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Respubliki Biełarus
(Republic of Belarus)

Flag of Belarus.svg
National Flag
Europe-Belarus.svg
Location on Map
IOC Code BLR
Years Hosted Olympics none
Years Attended Olympics All since 1994
Medals 2012 Summer 2 gold, 5 silver, 5 bronze
Medals 2010 Winter 1 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze
Total Olympic Medals
Gold medal iconGold Silver medal iconSilver Bronze medal iconBronze
13 29 45
National Olympic Committee
National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus

Athletes from Belarus began their Olympic participation at the 1952 Summer Games in Helsinki, Finland as part of the Soviet Union (IOC code: URS).[1] After the Soviet Union disbanded in 1991, Belarus, along with four of the other fourteen former Soviet republics, competed in the 1992 Winter Olympics (held in Albertville, France) as the Unified Team. Later in 1992, eleven republics joined Belarus to compete as the Unified Team at the Summer Games in Barcelona, Spain. Two years later, Belarus competed for the first time as an independent nation in the 1994 Winter Olympics, held in Lillehammer, Norway.[2] From 1952 until the 2006 Olympic Games in Torino, Italy, 168 Belarusian athletes won 200 medals either as part of the Soviet Union or as independent Belarus.[3]

Medal tables

Medals by Summer Games

Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
1952–1988 as part of Template:FlagIOCteam
1992 Barcelona as part of Template:FlagIOCteam
1996 Atlanta 157 1 6 8 15 37
2000 Sydney 139 3 3 11 17 23
2004 Athens 151 2 6 7 15 26
2008 Beijing 181 4 5 10 19 16
2012 London 165 2 5 5 12 26
Total 12 25 41 78 42

Medals by Winter Games

Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
1952–1988 as part of Template:FlagIOCteam
1992 Albertville as part of Template:FlagIOCteam
1994 Lillehammer 33 0 2 0 2 15
1998 Nagano 59 0 0 2 2 20
2002 Salt Lake City 64 0 0 1 1 23
2006 Turin 28 0 1 0 1 21
2010 Vancouver 50 1 1 1 3 17
Total 1 4 4 9 27

Medals by sport

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total Source
Athletics 4 5 8 17
Rowing 2 1 4 7
Canoeing 2 0 2 4
Weightlifting 1 3 4 8
Judo 1 0 1 2
Wrestling 0 3 5 8
Gymnastics 0 3 5 8
Shooting 0 2 4 6
Boxing 0 2 0 2
Freestyle skiing 1 1 2 4
Biathlon 0 2 2 4
Speed skating 0 1 0 1
Cycling 0 0 1 1
Modern pentathlon 0 0 1 1
Total 11 23 39 73 [4][5]

List of medalists

Summer Olympics

Medal Name Games Sport Event
Gold medal Andrei Aramnau Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Weightlifting Men's 105 kg
Gold medal Aksana Miankova Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Athletics Women's hammer throw
Gold medal Andrei Bahdanovich
Aliaksandr Bahdanovich
Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Canoeing Men's C-2 1000 m
Gold medal Raman Piatrushenka
Aliaksei Abalmasau
Artur Litvinchuk
Vadzim Makhneu
Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Canoeing Men's K-4 1000 m
Silver medal Vadim Devyatovskiy Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Athletics Men's hammer throw
Silver medal Natallia Mikhnevich Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Athletics Women's shot put
Silver medal Andrei Rybakou Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Weightlifting Men's 85 kg
Silver medal Andrei Krauchanka Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Athletics Men's decathlon
Silver medal Inna Zhukova Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Gymnastics (Rhythmic) All-around individual
Bronze medal Nastassia Novikava Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
Bronze medal Ekaterina Karsten Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Rowing Women's single sculls
Bronze medal Yuliya Bichyk
Natallia Helakh
Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Rowing Women's coxless pair
Bronze medal Ivan Tsikhan Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Athletics Men's hammer throw
Bronze medal Andrei Mikhnevich Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Athletics Men's shot put
Bronze medal Nadzeya Ostapchuk Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Athletics Women's shot put
Bronze medal Mikhail Siamionau Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Wrestling Men's 66 kg
Bronze medal Murad Gaidarov Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Wrestling Men's 74 kg
Bronze medal Vadzim Makhneu
Raman Piatrushenka
Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Canoeing Men's K-2 500 m
Bronze medal Olesya Babushkina
Anastasia Ivankova
Zinaida Lunina
Glafira Martinovich
Ksenia Sankovich
Alina Tumilovich
Template:Country data CHN 2008 Beijing 25px Gymnastics (Rhythmic) All-around team
Gold medal Sergei Martynov Template:Country data GBR 2012 London 25px Shooting Men's 50 m rifle prone
Silver medal Aliaksandra Herasimenia Template:Country data GBR 2012 London 25px Swimming Women's 100 m freestyle
Bronze medal Victoria Azarenka Template:Country data GBR 2012 London 25px Tennis Women's singles
Bronze medal Maryna Shkermankova Template:Country data GBR 2012 London 25px Weightlifting Women's 69 kg
Bronze medal Iryna Kulesha Template:Country data GBR 2012 London 25px Weightlifting Women's 75 kg

Soviet Union

Main article: Soviet Union at the Olympics

Athletes from the Soviet Union began participating in the Olympic Games in 1952, winning 194 total medals in the Winter Games[6] and 1010 at the Summer Games for a total of 1204 medals. Of those medals, 473 were gold, 376 were silver and 355 were bronze.[7] The Belarusian collection of medals began with Mikhail Krivonosov winning silver in the hammer throw at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia. The Soviet Republic's first gold medal was won by Leonid Geishtor and Sergei Makarenko in the 1000 metre pairs canoe event during the 1960 Summer Games in Rome, Italy.[8] The Soviet Union first competed in the Winter Olympics in 1964, located in Innsbruck.[9] In 1988, the Soviet Union competed for the last time as a unified country.[3]

Unified Team

Vitaly Shcherbo won six gold medals at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.[10] Eight individual victories are a record as of 2008 (Michael Phelps).

Summer Olympic Games

1996 Atlanta

Main article: Belarus at the 1996 Summer Olympics

In Belarus's first independent appearance at the Summer Olympics, the delegation took home fifteen medals: one gold, six silver and eight bronze. The first Belarusian gold medal was won by Ekaterina Karsten in the women's single sculls rowing event. The silver medals were won in athletics, shooting, and wrestling (both freestyle and Greco-Roman). The bronze medals were won in artistic gymnastics, athletics, rowing and Greco-Roman wrestling.[11] The country sent 159 athletes to compete in 21 disciplines.[12]

2000 Sydney

The Belarusian government, using public funds and sponsorships, spent five million USD to prepare the athletes for the 2000 Olympics. Minister of Sports and Tourism Yevgeny Vorsin predicted that Belarus would win four gold medals during the Games.[13] Belarus finished with three gold, three silver and 11 bronze medals. Karsten successfully defended her championship in the single sculls, with the other two gold medals won by Yanina Karolchik and Ellina Zvereva in the shot put and discus throw events, respectively. The Belarusian women took silver in both individual and team rhythmic gymnastics, with a third silver medal coming in the men's 50 metre pistol event. Bronze medals were won in hammer throwing, shooting (3), Greco-Roman wrestling, pentathlon, weight lifting (2), judo, heptathlon and discus throwing.[14] One athlete from Belarus, Vadim Devyatovsky, was banned from Olympic competition due to testing positive for the substance nandrolone. [15]

2004 Athens

Belarus used leftover funds from the Sydney Games to prepare athletes to compete in the 2004 Olympics.[13] Belarus sent to Athens 153 athletes competing in 21 disciplines.[16] Those athletes won 15 medals: two golds, six silvers, and nine bronzes. The gold medals were won in the 100 meter dash and in judo. The silver medals were won in weightlifting (2), boxing (2), rowing and the hammer throw. The bronzes were won in shooting, the discus throw, weightlifting, cycling, rowing (2), wrestling (Greco-Roman) and canoe/kayak (2).[17] Ivan Tikhon originally won the bronze in the hammer throw, but his medal was upgraded to silver after Adrian Annus of Hungary was stripped of his gold medal due to doping.[18] Yuliya Nesterenko, who wasn't expected to do well in the 100 meter dash, took home the gold in the event. She was clocked at 10.93 seconds, beating the second place American by .03 seconds.[19] Wrestler Alexander Medved was tasked to carry the national flag during the opening ceremony.

2008 Beijing

Main article: Belarus at the 2008 Summer Olympics

One hundred and eighty-one athletes from Belarus competed in 28 events at the Beijing Olympics.[20] Before the Olympics started, the National Olympic Committee of Belarus announced that medal winners would be awarded cash prizes, valued in United States dollars, from the Committee and their sponsors. Another sponsor, Belatmit,[21] offered gold medal winners free sausage for life. The women's basketball team would be given free sausage regardless of what medal they won.[21] The team captain was Ivan Tikhon[22] and fencer Alexander Romankov carried the national flag during the opening ceremonies.[23] Overall, Belarus took home 19 medals, with four medals being gold, placing 16th in the medal standings, 13th in the total medal count.[24] At a ceremony bestowing state decorations on the Olympic champions President Lukashenko said his country had performed better in Beijing than they did in Athens, but he still called the Games a "missed opportunity" for winning less gold medals than he personally had expected.[25] However, on September 21, the IOC has asked Vadim Devyatovskiy and Tsikhan to provide the body information on why they tested positive for abnormal traces of testosterone after the completion of the hammerthrow final on August 17. If found guilty, the pair will be stripped of their respective medals and Devyatovskiy will face a lifetime ban for a second doping offense.[26] The IOC found them guilty on December 11 and officially stripped them of their medals.[27] 10 June 2010 – The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) has upheld the appeals filed by the two Belarusian hammer throwers, Vadim Devyatovskiy and Ivan Tsikhan, against the decision of the Disciplinary Commission of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) of 11 December 2008. Consequently, the silver and bronze medals won at the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing are to be returned to Vadim Deviyatovskiy and Ivan Tsikhan respectively.

Winter Olympic Games

1994 Lillehammer

Main article: Belarus at the 1994 Winter Olympics

This was the first Olympic Games in which an independent Belarus participated. Before competing as an independent state, Belarusian athletes won four medals as part of the USSR and CIS squads from Olympic Games spanning 1964 to 1992.[9] Belarus sent 33 athletes to compete in seven disciplines. Silver medals were won by Igor Zhelezovski in the 1000 m speed skating and Svetlana Paramygina in the biathlon.[28] Out of the 67 nations that competed, Belarus ranked 15th in the medal totals.[8] According to the NOC RB, competing in the Lillehammer Olympics is a historic event for Belarus and "opened a new page in the history of Belarusian sport."[9]

1998 Nagano

Main article: Belarus at the 1998 Winter Olympics

Belarus sent a delegation of 59 athletes to compete in nine disciplines.[9] Belarus medaled twice, both times with bronze. The medals were earned by Dmitry Dashchinsky in aerials and Alexey Aidarov in the biathlon.[29] Belarus qualified for the second round of the hockey tournament, but lost its group matches and was eliminated by Russia in the quarterfinals, finishing seventh overall.[30] In a speech by President Alexander Lukashenko in 2002, he reflected on the achievements of athletes in the Nagano Games. While watching the events, he stated that the Belarusian athletes competed with dignity and brought glory to Belarus.[31]

2002 Salt Lake City

Main article: Belarus at the 2002 Winter Olympics

Belarus competed in nine disciplines, just like at the 1998 Winter Olympics. Belarus's single medal was a bronze won by Aleksei Grishin.[32] The men's ice hockey team drew international attention for its upset of top-seeded Sweden and subsequent 4th place finish.[33] However, hockey team member Vasily Pankov, along with Belarusian team doctor Evgeni Lositski, were removed from the Olympic Games due to positive doping results. Lositski was barred from coming to the 2004 and 2006 Olympic Games for giving Pankov medication that included nandrolone.[34] Another Belarusian athlete was given a "strong warning" by the IOC for missing a doping test and admonished the NOC RB for helping her miss the test.[35]

2006 Turin

Main article: Belarus at the 2006 Winter Olympics

Sending 33 athletes, Belarus competed in eight disciplines.[36] Dmitry Dashchinsky took home the only medal, a silver in the aerials. Dashchinsky had earned a bronze medal at the 1998 Nagano Games.[8] The result was upsetting to Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus and head of the National Olympic Committee. He told members of the NOC RB that the coaches were to blame for the poor showing and that Belarus needed victories so they could feel pride as a nation. He also told the assembled members that if there are any more poor showings, he will fire the members.[37]

2010 Vancouver

Main article: Belarus at the 2010 Winter Olympics

Belarus won three medals. Alexei Grishin took the nation’s only gold in freestyle skiing – men’s aerials. Sergey Novikov took silver in the men’s 20-kilometers individual biathlon, while Darya Domracheva took bronze in the women’s 15-kilometer individual biathlon. [38] The men's hockey team was eliminated in the first round of playoffs.


Flag bearers

Games Name
1994 Winter Olympics Igor Zhelezovsky
1996 Summer Olympics Igor Astapkovich
1998 Winter Olympics Alexander Popov
2000 Summer Olympics Sergey Lishtvan
2002 Winter Olympics Oleg Ryzhenkov
2004 Summer Olympics Aleksandr Medved
2006 Winter Olympics Alexander Popov
2008 Summer Olympics Alexander Romankov
2010 Winter Olympics Oleg Antonenko

National Olympic Committee

In 1991, an order was issued to create the National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus (Template:Lang-ru), and it was not until 1993 before the NOC RB (НОК РБ) became a full member of the International Olympic Committee.[39] Also in 1993, Vladimir Ryzhenkov, who was at the time the Belarus Minister for Sport and Tourism, was elected to the post of President of the NOC RB. In May 1997, a year after the death of Ryzhenkov, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko was elected to the post, which he still holds today. Lukashenko is the first known example of a head of state to also lead a National Olympic Committee at the same time.[8] Funding for the NOC RB comes from marketing of goods with the Olympic logo, donations from the private sector, sponsorships and from the national government.[13][40] As head of state, President Lukashenko issued decrees awarding prizes to those who bring home medals, use state funds to prepare for athletes and pay the coaches of the athletes. In 2004, President Lukashenko issued a decree awarding those who win medals in the 2004 and 2006 Olympic Games the following tax-free monetary awards (in United States dollars): $60,000 for gold, $30,000 for silver and $20,000 for bronze.[41] For the 2008 and 2010 games, the following tax-free prizes will be awarded to medal winners and their coaches (in United States dollars): $100,000 for gold, $50,000 for silver and $30,000 for bronze.[42]

References

  1. International Olympic Committee Helsinki 1952 Olympics Overview. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  2. NOC Republic of Uzbekistan. Lillehammer 1994 Games. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  3. 3.0 3.1 NOC RB. Belarusian athletes at Olympic Games. Published 2006. Retrieved December 27, 2008.
  4. Medallists - BLR. Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (2008-08-05). Retrieved on 2008-09-12.
  5. Belarus Olympic Medals. databaseolympics.com (2004). Retrieved on 2008-09-12.
  6. CBS Sports Winter Olympics History - URS Medal Totals. Published 1998. Retrieved July 13, 2007.
  7. USSR Olympic History and Medal Count. Retrieved July 13, 2007.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 20 January 2007.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Athletes of the Republic of Belarus at Olympic Winter Games. National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus (2002). Retrieved on 2008-09-21.
  10. http://www.olympic.org/en/content/Olympic-Athletes/All-Athletes/Athletes-SA-to-SM/-VITALY-SCHERBO-/
  11. Official 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games Results. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  12. "Belarusian athletes win 212 Olympic licenses", BelTA, 2008-08-07. Retrieved on 2008-09-21.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 BelaPAN, No. 61 News Article: Belarus Has Spent Over $5 Million to Prepare for Sydney, Sports Minister Says. September 14, 2000; 9:10 p.m. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  14. Official 2000 Sydney Olympic Games Results. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  15. Associated Press Stripped - Drug tests cost Bulgarian his silver medal. Published November 9, 2000. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  16. Yahoo Sports 2004 Olympics - Belarus Athletes Details. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  17. Belarus - 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. databasesports.com (2004). Retrieved on 2008-09-12.
  18. Associated Press. U.S. cyclist ends up with bronze. Published August 29, 2004. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  19. Australian Broadcasting Corporation Nesterenko wins sprint gold for Belarus. Published August 22, 2004. Retrieved July 14, 2007. Template:Wayback
  20. "Belarus Olympic Delegation Praises BOCOG", Xinhua, 2008-08-07. Retrieved on 2008-08-08.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Belarus encourages athletes with sausage for life. Macedonian Information Agency (2008). Retrieved on 2008-09-22.
  22. "President awards Belarusian Olympic team captain", BELTA, 2008-07-18. Retrieved on 2008-08-08.
  23. "Alexander Romankov to carry flag for Belarus at Beijing Olympics", BELTA, 2008-08-08. Retrieved on 2008-08-08. Template:Fix
  24. Overall Medal Standings. Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (2008-08-25). Retrieved on 2008-09-12.
  25. "Meeting With Prize Winners of the 29th Olympic Games in Beijing", Official Internet Portal of the President of the Republic of Belarus, 2008-09-09. Retrieved on 2008-09-12.
  26. Dunbar, Graham. "Hammer medalists get more time to fight doping cases", USA Today, 2008-09-21. Retrieved on 2008-09-21.
  27. Belarusian hammer throwers stripped of medals (2008-12-11). Retrieved on 2008-12-11.
  28. Official 1994 Lillehammer Olympic Games Report, Volume 4. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  29. Official 1998 Nagano Olympic Games Report. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  30. LCS Hockey 1998 Olympics Hockey Tournament Results. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  31. President of the Republic of Belarus Message by the President of the Republic of Belarus to the Olympians. Given on January 29, 2002. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  32. 2002 Salt Lake City Olympic Games results. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  33. BBC Sports Belarus pull off huge upset. Published February 21, 2002. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  34. Associated Press. British Skier Stripped of Medal. Published March 21, 2002. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  35. BBC Sports. Belarus skater escapes ban. Published February 23, 2002. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  36. Yahoo Sports 2006 Olympics - Belarus Athlete List. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  37. Belarusian President Slams Coaches For Poor Showing Of Winter Olympics Team. Data.minsk.by. Retrieved on 2008-09-08.
  38. http://www.vancouver2010.com/olympic-medals/medallists/index_ct-hX.html?cat1=BLR
  39. International Olympic Committee National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved July 13, 2007.
  40. Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the United States Olympic Movement in Belarus. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  41. President of the Republic of Belarus Worth of Olympic Prizes for Belarusian Athletes Fixed. Passed January 23, 2004. Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  42. President of the Republic of Belarus Comments to Presidential Decree No 636 of October 27, 2006. Passed October 27, 2006. Retrieved July 14, 2007.

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