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{{Olympics infobox|1984|Summer|
 
{{Olympics infobox|1984|Summer|
 
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The 1984 [[Summer Olympic Games]], officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was held in [[Los Angeles]], California. Tehran, Iran was the only other interested city on the international level, but declined to bid due to political and social changes. IOC awarded Los Angeles the Games by default.
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The '''1984 Summer Olympics''', officially known as the '''Games of the XXIII Olympiad''', was an international multi-sport event held in [[Los Angeles]], California in 1984. When Tehran, the only other interested city on the international level, declined to bid due to the concurrent Iranian political and social changes the IOC awarded Los Angeles the Games by default. This was the second occasion Los Angeles hosted the games; it previously hosted in 1932.
   
In response to the American led boycott of the Summer Olympic Games in [[Moscow 1980|Moscow]], a number of Soviet block countries refused to compete, including the Soviet Union, Cuba, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, North Korea, Vietnam and East Germany.
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In response to the [[1980 Summer Olympics boycott|American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics]] in Moscow, 14 [[Eastern Bloc]] countries including the [[Soviet Union]], Cuba and [[East Germany]] (but not Romania) [[1984 Summer Olympics boycott|boycotted the Games]]. For differing reasons, Iran and Libya also boycotted. The USSR announced its intention not to participate on May 8, 1984, citing security concerns and "chauvinistic sentiments and an anti-Soviet hysteria being whipped up in the United States."<ref>{{cite news|last=Burns|first=John F.|title=Protests are Issue: Russians Charge 'Gross Flouting' of the Ideals of the Competition|newspaper=New York Times|date=May 9, 1984}}</ref> Despite the boycott, the Los Angeles Olympic Games attracted a then-record 140 participating nations, and 60 more than those attending the Moscow games four years earlier, which had experienced a far wider international boycott. However, the Los Angeles boycott influenced a large number of events that were normally dominated by the absent countries. Boycotting countries organized another large event in June–September 1984, called the [[Friendship Games]]; however, not even a single competition was held between July 28 and August 12. Representatives of the organizing countries, in particular the [[Soviet Union|USSR]], underlined it was "not held to replace the Olympics". Elite athletes from the U.S. and USSR would only compete against each other at the [[1986 Goodwill Games]] in Moscow, organized in response to the boycotts.
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Where ambitious construction for the 1976 games in Montreal and 1980 games in Moscow had saddled organizers with expenses greatly in excess of revenues, Los Angeles strictly controlled expenses by using existing facilities except a swim stadium and a velodrome that were paid for by corporate sponsors. The Olympic Committee led by [[Peter Ueberroth]] used some of the profits to endow the [[LA84 Foundation]] to promote youth sports in Southern California, educate coaches and maintain a sports library. The LA84 Foundation, formerly called the Amateur Athletic Foundation until changing its name in 2007, led an initiative in 2010 to raise funds to support high school sports in Los Angeles, in response to massive budget cuts in the school district.<ref>[http://www.la84foundation.org/10ap/PresidentsMessage2010_04_22_frmst.htm A Message from LA84 Foundation President Anita DeFrantz: Saving Los Angeles High School Sports]</ref> The 1984 Summer Olympics are often considered the most financially successful modern Olympics.<ref name="financiallySuccessful">{{cite news|url=http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/86729520.html?dids=86729520:86729520&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Oct+28%2C+2001&author=ALAN+ABRAHAMSON&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&desc=L.A.+the+Best+Site%2C+Bid+Group+Insists%3B+Olympics%3A+Despite+USOC+rejection%2C+officials+say+their+plan+was+in+line+with+IOC%27s+call+for+downsizing+of+Games.&pqatl=google|title=LA the Best Site, Bid Group Insists; Olympics: Despite USOC rejection|date=July 25, 2004|work=Los Angeles Times|accessdate=August 17, 2008 | first=Alan | last=Abrahamson}}</ref>
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The host state of California was the home state of U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who officially opened the Games. He had served as Governor of California from 1967 to 1975. The official mascot of the Los Angeles Games was [[Sam (Olympic Mascot)|Sam the Olympic Eagle]]. The logo of the games featured five blue, white and red stars arranged horizontally and struck through with alternating streaks; it was named "Stars in Motion."
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On July 18, 2009, a 25th anniversary celebration was held in the main stadium. This celebration included a speech by president of Los Angeles 1984, Peter Ueberroth, and a re-creation of the lighting of the cauldron.
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==Host selection==
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The selection process for the 1984 Summer Olympics consisted of a single finalized bid, with the [[International Olympic Committee]] accepting the bid of Los Angeles. A bid from Tehran was withdrawn before the selection. Los Angeles had unsuccessfully bid for the two previous Summer Olympics, for 1976 and 1980. The [[United States Olympic Committee]] had at least one bid for every Olympics since [[1944 Summer Olympics|1944]], but had not succeeded since the [[ Los Angeles 1932|Los Angeles Olympics in 1932]], the previous time a single bid had been issued for the Summer Olympics.<ref name=votes>{{cite web |url=http://www.gamesbids.com/english/archives/past.shtml |title=Past Olympic host city election results |publisher=GamesBids |accessdate=15 March 2011}}</ref>
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==Torch relay==
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The 1984 Olympic Torch Relay began in New York City and ended in Los Angeles, traversing 33 states and the District of Columbia. Unlike later torch relays, the torch was continuously carried by runners on foot. The route covered more than 9,320&nbsp;mi (15,000&nbsp;km) and involved 3,616 runners, including 200 from the sponsoring company AT&T. Noted athlete and actor [[O.J. Simpson]] was among the runners, carrying the torch up the California Incline in Santa Monica.
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Gina Hemphill, granddaughter of Jesse Owens, carried the torch into the Coliseum, completed a lap around the track, then handed it off to the final runner,
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[[Rafer Johnson]], winner of the [[decathlon]] at the [[1960 Summer Olympics]]. With the torch, he touched off the flame which passed through a specially designed flammable Olympic logo, igniting all five rings. The flame then passed up to cauldron atop the peristyle and remained aflame for the duration of the Games.
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==Music==
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[[John Williams (composer)|John Williams]] composed the theme for the Olympiad, "[[Olympic Fanfare and Theme]]". This piece won a [[Grammy Award|Grammy]] for Williams and became one of the most well-known musical themes of the Olympic Games, along with [[Leo Arnaud]]'s "[[Bugler's Dream]]"; the latter is sometimes attached to the beginning of Olympic Fanfare and Theme. An album, ''The Official Music of the XXIII Olympiad—Los Angeles 1984'', featured both of those tracks along with sports themes written for the occasion by popular musical artists including [[Foreigner (band)|Foreigner]], [[Toto (band)|Toto]], [[Loverboy (band)|Loverboy]], [[Herbie Hancock]], [[Quincy Jones]], [[Christopher Cross]], [[Philip Glass]] and [[Giorgio Moroder]].<ref>{{cite web|title=Various – The Official Music Of The XXIIIrd Olympiad – Los Angeles 1984 (LP) at Discogs <!-- BOT GENERATED TITLE -->|url=http://www.discogs.com/Various-The-Official-Music-Of-The-XXIIIrd-Olympiad-Los-Angeles-1984/release/694895|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/5jjoXX5GI|archivedate=September 12, 2009|deadurl=no|accessdate=September 10, 2009}}</ref> The album was released on [[Columbia Records]] and the catalogue number was BJS 39322.
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The famous Brazilian composer [[Sérgio Mendes]] also composed a special song for the 1984 Olympic Games, "Olympia," from his 1984 album ''[[Confetti (Sérgio Mendes album)|Confetti]]''. A [[choir]] of approximately one thousand voices was assembled of [[singer (music)|singers]] in the region. All were volunteers from nearby [[Church body|churches]], schools and universities.
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[[Etta James]] performed the [[Star-Spangled Banner|National Anthem of the United States]] at the Opening Ceremony.<ref>[http://www.sunherald.com/2012/01/28/3716456/family-friends-gather-for-etta.html Etta James remembered as triumphant trailblazer]</ref>
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[[Lionel Richie]] performed a 9 minute version of his hit single "[[All Night Long (All Night)|All Night Long]]" at the closing ceremonies.<ref>[http://www.timesunion.com/entertainment/article/Tuning-into-the-Games-3720777.php Tuning into the Games, Watching the Olympics is the next best thing to playing]</ref>
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==Highlights==
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=== Arts Festival ===
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The 1984 Summer Olympics was preceded by the 10-week-long adjunct Los Angeles Olympic Arts Festival, which opened on June 2 and ended on August 12. It provided more than 400 performances by 145 theater, dance and music companies, representing every continent and 18 countries.
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===General===
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* The opening ceremony featured the arrival of Bill Suitor by means of the [[Bell Aerosystems]] [[rocket pack]] (also known as a Jet Pack).
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* As a result of an IOC agreement designating the Republic of China (Taiwan) [[Chinese Taipei]], the People's Republic of China returned to the summer Olympics for the first time since [[Helsinki 1952]] and won 15 gold medals. In weightlifting, athletes from the Chinese Taipei and China teams won medals at the same event.
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* Eleven athletes failed drug tests at the Los Angeles Games.
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* Local Los Angeles artist [[Rodolfo Escalera]] was commissioned to create nine paintings depicting the summer games that would later be turned into collectible plates and presented as "The Official Gift of the 1984 Olympics".
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===Track and field===
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* [[Carl Lewis]], making his first of four appearances at the Olympics, equaled the 1936 performance of [[Jesse Owens]] by winning four gold medals, in the 100 m, 200 m, 4x100 m relay and long jump.
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* Eighteen year old [[Zola Budd]], a South African runner given British citizenship in order to dodge the [[apartheid]]-based ban on South African competitors, collided with home favourite [[Mary Decker|Mary Decker-Slaney]] in the final of the 3000 m, causing the American to fall. With the crowd booing her for the rest of the race, Budd dropped back and finished well down the order. She was later cleared of wrongdoing and was also declared not culpable by Decker-Slaney.
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* [[Edwin Moses]] won the gold medal in the 400m hurdles 8 years after winning in 1976.
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* [[Nawal El Moutawakel]] of Morocco became the first female Olympic champion of a Muslim nation, and the first of her country in the 400 m hurdles.
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* [[Carlos Lopes]], from Portugal, won the [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics - Men's marathon|Marathon]] (2:09:21 – Olympic record that stood for 24 years). It was the first Gold Medal ever for Portugal.
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* A [[marathon (sport)|marathon]] for women was held for the first time at the Olympics (won by [[Joan Benoit]]). The event was considered notable because of Swiss runner [[Gabriela Andersen-Schiess|Gabi Andersen-Schiess]], who – suffering from heat exhaustion – stumbled through the last lap, providing dramatic images.
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*[[Daley Thompson]] apparently missed a new world record in winning his second consecutive gold medal in the [[decathlon]]; the next year his score was retroactively raised to 8847, giving him the record.
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*[[Sebastian Coe]] became the first man to win consecutive gold medals in the [[1500m]].
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===Other sports===
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*The first gold medal to be awarded at the Los Angeles Olympics was also the first-ever medal to be won by an athlete from China when [[Xu Haifeng]] won the [[50 m Pistol]] event.
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*[[Archery at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Archer]] [[Neroli Fairhall]] from New Zealand was the first [[paraplegia|paraplegic]] Olympian at any Olympic Games, coming 35th in the Women's individual event.
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*[[Synchronized swimming]] and [[rhythmic gymnastics]] debuted in Los Angeles as Olympic events, as did [[wind surfing]].
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*[[Li Ning]] from the People's Republic of China won 6 medals in gymnastics, 3 gold, 2 silver, and 1 bronze, earning him the nickname "Prince of Gymnasts" in China. Li would later light the Olympic Cauldron at the [[2008 Olympics]].<ref>[http://www.reuters.com/article/GCA-Olympics/idUSSP4750620080808 Reuters – ''Li Ning, "Prince of Gymnasts" and businessman'' – Aug 8, 2008]</ref>
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*[[Steve Redgrave]] won his first title in [[Sport rowing|rowing]] of the record five he would go on to win in five Olympic competitions.
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*[[Victor Davis]] set a new world record in winning the gold medal in the 200-metre breaststroke in swimming.
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*[[Mary Lou Retton]] became the first gymnast outside Eastern Europe to win the gymnastics all-around competition.
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* In men's gymnastics, the American team won the Gold Medal.
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* [[France national football team|France]] won the Olympic soccer tournament, defeating Brazil 2–0 in the final. Olympic soccer was unexpectedly played before massive crowds throughout America, with several sell-outs at the 100,000+ seat [[Rose Bowl (stadium)|Rose Bowl]]. This interest eventually led to the US hosting the [[1994 FIFA World Cup]].
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* The Soviet-led boycott affected weightlifting more than any other sport: 94 of the world's top 100 ranked lifters were absent, as were 29 of the 30 medalists from the recent world championships. All 10 of the defending world champions in the 10 weight categories were absent.
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* Future [[USA men's national basketball team|Dream Team]] members [[Michael Jordan]], [[Patrick Ewing]], and [[Chris Mullin (basketball)|Chris Mullin]] were on the team that won the gold medal in [[basketball at the 1984 Summer Olympics|basketball]].
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*[[Connie Carpenter-Phinney]] became the first woman to win an Olympic cycling event when she won the [[Cycling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's individual road race|women's individual road race]].
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==Venues==
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{{Main|Venues of the 1984 Summer Olympics}}
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[[File:Olympic Torch Tower of the Los Angeles Coliseum.jpg|thumb|200px|The Opening Ceremony at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum]]
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===Los Angeles venues===
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* [[Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum]] – opening/closing ceremonies, athletics
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* [[Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena]] – boxing
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* [[Dodger Stadium]] – baseball
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* [[Pauley Pavilion]], [[University of California, Los Angeles]] – gymnastics
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* [[Eagle's Nest Arena]], [[California State University, Los Angeles]] – judo
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* [[McDonald's Olympic Swim Stadium|Olympic (McDonald's) Swim Stadium]], [[University of Southern California]] – swimming, diving, synchronized swimming
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* Olympic Village (athlete housing), [[University of Southern California]]
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* [[Los Angeles Tennis Center]], [[University of California, Los Angeles]] – tennis
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* Athletes Village, [[University of California, Los Angeles]]
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* [[Gersten Pavilion|Albert Gersten Pavilion]], [[Loyola Marymount University]], [[Westchester, California|Westchester]], California – weightlifting
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* Streets of Los Angeles – athletics (marathon)
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===Southern California venues===
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* [[El Dorado Park, Long Beach, California]] – archery
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* [[The Forum (Inglewood, California)|The Forum]], [[Inglewood, California|Inglewood]], California – basketball
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* [[Lake Casitas]], [[Ventura County, California|Ventura County]], California – canoeing, rowing
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* [[Olympic Velodrome (Carson, California)|Olympic (7-Eleven) Velodrome]], [[California State University, Dominguez Hills]], [[Carson, California|Carson]], California – cycling (track)
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* [[Mission Viejo]], [[Orange County, California|Orange County]], California – cycling (individual road race)
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* [[Santa Anita Park]], [[Arcadia, California]] – equestrian
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* [[Fairbanks Ranch Country Club]], [[Rancho Santa Fe, California]], California – equestrian sports (eventing endurance)
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* [[Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center|Long Beach Convention Center]], [[Long Beach, California|Long Beach]], California – fencing
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* [[Rose Bowl (stadium)|Rose Bowl]], [[Pasadena, California|Pasadena]], California – football (final)
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* [[Titan Gym]]nasium, [[California State University, Fullerton]], [[Fullerton, California|Fullerton]], California – handball
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* [[Weingart Stadium]], [[East Los Angeles College]], [[Monterey Park, California|Monterey Park]], California – field hockey
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* [[Coto de Caza]], [[Orange County, California|Orange County]], California – modern pentathlon (fencing, riding, running, shooting)
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* Olympic Shooting Range, [[Prado Regional Park|Prado Recreational Area]], [[Chino, California|Chino]], California – shooting
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* [[Long Beach Convention and Entertainment Center|Long Beach Arena]], [[Long Beach, California|Long Beach]], California – volleyball
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* [[Raleigh Runnels Memorial Pool]], [[Pepperdine University]], [[Malibu, California|Malibu]], California – water polo
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* [[Anaheim Convention Center]], [[Anaheim, California|Anaheim]], California – wrestling
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* [[Long Beach Shoreline Marina]], [[Long Beach, California|Long Beach]], California – sailing
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* [[California State Route 91|Artesia Freeway]] – cycling (road team time trial)
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* [[Heritage Park Aquatic Center]] – modern pentathlon (swimming)
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* [[Santa Monica College]] – athletics (marathon start)
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* [[Santa Monica, California]] – athletics (marathon)
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===Other venues===
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* [[Harvard Stadium]], [[Harvard University]], [[Boston]], Massachusetts – association football preliminaries
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* [[Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium]], [[United States Naval Academy]], [[Annapolis, Maryland|Annapolis]], Maryland – association football preliminaries
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* [[Stanford Stadium]], [[Stanford University]], [[Palo Alto, California|Palo Alto]], California – association football preliminaries
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==Medals awarded==
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See the medal winners, ordered by sport:
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{{col-start}}
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{{col-1-of-3}}
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*{{GamesSport|Archery}}
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*{{GamesSport|Athletics}}
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*{{GamesSport|Basketball}}
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*{{GamesSport|Boxing}}
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*{{GamesSport|Canoeing}}
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*{{GamesSport|Cycling}}
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*{{GamesSport|Diving}}
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*{{GamesSport|Equestrian}}
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{{col-2-of-3}}
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*{{GamesSport|Fencing}}
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*{{GamesSport|Field hockey}}
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*{{GamesSport|Football}}
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*{{GamesSport|Gymnastics}}
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*{{GamesSport|Handball}}
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*{{GamesSport|Judo}}
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*{{GamesSport|Modern pentathlon}}
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*{{GamesSport|Rowing}}
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{{col-3-of-3}}
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*{{GamesSport|Sailing}}
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*{{GamesSport|Shooting}}
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*{{GamesSport|Synchronized swimming}}
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*{{GamesSport|Swimming}}
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*{{GamesSport|Volleyball}}
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*{{GamesSport|Water polo}}
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*{{GamesSport|Weightlifting}}
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*{{GamesSport|Wrestling}}
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{{col-end}}
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===Demonstration sports===
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* [[Baseball at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Baseball]]
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* [[Tennis at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Tennis]]
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==Calendar==
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{| class="wikitable" style="margin:0.5em auto; font-size:90%;position:relative;"
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|-
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|bgcolor=#00cc33 align=center|&nbsp;●&nbsp;||Opening ceremony|| bgcolor=#3399ff align=center|&nbsp;&ensp;&nbsp;||Event competitions || bgcolor=#ffcc00 align=center|&nbsp;●&nbsp;||Event finals ||bgcolor=#ffdead align=center|&nbsp;&ensp;&nbsp;||Exhibition gala || bgcolor=#ee3333|&nbsp;●&nbsp;||Closing ceremony
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|}
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{| class="wikitable" style="margin:0.5em auto; font-size:90%; line-height:1.25em;"
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|-
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!rowspan=2|Date
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!colspan=4|July
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!colspan=12|August
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|-
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!28th<br>Sat!!29th<br>Sun!!30th<br>Mon!!31st<br>Tue!!1st<br>Wed!!2nd<br>Thu!!3rd<br>Fri!!4th<br>Sat!!5th<br>Sun!!6th<br>Mon!!7th<br>Tue!!8th<br>Wed!!9th<br>Thu!!10th<br>Fri!!11th<br>Sat!!12th<br>Sun
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Archery at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Archery]]
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Archery at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's individual|●]] [[Archery at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's individual|●]]
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Athletics]]
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 20 kilometres walk|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's shot put|●]]
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metres|●]]<br>[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's triple jump|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's heptathlon|●]]</span>
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 400 metres hurdles|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's long jump|●]]<br>[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's javelin throw|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's marathon|●]]</span>
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 800 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 10,000 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 110 metres hurdles|●]]<br>[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's hammer throw|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 400 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 800 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's javelin throw|●]]</span>
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|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 400 metres|●]]<br>[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's pole vault|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 400 metres hurdles|●]]</span>
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's decathlon|●]]<br>[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's long jump|●]]</span>
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 3000 metres steeplechase|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's discus throw|●]]<br>[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 3000 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metres hurdles|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's high jump|●]]</span>
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 1500 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 5000 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 x 100 metres relay|●]]<br>[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 x 400 metres relay|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 50 kilometres walk|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's high jump|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's shot put|●]]<br>[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 1500 metres|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 4 x 100 metres relay|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 4 x 400 metres relay|●]] [[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's discus throw|●]]</span>
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's marathon|●]]
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Basketball at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Basketball]]
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Basketball at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Women's Tournament|●]]
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Basketball at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Men's Tournament|●]]
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|
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Boxing]]
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Light Flyweight (– 48 kg)|●]] [[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Flyweight (– 51 kg)|●]] [[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Bantamweight (– 54 kg)|●]] [[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Featherweight (57 kg)|●]]<br>[[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Lightweight (– 60 kg)|●]] [[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Light Welterweight (– 63.5 kg)|●]] [[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Welterweight (– 67 kg)|●]] [[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Light Middleweight (– 71 kg)|●]]<br>[[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Middleweight (– 75 kg)|●]] [[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Light Heavyweight (– 81 kg)|●]] [[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Heavyweight (– 91 kg)|●]] [[Boxing at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Super Heavyweight (+ 91 kg)|●]]</span>
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Canoeing]]
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's K-1 500 metres|●]] [[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's K-2 500 metres|●]] [[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's C-1 500 metres|●]]<br>[[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's C-2 500 metres|●]] [[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's K-1 500 metres|●]] [[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's K-2 500 metres|●]]</span>
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's K-1 1000 metres|●]] [[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's K-2 1000 metres|●]] [[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's K-4 1000 metres|●]]<br>[[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's C-1 1000 metres|●]] [[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's C-2 1000 metres|●]] [[Canoeing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's K-4 500 metres|●]]</span>
  +
|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Cycling at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Cycling]]
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Cycling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's individual road race|●]] [[Cycling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's individual road race|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Cycling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 1 km time trial|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Cycling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's individual pursuit|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Cycling at the 1984 Summer Olympics - Men's individual sprint|●]]<br>[[Cycling at the 1984 Summer Olympics - Men's team pursuit|●]] [[Cycling at the 1984 Summer Olympics - Men's points race|●]]</span>
  +
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Diving at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Diving]]
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Diving at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 3 metre springboard|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Diving at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 3 metre springboard|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Diving at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 10 metre platform|●]]
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Diving at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 10 metre platform|●]]
  +
|
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Equestrian at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Equestrian]]
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Equestrian at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Individual eventing|●]] [[Equestrian at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Team eventing|●]]
  +
|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Equestrian at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Team dressage|●]]
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|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Equestrian at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Team jumping|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 | [[Equestrian at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Team dressage|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Equestrian at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Individual dressage|●]]
  +
|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Equestrian at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Individual jumping|●]]
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Fencing at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Fencing]]
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|
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|
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Fencing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's foil|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Fencing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's foil|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Fencing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's sabre|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Fencing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's team foil|●]]
  +
|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Fencing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's team foil|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Fencing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's épée|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Fencing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's team sabre|●]]
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Fencing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's team épée|●]]
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Field hockey at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Field hockey]]
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Field hockey at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's tournament|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Field hockey at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's tournament|●]]
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Football at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Football (soccer)]]
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Football at the 1984 Summer Olympics|●]]
  +
|
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|- align="center"
  +
| align="left" | [[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Gymnastics]]
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's artistic team all-around|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's artistic team all-around|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's artistic individual all-around|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's artistic individual all-around|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's floor|●]] [[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's vault|●]] [[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's parallel bars|●]]<br>[[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's horizontal bar|●]] [[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's rings|●]] [[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's pommel horse|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's floor|●]] [[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's vault|●]]<br>[[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's uneven bars|●]] [[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's balance beam|●]]</span>
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|
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Gymnastics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's rhythmic individual all-around|●]]
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Handball at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Handball]]
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|
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Handball at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Women's Tournament|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Handball at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Men's Tournament|●]]
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|
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|- align="center"
  +
| align="left" | [[Judo at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Judo]]
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Judo at the 1984 Summer Olympics – 60 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Judo at the 1984 Summer Olympics – 65 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Judo at the 1984 Summer Olympics – 71 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Judo at the 1984 Summer Olympics – 78 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Judo at the 1984 Summer Olympics – 86 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Judo at the 1984 Summer Olympics – 95 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Judo at the 1984 Summer Olympics – +95 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Judo at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Open category|●]]
  +
|
  +
|- align="center"
  +
| align="left" | [[Modern pentathlon at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Modern pentathlon]]
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Modern pentathlon at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Individual competition|●]] [[Modern pentathlon at the 1984 Summer Olympics#Team competition|●]]
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Rowing]]
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's single sculls|●]] [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's double sculls|●]] [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's coxed quadruple sculls|●]]<br>[[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's coxless pair|●]] [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's coxed four|●]] [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's eight|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's single sculls|●]] [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's double sculls|●]] [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's coxless pair|●]] [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's coxed pair|●]]<br>[[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's quadruple sculls|●]] [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's coxless four|●]] [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's coxed four|●]] [[Rowing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's eight|●]]</span>
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Sailing at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Sailing]]
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|
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Sailing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Windglider Male|●]] [[Sailing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Finn|●]] [[Sailing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Flying Dutchman|●]]<br>[[Sailing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Tornado|●]] [[Sailing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Star|●]] [[Sailing at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Soling|●]]</span>
  +
|
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|
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|
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|
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|- align="center"
  +
| align="left" | [[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Shooting]]
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|
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 50 metre pistol|●]] [[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 25 metre pistol|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 50 metre rifle prone|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 50 metre running target|●]]<br>[[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Trap|●]] [[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 10 metre air rifle|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |[[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 50 metre rifle three positions|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 25 metre rapid fire pistol|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 10 metre air rifle|●]] [[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 50 metre rifle three positions|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Shooting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Skeet|●]]
  +
|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|- align="center"
  +
| align="left" | [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Swimming]]
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metre freestyle|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre breaststroke|●]]<br>[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre freestyle|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 400 metre individual medley|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 x 200 metre freestyle relay|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre butterfly|●]]<br>[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 400 metre individual medley|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre freestyle|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre breaststroke|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre freestyle|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metre backstroke|●]]<br>[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 400 metre freestyle|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 4 x 100 metre freestyle relay|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre backstroke|●]]</span>
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 400 metre freestyle|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 x 100 metre freestyle relay|●]]<br>[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metre breaststroke|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre breaststroke|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre butterfly|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre backstroke|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metre butterfly|●]]<br>[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 800 metre freestyle|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre individual medley|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 4 x 100 metre medley relay|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 1500 metre freestyle|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metre individual medley|●]]<br>[[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 x 100 metre medley relay|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre backstroke|●]] [[Swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre butterfly|●]]</span>
  +
|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|- align="center"
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| align="left" | [[Synchronized swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Synchronized swimming]]
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Synchronized swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's duet|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Synchronized swimming at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's solo|●]]
  +
|- align="center"
  +
| align="left" | [[Volleyball at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Volleyball]]
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Volleyball at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Women's volleyball|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |[[Volleyball at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's tournament|●]]
  +
|
  +
|- align="center"
  +
| align="left" | [[Water polo at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Water polo]]
  +
|
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|
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|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
|
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|
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
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| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Water polo at the 1984 Summer Olympics|●]]
  +
|
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|
  +
|- align="center"
  +
| align="left" | [[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Weightlifting]]
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 52 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 56 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 60 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 67.5 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 75 kg|●]]
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 82.5 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 90 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's 110 kg|●]]
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |[[Weightlifting at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's +110 kg|●]]
  +
|
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|
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|
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|
  +
|- align="center"
  +
| align="left" | [[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Wrestling]]
  +
|
  +
|
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's Greco-Roman 48 kg|●]]<br>[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's Greco-Roman 62 kg|●]] [[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's Greco-Roman 90 kg|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's Greco-Roman 52 kg|●]]<br>[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's Greco-Roman 74 kg|●]] [[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's Greco-Roman +100 kg|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's Greco-Roman 57 kg|●]] [[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's Greco-Roman 68 kg|●]]<br>[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's Greco-Roman 82 kg|●]] [[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's Greco-Roman 100 kg|●]]</span>
  +
|
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|
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|
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#3399ff |
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle 48 kg|●]]<br>[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle 62 kg|●]] [[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle 90 kg|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle 52 kg|●]]<br>[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle 74 kg|●]] [[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle +100 kg|●]]</span>
  +
| bgcolor=#ffcc00 |<span style="line-height:0.7em;">[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle 57 kg|●]] [[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle 68 kg|●]]<br>[[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle 82 kg|●]] [[Wrestling at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle 100 kg|●]]</span>
  +
|
  +
|-
  +
! Total gold medals !! !! 9 !! 8 !! 13 !! 10 !! 12 !! 16 !! 25 !! 21 !! 10 !! 5 !! 14 !! 11 !! 20 !! 43 !! 3
  +
|-
  +
| Ceremonies ||bgcolor=#00cc33 align=center|[[1984 Summer Olympics Opening Ceremony|●]]|| || || || || || || || || || || || || || ||bgcolor=#ee3333 align=center|[[1984 Summer Olympics closing ceremony|●]]
  +
|-
  +
!rowspan=2|Date
  +
!28th<br>Sat!!29th<br>Sun!!30th<br>Mon!!31st<br>Tue!!1st<br>Wed!!2nd<br>Thu!!3rd<br>Fri!!4th<br>Sat!!5th<br>Sun!!6th<br>Mon!!7th<br>Tue!!8th<br>Wed!!9th<br>Thu!!10th<br>Fri!!11th<br>Sat!!12th<br>Sun
  +
|-
  +
!colspan=4|July
  +
!colspan=12|August
  +
|}
  +
  +
==Medal count==
  +
  +
{{Main|1984 Summer Olympics medal table}}
  +
These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1984 Games.
  +
{| {{RankedMedalTable|class=wikitable sortable}}
  +
|- bgcolor=ccccff
  +
| 1 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|USA|1984 Summer}} <small>(host nation)<small> || 83 || 61 || 30 || 174
  +
|-
  +
| 2 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|ROM|1984 Summer}} || 20 || 16 || 17 || 53
  +
|-
  +
| 3 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|FRG|1984 Summer}} || 17 || 19 || 23 || 59
  +
|-
  +
| 4 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|CHN|1984 Summer}} || 15 || 8 || 9 || 32
  +
|-
  +
| 5 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|ITA|1984 Summer}} || 14 || 6 || 12 || 32
  +
|-
  +
| 6 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|CAN|1984 Summer}} || 10 || 18 || 16 || 44
  +
|-
  +
| 7 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|JPN|1984 Summer}} || 10 || 8 || 14 || 32
  +
|-
  +
| 8 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|NZL|1984 Summer}} || 8 || 1 || 2 || 11
  +
|-
  +
| 9 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|YUG|1984 Summer}} || 7 || 4 || 7 || 18
  +
|-
  +
| 10 ||align=left| {{flagIOC|KOR|1984 Summer}} || 6 || 6 || 7 || 19
  +
|}
  +
  +
==Participating NOCs==
  +
[[Image:1984 Olympic games countries.PNG|thumb|Participating nations]]
  +
[[Image:1984 Summer olympics team numbers.gif|thumb|Number of athletes]]
  +
Athletes from 140 nations competed at the Los Angeles Games. The following countries made their first Olympic appearance in 1984: Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, [[British Virgin Islands]], Djibouti, [[Equatorial Guinea]], [[Gambia]], Grenada, Mauritania, Mauritius, [[North Yemen]], Oman, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and the United Arab Emirates. The People's Republic of China made their first appearance in a Summer Olympics since 1952, while for the first time the Republic of China team participated as ''Chinese Taipei''.
  +
  +
The [[Soviet Union]] led the [[Warsaw Pact]] and other Communist and Socialist countries on a boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics, in retaliation for the U.S.-led boycott of the [[1980 Summer Olympics]] in Moscow over the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. Three Socialist countries disregarded the boycott and attended anyway: [[Yugoslavia]] (which hosted the [[1984 Winter Olympics]]), the [[People's Republic of China]], and [[Communist Romania|Romania]]. The fact that Romania, a Warsaw Pact country, opted to compete despite Soviet demands led to a warm reception of the Romanian team by the United States. When the Romanian athletes entered during the opening ceremonies, they received a standing ovation from the spectators, which comprised mostly U.S. citizens. Romania won 53 medals, including 20 golds, more than the nation has in any other Olympics.
  +
  +
The number of athletes representing that nation is shown in parentheses:
  +
  +
{{clear}}
  +
<div class="center" >
  +
{| class="wikitable collapsible" style="width:100%;"
  +
|-
  +
! Participating NOCs
  +
|-
  +
|
  +
{{multicol}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ALG|1984 Summer|32}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|AND|1984 Summer|2}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ANT|1984 Summer|13}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ARG|1984 Summer|87}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|AUS|1984 Summer|246}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|AUT|1984 Summer|102}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BAH|1984 Summer|22}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BRN|1984 Summer|10}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BAN|1984 Summer|1}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BAR|1984 Summer|16}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BEL|1984 Summer|67}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BIZ|1984 Summer|11}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BEN|1984 Summer|3}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BER|1984 Summer|12}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BHU|1984 Summer|6}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BOL|1984 Summer|12}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BOT|1984 Summer|7}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BRA|1984 Summer|151}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|IVB|1984 Summer|9}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|BIR|1984 Summer|1}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CMR|1984 Summer|49}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CAN|1984 Summer|439}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CAY|1984 Summer|8}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CAF|1984 Summer|2}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CHA|1984 Summer|3}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CHI|1984 Summer|57}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CHN|1984 Summer|219}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|TPE|1984 Summer|59}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|COL|1984 Summer|37}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CGO|1984 Summer|10}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CRC|1984 Summer|28}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CIV|1984 Summer|12}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|CYP|1984 Summer|10}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|DEN|1984 Summer|63}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|DJI|1984 Summer|3}}
  +
|valign=top|
  +
* {{flagIOC|DOM|1984 Summer|39}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ECU|1984 Summer|10}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|EGY|1984 Summer|114}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ESA|1984 Summer|10}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|GEQ|1984 Summer|5}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|FIJ|1984 Summer|15}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|FIN|1984 Summer|88}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|FRA|1984 Summer|243}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|GAB|1984 Summer|4}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|GAM|1984 Summer|7}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|GHA|1984 Summer|23}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|GBR|1984 Summer|338}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|GRE|1984 Summer|51}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|GRN|1984 Summer|7}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|GUA|1984 Summer|24}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|GUI|1984 Summer|3}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|GUY|1984 Summer|6}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|HAI|1984 Summer|4}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|HON|1984 Summer|12}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|HKG|1984 Summer|48}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ISL|1984 Summer|32}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|IND|1984 Summer|48}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|INA|1984 Summer|16}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|IRQ|1984 Summer|24}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|IRL|1984 Summer|43}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ISR|1984 Summer|31}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ITA|1984 Summer|305}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|JAM|1984 Summer|45}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|JPN|1984 Summer|247}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|JOR|1984 Summer|12}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|KEN|1984 Summer|60}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|KUW|1984 Summer|23}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|LIB|1984 Summer|21}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|LES|1984 Summer|4}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|LBR|1984 Summer|9}}
  +
|valign=top|
  +
* {{flagIOC|LIE|1984 Summer|7}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|LUX|1984 Summer|5}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MAD|1984 Summer|4}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MAW|1984 Summer|15}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MAS|1984 Summer|21}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MLI|1984 Summer|4}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MLT|1984 Summer|8}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MTN|1984 Summer|4}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MRI|1984 Summer|4}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MEX|1984 Summer|99}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MON|1984 Summer|8}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MAR|1984 Summer|40}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|MOZ|1984 Summer|9}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|NEP|1984 Summer|11}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|NED|1984 Summer|127}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|AHO|1984 Summer|8}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|NZL|1984 Summer|130}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|NCA|1984 Summer|25}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|NIG|1984 Summer|3}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|NGR|1984 Summer|33}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|YAR|1984 Summer|2}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|NOR|1984 Summer|104}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|OMA|1984 Summer|16}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|PAK|1984 Summer|29}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|PAN|1984 Summer|8}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|PNG|1984 Summer|7}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|PAR|1984 Summer|14}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|PER|1984 Summer|38}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|PHI|1984 Summer|20}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|POR|1984 Summer|39}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|PUR|1984 Summer|51}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|QAT|1984 Summer|27}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ROM|1984 Summer|125}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|RWA|1984 Summer|3}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SAM|1984 Summer|8}}
  +
|valign=top|
  +
* {{flagIOC|SMR|1984 Summer|19}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|KSA|1984 Summer|40}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SEN|1984 Summer|24}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SEY|1984 Summer|9}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SLE|1984 Summer|7}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SIN|1984 Summer|5}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SOL|1984 Summer|3}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SOM|1984 Summer|7}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|KOR|1984 Summer|204}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ESP|1984 Summer|185}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SRI|1984 Summer|4}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SUD|1984 Summer|5}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SUR|1984 Summer|5}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SWZ|1984 Summer|8}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SWE|1984 Summer|176}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SUI|1984 Summer|129}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|SYR|1984 Summer|7}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|TAN|1984 Summer|18}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|THA|1984 Summer|35}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|TOG|1984 Summer|6}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|TGA|1984 Summer|7}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|TRI|1984 Summer|16}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|TUN|1984 Summer|23}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|TUR|1984 Summer|47}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|UGA|1984 Summer|26}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|UAE|1984 Summer|7}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|USA|1984 Summer|615}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|URU|1984 Summer|19}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|VEN|1984 Summer|26}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ISV|1984 Summer|33}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|FRG|1984 Summer|394}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|YUG|1984 Summer|143}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ZAI|1984 Summer|8}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ZAM|1984 Summer|16}}
  +
* {{flagIOC|ZIM|1984 Summer|16}}
  +
|}
  +
|}
  +
</div>
  +
  +
==Boycotting countries==<!-- This section is linked from [[2008 Summer Olympics]] -->
  +
[[Image:Olympic boycotts 1976 1980 1984.PNG|thumb|Boycotting countries shown in red]]
  +
{{main|1984 Summer Olympics boycott}}
  +
  +
Fourteen countries took part in the Soviet-led boycott of the 1984 Olympic Games:<ref name="info-please-list">[http://www.infoplease.com/ipsa/A0114812.html 1984 Olympics, infoplease]</ref>
  +
*{{Flag|Afghanistan|1980}}
  +
*{{Flag|Angola}}
  +
*{{Flag|Bulgaria|1971}}
  +
*{{Flag|Cuba}}
  +
*{{Flag|Czechoslovakia}}
  +
*{{Flag|East Germany}}
  +
*{{Flag|Ethiopia|1975}}
  +
*{{Flag|Hungary|1957}}
  +
*{{Flag|Laos}}
  +
*{{Flag|Mongolia|1949}}
  +
*{{Flag|North Korea}}
  +
*{{Flag|Poland}}
  +
*{{Flag|Soviet Union}}
  +
*{{Flag|Vietnam}}
  +
  +
[[Iran]] and [[Libya]] also boycotted the games, citing political reasons, but were not a part of the Soviet led boycott. Iran was the only country to boycott both the 1980 and 1984 events.
  +
*{{Flag|Iran}}
  +
*{{Flag|Libya|1977}}
  +
  +
==Los Angeles as host city==
  +
[[Image:1984-Newspaper-Vending-Machine.jpg|thumb|Newspaper vending machine bringing news of the 1984 Summer Olympics.]]
  +
Following the news of the massive financial losses of the [[1976 Summer Olympics]] in [[Montreal, Quebec, Canada]], only Los Angeles and New York City expressed serious interest in hosting the 1984 games. Given only one city per country is allowed to bid for any Games, the [[USOC]] vote for an American bid city was essentially the deciding vote for the 1984 Olympics host city. In this case, Los Angeles's bid won by a vote of 55 to 39. New York City's 1984 bid fell just 9 votes shy of winning the Games and is the closest the city has ever come to becoming a host city for the Olympics, coming even closer than they did in their [[New York City bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics|2012 bid]].<ref>[http://www.la84foundation.org/SportsLibrary/Books/No_Olympics_No_Problem.pdf No Olympics No Problem] by Andrew H. Levin. April 27, 2007. page 27. Accessed 2009-07-24. [http://www.webcitation.org/5iZFezsEu Archived] July 26, 2009.</ref>
  +
  +
Los Angeles is the only US city to host the Summer Olympics twice.
  +
  +
The low level of interest among cities was seen as a major threat to the future of the Olympic Games. However, with the financially successful Los Angeles Games, cities began to line up to be hosts again. The Los Angeles and Montreal Games are seen as examples of what to do and what not to do when organizing the Olympics, and serve as object lessons to prospective host cities. While Montreal organizers ran up a substantial debt eight years earlier by constructing many new, overly ambitiously designed venues, the Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee relied heavily on the use of area venues that were already in existence, particularly [[Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum]], which was also the Olympic Stadium for the [[1932 Summer Olympics]]. The Olympic Velodrome and the Olympic Swim Stadium, funded largely by the [[7-Eleven]] and [[McDonald's]] corporations respectively, were the only two new venues constructed specifically for the L.A. Games. The resulting low construction costs, coupled with a heavy reliance on private corporate funding, allowed the Games to generate a profit of more than $200&nbsp;million, making them by far the most financially successful in history.<ref name="financiallySuccessful" />
  +
  +
In addition to corporate support, the Olympic committee also made use of the burgeoning prices being paid for exclusive television rights. Starting with the Los Angeles Games, these contracts would be a significant source of revenue. Adjusted for inflation, the Los Angeles Games received twice the amount received by the [[1980 Summer Olympics|1980 Moscow Summer Olympics]] and four times that of the [[1976 Summer Olympics|1976 Montreal Summer Olympics]].<ref>Shoval, Noam. "A New Phase in the Competition For The Olympic Gold: The
  +
London and New York Bids For The 2012 Games." Journal of Urban Affairs
  +
24.5 (2002): 583–99.</ref> Because these contracts were signed well in advance of the Games, Los Angeles found itself in an easier planning position as most of its revenue was already assured before the Games.<ref>[http://www.la84foundation.org/SportsLibrary/Books/No_Olympics_No_Problem.pdf No Olympics No Problem] by Andrew H. Levin. April 27, 2007. page 13. Accessed 2009-07-24. [http://www.webcitation.org/5iZFezsEu Archived] July 26, 2009.</ref>
  +
  +
==In popular culture==
  +
McDonald's ran a promotion entitled "When the U.S. Wins, You Win" where customers scratched off a ticket with the name of an Olympic event on it, and if the U.S. won that event then they would be given a free menu item: a Big Mac for a gold medal, an order of french fries for a silver medal, and a Coca-Cola for a bronze medal. The promotion became a near financial disaster due to the Soviet boycott which led to the U.S. winning far more Olympic medals than expected. <ref name="wins-you-win">{{cite news| url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA0B13FA3F5C0C738DDDA10894DC484D81&n=Top/News/Business/Companies/McDonald's%20Corporation | work=The New York Times | date=August 10, 1984 | accessdate=April 20, 2010 | title=Advertising; Big Mac's Olympic Giveaway | first=Pamela G. | last=Hollie}}</ref>
  +
  +
This promotion was parodied in the ''[[The Simpsons]]'' episode "[[Lisa's First Word]]", where [[Krusty the Clown|Krusty Burger]] runs a similar offer. The promotion was intended to be rigged so that prizes would only be offered in events dominated by the [[Eastern Bloc]], but the Soviet-led boycott causes Krusty to personally lose 44 million dollars. He vehemently promises "to spit in every fiftieth burger," to which [[Homer Simpson|Homer]] retorts "I like those odds!" [[Chief Wiggum]] also exclaims that he could kiss [[Carl Lewis]], who won four gold medals at the Games.
  +
  +
On ''[[NCIS (TV series)|NCIS]]'', Tim McGee has an obsession with jet packs, stemming from having attended the 1984 Olympic ceremony as a child and having Bill Suitor fly over his head in his jet pack.<ref>{{Cite episode|title = Ignition|series= NCIS: Naval Criminal Investigative Service | serieslink = NCIS (TV series)| network = CBS| airdate =January 5, 2010 | season = 7|number = 11| minutes= 43}}</ref> This storyline is based on the real experience of executive producer and writer Jesse Stern.<ref>{{Cite video|people = Stern, Jesse| title = The Future is Now: NCIS meets the jet pack| medium = NCIS: The Seventh Season (Disc 3 special features)| publisher=CBS Studios}}</ref>
  +
  +
==Broadcast rights==
  +
The games were covered by the following broadcasters:
  +
*{{flag|Australia}}: [[Ten Network]]
  +
*{{flag|Brazil}}: [[Rede Globo]], [[Rede Manchete]], [[Rede Record]] and [[Rede Bandeirantes]]
  +
*{{flag|Ireland}}: [[Raidió Teilifís Éireann|RTÉ]]
  +
*{{flag|United Kingdom}}: [[BBC]]
  +
*{{flag|China}}: [[China Central Television|CCTV]]
  +
*{{flag|United States}}: [[Olympics on ABC|ABC]]
  +
*{{flag|Netherlands}}: [[Netherlands Public Broadcasting|NPO]]
  +
*{{flag|Sweden}}: [[Sveriges Television|SVT]]
  +
*{{flag|Norway}}: [[Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation|NRK]]
  +
*{{flag|Canada}}: [[Canadian Broadcasting Corporation|CBC]]
  +
*{{flag|Japan}}: [[NHK]]
  +
*{{flag|Hong Kong|colonial}}: [[Asia Television Limited|ATV]] and [[Television Broadcasts Limited|TVB]]
  +
*{{flag|Macau|colonial}}: [[Teledifusão de Macau|TDM]]
  +
*{{flag|Spain}}: [[Televisión Española|TVE]]
  +
*{{flag|Taiwan}}: [[Taiwan Television|TTV]], [[China Television|CTV]] and [[Chinese Television System|CTS]]
  +
*{{flag|South Korea}}: [[Korean Broadcasting System|KBS]] and [[Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation|MBC]]
  +
*{{flag|Mexico}}: [[Televisa]]
  +
*{{flag|West Germany}}: [[ARD (broadcaster)|ARD]] and [[ZDF]]
  +
*{{flag|East Germany}} : [[Deutscher Fernsehfunk|DFF]]
  +
*{{flag|Hungary}}: [[Magyar Televízió]]
  +
*{{flag|France}}: [[TF1]]
  +
*{{flag|Thailand}}: [[National Broadcasting Services of Thailand|NBT]]
  +
*{{flag|India}}: [[Doordarshan]]
  +
*{{flag|Turkey}}: [[Turkish Radio and Television Corporation|TRT]]
  +
*{{flag|New Zealand}}: [[Television New Zealand|TVNZ]]
  +
*{{flag|Indonesia}}: [[Televisi Republik Indonesia|TVRI Jakarta]]
  +
*{{flag|Malaysia}}: [[Radio Televisyen Malaysia|RTM]] and [[Sistem Televisyen Malaysia Berhad|STMB]]
  +
*{{flag|Singapore}}: [[Singapore Broadcasting Corporation|SBC]]-[[MediaCorp TV12|12]]
  +
*{{flag|Philippines}}: [[National Broadcasting Network|NBN]]
  +
*{{flag|Brunei}}: [[Radio Televisyen Brunei|RTB]]
  +
*{{flag|Italy}}: [[RAI]]
  +
*{{flag|Chile}}: [[Televisión Nacional de Chile|TVN]], [[Canal 13 (Chile)|UC-TV]]
  +
*{{flag|Argentina}}: [[TV Pública Digital (Argentina)|Argentina Televisora Color]], [[El Trece (Argentina)|Canal 13]], [[Telefe|Canal 11]]
  +
*{{flag|Poland}}: [[Telewizja Polska|TVP]]
  +
*{{flag|Soviet Union}}: [[Soviet Central Television|CT-USSR]]
  +
  +
==See also==
  +
{{IOC seealso|games=1984 Summer Olympics }}
  +
*[[Use of performance-enhancing drugs in the Olympic Games#1984 Los Angeles|Use of performance-enhancing drugs in the Olympic Games — 1984 Los Angeles]]
  +
'''People'''
  +
* [[Bob Ronka#Olympics|Bob Ronka]], Los Angeles City Council member, 1977–81, skeptical of hosting the Olympics.
  +
  +
==Notes==
  +
{{reflist}}
  +
  +
==References==
  +
* [http://www.la84foundation.com/6oic/OfficialReports/1984/1984v1.pdf Official Report Vol. 1]
  +
* [http://www.la84foundation.com/6oic/OfficialReports/1984/1984v2.pdf Official Report Vol. 2]
  +
*{{cite book|title=Whitakers Olympic Almanack|year=2004|isbn=0-7136-6724-9}}
  +
*{{cite book|first=Bill|last=Henry|title=An Approved History of the Olympic Games|isbn=0-88284-243-9}}
  +
*{{cite journal|first=Greg|last=Andranovich|first2=Matthew J.|last2=Burbank|coauthors=Charles H. Heying|title=Olympic cities: lessons learned from Mega-Event Politics|journal=Journal of Urban Affairs|volume=23–2|year=2001}}
  +
  +
==External links==
  +
* [http://www.la84foundation.org/OlympicInformationCenter/OlympicReview/1984/ore203/ORE203h.pdf ''Olympic Review'' 1984 – Official results]
  +
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbbVk3AGVhE Video of President Reagan declaring games open, and torch-lighting by Rafer Johnson]
   
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
Line 14: Line 14:
 
{{Succession box| title=Summer Olympics| before= [[Moscow 1980]]| years=1984| after=[[Seoul 1988]]}}
 
{{Succession box| title=Summer Olympics| before= [[Moscow 1980]]| years=1984| after=[[Seoul 1988]]}}
 
{{S-end}}
 
{{S-end}}
 
 
{{Stub}}
 
 
[[Category:Olympic Games]]
 
[[Category:Olympic Games]]
 
[[Category:Summer Olympic Games]]
 
[[Category:Summer Olympic Games]]

Revision as of 02:38, September 1, 2012

Games of the XXIII Olympiad
Host city Los Angeles, w:California, USA
Events 221 in 23 sports
Opening ceremony July 28
Closing ceremony August 12
Stadium w:Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum

The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Los Angeles, California in 1984. When Tehran, the only other interested city on the international level, declined to bid due to the concurrent Iranian political and social changes the IOC awarded Los Angeles the Games by default. This was the second occasion Los Angeles hosted the games; it previously hosted in 1932.

In response to the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, 14 Eastern Bloc countries including the Soviet Union, Cuba and East Germany (but not Romania) boycotted the Games. For differing reasons, Iran and Libya also boycotted. The USSR announced its intention not to participate on May 8, 1984, citing security concerns and "chauvinistic sentiments and an anti-Soviet hysteria being whipped up in the United States."[1] Despite the boycott, the Los Angeles Olympic Games attracted a then-record 140 participating nations, and 60 more than those attending the Moscow games four years earlier, which had experienced a far wider international boycott. However, the Los Angeles boycott influenced a large number of events that were normally dominated by the absent countries. Boycotting countries organized another large event in June–September 1984, called the Friendship Games; however, not even a single competition was held between July 28 and August 12. Representatives of the organizing countries, in particular the USSR, underlined it was "not held to replace the Olympics". Elite athletes from the U.S. and USSR would only compete against each other at the 1986 Goodwill Games in Moscow, organized in response to the boycotts.

Where ambitious construction for the 1976 games in Montreal and 1980 games in Moscow had saddled organizers with expenses greatly in excess of revenues, Los Angeles strictly controlled expenses by using existing facilities except a swim stadium and a velodrome that were paid for by corporate sponsors. The Olympic Committee led by Peter Ueberroth used some of the profits to endow the LA84 Foundation to promote youth sports in Southern California, educate coaches and maintain a sports library. The LA84 Foundation, formerly called the Amateur Athletic Foundation until changing its name in 2007, led an initiative in 2010 to raise funds to support high school sports in Los Angeles, in response to massive budget cuts in the school district.[2] The 1984 Summer Olympics are often considered the most financially successful modern Olympics.[3]

The host state of California was the home state of U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who officially opened the Games. He had served as Governor of California from 1967 to 1975. The official mascot of the Los Angeles Games was Sam the Olympic Eagle. The logo of the games featured five blue, white and red stars arranged horizontally and struck through with alternating streaks; it was named "Stars in Motion."

On July 18, 2009, a 25th anniversary celebration was held in the main stadium. This celebration included a speech by president of Los Angeles 1984, Peter Ueberroth, and a re-creation of the lighting of the cauldron.

Host selection

The selection process for the 1984 Summer Olympics consisted of a single finalized bid, with the International Olympic Committee accepting the bid of Los Angeles. A bid from Tehran was withdrawn before the selection. Los Angeles had unsuccessfully bid for the two previous Summer Olympics, for 1976 and 1980. The United States Olympic Committee had at least one bid for every Olympics since 1944, but had not succeeded since the Los Angeles Olympics in 1932, the previous time a single bid had been issued for the Summer Olympics.[4]

Torch relay

The 1984 Olympic Torch Relay began in New York City and ended in Los Angeles, traversing 33 states and the District of Columbia. Unlike later torch relays, the torch was continuously carried by runners on foot. The route covered more than 9,320 mi (15,000 km) and involved 3,616 runners, including 200 from the sponsoring company AT&T. Noted athlete and actor O.J. Simpson was among the runners, carrying the torch up the California Incline in Santa Monica. Gina Hemphill, granddaughter of Jesse Owens, carried the torch into the Coliseum, completed a lap around the track, then handed it off to the final runner, Rafer Johnson, winner of the decathlon at the 1960 Summer Olympics. With the torch, he touched off the flame which passed through a specially designed flammable Olympic logo, igniting all five rings. The flame then passed up to cauldron atop the peristyle and remained aflame for the duration of the Games.

Music

John Williams composed the theme for the Olympiad, "Olympic Fanfare and Theme". This piece won a Grammy for Williams and became one of the most well-known musical themes of the Olympic Games, along with Leo Arnaud's "Bugler's Dream"; the latter is sometimes attached to the beginning of Olympic Fanfare and Theme. An album, The Official Music of the XXIII Olympiad—Los Angeles 1984, featured both of those tracks along with sports themes written for the occasion by popular musical artists including Foreigner, Toto, Loverboy, Herbie Hancock, Quincy Jones, Christopher Cross, Philip Glass and Giorgio Moroder.[5] The album was released on Columbia Records and the catalogue number was BJS 39322.

The famous Brazilian composer Sérgio Mendes also composed a special song for the 1984 Olympic Games, "Olympia," from his 1984 album Confetti. A choir of approximately one thousand voices was assembled of singers in the region. All were volunteers from nearby churches, schools and universities.

Etta James performed the National Anthem of the United States at the Opening Ceremony.[6]

Lionel Richie performed a 9 minute version of his hit single "All Night Long" at the closing ceremonies.[7]

Highlights

Arts Festival

The 1984 Summer Olympics was preceded by the 10-week-long adjunct Los Angeles Olympic Arts Festival, which opened on June 2 and ended on August 12. It provided more than 400 performances by 145 theater, dance and music companies, representing every continent and 18 countries.

General

  • The opening ceremony featured the arrival of Bill Suitor by means of the Bell Aerosystems rocket pack (also known as a Jet Pack).
  • As a result of an IOC agreement designating the Republic of China (Taiwan) Chinese Taipei, the People's Republic of China returned to the summer Olympics for the first time since Helsinki 1952 and won 15 gold medals. In weightlifting, athletes from the Chinese Taipei and China teams won medals at the same event.
  • Eleven athletes failed drug tests at the Los Angeles Games.
  • Local Los Angeles artist Rodolfo Escalera was commissioned to create nine paintings depicting the summer games that would later be turned into collectible plates and presented as "The Official Gift of the 1984 Olympics".

Track and field

  • Carl Lewis, making his first of four appearances at the Olympics, equaled the 1936 performance of Jesse Owens by winning four gold medals, in the 100 m, 200 m, 4x100 m relay and long jump.
  • Eighteen year old Zola Budd, a South African runner given British citizenship in order to dodge the apartheid-based ban on South African competitors, collided with home favourite Mary Decker-Slaney in the final of the 3000 m, causing the American to fall. With the crowd booing her for the rest of the race, Budd dropped back and finished well down the order. She was later cleared of wrongdoing and was also declared not culpable by Decker-Slaney.
  • Edwin Moses won the gold medal in the 400m hurdles 8 years after winning in 1976.
  • Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco became the first female Olympic champion of a Muslim nation, and the first of her country in the 400 m hurdles.
  • Carlos Lopes, from Portugal, won the Marathon (2:09:21 – Olympic record that stood for 24 years). It was the first Gold Medal ever for Portugal.
  • A marathon for women was held for the first time at the Olympics (won by Joan Benoit). The event was considered notable because of Swiss runner Gabi Andersen-Schiess, who – suffering from heat exhaustion – stumbled through the last lap, providing dramatic images.
  • Daley Thompson apparently missed a new world record in winning his second consecutive gold medal in the decathlon; the next year his score was retroactively raised to 8847, giving him the record.
  • Sebastian Coe became the first man to win consecutive gold medals in the 1500m.

Other sports

  • The first gold medal to be awarded at the Los Angeles Olympics was also the first-ever medal to be won by an athlete from China when Xu Haifeng won the 50 m Pistol event.
  • Archer Neroli Fairhall from New Zealand was the first paraplegic Olympian at any Olympic Games, coming 35th in the Women's individual event.
  • Synchronized swimming and rhythmic gymnastics debuted in Los Angeles as Olympic events, as did wind surfing.
  • Li Ning from the People's Republic of China won 6 medals in gymnastics, 3 gold, 2 silver, and 1 bronze, earning him the nickname "Prince of Gymnasts" in China. Li would later light the Olympic Cauldron at the 2008 Olympics.[8]
  • Steve Redgrave won his first title in rowing of the record five he would go on to win in five Olympic competitions.
  • Victor Davis set a new world record in winning the gold medal in the 200-metre breaststroke in swimming.
  • Mary Lou Retton became the first gymnast outside Eastern Europe to win the gymnastics all-around competition.
  • In men's gymnastics, the American team won the Gold Medal.
  • France won the Olympic soccer tournament, defeating Brazil 2–0 in the final. Olympic soccer was unexpectedly played before massive crowds throughout America, with several sell-outs at the 100,000+ seat Rose Bowl. This interest eventually led to the US hosting the 1994 FIFA World Cup.
  • The Soviet-led boycott affected weightlifting more than any other sport: 94 of the world's top 100 ranked lifters were absent, as were 29 of the 30 medalists from the recent world championships. All 10 of the defending world champions in the 10 weight categories were absent.
  • Future Dream Team members Michael Jordan, Patrick Ewing, and Chris Mullin were on the team that won the gold medal in basketball.
  • Connie Carpenter-Phinney became the first woman to win an Olympic cycling event when she won the women's individual road race.

Venues

Main article: Venues of the 1984 Summer Olympics
File:Olympic Torch Tower of the Los Angeles Coliseum.jpg

Los Angeles venues

Southern California venues

Other venues

Medals awarded

See the medal winners, ordered by sport: Template:Col-start Template:Col-1-of-3

Template:Col-2-of-3

Template:Col-3-of-3

|}

Demonstration sports

Calendar

 ● Opening ceremony   Event competitions  ● Event finals    Exhibition gala  ● Closing ceremony
Date July August
28th
Sat
29th
Sun
30th
Mon
31st
Tue
1st
Wed
2nd
Thu
3rd
Fri
4th
Sat
5th
Sun
6th
Mon
7th
Tue
8th
Wed
9th
Thu
10th
Fri
11th
Sat
12th
Sun
Archery
Athletics







Basketball
Boxing

Canoeing

Cycling
Diving
Equestrian
Fencing
Field hockey
Football (soccer)
Gymnastics

Handball
Judo
Modern pentathlon
Rowing

Sailing
Shooting
Swimming





Synchronized swimming
Volleyball
Water polo
Weightlifting
Wrestling





Total gold medals 9 8 13 10 12 16 25 21 10 5 14 11 20 43 3
Ceremonies
Date 28th
Sat
29th
Sun
30th
Mon
31st
Tue
1st
Wed
2nd
Thu
3rd
Fri
4th
Sat
5th
Sun
6th
Mon
7th
Tue
8th
Wed
9th
Thu
10th
Fri
11th
Sat
12th
Sun
July August

Medal count

Main article: 1984 Summer Olympics medal table

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1984 Games.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias USA|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias USA]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias USA at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias USA]] (host nation) 83 61 30 174
2 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias ROM|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias ROM]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias ROM at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias ROM]] 20 16 17 53
3 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias FRG|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias FRG]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias FRG at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias FRG]] 17 19 23 59
4 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias CHN|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias CHN]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias CHN at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias CHN]] 15 8 9 32
5 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias ITA|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias ITA]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias ITA at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias ITA]] 14 6 12 32
6 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias CAN|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias CAN]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias CAN at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias CAN]] 10 18 16 44
7 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias JPN|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias JPN]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias JPN at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias JPN]] 10 8 14 32
8 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias NZL|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias NZL]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias NZL at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias NZL]] 8 1 2 11
9 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias YUG|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias YUG]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias YUG at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias YUG]] 7 4 7 18
10 [[Image:Template:Country flag IOC alias KOR|22x20px|border|Template:Country IOC alias KOR]] [[wikipedia:Template:Country IOC alias KOR at the 1984 Summer Olympics|Template:Country IOC alias KOR]] 6 6 7 19

Participating NOCs

File:1984 Olympic games countries.PNG
File:1984 Summer olympics team numbers.gif

Athletes from 140 nations competed at the Los Angeles Games. The following countries made their first Olympic appearance in 1984: Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, British Virgin Islands, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gambia, Grenada, Mauritania, Mauritius, North Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and the United Arab Emirates. The People's Republic of China made their first appearance in a Summer Olympics since 1952, while for the first time the Republic of China team participated as Chinese Taipei.

The Soviet Union led the Warsaw Pact and other Communist and Socialist countries on a boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics, in retaliation for the U.S.-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow over the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. Three Socialist countries disregarded the boycott and attended anyway: Yugoslavia (which hosted the 1984 Winter Olympics), the People's Republic of China, and Romania. The fact that Romania, a Warsaw Pact country, opted to compete despite Soviet demands led to a warm reception of the Romanian team by the United States. When the Romanian athletes entered during the opening ceremonies, they received a standing ovation from the spectators, which comprised mostly U.S. citizens. Romania won 53 medals, including 20 golds, more than the nation has in any other Olympics.

The number of athletes representing that nation is shown in parentheses:

Template:Clear

Participating NOCs

Template:Multicol

Boycotting countries

File:Olympic boycotts 1976 1980 1984.PNG
Main article: 1984 Summer Olympics boycott

Fourteen countries took part in the Soviet-led boycott of the 1984 Olympic Games:[9]

Iran and Libya also boycotted the games, citing political reasons, but were not a part of the Soviet led boycott. Iran was the only country to boycott both the 1980 and 1984 events.

Los Angeles as host city

File:1984-Newspaper-Vending-Machine.jpg

Following the news of the massive financial losses of the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, only Los Angeles and New York City expressed serious interest in hosting the 1984 games. Given only one city per country is allowed to bid for any Games, the USOC vote for an American bid city was essentially the deciding vote for the 1984 Olympics host city. In this case, Los Angeles's bid won by a vote of 55 to 39. New York City's 1984 bid fell just 9 votes shy of winning the Games and is the closest the city has ever come to becoming a host city for the Olympics, coming even closer than they did in their 2012 bid.[10]

Los Angeles is the only US city to host the Summer Olympics twice.

The low level of interest among cities was seen as a major threat to the future of the Olympic Games. However, with the financially successful Los Angeles Games, cities began to line up to be hosts again. The Los Angeles and Montreal Games are seen as examples of what to do and what not to do when organizing the Olympics, and serve as object lessons to prospective host cities. While Montreal organizers ran up a substantial debt eight years earlier by constructing many new, overly ambitiously designed venues, the Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee relied heavily on the use of area venues that were already in existence, particularly Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, which was also the Olympic Stadium for the 1932 Summer Olympics. The Olympic Velodrome and the Olympic Swim Stadium, funded largely by the 7-Eleven and McDonald's corporations respectively, were the only two new venues constructed specifically for the L.A. Games. The resulting low construction costs, coupled with a heavy reliance on private corporate funding, allowed the Games to generate a profit of more than $200 million, making them by far the most financially successful in history.[3]

In addition to corporate support, the Olympic committee also made use of the burgeoning prices being paid for exclusive television rights. Starting with the Los Angeles Games, these contracts would be a significant source of revenue. Adjusted for inflation, the Los Angeles Games received twice the amount received by the 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics and four times that of the 1976 Montreal Summer Olympics.[11] Because these contracts were signed well in advance of the Games, Los Angeles found itself in an easier planning position as most of its revenue was already assured before the Games.[12]

In popular culture

McDonald's ran a promotion entitled "When the U.S. Wins, You Win" where customers scratched off a ticket with the name of an Olympic event on it, and if the U.S. won that event then they would be given a free menu item: a Big Mac for a gold medal, an order of french fries for a silver medal, and a Coca-Cola for a bronze medal. The promotion became a near financial disaster due to the Soviet boycott which led to the U.S. winning far more Olympic medals than expected. [13]

This promotion was parodied in the The Simpsons episode "Lisa's First Word", where Krusty Burger runs a similar offer. The promotion was intended to be rigged so that prizes would only be offered in events dominated by the Eastern Bloc, but the Soviet-led boycott causes Krusty to personally lose 44 million dollars. He vehemently promises "to spit in every fiftieth burger," to which Homer retorts "I like those odds!" Chief Wiggum also exclaims that he could kiss Carl Lewis, who won four gold medals at the Games.

On NCIS, Tim McGee has an obsession with jet packs, stemming from having attended the 1984 Olympic ceremony as a child and having Bill Suitor fly over his head in his jet pack.[14] This storyline is based on the real experience of executive producer and writer Jesse Stern.[15]

Broadcast rights

The games were covered by the following broadcasters:

See also

Template:IOC seealso

People

  • Bob Ronka, Los Angeles City Council member, 1977–81, skeptical of hosting the Olympics.

Notes

  1. Burns, John F.. "Protests are Issue: Russians Charge 'Gross Flouting' of the Ideals of the Competition", May 9, 1984.
  2. A Message from LA84 Foundation President Anita DeFrantz: Saving Los Angeles High School Sports
  3. 3.0 3.1 Abrahamson, Alan. "LA the Best Site, Bid Group Insists; Olympics: Despite USOC rejection", Los Angeles Times, July 25, 2004. Retrieved on August 17, 2008.
  4. Past Olympic host city election results. GamesBids. Retrieved on 15 March 2011.
  5. Various – The Official Music Of The XXIIIrd Olympiad – Los Angeles 1984 (LP) at Discogs. Archived from the original on September 12, 2009. Retrieved on September 10, 2009.
  6. Etta James remembered as triumphant trailblazer
  7. Tuning into the Games, Watching the Olympics is the next best thing to playing
  8. Reuters – Li Ning, "Prince of Gymnasts" and businessman – Aug 8, 2008
  9. 1984 Olympics, infoplease
  10. No Olympics No Problem by Andrew H. Levin. April 27, 2007. page 27. Accessed 2009-07-24. Archived July 26, 2009.
  11. Shoval, Noam. "A New Phase in the Competition For The Olympic Gold: The London and New York Bids For The 2012 Games." Journal of Urban Affairs 24.5 (2002): 583–99.
  12. No Olympics No Problem by Andrew H. Levin. April 27, 2007. page 13. Accessed 2009-07-24. Archived July 26, 2009.
  13. Hollie, Pamela G.. "Advertising; Big Mac's Olympic Giveaway", The New York Times, August 10, 1984. Retrieved on April 20, 2010.
  14. Template:Cite episode
  15. Template:Cite video

References

External links

See Also

  • Logos - A collection of logos featuring this event.
  • Torch - Information about this Olympics' torch.

Links

Preceded by
Sarajevo 1984
Olympics
1984
Succeeded by
Calgary 1988
Preceded by
Moscow 1980
Summer Olympics
1984
Succeeded by
Seoul 1988

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