The Nordic combined events have been contested at the Winter Olympic Games since 1924. The first competition involved 18 km cross-country skiing, followed by ski jumping. Whoever earned the most points from both competitions won the event. At the 1952 Winter Olympics, the ski jumping was held first, followed by 18 km cross-country skiing. The cross-country skiing portion was reduced to 15 km at the 1956 Winter Olympics. The ski jumping styles would change over the years as well, from the Kongsberger technique after World War I to the Daescher technique in the 1950s to the current V-style from 1985 onwards. The cross-country skiing technique would switch from classical to freestyle for all competitions beginning in 1985, but the biggest change would occur at the 1988 Winter Olympics in the scoring with the Gundersen method, meaning the 15 km cross country portion would go from an interval start race to a pursuit race, so that whoever crossed the finish line first won the event. The team event with a 3 x 10 km cross country relay started at the 1988 Winter Olympics, changing to the current 4 x 5 km cross-country relay at the 1998 Winter Olympics. The 7.5 km sprint event was added at the 2002 Winter Olympics. Nordic combined remains a men's only event as of the 2010 Winter Olympics. For the 2010 Winter Games, the 15 km Individual Gundersen which consisted of 2 jumps from the normal hill followed by 15 km cross country will be replaced by a 10 km individual normal hill event which will consist of one jump from the individual normal hill following by 10 km of cross country using the Gundersen system while the 7.5 km sprint will be replaced by the 10 km individual large hill event.

Olympic medalists in individual competitions (2002-2014) Edit

Name Country Name Country
Sochi 2014
Normal hill + 10 km Large hill + 10 km
1 Eric Frenzel Germany 1 Jørgen Graabak Norway
2 Akito Watabe Japan 2 Magnus Moan Norway
3 Magnus Krog Norway 3 Fabian Rießle Germany
Vancouver 2010
Normal hill + 10 km Large hill + 10 km
1 Jason Lamy Chappuis France 1 Bill Demong USA
2 Johnny Spillane USA 2 Johnny Spillane USA
3 Alessandro Pittin Italy 3 Bernhard Gruber Austria
Torino 2006
2x Normal hill + 15 km Large hill + 7,5 km
1 Georg Hettich Germany 1 Felix Gottwald Austria
2 Felix Gottwald Austria 2 Magnus Moan Norway
3 Magnus Moan Norway 3 Georg Hettich Germany
Salt Lake City 2002
2x Normal hill + 15 km Large hill + 7,5 km
1 Samppa Lajunen Finland 1 Samppa Lajunen Finland
2 Jaako Tallus Finland 2 Ronny Ackermann Germany
3 Felix Gottwald Austria 3 Felix Gottwald Austria

Olympic medalists in individual competitions (1924-1998) Edit

Before 1998, only one competition in nordic combined was held at the Olympics.

Traditional Nordic Combination
Name Country Name Country
Nagano 1998 Lillehammer 1994
1 Bjarte Engen Vik Norway 1 Fred Borre Lundberg Norway
2 Samppa Lajunen Finland 2 Takanort Kono Japan
3 Valerij Stoljarov Russia 3 Bjarte Engen Vik Norway
Albertville 1992 Calgary 1988
1 Fabrice Guy France 1 Hippolyt Kempf Switzerland
2 Sylvain Guillaume France 2 Klaus Sulzenbacher Austria
3 Klaus Sulzenbacher Austria 3 Allar Levandi USSR
Sarajevo 1984 Lake Placid 1980
1 Tom Sandberg Norway 1 Ulrich Wehling East Germany
2 Jouko Karjalainen Finland 2 Jouko Karjalainen Finland
3 Jukka Ylipulli Finland 3 Konrad Winkler East Germany
Innsbruck 1976 Sapporo 1972
1 Ulrich Wehling East Germany 1 Ulrich Wehling East Germany
2 Urban Hettich West Germany 2 Rauno Miettinen Finland
3 Konrad Winkler East Germany 3 Karl-Heinz Luck East Germany
Grenoble 1968 Innsbruck 1964
1 Franz Keller West Germany 1 Tormod Knutsen Norway
2 Alois Kalin Switzerland 2 Nikolai Kiselev USSR
3 Andreas Kunz East Germany 3 Georg Thoma West Germany
Squaw Valley 1960 Cortina 1956
1 Georg Thoma West Germany 1 Sverre Stenersen Norway
2 Tormod Knutsen Norway 2 Bengt Eriksson Sweden
3 Nikolai Gusakov USSR 3 Franciszek Gasienica-Gron Poland
Oslo 1952 St. Moritz 1948
1 Simon Slattvik Norway 1 Heikki Hasu Finland
2 Heikki Hasu Finland 2 Martti Huhtala Finland
3 Sverre Stenersen Norway 3 Sven Israelsson Sweden
Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936 Lake Placid 1932
1 Oddbjorn Hagen Norway 1 Johan Grottumsbraten Norway
2 Olaf Hoffsbakken Norway 2 Ole Stenen Norway
3 Sverre Brodahl Norway 3 Hans Vinjarengen Norway
St. Moritz 1928 Chamonix 1924
1 Johan Grottumsbraten Norway 1 Thorleif Haug Norway
2 Hans Vinjarengen Norway 2 Thoralf Stromstad Norway
3 John Snersrud Norway 3 Johan Grottumsbraten Norway

Olympic medalists in team competitions Edit

Venue Gold Silver Bronze
Sochi 2014 Norway Germany Austria
Vancouver 2010 Austria USA Germany
Torino 2006 Austria Germany Finland
Salt Lake City 2002 Finland Germany Germany
Nagano 1998 Norway Finland France
Lillehammer 1994 Japan Norway Switzerland
Albertville 1992 Japan Norway Austria
Calgary 1988 West Germany Switzerland Austria

External links Edit