher=Olympicproperties.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010|archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20081212232941/http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_en.asp?id=2 |archivedate = 12 December 2008|deadurl=yes}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/extras/features/after-the-party-what-happens-when-the-olympics-leave-town-901629.html |title=After The Party: What happens when the Olympics leave town |work=The Independent |location=London |accessdate=15 March 2010 | date=19 August 2008}}</ref> while some other facilities are still in use, or have been converted for commercial use or modified for other sports.<ref>{{cite web|author=(AFP) – 30 July 2008 |url=http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5jAognIFQaNRhGk_sG9fHJQHVXuHw |title=Four years after Athens Greeks have Olympics blues |publisher=Google |date=30 July 2008 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref>
  +
  +
As of 2012 many conversion schemes have stalled owing to the financial crisis in Greece. The annual cost to maintain the sites has been estimated at £500 million, a sum which has been politically controversial in Greece,<ref name=malone>{{cite news |last=Malone |first=Andrew |title=Abandoned, derelict, covered in graffiti and rubbish: what is left of Athens' £9billion Olympic 'glory' |work=Daily Mail |location=UK |date=18 July 2008 |url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/worldnews/article-1036373/Abandoned-derelict-covered-graffiti-rubbish-What-left-Athens-9billion-Olympic-glory.html |accessdate=25 August 2008}}</ref> though many of these facilities are now under the control of domestic sporting clubs and organizations or the private sector.
  +
  +
The table below delineates the current status of the Athens Olympic facilities:
  +
  +
{| class="wikitable"
  +
|-
  +
! Facility
  +
! Olympics Use
  +
! Current/Proposed Use
  +
|-
  +
| [[Athens Olympic Stadium]] (OAKA)
  +
| Opening & Closing Ceremonies, Track & Field, Football
  +
| Home pitch for [[Panathinaikos FC]],<ref>[http://www.pao.gr/category.php?category_id=39 ] {{Wayback|df=yes|url=http://www.pao.gr/category.php?category_id=39|date =20090416135054}}</ref> [[AEK FC]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.aekfctickets.gr/stadium.asp |title=AEK F.C. Official Web Site |publisher=Aekfctickets.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100212072828/http://www.aekfctickets.gr/stadium.asp| archivedate= 12 February 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> (football; [[Greek Super League]], [[UEFA Champions League]]), [[Greece national football team|Greek national football team]] (some matches), International football competitions;<ref>{{cite news|last=McNulty |first=Phil |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/europe/6669039.stm |title=BBC SPORT &#124; Football &#124; Europe &#124; AC Milan 2–1 Liverpool |publisher=BBC News |date=23 May 2007 |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100302181325/http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/europe/6669039.stm| archivedate= 2 March 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> Track & Field events (e.g. IAAF Athens Grand Prix<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.tsiklitiria.org/ |title=Athens Grand Prix 2009 |publisher=Tsiklitiria.org |date=13 July 2009 |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20080730180832/http://www.tsiklitiria.org/| archivedate = 30 July 2008}}</ref>), Concerts<ref>https://tickets.madonna.com/index.php?location=eu {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.jenniferlopez.com/forum/athens-greece-concert-sat-september-20-2008 |title=ATHENS, GREECE CONCERT, SAT. September 20, 2008 &#124; The Official Jennifer Lopez Site |publisher=Jenniferlopez.com |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.oaka.com.gr/articles_list.asp?e_lang_id=0&e_cat_serial=001011001005&e_cat_id=331 |title=Ολυμπιακό Αθλητικό Κέντρο Αθηνών |publisher=Oaka.com.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100427222008/http://www.oaka.com.gr/articles_list.asp?e_lang_id=0&e_cat_serial=001011001005&e_cat_id=331| archivedate= 27 April 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Athens Olympic Sports Complex#Olympic Indoor Hall|Athens Olympic Indoor Hall]]
  +
| Basketball, Gymnastics
  +
| Home court for [[Panathinaikos BC]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.paobc.gr/category_subcategories.php?category_id=83 |title=Panathinaikos Bc::::Εδρα:::: |publisher=Paobc.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100310233405/http://www.paobc.gr/category_subcategories.php?category_id=83| archivedate= 10 March 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= yes}}</ref> and [[AEK BC]]<ref>www.aekbc.gr</ref> ([[A1 Ethniki|Greek basketball league]]); [[Greece national basketball team|Greek National Basketball Team]], International basketball competitions,<ref>[http://www.athens2008.fiba.com/ www.athens2008.fiba.com – Home page]</ref> Concerts<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_civ_2_11/06/2008_97564 |title=Pop icon set for show in Athens this September |publisher=ekathimerini.com |date=11 June 2008 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.eurovision.tv/index/main?page=66&event=334 |title=Eurovision Song Contest 2006 Final &#124; Year page &#124; Eurovision Song Contest – Oslo 2010 |publisher=Eurovision.tv |date=20 May 2006 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Olympic Aquatic Centre|Athens Olympic Aquatic Centre]]
  +
| Swimming, Diving, Synchronized Swimming, Water Polo
  +
| Domestic and international swimming meets,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.oaka.com.gr/articles_list.asp?e_lang_id=0&e_cat_serial=001011001001005003&e_cat_id=342 |title=Ολυμπιακό Αθλητικό Κέντρο Αθηνών |publisher=Oaka.com.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.oaka.com.gr/articles_list.asp?e_lang_id=0&e_cat_serial=001011001001005010&e_cat_id=341 |title=Ολυμπιακό Αθλητικό Κέντρο Αθηνών |publisher=Oaka.com.gr |date=22 March 2008 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.oaka.com.gr/articles_list.asp?e_lang_id=0&e_cat_serial=001011001001005&e_cat_id=321 |title=Ολυμπιακό Αθλητικό Κέντρο Αθηνών |publisher=Oaka.com.gr |date=16 July 2006 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref> Public pool,<ref name=etipos>http://www.e-tipos.com/newsitem?id=47588 {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref> domestic league and European water-polo games.
  +
|-
  +
| [[Athens Olympic Sports Complex#Athens Olympic Tennis Centre|Athens Olympic Tennis Centre]]
  +
| Tennis
  +
| Domestic and international tennis matches, training courts open to the public and home of the Athens Tennis Academy, currently the best-kept facility in the complex<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.oaka.com.gr/articles_list.asp?e_lang_id=0&e_cat_serial=001011001001009&e_cat_id=325 |title=Ολυμπιακό Αθλητικό Κέντρο Αθηνών |publisher=Oaka.com.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.athenstennisacademy.gr |title=Athens Tennis Academy |publisher=Athenstennisacademy.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Athens Olympic Sports Complex#Athens Olympic Velodrome|Athens Olympic Velodrome]]
  +
| Cycling
  +
| Domestic and international cycling meets<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.oaka.com.gr/articles_list.asp?e_lang_id=0&e_cat_serial=001011001001008&e_cat_id=324 |title=Ολυμπιακό Αθλητικό Κέντρο Αθηνών |publisher=Oaka.com.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Peace and Friendship Stadium]]
  +
| Volleyball
  +
| Home court for [[Olympiacos BC]] (basketball),<ref>http://www.olympiacos.org/#/Basketball/TrainingCenter/SEF/ {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref> Concerts, Conventions and trade shows<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sef-stadium.gr/index.files/Page1937.htm |title=Αρχειο Εκδηλωσεων |publisher=Sef-stadium.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20080408173317/http://www.sef-stadium.gr/index.files/Page1937.htm| archivedate = 8 April 2008}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Helliniko Olympic Indoor Arena]]
  +
| Basketball, Handball
  +
| Home court for [[Panionios BC]] (basketball),<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.panioniosbc.gr/index.asp?a_id=90 |title=Πανιωνιοσ – Κ.Α.Ε |publisher=Panioniosbc.gr |date=20 October 2009 |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100210134856/http://www.panioniosbc.gr/index.asp?a_id=90| archivedate= 10 February 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> Conventions and trade shows<ref name=etipos/>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Helliniko Olympic Complex#Olympic Canoe/Kayak Slalom Centre|Hellinikon Canoe/Kayak Slalom Centre]]
  +
| Canoe/Kayak
  +
| Turned over to a private consortium (J&P AVAX, GEP, Corfu Waterparks and BIOTER), plans to convert it to a water park,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_politics_100006_03/08/2007_86425 |title=High hopes for park at Hellenikon |publisher=ekathimerini.com |date=3 August 2007 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>etipos/</ref> although currently it is abandoned.
  +
|-
  +
| [[Helliniko Olympic Complex#Olympic Hockey Centre|Hellinikon Olympic Hockey Centre]]
  +
| Field Hockey
  +
| Mini-football, will be part of new Hellinikon metropolitan park complex<ref name=olyprop1>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_gr.asp?id=250 |title=Ολυμπιακά Ακίνητα: Μεταολυμπιακή Αξιοποίηση |publisher=Olympicproperties.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}} {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Helliniko Olympic Complex#Olympic Baseball Centre|Hellinikon Baseball Stadium]]
  +
| Baseball
  +
| Main ground (no. 1) converted to football pitch, home field of [[Ethnikos Piraeus F.C.]] (Football; [[Beta Ethniki|Greek second division]]),<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sport.gr/default.asp?pid=96&scid=264&cid=2216 |title=Εθνικός |publisher=Sport.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref> auxiliary ground (no. 2) abandoned.
  +
|-
  +
| [[Helliniko Olympic Complex#Olympic Softball Stadium|Hellinikon Softball Stadium]]
  +
| Softball
  +
| Abandoned <ref name=olyprop1/>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Agios Kosmas Olympic Sailing Centre]]
  +
| Sailing
  +
| Currently out of use, turned over to the private sector (Seirios AE), will become marina with 1,000+ yacht capacity<ref name=olyprop2>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_gr.asp?id=317 |title=Ολυμπιακά Ακίνητα: Η πορεία της μεταολυμπιακής αξιοποίησης των Ολυμπιακών Ακινήτων |publisher=Olympicproperties.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010|archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20090508043636/http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_gr.asp?id=317 |archivedate = 8 May 2009|deadurl=yes}}</ref> and will be part of Athens' revitalized waterfront<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601088&sid=a_vXH.jytNpU&refer=muse |title=Renzo Piano Chosen to Design New Greek Opera, Library Complex |publisher=Bloomberg |date=21 February 2008 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Ano Liosia Olympic Hall]]
  +
| Judo, Wrestling
  +
| TV filming facility,<ref name=etipos/> Future home of the Hellenic Academy of Culture and Hellenic Digital Archive<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_gr.asp?id=266 |title=Ολυμπιακά Ακίνητα: Μεταολυμπιακή Αξιοποίηση |publisher=Olympicproperties.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}} {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref><ref name=grioc>[http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=2229 Media]</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Faliro Coastal Zone Olympic Sports Complex#Olympic Beach Volleyball Centre|Olympic Beach Volleyball Centre]]
  +
| Beach Volleyball
  +
| Concert and theater venue, it hosted Helena Paparizou's concert on 13 August 2005 to celebrate the first anniversary of the Olympic Games, currently sees minimal usage <ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympicproperties.gr/events_gr.asp?venue=27&id=295 |title=Ολυμπιακά Ακίνητα: GFestival 2005 |publisher=Olympicproperties.gr |date=15 June 2005 |accessdate=15 March 2010}} {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref> plans to turn it into an ultra-modern outdoor theater<ref name=etipos/>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Faliro Coastal Zone Olympic Sports Complex#Sports Pavilion|Faliro Sports Pavilion]]
  +
| Handball, Taekwondo
  +
| Converted to the Athens International Convention Center, hosts concerts, conventions and trade shows<ref name=etipos/><ref name=grioc/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_gr.asp?id=265 |title=Ολυμπιακά Ακίνητα: Μεταολυμπιακή Αξιοποίηση |publisher=Olympicproperties.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}} {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.i-stores.gr/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=49&Itemid=2&lang=gr |title=Isaac Hayes Στο Κλειστο Φαληρου |publisher=i-stores.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}} {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://siteseein.gr/2006/11/morrissey.html |title=Κλειστό Γυμναστήριο Φαλήρου – Morrissey &#124; Siteseein.gr Blog |publisher=Siteseein.gr |date=27 November 2006 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Galatsi Olympic Hall]]
  +
| Table Tennis, Rhythmic Gymnastics
  +
| After 2004, was the home court of [[AEK BC]] (basketball) before the team moved to the Athens Olympic Indoor Hall. Turned over to the private sector (Acropol Haragionis AE and Sonae Sierra SGPS S.A), being converted to a shopping mall and retail/entertainment complex.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_gr.asp?id=253 |title=Ολυμπιακά Ακίνητα: Μεταολυμπιακή Αξιοποίηση |publisher=Olympicproperties.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}} {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Goudi Olympic Complex]]
  +
| Badminton, Modern Pentathlon
  +
| Now the site of the ultra-modern Badminton Theater, hosting major theatrical productions<ref>{{cite web|author=Metaforce – Fuel |url=http://www.badmintontheater.gr/ |title=Badminton Theater |publisher=Badmintontheater.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_gr.asp?id=11 |title=Ολυμπιακά Ακίνητα: Ολυμπιακό Κέντρο Γουδή |publisher=Olympicproperties.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010|archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20080915110955/http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_gr.asp?id=11 |archivedate = 15 September 2008|deadurl=yes}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Markopoulo Olympic Equestrian Centre]]
  +
| Equestrian
  +
| Horse racing,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.hellasvegas.gr/horse.shtml |title=Horse Racing &#124; Hellas Vegas |publisher=Hellasvegas.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010|archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20090530002808/http://www.hellasvegas.gr/horse.shtml |archivedate = 30 May 2009|deadurl=yes}}</ref> Domestic and International Equestrian meets,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.hunterjumpernews.com/?p=5148 |title=FEI European Jumping Championship for Children – Markopoulo (GRE), 10–13 July 2008 |publisher=Hunter Jumper News |date=30 June 2008 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympicproperties.gr/events_gr.asp?venue=18&id=312 |title=Ολυμπιακά Ακίνητα: Ελληνική Ομοσπονδία Ιππασίας – Αγωνιστικό Πρόγραμμα 2008 |publisher=Olympicproperties.gr |date=24 May 2008 |accessdate=15 March 2010}} {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref> Auto racing (rallye)<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.subdriven.com/news/publish/Motorsport_News/article_494.shtml |title=The Subaru Enthuisast Website |publisher=Subdriven |date=25 May 2007 |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Markopoulo Olympic Shooting Centre]]
  +
| Shooting
  +
| Converted to the official shooting range and training center of the [[Hellenic Police]].,<ref name=olyprop2/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympicproperties.gr/contents_gr.asp?id=258 |title=Ολυμπιακά Ακίνητα: Μεταολυμπιακή Αξιοποίηση |publisher=Olympicproperties.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}} {{dead link|date=July 2011}}</ref> but sees hardly any use and is reported to be heavily vandalised.
  +
|-
  +
| [[Nikaia Olympic Weightlifting Hall]]
  +
| Weightlifting
  +
| Has hosted fencing competitions in the years following the Olympics,<ref name=etipos/> but has recently been turned over to the [[University of Piraeus]] for use as an academic lecture and conference center.<ref name=grioc/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.unipi.gr/anak-ekd.php?prkaID=1279 |title=Ανακοινώσεις, Εκδηλώσεις, Νέα |publisher=Unipi.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Parnitha Olympic Mountain Bike Venue]]
  +
| Mountain Biking
  +
| Part of the [[Parnitha]] National Park. In public use for biking and hiking.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.parnitha-np.gr/oreini_podilasia.htm |title=Ορεινη Ποδηλασια |publisher=Parnitha-np.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.travelmuse.com/pois/GR/35/attractions/parnitha-olympic-mountain-bike-venue |title=Parnitha Olympic Mountain Bike Venue – Attraction in Athens, Greece – Ratings and Information |publisher=TravelMuse |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Peristeri Olympic Boxing Hall]]
  +
| Boxing
  +
| Partially converted to a football pitch, also in use for gymnastics competitions.<ref name=etipos/>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Schinias Olympic Rowing and Canoeing Centre]]
  +
| Rowing and Canoeing
  +
| One of only three [[Fédération Internationale des Sociétés d'Aviron|FISA]]-approved training centers in the world, the others being in [[Munich]] and [[Seville]].<ref name=olyprop2/> Hosts domestic and international rowing and canoeing meets.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.eurorowing-2008.com/ |title=eurorowing-2008.com |publisher=eurorowing-2008.com |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|author=WebSide Associates SA |url=http://www.worldrowing.com/display/modules/events/dspEvent.php?eventid=35081 |title=Official Website |publisher=World Rowing |accessdate=15 March 2010|archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20090317092121/http://www.worldrowing.com/display/modules/events/dspEvent.php?eventid=35081 |archivedate = 17 March 2009|deadurl=yes}}</ref> Part of the Schinias National Park, completely reconstructed by the German company [[Hochtief]].,<ref name=etipos/> has not been used since the Olympics and its waters are becoming more of a swamp. The increase in mosquitoes and other insects in neighbouring areas is thought to be because of the abandonment of the Rowing Centre which has been colonised by them.
  +
|-
  +
| [[Vouliagmeni Olympic Centre]]
  +
| Triathlon
  +
| Temporary facility, not in existence presently.
  +
|-
  +
| [[Kaftanzoglio Stadium]]
  +
| Football
  +
| Home pitch for [[Iraklis FC]] (football; Greek Super League)<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.iraklis-fc.gr/swift.jsp?CMCCode=0202&extLang= |title=IRAKLIS FC Official Web site |publisher=Iraklis-fc.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref> and temporary home pitch for [[Apollon Kalamarias|Apollon Kalamarias FC]] (football; Greek second division).<ref>[http://www.apollonkalamariasfc.gr/pae/agonistiki_historia/historia-2007.htm ] {{Wayback|df=yes|url=http://www.apollonkalamariasfc.gr/pae/agonistiki_historia/historia-2007.htm|date =20080805095051}}</ref> Also in use for track and field meets.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.kaftanzoglio.gr/activities2.html |title=Καυτανζόγλειο Στάδιο – Θεσσαλονίκη |publisher=Kaftanzoglio.gr |date=27 August 2004 |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100306002811/http://www.kaftanzoglio.gr/activities2.html| archivedate= 6 March 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> Hosted the 2007 Greek football All-Star Game.
  +
|-
  +
| [[Karaiskaki Stadium]]
  +
| Football
  +
| Home pitch for [[Olympiacos FC]] (football; Greek Super League)<ref>{{cite web|author=George Xenides |url=http://www.stadia.gr/karaiskaki/karaiskaki.html |title=Georgios Karaiskakis Stadium |publisher=Stadia.gr |accessdate=1 February 2012}}</ref> and for the Greek National Football team. Also used as a concert venue.
  +
|-
  +
| [[Pampeloponnisiako Stadium]]
  +
| Football
  +
| Home pitch for [[Panahaiki|Panahaiki FC]] (football; [[Gamma Ethniki|Greek third division]]).<ref>[http://www.panachaiki.gr/site/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=169&Itemid=66 ] {{Wayback|df=yes|url=http://www.panachaiki.gr/site/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=169&Itemid=66|date =20090618005749}}</ref> Also used for various track-and-field events, concerts, conventions, and friendly matches of the Greek National Football Team.<ref name=etipos/>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Pankritio Stadium]]
  +
| Football
  +
| Home pitch for [[OFI FC]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ofi.gr/ofi2008-09/EISITIRIA%20DIARKEIAS%202008-09.pdf |title=EISITIRIA DIARKEIAS 2008-09.indd |format=PDF |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref name=pankritio>{{cite web|author=George Xenides |url=http://www.stadia.gr/pankritio/pankritio-gr.html |title=Παγκρήτιο Στάδιο |publisher=Stadia.gr |date=20 February 2005 |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100404062113/http://www.stadia.gr/pankritio/pankritio-gr.html| archivedate= 4 April 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> and [[Ergotelis|Ergotelis FC]] (football; Greek Super League).<ref name=pankritio/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ergotelis.gr/index.php?sub_id=21&action=2&menu_id=1 |title=Παε Διεθνησ Ενωσισ Εργοτελησ |publisher=Ergotelis.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref> Hosted the 2005 Greek football All-Star game. Also home to various track-and-field meets.<ref name=etipos/>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Panthessaliko Stadium]]
  +
| Football
  +
| Home pitch for [[Niki Volou FC]] (football; Greek third division).<ref name=etipos/> Has also hosted concerts, conventions and track-and-field meets.<ref name=etipos/>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Panathinaiko Stadium|Panathainaiko Stadium]]
  +
| Marathon, Archery
  +
| Site of the first modern Olympic Games in 1896. One of Athens' major tourist attractions, also used for occasional sporting and concert events.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/2/eh251.jsp?obj_id=1777 |title=Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism &#124; Panathenaic Stadium |publisher=Odysseus.culture.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100417070746/http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/2/eh251.jsp?obj_id=1777| archivedate= 17 April 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref><ref>http://www.mtv.gr/default.aspx?la=1&pid=7&eventid=38 {{Wayback|df=yes|url=http://www.mtv.gr/default.aspx?la=1&pid=7&eventid=38|date =20080928105816}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.in.gr/news/article.asp?lngEntityID=941291 |title=news in.gr – Δωρεάν συναυλία στο Καλλιμάρμαρο δίνουν οι R.E.M |publisher=In.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref><ref>[http://new.e-go.gr/exodos/article.asp?catid=7266&subid=2&pubid=1324214 v5.e-go.gr]</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| [[Olympia, Greece#Ancient Site|The Ancient Stadium at Olympia]]
  +
| Track and Field
  +
| One of Greece's historic sites and largest tourist attractions, open to the public to this day.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/3/eh351.jsp?obj_id=2358 |title=Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism &#124; Olympia |publisher=Odysseus.culture.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100309070201/http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/3/eh351.jsp?obj_id=2358| archivedate= 9 March 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| International Broadcast Centre (IBC)
  +
| International Broadcast Centre
  +
| Half of it (the section fronting Kifissias Avenue) has been turned over to the private company Lambda Development SA and has been converted to a luxury shopping, retail, office and entertainment complex known as the "Golden Hall."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.lamda-development.net/online/Projects.aspx?MenuCategId=172&MenuModuleID=36&MenuModuleTable=Real_Company&LevelNo=1&PageCounts=1 |title=Lamda Development |publisher=Lamda Development |accessdate=15 March 2010}}</ref> The remaining section, facing the Olympic Stadium itself, will become home to the Hellenic Olympic Museum and the International Museum of Classical Athletics.<ref name=etipos/>
  +
<ref name=etipos/><ref name=grioc/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://fe-mail.gr/pages/posts/greece_europe_world/greece_europe_world2293.php |title=Ελλάδα – Ευρώπη – Κόσμος : Η ζωή έχει χρώμα |publisher=fe-mail.gr |accessdate=15 March 2010| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20100210224901/http://fe-mail.gr/pages/posts/greece_europe_world/greece_europe_world2293.php| archivedate= 10 February 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref>
  +
|-
  +
| Olympic Athletes' Village
  +
| Housing
  +
| 2,292 apartments were sold to low-income individuals and today the village is home to over 8,000 residents.<ref name=etipos/> Several communal installations however are abandoned and heavily vandalised.
  +
|-
  +
| Olympic Press Village
  +
| Housing
  +
| It has been turned over to the private sector and namely Lamda Developments S.A. (the same company which owns and runs the Mall of Athens and the Golden Hall), and has been converted to luxury flats.
  +
|}
  +
  +
==Notes==
  +
{{Reflist|colwidth=25em}}
  +
  +
==External links==
  +
* {{IOC games|games=2004 Summer Olympics }}
  +
* [http://www.athensguide.org/olympics-2004/opening-ceremony.html Pictures from the opening ceremony]
  +
* [http://www.chapman-freeborn.com/news/articles/040714.aspx Project to fly the 2004 Olympic Flame around the world on a B747 aircraft]
  +
* [http://www.stagelink.com/photopost/index.php/cat/2 Pictures backstage from the opening ceremony]
  +
* {{dmoz|Sports/Events/Olympics/Summer_Games/2004_-_Athens|2004 Athens Olympics}}
  +
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/olympics_2004/default.stm BBC coverage]
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
*[[Athens 2004/Logos|Logos]] - A collection of logos featuring this event.
 
*[[Athens 2004/Logos|Logos]] - A collection of logos featuring this event.
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{{Succession box| title=Summer Olympics| before= [[Sydney 2000]]| years=2004| after=[[Beijing 2008]]}}
 
{{Succession box| title=Summer Olympics| before= [[Sydney 2000]]| years=2004| after=[[Beijing 2008]]}}
 
{{S-end}}
 
{{S-end}}
 
 
{{Stub}}
 
 
[[Category:Summer Olympic Games]]
 
[[Category:Summer Olympic Games]]
 
[[Category:Olympic Games]]
 
[[Category:Olympic Games]]

Revision as of 01:53, September 4, 2012

Games of the XXVIII Olympiad
Host city w:Athens, Greece
Events 301 in 28 sports
Opening ceremony August 13
Closing ceremony August 29
Stadium Olympic Stadium
Athens 2004
Athens Logo
Neal VaughanAdded by Neal Vaughan

The Athens 2004 Summer Olympic Games, was officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad.

They were held in Athens, Greece from August 13 to August 29, 2004 with the
Athens 2004
Olympic Stadium in Athens 2004
Infernape8910Added by Infernape8910
motto Welcome Home. 10,625 athletes competed, from 201 countries and there were 301 medal events in 28 different Olympic sports.

Athens 2004 was the first time since 1896 that the Summer Olympic Games were held in Greece.

A new medal obverse was introduced at these Games, replacing the design by Giuseppe Cassioli that had been used since the 1928 Games. This rectified the long lasting mistake of using a depiction of the Roman Colosseum rather than a Greek venue.[1] The new design features the Panathinaiko Stadium.[2]

The 2004 summer games were hailed as "unforgettable, dream games" by IOC president Jacques Rogge, and left Athens with a significantly improved infrastructure, including a new airport, ring road, and subway system.[3] However the costs of staging the games have left the host country in a precarious financial situation.[4]

Host city selection

Athens was chosen as the host city during the 106th IOC Session held in Lausanne on 5 September 1997. Athens had lost its bid to organize the 1996 Summer Olympics to Atlanta nearly seven years before, on 18 September 1990, during the 96th IOC Session in Tokyo. Under the direction of Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Athens pursued another bid, this time for the right to host the Summer Olympics in 2004. The success of Athens in securing the 2004 Games was based largely on Athens' appeal to Olympic history and the emphasis that it placed on the pivotal role that Greece and Athens could play in promoting Olympism and the Olympic Movement. Furthermore, unlike their bid for the 1996 Games which was largely criticized for its overall disorganization and arrogance – wherein the bid lacked specifics and relied largely upon sentiment and the notion that it was Athens' right to organize the Centennial Games;[5] the bid for the 2004 Games was lauded for its humility and earnestness, its focused message, and its detailed bid concept.[6] The 2004 bid addressed concerns and criticisms raised in its unsuccessful 1996 bid – primarily Athens' infrastructural readiness, its air pollution, its budget, and politicization of Games preparations.[7] Athens' successful organization of the 1997 World Championships in Athletics the month before the host city election was also crucial in allaying lingering fears and concerns among the sporting community and some IOC members about its ability to host international sporting events.[8] Another factor which also contributed to Athens' selection was a growing sentiment among some IOC members to restore the values of the Olympics to the Games, a component which they felt was lost during the heavily criticized over-commercialization of Atlanta 1996 Games.[9] Subsequently, the selection of Athens was also motivated by a lingering sense of disappointment among IOC members regarding the numerous organizational and logistical setbacks experienced during the 1996 Games.[9]

After leading all voting rounds, Athens easily defeated Rome in the 5th and final vote. Cape Town, Stockholm, and Buenos Aires, the three other cities that made the IOC shortlist, were eliminated in prior rounds of voting. Six other cities submitted applications, but their bids were dropped by the IOC in 1996. These cities were Istanbul, Lille, Rio de Janeiro, San Juan, Seville, and Saint Petersburg.[10]

2004 Host City Election – ballot results
City Country (NOC) Round 1 Run-off Round 2 Round 3 Round 4
Athens Template:Flag 32 38 52 66
Rome Template:Flag 23 28 35 41
Cape Town Template:Flag 16 62 22 20
Stockholm Template:Flag 20 19
Buenos Aires Template:Flag 16 44

Development and preparation

Costs

In June 2004, the BBC reported that the costs of hosting Olympic Games were close to € 10 billion.[11] On 13 November 2004, the Greek embassy estimated the costs of hosting the Olympics at €8.954 billion (about $11.2 billion in 2004) not including construction made regardless of the Games, but including 1.08 billion Euros ($1.35 billion) in security costs.[12] NBC Universal paid the IOC $793 million for U.S. broadcast rights,[13] the most paid by any country. NBC broadcast over 1200 hours of coverage during the games, triple what was broadcast in the U.S. four years earlier. Between all the NBC Universal networks (NBC, CNBC, MSNBC, Bravo, USA Network & Telemundo) the games were on television 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Concerns about terrorism elevated following the 11 September 2001 attacks. Greece increased the budget for security at the Olympics to €970 million (US$1.2 billion). Approximately 70,000 police officers patrolled Athens and the Olympic venues during the Olympics. NATO and the European Union also provided minor support, after Athens asked for co-operation.

When the International Olympic Committee expressed its concern over the progress of construction work of the new Olympic venues, a new Organizing Committee was formed in 2000 under President Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki. In the years leading up to the Games, Athens was transformed into a city that used state-of-the-art technology in transportation and urban development. Some of the most modern sporting venues in the world at the time were built to host the 2004 Olympic Games.

Construction

File:Athens 2004 Main Olympic Stadium.jpg
Inside the Athens Olympic Stadium

By late March 2004, some Olympic projects were still behind schedule, and Greek authorities announced that a roof it had initially proposed as an optional, non-vital addition to the Aquatics Center would no longer be built. The main Olympic Stadium, the designated facility for the opening and closing ceremonies, was completed only two months before the games opened. This stadium was completed with a retractable glass roof designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava. The same architect also designed the Velodrome and other facilities.

Infrastructure, such as the tram line linking venues in southern Athens with the city proper, and numerous venues were considerably behind schedule just two months before the games. The subsequent pace of preparation, however, made the rush to finish the Athens venues one of the tightest in Olympics history. The Greeks, unperturbed, maintained that they would make it all along. By July/August 2004, all venues were delivered: in August, the Olympic Stadium was officially completed and opened, joined or preceded by the official completion and openings of other venues within the Athens Olympic Sports Complex (OAKA), and the sports complexes in Faliro and Helliniko.

File:Olympic Athletic Center of Athens Plaza and Arch.jpg
The OAKA Plaza and Arch adjacent to the Olympic Stadium

Late July and early August witnessed the Athens Tram become operational, and this system provided additional connections to those already existing between Athens and its waterfront communities along the Saronic Gulf. These communities included the port city of Piraeus, Agios Kosmas (site of the sailing venue), Helliniko (the site of the old international airport which now contained the fencing venue, the canoe/kayak slalom course, the 15,000-seat Helliniko Olympic Basketball Arena, and the softball and baseball stadia), and the Faliro Coastal Zone Olympic Complex (site of the taekwondo, handball, indoor volleyball, and beach volleyball venues, as well as the newly reconstructed Karaiskaki Stadium for football). The upgrades to the Athens Ring Road were also delivered just in time, as were the expressway upgrades connecting Athens proper with peripheral areas such as Markopoulo (site of the shooting and equestrian venues), the newly constructed Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, Schinias (site of the rowing venue), Maroussi (site of the OAKA), Parnitha (site of the Olympic Village), Galatsi (site of the rhythmic gymnastics and table tennis venue), and Vouliagmeni (site of the triathlon venue). The upgrades to the Athens Metro were also completed, and the new lines became operational by mid-summer.

EMI released Unity, the official pop album of the Athens Olympics, in the leadup to the Olympics.[14] It features contributions from Sting, Lenny Kravitz, Moby, Destiny's Child, and Avril Lavigne.[14] EMI has pledged to donate US$180,000 from the album to UNICEF's HIV/AIDS program in Sub-Saharan Africa.[14]

At least 14 people died during the work on the facilities. Most of these people were not from Greece.[15]

Before the games, Greek hotel staff staged a series of one-day strikes over wage disputes. They had been asking for a significant raise for the period covering the event being staged. Paramedics and ambulance drivers also protested. They claimed to have the right to the same Olympic bonuses promised to their security force counterparts.

Legacy

The games left Athens with an expanded subway system, a new airport along with other transportation infrastructure such as new highways, bridges, buses and light rail. It has also left debt and a number of abandoned or underused stadia for sports, including the five venue Athens Olympic Sports Complex.[16]

Torch relay

Main article: 2004 Summer Olympics torch relay
File:Route of Olympic Flame Worldwide.png
For the first time the Olympic Flame toured the world

The lighting ceremony of the Olympic flame took place on 25 March in Ancient Olympia. For the first time ever, the flame travelled around the world in a relay to former Olympic cities and other large cities, before returning to Greece.

Mascots

Main article: Athena and Phevos
File:Athens athena model.jpg
The mascots were based on this clay model at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens
File:Athens athena toy.jpg
A plush mascot

Mascots have been a tradition at the Olympic Games since the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France. The Athens games had two official mascots: Athiná and Phévos (pronounced in Greek, Athina and Fivos). The sister and brother were named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom, strategy and war, and Phoebus, the god of light and music, respectively. They were inspired by the ancient daidala, which were dolls that had religious connotations as well as being toys.

Online coverage

For the first time, major broadcasters were allowed to serve video coverage of the Olympics over the Internet, provided that they restricted this service geographically, to protect broadcasting contracts in other areas. For instance, the BBC made their complete live coverage available to UK high-speed Internet customers for free; customers in the U.S. were only able to receive delayed excerpts.[17] The International Olympic Committee forbade Olympic athletes, as well as coaches, support personnel and other officials, from setting up specialized weblogs and/or other websites for covering their personal perspective of the games. They were not allowed to post audio, video, or photos that they had taken. An exception was made if an athlete already has a personal website that was not set up specifically for the Games.[18] NBC launched its own Olympic website, NBCOlympics.com. Focusing on the television coverage of the games, it did provide video clips, medal standings, live results. Its main purpose, however, was to provide a schedule of what sports were on the many stations of NBC Universal. The games were on TV 24 hours a day on one network or another.

Technology

File:TOC-01.jpg
View of the ATHOC Technology Operations Center during the Games.

As with any enterprise, the Organizing Committee and everyone involved with it relied heavily on technology in order to deliver a successful event. ATHOC maintained two separate data networks, one for the preparation of the Games (known as the Administrative network) and one for the Games themselves (Games Network). The technical infrastructure involved more than 11,000 computers, over 600 servers, 2,000 printers, 23,000 fixed-line telephone devices, 9,000 mobile phones, 12,000 TETRA devices, 16,000 TV and video devices and 17 Video Walls interconnected by more than 6,000 kilometers of cabling (both optical fiber and twisted pair).

This infrastructure was created and maintained to serve directly more than 150,000 ATHOC Staff, Volunteers, Olympic family members (IOC, NOCs, Federations), Partners & Sponsors and Media. It also kept the information flowing for all spectators, TV viewers, Website visitors and news readers around the world, prior and during the Games. The Media Center was located inside the Zappeion which is a Greek national exhibition center.

Between June and August 2004, the technology staff worked in the Technology Operations Center (TOC) from where it could centrally monitor and manage all the devices and flow of information, as well as handle any problems that occurred during the Games. The TOC was organized in teams (e.g. Systems, Telecommunications, Information Security, Data Network, Staffing, etc.) under a TOC Director and corresponding team leaders (Shift Managers). The TOC operated on a 24x7 basis with personnel organized into 12-hour shifts.

The Games

Opening Ceremony

File:Olympic flame at opening ceremony.jpg
The Olympic Flame at the Opening Ceremony
Main article: 2004 Summer Olympics opening ceremony

The widely praised Opening Ceremony Directed by avant garde choreographer Dimitris Papaioannou and Produced by Jack Morton Worldwide led by Project Director David Zolkwer was held on 13 August 2004. It began with a twenty eight (the number of the Olympiads up to then) second countdown paced by the sounds of an amplified heartbeat.[19] As the countdown was completed, fireworks rumbled and illuminated the skies overhead. After a drum corps and bouzouki players joined in an opening march, the video screen showed images of flight, crossing southwest from Athens over the Greek countryside to ancient Olympia. Then, a single drummer in the ancient stadium joined in a drum duet with a single drummer in the main stadium in Athens, joining the original ancient Olympic games with the modern ones in symbolism. At the end of the drum duet, a single flaming arrow was launched from the video screen (symbolically from ancient Olympia) and into the reflecting pool, which resulted in fire erupting in the middle of the stadium creating a burning image of the Olympic rings rising from the pool. The Opening Ceremony was a pageant of traditional Greek culture and history hearkening back to its mythological beginnings. The program began as a young Greek boy sailed into the stadium on a 'paper-ship' waving the host nation's flag to aethereal music by Hadjidakis and then a centaur appeared, followed by a gigantic head of a cycladic figurine which eventually broke into many pieces symbolising the Greek islands. Underneath the cycladic head was a Hellenistic representation of the human body, reflecting the concept and belief in perfection reflected in Greek art. A man was seen balancing on a hovering cube symbolising man's eternal 'split' between passion and reason followed by a couple of young lovers playfully chasing each other while the god Eros was hovering above them. There followed a very colourful float parade chronicling Greek history from the ancient Minoan civilization to modern times.

Although NBC in the United States presented the entire opening ceremony from start to finish, a topless Minoan priestess was shown only briefly, the breasts having been pixelated digitally in order to avoid controversy (as the "Nipplegate" incident was still fresh in viewer's minds at the time) and potential fines by the Federal Communications Commission. Also, lower frontal nudity of men dressed as ancient Greek statues was shown in such a way that the area below the waist was cut off by the bottom of the screen. In most other countries presenting the broadcast, there was no censorship of the ceremony.

Following the artistic performances, a parade of nations entered the stadium with over 10,500 athletes walking under the banners of 201 nations. The nations were arranged according to Greek alphabet making Finland, Fiji, Chile, and Hong Kong the last four to enter the stadium before the Greek delegation. On this occasion, in observance of the tradition that the delegation of Greece opens the parade and the host nation closes it, the Greek flag bearer opened the parade and all the Greek delegation closed it. Based on audience reaction, the emotional high point of the parade was the entrance of the delegation from Afghanistan which had been absent from the Olympics and had female competitors for the first time. The Iraqi delegation also stirred emotions. Also recognized was the symbolic unified march of athletes from North Korea and South Korea under the Korean Unification Flag. The country of Kiribati made a debut at these games and East Timor made a debut under its own flag. After the Parade of Nations, during which the Dutch DJ Tiësto provided the music, the Icelandic singer Björk performed the song Oceania, written specially for the event by her and the poet Sjón.

The Opening Ceremony culminated in the lighting of the Olympic Cauldron by 1996 Gold Medalist Windsurfer Nikolaos Kaklamanakis. Many key moments in the ceremony, including the lighting of the Olympic Cauldron, featured music composed and arranged by John Psathas[20] from New Zealand. The gigantic cauldron, which was styled after the Athens 2004 Olympic Torch, pivoted down to be lit by the 35 year-old, before slowly swinging up and lifting the flame high above the stadium. Following this, the stadium found itself at the centre of a rousing fireworks spectacular.

Participating NOCs

All National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in the Athens Games, as was the case in 1996. Two new NOCs had been created since 1996 and made their debut at these Games (Kiribati and Timor-Leste). Therefore with the re-appearance of Afghanistan (missing the 2000 Summer Olympics) the number of participating nations increased from 199 to 202. Also since 2000, Yugoslavia had changed its name to Serbia and Montenegro and its code from YUG to SCG. The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants each NOC contributed. Template:Gallery Template:-

Participating NOCs
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Sports

The sports featured at the 2004 Summer Olympics are listed below. Officially there were 28 sports as swimming, diving, synchronised swimming and water polo are classified by the IOC as disciplines within the sport of aquatics, and wheelchair racing was a demonstration sport. For the first time, the wrestling category featured women's wrestling and in the fencing competition women competed in the sabre. American Kristin Heaston, who led off the qualifying round of women's shotput became the first woman to compete at the ancient site of Olympia but Cuban Yumileidi Cumba became the first woman to win a gold medal there.

The demonstration sport of wheelchair racing was a joint Olympic/Paralympic event, allowing a Paralympic event to occur within the Olympics, and for the future, opening up the wheelchair race to the able-bodied. The 2004 Summer Paralympics were also held in Athens, from 20 to 28 September.

2004 Summer Olympic Sports Programme
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Calendar

Template:2004 Summer Olympics Calendar 31 sports

Highlights

  • The shotput event was held in ancient Olympia, site of the ancient Olympic Games (that is the very first time women athletes competed in Ancient Olympia), while the archery competition was held in the Panathinaiko Stadium, in which the 1896 games were held.[22]
  • Kiribati and Timor Leste participated for the first time in the Olympic Games.[22]
  • Women's wrestling and women's sabre made their debut at the 2004 games.[22]
  • Greece had its best ever medal tally, 6 gold, 6 silver, and 4 bronze, since hosting the 1896 games.
  • The marathon was held on the same route as the 1896 games, beginning in the site of the Battle of Marathon to the Panathinaiko Stadium in Athens.[22]
  • Australia became the first country in Olympic history to win more gold medals (17) immediately after hosting the Olympics in Sydney 2000 where they won 16 gold medals.
  • World record holder and strong favourite Paula Radcliffe crashes out of the women's marathon in spectacular fashion, leaving Mizuki Noguchi to win the gold.
  • While leading in the men's marathon with less than 10 kilometres to go, Brazilian runner Vanderlei de Lima is attacked by Irish priest Cornelius Horan and dragged into the crowd. De Lima recovered to take bronze, and was later awarded the Pierre de Coubertin medal for sportsmanship.[22]
  • British athlete Kelly Holmes wins gold in the 800 m and 1500 m.[22]
  • Liu Xiang wins gold in the 110 m hurdles, equalling Colin Jackson's 1993 world record time of 12.91 seconds. This was China's first ever gold in men's track and field.
  • East African runners swept the medals in the 3000 meters steeple chase.[22]
  • The Olympics saw Afghanistan's first return to the Games since 1999 (it was banned due to the Taliban's extremist attitudes towards women, but was reinstated in 2002).
  • Hicham El Guerrouj wins gold in the 1500 m and 5000 m. He is the first person to accomplish this feat at the Olympics since Paavo Nurmi in 1924.[22]
  • Greek athlete Fani Halkia comes out of retirement to win the 400 m hurdles.
  • The US women's 4x200m swimming team of Natalie Coughlin, Carly Piper, Dana Vollmer and Kaitlin Sandeno win gold, smashing the long standing world record set by the German Democratic Republic in 1987.
  • The United States lost for the first time in Olympic men's basketball since NBA players were permitted to play in the Games. This defeat came at the hands of Puerto Rico 92–73.
  • Argentina won a thrilling victory over the United States in the semi-finals of men's basketball. They went on to beat Italy 84–69 in the final.
  • Windsurfer Gal Fridman wins Israel's first-ever gold medal.
  • Dominican athlete Félix Sánchez won the first ever gold medal for the Dominican Republic in the 400 m hurdles event.
  • German kayaker Birgit Fischer wins gold in the K-4 500 m and silver in the K-2 500 m. In so doing, she became the first woman in any sport to win gold medals at 6 different Olympics, the first woman to win gold 24 years apart and the first person in Olympic history to win two or more medals in five different Games.
  • Swimmer Michael Phelps wins 8 medals (including a record 6 gold and 2 bronze), becoming the first athlete to win 8 medals in non boycotted Olympics.[22]
  • United States' gymnast Carly Patterson becomes only the second American woman to win the all-around gold medal.
  • Chilean Tennis players Nicolás Massu and Fernando Gonzalez won the gold medal in the Doubles Competition, while Massu won the gold and Gonzalez the bronze on the Singles competition. These were Chile's first-ever gold medals.[22]
  • Anchored by Brazil, South America had its best Olympics, with nine Gold Medals.

Closing Ceremony

File:Athens 2004 Olympics Closing ceremony.jpg
Balloons falling at the Athens 2004 Olympics Closing ceremony

The Games were concluded on 29 August 2004. The closing ceremony was held at the Athens Olympic Stadium, where the Games had been opened 16 days earlier. Around 70,000 people gathered in the stadium to watch the ceremony.

The initial part of the ceremony interspersed the performances of various Greek singers, and featured traditional Greek dance performances from various regions of Greece (Crete, Pontos, Thessaly, etc.). The event was meant to highlight the pride of the Greeks in their culture and country for the world to see.

A significant part of the closing ceremony was the exchange of the Olympic flag of the Antwerp games between the mayor of Athens and the mayor of Beijing, host city of the next Olympic games. After the flag exchange a presentation from the Beijing delegation presented a glimpse into Chinese culture for the world to see. Beijing University students (who were at first incorrectly cited as the Twelve Girls Band) sang Mo Li Hua (Jasmine Flower) and the medal ceremony for the last event of the Olympics, the men's marathon, was conducted, with Stefano Baldini from Italy as the winner. The bronze medal winner, Vanderlei Cordeiro de Lima of Brazil, was simultaneously announced as a recipient of the Pierre de Coubertin medal for his bravery in finishing the race despite being attacked by a rogue spectator while leading with 7 km to go.

A flag-bearer from each nation's delegation then entered along the stage, followed by the competitors en masse on the floor.

Short speeches were presented by Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, President of the Organising Committee, and by President Dr. Jacques Rogge of the IOC, in which he described the Athens Olympics as "unforgettable, dream Games".[3]

Dr. Rogge had previously declared he would be breaking with tradition in his closing speech as President of the IOC and that he would never use the words of his predecessor Juan Antonio Samaranch, who used to always say 'these were the best ever games'.[3] Dr. Rogge had described Salt Lake City 2002 as "superb games" and in turn would continue after Athens 2004 and describe Turin 2006 as "truly magnificent games."

The national anthems of Greece and China were played in a handover ceremony as both nations' flags were raised. The Mayor of Athens, Dora Bakoyianni, passed the Olympic Flag to the Mayor of Beijing, Wang Qishan. After a short cultural performance by Chinese actors, dancers, and musicians directed by eminent Chinese director Zhang Yimou, Rogge declared the 2004 Olympic Games closed. The Olympic flag was next raised again on 10 February 2006 during the opening ceremony of next Winter Olympic games in Torino.

A young Greek girl, Fotini Papaleonidopoulou, lit a symbolic lantern with the Olympic Flame and passed it on to other children before "extinguishing" the flame in the cauldron by blowing a puff of air. The ceremony ended with a variety of musical performances by Greek singers, including Dionysis Savvopoulos, George Dalaras, Haris Alexiou, Anna Vissi, Sakis Rouvas, Eleftheria Arvanitaki, Alkistis Protopsalti, Antonis Remos, Mixalis Xatzigiannis, Marinella and Dimitra Galani, as thousands of athletes carried out symbolic displays on the stadium floor.

Medal count

Main article: 2004 Summer Olympics medal table

These are the top ten nations that won medals in the 2004 Games.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias USA|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias USA]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias USA at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias USA]] 34 39 27 100[23]
2 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias CHN|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias CHN]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias CHN at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias CHN]] 32 17 14 63
3 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias RUS|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias RUS]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias RUS at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias RUS]] 28 26 38 92[23]
4 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias AUS|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias AUS]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias AUS at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias AUS]] 17 16 17[23] 50
5 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias JPN|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias JPN]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias JPN at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias JPN]] 16 9 12 37
6 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias GER|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias GER]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias GER at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias GER]] 13 16 20 49
7 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias FRA|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias FRA]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias FRA at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias FRA]] 11 9 13 33
8 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias ITA|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias ITA]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias ITA at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias ITA]] 10 11 11 32
9 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias KOR|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias KOR]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias KOR at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias KOR]] 9 12 9 30
10 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias GBR|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias GBR]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias GBR at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias GBR]] 9 9 12 30
15 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias GRE|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias GRE]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias GRE at the 2004 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias GRE]] (host nation) 6 6 4 16

Venues

Main article: Venues of the 2004 Summer Olympics

OAKA

HOC

Faliro

GOC

Football venues

Other venues

Broadcast rights

Legacy

File:2003 Greece 100 Euro OS Common back.jpg
Greek €100 commemorative coin part of the series Athens 2004 Summer Olympics.

To commemorate the games, a series of Greek high value euro collectors' coins were minted by the Mint of Greece, in both silver and gold. The pieces depict landmarks in Greece as well as ancient and modern sports on the obverse of the coin. On the reverse, a common motif with the logo of the games, circled by an olive branch representing the spirit of the games.

Preparations to stage the Olympics led to a number of positive developments for the city's infrastructure. These improvements included the establishment of Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, a modern new international airport serving as Greece's main aviation gateway;[24] expansions to the Athens Metro[25] system; the "Tram", a new metropolitan tram (light rail) system[26] system; the "Proastiakos", a new suburban railway system linking the airport and suburban towns to the city of Athens; the "Attiki Odos", a new toll motorway encircling the city,[27] and the conversion of streets into pedestrianized walkways in the historic center of Athens which link several of the city's main tourist sites, including the Parthenon and the Panathinaiko Stadium (the site of the first modern Olympic Games in 1896).[28][29] All of the above infrastructure is still in use to this day, and there have been continued expansions and proposals to expand Athens' metro, tram, suburban rail and motorway network, the airport, as well as further plans to pedestrianize more thoroughfares in the historic center of Athens.

The Greek Government has created a corporation, Olympic Properties SA, which is overseeing the post-Olympics management, development and conversion of these facilities, some of which will be sold off (or have already been sold off) to the private sector,[30][31] while some other facilities are still in use, or have been converted for commercial use or modified for other sports.[32]

As of 2012 many conversion schemes have stalled owing to the financial crisis in Greece. The annual cost to maintain the sites has been estimated at £500 million, a sum which has been politically controversial in Greece,[33] though many of these facilities are now under the control of domestic sporting clubs and organizations or the private sector.

The table below delineates the current status of the Athens Olympic facilities:

Facility Olympics Use Current/Proposed Use
Athens Olympic Stadium (OAKA) Opening & Closing Ceremonies, Track & Field, Football Home pitch for Panathinaikos FC,[34] AEK FC[35] (football; Greek Super League, UEFA Champions League), Greek national football team (some matches), International football competitions;[36] Track & Field events (e.g. IAAF Athens Grand Prix[37]), Concerts[38][39][40]
Athens Olympic Indoor Hall Basketball, Gymnastics Home court for Panathinaikos BC[41] and AEK BC[42] (Greek basketball league); Greek National Basketball Team, International basketball competitions,[43] Concerts[44][45]
Athens Olympic Aquatic Centre Swimming, Diving, Synchronized Swimming, Water Polo Domestic and international swimming meets,[46][47][48] Public pool,[49] domestic league and European water-polo games.
Athens Olympic Tennis Centre Tennis Domestic and international tennis matches, training courts open to the public and home of the Athens Tennis Academy, currently the best-kept facility in the complex[50][51]
Athens Olympic Velodrome Cycling Domestic and international cycling meets[52]
Peace and Friendship Stadium Volleyball Home court for Olympiacos BC (basketball),[53] Concerts, Conventions and trade shows[54]
Helliniko Olympic Indoor Arena Basketball, Handball Home court for Panionios BC (basketball),[55] Conventions and trade shows[49]
Hellinikon Canoe/Kayak Slalom Centre Canoe/Kayak Turned over to a private consortium (J&P AVAX, GEP, Corfu Waterparks and BIOTER), plans to convert it to a water park,[56][57] although currently it is abandoned.
Hellinikon Olympic Hockey Centre Field Hockey Mini-football, will be part of new Hellinikon metropolitan park complex[58]
Hellinikon Baseball Stadium Baseball Main ground (no. 1) converted to football pitch, home field of Ethnikos Piraeus F.C. (Football; Greek second division),[59] auxiliary ground (no. 2) abandoned.
Hellinikon Softball Stadium Softball Abandoned [58]
Agios Kosmas Olympic Sailing Centre Sailing Currently out of use, turned over to the private sector (Seirios AE), will become marina with 1,000+ yacht capacity[60] and will be part of Athens' revitalized waterfront[61]
Ano Liosia Olympic Hall Judo, Wrestling TV filming facility,[49] Future home of the Hellenic Academy of Culture and Hellenic Digital Archive[62][63]
Olympic Beach Volleyball Centre Beach Volleyball Concert and theater venue, it hosted Helena Paparizou's concert on 13 August 2005 to celebrate the first anniversary of the Olympic Games, currently sees minimal usage [64] plans to turn it into an ultra-modern outdoor theater[49]
Faliro Sports Pavilion Handball, Taekwondo Converted to the Athens International Convention Center, hosts concerts, conventions and trade shows[49][63][65][66][67]
Galatsi Olympic Hall Table Tennis, Rhythmic Gymnastics After 2004, was the home court of AEK BC (basketball) before the team moved to the Athens Olympic Indoor Hall. Turned over to the private sector (Acropol Haragionis AE and Sonae Sierra SGPS S.A), being converted to a shopping mall and retail/entertainment complex.[68]
Goudi Olympic Complex Badminton, Modern Pentathlon Now the site of the ultra-modern Badminton Theater, hosting major theatrical productions[69][70]
Markopoulo Olympic Equestrian Centre Equestrian Horse racing,[71] Domestic and International Equestrian meets,[72][73] Auto racing (rallye)[74]
Markopoulo Olympic Shooting Centre Shooting Converted to the official shooting range and training center of the Hellenic Police.,[60][75] but sees hardly any use and is reported to be heavily vandalised.
Nikaia Olympic Weightlifting Hall Weightlifting Has hosted fencing competitions in the years following the Olympics,[49] but has recently been turned over to the University of Piraeus for use as an academic lecture and conference center.[63][76]
Parnitha Olympic Mountain Bike Venue Mountain Biking Part of the Parnitha National Park. In public use for biking and hiking.[77][78]
Peristeri Olympic Boxing Hall Boxing Partially converted to a football pitch, also in use for gymnastics competitions.[49]
Schinias Olympic Rowing and Canoeing Centre Rowing and Canoeing One of only three FISA-approved training centers in the world, the others being in Munich and Seville.[60] Hosts domestic and international rowing and canoeing meets.[79][80] Part of the Schinias National Park, completely reconstructed by the German company Hochtief.,[49] has not been used since the Olympics and its waters are becoming more of a swamp. The increase in mosquitoes and other insects in neighbouring areas is thought to be because of the abandonment of the Rowing Centre which has been colonised by them.
Vouliagmeni Olympic Centre Triathlon Temporary facility, not in existence presently.
Kaftanzoglio Stadium Football Home pitch for Iraklis FC (football; Greek Super League)[81] and temporary home pitch for Apollon Kalamarias FC (football; Greek second division).[82] Also in use for track and field meets.[83] Hosted the 2007 Greek football All-Star Game.
Karaiskaki Stadium Football Home pitch for Olympiacos FC (football; Greek Super League)[84] and for the Greek National Football team. Also used as a concert venue.
Pampeloponnisiako Stadium Football Home pitch for Panahaiki FC (football; Greek third division).[85] Also used for various track-and-field events, concerts, conventions, and friendly matches of the Greek National Football Team.[49]
Pankritio Stadium Football Home pitch for OFI FC[86][87] and Ergotelis FC (football; Greek Super League).[87][88] Hosted the 2005 Greek football All-Star game. Also home to various track-and-field meets.[49]
Panthessaliko Stadium Football Home pitch for Niki Volou FC (football; Greek third division).[49] Has also hosted concerts, conventions and track-and-field meets.[49]
Panathainaiko Stadium Marathon, Archery Site of the first modern Olympic Games in 1896. One of Athens' major tourist attractions, also used for occasional sporting and concert events.[89][90][91][92]
The Ancient Stadium at Olympia Track and Field One of Greece's historic sites and largest tourist attractions, open to the public to this day.[93]
International Broadcast Centre (IBC) International Broadcast Centre Half of it (the section fronting Kifissias Avenue) has been turned over to the private company Lambda Development SA and has been converted to a luxury shopping, retail, office and entertainment complex known as the "Golden Hall."[94] The remaining section, facing the Olympic Stadium itself, will become home to the Hellenic Olympic Museum and the International Museum of Classical Athletics.[49]

[49][63][95]

Olympic Athletes' Village Housing 2,292 apartments were sold to low-income individuals and today the village is home to over 8,000 residents.[49] Several communal installations however are abandoned and heavily vandalised.
Olympic Press Village Housing It has been turned over to the private sector and namely Lamda Developments S.A. (the same company which owns and runs the Mall of Athens and the Golden Hall), and has been converted to luxury flats.

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External links

See Also

  • Logos - A collection of logos featuring this event.
  • Torch - Information about this Olympics' torch.
Preceded by
Salt Lake City 2002
Olympics
2004
Succeeded by
Torino 2006
Preceded by
Sydney 2000
Summer Olympics
2004
Succeeded by
Beijing 2008

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