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Commonwealth of Australia

Flag of australia
National Flag
Map of the AUS
Location on Map
IOC Code AUS
Years Hosted Olympics 1956 (Melbourne)
2000 (Sydney)
Years Attended Olympics Summer: All
Winter: 1936, 1952-2010
Medals 2012 Summer 7 gold, 16 silver, 12 bronze
Medals 2010 Winter 2 gold, 1 silver, 0 bronze
Total Olympic Medals
Gold medal iconGold Silver medal iconSilver Bronze medal iconBronze
143 150 179
National Olympic Committee
Australian Olympic Committee (AOC)

Australia has sent athletes to almost all editions of the modern Olympic Games. Australia has competed in every Summer Olympic Games, and most Winter Olympic Games, the latter each time since 1952. The Australian Olympic Committee was founded and recognised in 1895. Edwin Flack was the first athlete to represent Australia at the Olympics. He won gold in both the 800 metres and the 1500 metres of the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. In 1908 and 1912 Australia competed with New Zealand under the name Australasia. Their kit is yellow and green.

Australia hosted the Summer games twice. In 1956 in Melbourne and in 2000 in Sydney finished 3rd and 4th in the respective medal counts. In the Summer Olympics since 2000, Australia has placed 4th, 4th and 6th, respectively. Given Australia has a population of only around 20 million people (ranked 53rd in the world[1]) this fact is frequently cited as noteworthy by the mainstream Australia media.[2] However, other observers have suggested this may be a result of the generous funding the Australian Government has invested into elite sports development with the specific intention of improving performance at the Olympic games.[3][4]

Many of Australia's gold medals have come in swimming, a sport which is popular in Australia, with swimmers from Dawn Fraser to Ian Thorpe ranking amongst the sport's all-time greats. Other sports where Australia has historically been strong include:

  • field hockey, with the women's team winning three gold medals between 1988 to 2000 and the men's team winning in 2004;
  • cycling, particularly track cycling;
  • rowing;
  • equestrian events and specifically the three-day teams eventing;
  • and sailing.

Australia takes international sporting competition, particularly the Olympics, very seriously, and provides much government funding and coaching support to elite athletes, partly through the Australian Institute of Sport. Australia has been more modestly successful in the track events at the games, particularly in modern times. Historically, Betty Cuthbert is Australia's most successful track athlete. Cathy Freeman won a gold medal in the 400 metres at the 2000 Sydney games.

Australia did not win a medal at the Winter Olympics until 1994, but has moved higher on the medal tallies since then (ranking 13th at Vancouver 2010). This is a reflection on increased funding of Australia's Olympic Winter Games team.

Medal tablesEdit

Medals by Summer GamesEdit

Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
1896 Athens 1 2 0 0 2 8
1900 Paris 3 2 0 3 5 9
1904 St. Louis 2 0 0 0 0
1908 London 29 as part of Template:FlagIOCteam 11
1912 Stockholm 28 12
1920 Antwerp 13 0 2 1 3 16
1924 Paris 37 3 1 2 6 11
1928 Amsterdam 18 1 2 1 4 19
1932 Los Angeles 12 3 1 1 5 10
1936 Berlin 33 0 0 1 1 30
1948 London 77 2 6 5 13 14
1952 Helsinki 85 6 2 3 11 9
1956 Melbourne (host nation) 314 13 8 14 35 3
1960 Rome 188 8 8 6 22 5
1964 Tokyo 234 6 2 10 18 8
1968 Mexico City 175 5 7 5 17 9
1972 Munich 173 8 7 2 17 6
1976 Montreal 184 0 1 4 5 32
1980 Moscow 123 2 2 5 9 15
1984 Los Angeles 240 4 8 12 24 14
1988 Seoul 270 3 6 5 14 15
1992 Barcelona 290 7 9 11 27 10
1996 Atlanta 424 9 9 23 41 7
2000 Sydney (host nation) 630 16 25 17 58 4
2004 Athens 482 17 16 16 49 4
2008 Beijing 433 14 15 17 46 6
2012 London 410 7 16 12 35 11
Total (AUS) 138 153 176 468 11
Total (ANZ) 3 4 4 11

Medals by Winter GamesEdit

Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
1924 Chamonix did not participate
1928 St. Moritz
1932 Lake Placid
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1 0 0 0 0
1948 St. Moritz did not participate
1952 Oslo 9 0 0 0 0
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 10 0 0 0 0
1960 Squaw Valley 31 0 0 0 0
1964 Innsbruck 6 0 0 0 0
1968 Grenoble 3 0 0 0 0
1972 Sapporo 4 0 0 0 0
1976 Innsbruck 8 0 0 0 0
1980 Lake Placid 10 0 0 0 0
1984 Sarajevo 10 0 0 0 0
1988 Calgary 18 0 0 0 0
1992 Albertville 23 0 0 0 0
1994 Lillehammer 25 0 0 1 1 22
1998 Nagano 24 0 0 1 1 22
2002 Salt Lake City 27 2 0 0 2 15
2006 Turin 40 1 0 1 2 17
2010 Vancouver 40 2 1 0 3 13
Total 5 1 3 9 25

Medals by sport (both Summer and Winter)Edit

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Swimming 57 60 61 178
Athletics 20 26 25 71
Cycling 14 18 16 48
Rowing 10 13 14 37
Sailing 10 5 8 23
Equestrian 6 3 2 11
Field hockey 4 3 5 12
Shooting 4 1 5 10
Canoeing 3 8 11 22
Diving 3 3 6 12
Freestyle skiing 3 1 1 5
Triathlon 1 2 2 5
Tennis 1 1 3 5
Weightlifting 1 1 2 4
Taekwondo 1 1 0 2
Water polo 1 0 2 3
Archery 1 0 1 2
Short track speed skating 1 0 1 2
Volleyball 1 0 1 2
Snowboarding 1 0 0 1
Basketball 0 3 2 5
Boxing 0 1 3 4
Softball 0 1 3 4
Wrestling 0 1 2 3
Gymnastics 0 1 0 1
Baseball 0 1 0 1
Judo 0 0 2 2
Alpine skiing 0 0 1 1
Total 143 154 179 476

These totals do not include eleven medals won by Australians competing for the combined Australasia team in 1908 and 1912: nine by individuals, one by an exclusively Australian team, and one by a combined team.

Most Famous Australian AthletesEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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