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{{Template:Infobox Athlete
'''Mark Andrew Spitz''' (born February 10, 1950) is a retired [[United States|American]] swimmer. He won [[Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics|seven gold medals]] at the [[Munich 1972|1972 Summer Olympics]], an achievement only surpassed by [[Michael Phelps]] who won eight golds at the [[2008 Summer Olympics|2008 Olympics]]. Spitz set new world records in all seven events in which he competed, a record that still stands. Since the year 1900, no other swimmer ever won such a [[List of multiple gold medalists ranked by share of won Olympic events|high fraction of all Olympic events at a single Games]].
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|name = Mark Spitz
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|country = [[United States]]
Between 1968 and 1972, Spitz won nine Olympic golds plus a [[Silver medal|silver]] and a [[Bronze medal|bronze]], five [[Pan American Games|Pan American]] golds, 31 [[Amateur Athletic Union|US Amateur Athletic Union]] titles, and eight [[National Collegiate Athletic Association|US National Collegiate Athletic Association titles]]. During those years, he set 35 world records, but 2 were in trials and unofficial.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.jewishsports.net/BioPages/MarkSpitz.htm |title=International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame |publisher=Jewishsports.net |date=February 10, 1950 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref><ref name="IUspitz">{{cite web|url=http://www.indiana.edu/~radiotv/wtiu/doc/people_spitz.html |title=www.indiana.edu |publisher=www.indiana.edu |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> He was the most successful athlete at the 1972 Summer Olympics. He was named [[List of Swimming World Swimmers of the Year|World Swimmer of the Year]] in 1969, 1971, and 1972 by ''[[Swimming World magazine]]''. He was the third athlete to win [[List of multiple Olympic gold medalists|nine Olympic gold medals]].
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|sport = [[Swimming]]
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|best events =
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|olympics attended = [[Mexico City 1968|1968]], [[Munich 1972|1972]]
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|gold = 9
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|silver = 1
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|bronze = 1
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|nickname = Mark the Shark
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|birthdate = 10 February 1950
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|birthplace = Modesto, California, USA
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|height = 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)
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|weight =
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|image = [[File:Mark-Spitz.jpg|200px]]
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|hometown =
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}}'''Mark Andrew Spitz''' (born February 10, 1950) is a retired [[United States|American]] swimmer. He won seven gold medals at the [[Munich 1972|1972 Summer Olympics]], an achievement only surpassed by [[Michael Phelps]] who won eight golds at the [[2008 Summer Olympics|2008 Olympics]]. Spitz set new world records in all seven events in which he competed, a record that still stands. Since the year 1900, no other swimmer ever won such a high fraction of all Olympic events at a single Games.
   
== Early life ==
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Between 1968 and 1972, Spitz won nine Olympic golds plus a silver and a bronze, five Pan American golds, 31 US Amateur Athletic Union titles, and eight US National Collegiate Athletic Association titles. During those years, he set 35 world records, but 2 were in trials and unofficial.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.jewishsports.net/BioPages/MarkSpitz.htm |title=International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame |publisher=Jewishsports.net |date=February 10, 1950 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref><ref name="IUspitz">{{cite web|url=http://www.indiana.edu/~radiotv/wtiu/doc/people_spitz.html |title=www.indiana.edu |publisher=www.indiana.edu |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> He was the most successful athlete at the 1972 Summer Olympics. He was named World Swimmer of the Year in 1969, 1971, and 1972 by ''Swimming World magazine''. He was the third athlete to win nine Olympic gold medals.
Spitz was born in [[Modesto, California]], the first of three children<ref name="JVL-Spitz-bio">{{cite web|url=http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Spitz.html |title=Jewish Virtual Library. ',Spitz', |publisher=Jewishvirtuallibrary.org |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> of Arnold and Lenore (Smith) Spitz. His family is Jewish.<ref>http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/1207/14/pmt.01.html</ref> When he was two years old, Spitz's family moved to Honolulu, Hawaii, where he swam at [[Waikiki Beach]] every day. "You should have seen that little boy dash into the ocean. He'd run like he was trying to commit suicide." Lenore Spitz told a reporter for ''Time'' (April 12, 1968).<ref name="JVL-Spitz-bio"/> At age six his family returned to [[Sacramento, California]], and he began to compete at his local swim club. At age nine, he was training at Arden Hills Swim Club in Sacramento with swimming coach Sherm Chavoor, who mentored seven Olympic medal winners including Spitz.
 
Before he was 10, Spitz held 17 national age-group records, and one world record.{{Citation needed|date=July 2012}}
 
At 14 his family moved to [[Santa Clara, California|Santa Clara]] so Spitz could train with [[George F. Haines]] of the [[Santa Clara Swim Club]]. From 1964 to 1968 Mark trained with Haines at SCSC and [[Santa Clara High School (Santa Clara, California)|Santa Clara High School]]. During his four years there, Mark held national high school records in every stroke and in every distance {{Citation needed|date=August 2008}}. It was a remarkable and unprecedented achievement. In 1966 at age 16 he won the 100 meter [[butterfly stroke|butterfly]] at the National [[Amateur Athletic Union|AAU]] Championships, the first of his 24 AAU titles. The following year Mark set his first world record at a small California meet in the 400 meter freestyle with a time of 4:10.60, and emerged on the world swimming stage.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.santaclaraswimclub.org/alumni/spitzUpdate.html |title=Santa Clara Swim Club. Alumni: Spitz |publisher=Santaclaraswimclub.org |date=November 14, 2007 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
   
== Swimming career ==
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==Early life==
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Spitz was born in Modesto, California, the first of three children<ref name="JVL-Spitz-bio">{{cite web|url=http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Spitz.html |title=Jewish Virtual Library. ',Spitz', |publisher=Jewishvirtuallibrary.org |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> of Arnold and Lenore (Smith) Spitz. His family is Jewish.<ref>http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/1207/14/pmt.01.html</ref> When he was two years old, Spitz's family moved to Honolulu, Hawaii, where he swam at Waikiki Beach every day. "You should have seen that little boy dash into the ocean. He'd run like he was trying to commit suicide." Lenore Spitz told a reporter for ''Time'' (April 12, 1968).<ref name="JVL-Spitz-bio"/> At age six his family returned to Sacramento, California, and he began to compete at his local swim club. At age nine, he was training at Arden Hills Swim Club in Sacramento with swimming coach Sherm Chavoor, who mentored seven Olympic medal winners including Spitz. Before he was 10, Spitz held 17 national age-group records, and one world record. At 14 his family moved to Santa Clara so Spitz could train with George F. Haines of the Santa Clara Swim Club. From 1964 to 1968 Mark trained with Haines at SCSC and Santa Clara High School. During his four years there, Mark held national high school records in every stroke and in every distance. It was a remarkable and unprecedented achievement. In 1966 at age 16 he won the 100 meter butterfly at the National AAU Championships, the first of his 24 AAU titles. The following year Mark set his first world record at a small California meet in the 400 meter freestyle with a time of 4:10.60, and emerged on the world swimming stage.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.santaclaraswimclub.org/alumni/spitzUpdate.html |title=Santa Clara Swim Club. Alumni: Spitz |publisher=Santaclaraswimclub.org |date=November 14, 2007 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
   
=== Maccabiah Games ===
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==Swimming career==
The 1965 [[Maccabiah Games]] was his first international competition. At age 15 in Tel Aviv, Spitz, won four gold medals and was named the most outstanding athlete.<ref name="JVL-Spitz-bio"/>
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===Maccabiah Games===
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The 1965 Maccabiah Games was his first international competition. At age 15 in Tel Aviv, Spitz, won four gold medals and was named the most outstanding athlete.<ref name="JVL-Spitz-bio"/>
   
 
He returned to Israel in 1969 following the Mexico Olympics to again compete in the Maccabiah Games. This time he won six gold medals.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://sports.jrank.org/pages/4523/Spitz-Mark--Swimming-Isn-t-Everything.html |title=Mark Spitz – "Swimming Isn't Everything" |publisher=Sports.jrank.org |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> He was again named outstanding athlete of the Games.<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=T91sokr_nJYC ''Great Jewish Men''] By Elinor Slater, Robert Slater. Jonathan David Company, 1996. ISBN 0-8246-0381-8</ref>
 
He returned to Israel in 1969 following the Mexico Olympics to again compete in the Maccabiah Games. This time he won six gold medals.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://sports.jrank.org/pages/4523/Spitz-Mark--Swimming-Isn-t-Everything.html |title=Mark Spitz – "Swimming Isn't Everything" |publisher=Sports.jrank.org |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> He was again named outstanding athlete of the Games.<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=T91sokr_nJYC ''Great Jewish Men''] By Elinor Slater, Robert Slater. Jonathan David Company, 1996. ISBN 0-8246-0381-8</ref>
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In 2005 he was a member of the U.S. delegation at the 17th Maccabiah Games. He spoke at the JCC Maccabiah Games Opening Ceremonies, which was held in Richmond, Virginia. The Weinstein JCC in Richmond was one of the Host JCC's for the 2005 games with over 1,000 teenagers participating in various sports, including swimming.
 
In 2005 he was a member of the U.S. delegation at the 17th Maccabiah Games. He spoke at the JCC Maccabiah Games Opening Ceremonies, which was held in Richmond, Virginia. The Weinstein JCC in Richmond was one of the Host JCC's for the 2005 games with over 1,000 teenagers participating in various sports, including swimming.
   
=== Pan American Games ===
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===Pan American Games===
In 1967 he won five gold medals at the Pan American Games, thereby setting a record that lasted until 2007 when Brazilian swimmer, [[Thiago Pereira]], won six golds at the [[XV Pan American Games]] in [[Rio de Janeiro]].
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In 1967 he won five gold medals at the Pan American Games, thereby setting a record that lasted until 2007 when Brazilian swimmer, Thiago Pereira, won six golds at the XV Pan American Games in Rio de Janeiro.
   
=== 1968 Olympics ===
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===1968 Olympics===
{{MedalTableTop|name=no|Header=Olympic medal record}}
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Holder of ten world records already, Spitz predicted brashly he would win six golds at the [[Mexico City 1968|1968 Summer Olympics]] in Mexico City. However, he won only two team golds: the 4 × 100 meter freestyle relay in 3:31:70, and the 4 × 200 meter freestyle relay in 7:52:33. In addition, Spitz finished second in the 100m butterfly in 00:56:40. In this event he was beaten by fellow American [[Doug Russell]] by a half second, despite holding the world record and having beaten Russell the previous ten times they had swum against each other that year.<ref>He also won a bronze medal in the 100m freestyle in 00:53:00 at the same games.
{{MedalSport | [[1968 Summer Olympics|1968 Mexico City]] Men's [[Swimming at the 1968 Summer Olympics|swimming]]}}
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[http://www.olympic.org/uk/athletes/profiles/bio_uk.asp?PAR_I_ID=20272 International Olympic Committee Athletes<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Russell did briefly match Spitz's world record in late August 1967, holding the world record equally with Spitz for five days before Spitz regained it solely on October 2, 1967. As a result of being beaten by Russell, Spitz did not get to swim in the 4 × 100 meter medley relay, which gave Russell his second gold medal and the USA team another World Record swim.
{{MedalCountry|the USA}}
 
{{MedalGold| [[Swimming at the 1968 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 x 100 metre medley relay|4×100&nbsp;m medley relay]] |3:34.7}}
 
{{MedalGold| [[Swimming at the 1968 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 x 200 metre freestyle relay|4×200&nbsp;m freestyle relay]] |8:01.6}}
 
{{MedalSilver| [[Swimming at the 1968 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre butterfly|100&nbsp;m butterfly]] |56.40}}
 
{{MedalBronze| [[Swimming at the 1968 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre freestyle|100&nbsp;m freestyle]] |53.00}}
 
{{MedalBottom}}
 
{{See also|Swimming at the 1968 Summer Olympics|1968 Summer Olympics}}
 
   
Holder of ten world records already{{Citation needed|date=August 2008}}, Spitz predicted brashly he would win six golds at the [[1968 Summer Olympics]] in Mexico City. However, he won only two team golds: the 4 × 100 meter [[Freestyle swimming|freestyle]] relay in 3:31:70, and the 4 × 200 meter freestyle relay in 7:52:33. In addition, Spitz finished second in the 100m [[butterfly stroke|butterfly]] in 00:56:40. In this event he was beaten by fellow American [[Douglas Russell|Doug Russell]] by a half second, despite holding the world record and having beaten Russell the previous ten times they had swum against each other that year.<ref>He also won a bronze medal in the 100m freestyle in 00:53:00 at the same games.
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===College training===
[http://www.olympic.org/uk/athletes/profiles/bio_uk.asp?PAR_I_ID=20272 International Olympic Committee Athletes<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Russell did briefly match Spitz's world record in late August 1967, holding the world record equally with Spitz for five days before Spitz regained it solely on October 2, 1967. As a result of being beaten by Russell, Spitz did not get to swim in the 4 × 100 meter medley relay, which gave Russell his second gold medal and the USA team another [[Swimming at the 1968 Summer Olympics|World Record swim]].
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Disappointed in his [[Mexico City 1968|1968 Olympic]] performance, Spitz decided in January 1969 to swim for the Indiana University Hoosiers<ref name="IUspitz"/> to train with legendary coach, Doc Counsilman,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.indiana.edu/~ocmhptst/051603/text/doc.html |title=Indiana University Archives |publisher=Indiana.edu |date=May 16, 2003 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> who was also his coach in Mexico City. He called choosing Indiana and Counsilman "the biggest decision of my life (and) the best." While at Indiana, Spitz won eight individual NCAA titles. In 1971 he won the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. Spitz also set a number of world records during the U.S. Olympic Swim Trials held in Chicago's Portage Park in 1972.
 
=== College training ===
 
Disappointed in his [[Mexico City 1968|1968 Olympic]] performance, Spitz decided in January 1969 to swim for the Indiana University Hoosiers<ref name="IUspitz"/> to train with legendary coach, [[Doc Counsilman]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.indiana.edu/~ocmhptst/051603/text/doc.html |title=Indiana University Archives |publisher=Indiana.edu |date=May 16, 2003 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> who was also his coach in Mexico City. He called choosing Indiana and Counsilman "the biggest decision of my life (and) the best."<ref name="Glory of Old IU 220">{{cite book|last1=Hammel|first1=Bob|last2=Klingelhoffer|first2=Kit|title=The Glory of Old Iu: 100 Years of Indiana Athletics|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=8uobLCQZlhAC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false|accessdate=2012-04-24|year=1999|publisher=Sports Publishing LLC|isbn=1-58261-068-1|page=156}}</ref> While at Indiana, Spitz won eight individual NCAA titles. In 1971 he won the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. Spitz also set a number of world records during the [[United States Olympic Trials (swimming)|U.S. Olympic Swim Trials]] held in Chicago's Portage Park in 1972.
 
   
 
He was nicknamed "Mark the Shark" by his teammates.
 
He was nicknamed "Mark the Shark" by his teammates.
   
=== 1972 Olympics ===
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===1972 Olympics===
{{MedalTableTop|name=no|Header=Olympic medal record}}
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At the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich (West Germany), Spitz was back to maintain his bid for the six gold medals. He did even more, winning seven Olympic gold medals. Further, Spitz set a new world record in each of the seven events (the 100 m freestyle [00:51:22], 200 m freestyle [01:52:78], 100 m butterfly [00:54:27], 200 m butterfly [02:00:70], 4 × 100 m freestyle relay [03:26:42], 4 x 200 m freestyle relay [07:35:78] and the 4 × 100 m medley relay [03:48:16]). Originally Spitz was reluctant to swim the 100m freestyle fearing a less than gold medal finish. Minutes before the race he confessed on the pool deck to ABC's Donna de Varona, "I know I say I don't want to swim before every event but this time I'm serious. If I swim six and win six, I'll be a hero. If I swim seven and win six, I'll be a failure." Spitz won by half a stroke in a world-record 51.22.<ref>Moore, K. Spitz's mark of seven world records in one Olympic meet was equaled by Michael Phelps in 2008 (This was because Phelps's 100 m butterfly win fell short of the world mark). [http://vault.sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1068953/2/index.htm "Bionic Man."] Sports Illustrated. October 23, 1989. Retrieved August 13, 2008.</ref>
{{MedalSport | [[1972 Summer Olympics|1972 Munich]] – Men's [[Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics|swimming]]}}
 
{{MedalCountry|the USA}}
 
{{MedalGold| [[Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metre butterfly|200&nbsp;m butterfly]] |2:00.70 (WR)}}
 
{{MedalGold| [[Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 x 100 metre freestyle relay|4×100&nbsp;m freestyle relay]] |3:26.42 (WR)}}
 
{{MedalGold| [[Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metre freestyle|200&nbsp;m freestyle]] |1:52.78 (WR)}}
 
{{MedalGold| [[Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre butterfly|100&nbsp;m butterfly]] |54.27 (WR)}}
 
{{MedalGold| [[Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 x 200 metre freestyle relay|4×200&nbsp;m freestyle relay]] |7:35.78 (WR)}}
 
{{MedalGold| [[Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metre freestyle|100&nbsp;m freestyle]] |51.22 (WR)}}
 
{{MedalGold| [[Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 x 100 metre medley relay|4×100&nbsp;m medley relay]] |3:48.16 (WR)}}
 
{{MedalBottom}}
 
{{See also|Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics|1972 Summer Olympics}}
 
 
At the [[Swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics|1972 Summer Olympics]] in Munich (West Germany), Spitz was back to maintain his bid for the six gold medals. He did even more, winning seven Olympic gold medals. Further, Spitz set a new world record in each of the seven events (the 100 m freestyle [00:51:22], 200 m freestyle [01:52:78], 100 m butterfly [00:54:27], 200 m butterfly [02:00:70], 4 × 100 m freestyle relay [03:26:42], 4 x 200 m freestyle relay [07:35:78] and the 4 × 100 m medley relay [03:48:16]). Originally Spitz was reluctant to swim the 100m freestyle fearing a less than gold medal finish. Minutes before the race he confessed on the pool deck to ABC's [[Donna de Varona]], "I know I say I don't want to swim before every event but this time I'm serious. If I swim six and win six, I'll be a hero. If I swim seven and win six, I'll be a failure." Spitz won by half a stroke in a world-record 51.22.<ref>Moore, K. Spitz's mark of seven world records in one Olympic meet was equaled by Michael Phelps in 2008 (This was because Phelps's 100 m butterfly win fell short of the world mark).
 
   
[http://vault.sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1068953/2/index.htm "Bionic Man."] Sports Illustrated. October 23, 1989. Retrieved August 13, 2008.</ref>
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Spitz is one of five Olympians to win nine or more career gold medals: [[Larisa Latynina]], [[Paavo Nurmi]] and [[Carl Lewis]] also have nine;> only swimmer [[Michael Phelps]] has won more with 18.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.nbcolympics.com/news-blogs/swimming/phelps-reaches-the-end-so-limitless-and-free.html|title=Phelps reaches the end, so limitless and free|accessdate= 08/05 2012 |date= August 4, 2012 |work= NBC 2012 Olympics |publisher= http://www.nbcolympics.com}}</ref> Spitz's record of seven gold medals in a single Olympics was not surpassed until [[Michael Phelps]] at the [[Beijing 2008|2008 Beijing Olympics]].
[[File:MarkSpitz1972Jacket.jpg|thumb|Jacket worn by Mark Spitz during the 1972 Summer Olympics.]]
 
Spitz is one of five Olympians to win [[List of multiple Olympic gold medalists|nine or more career gold medals]]: [[Larisa Latynina]], [[Paavo Nurmi]] and [[Carl Lewis]] also have nine;<ref>{{cite book |title= The Complete Book of the Olympics: 2008 Edition |last= Wallechinsky |first= David |coauthors= Jaime Loucky |year= 2008 |publisher=Aurum Press |isbn= 978-1-84513-330-6 |page= 702}}</ref> only swimmer [[Michael Phelps]] has won more with 18.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.nbcolympics.com/news-blogs/swimming/phelps-reaches-the-end-so-limitless-and-free.html|title=Phelps reaches the end, so limitless and free|accessdate= 08/05 2012 |date= August 4, 2012 |work= NBC 2012 Olympics |publisher= http://www.nbcolympics.com</ref> Spitz's [[List of multiple Olympic gold medalists at a single Games|record]] of seven gold medals in a single Olympics was not surpassed until Michael Phelps at the [[Beijing 2008|2008 Beijing Olympics]].
 
   
=== Retirement ===
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===Retirement===
 
Following the Munich Olympics, even though he was still only 22, Spitz retired from competition.
 
Following the Munich Olympics, even though he was still only 22, Spitz retired from competition.
   
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Spitz briefly came out of retirement in 1992 to compete for a place on the U.S. Swimming Team at the [[Barcelona 1992|Barcelona Games]] at the age of 41. He was two seconds slower than the requisite qualifying time at the Olympic trials.
 
Spitz briefly came out of retirement in 1992 to compete for a place on the U.S. Swimming Team at the [[Barcelona 1992|Barcelona Games]] at the age of 41. He was two seconds slower than the requisite qualifying time at the Olympic trials.
   
== Hall of Fame ==
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==Hall of Fame==
 
* International Swimming Hall of Fame, Inducted 1977.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ishof.org/ |title=International Swimming Hall of Fame |publisher=Ishof.org |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
* International Swimming Hall of Fame, Inducted 1977.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ishof.org/ |title=International Swimming Hall of Fame |publisher=Ishof.org |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
* International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, Inducted 1979.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.jewishsports.net/BioPages/MarkSpitz.htm |title=Mark Spitz |publisher=Jewishsports.net |date=February 10, 1950 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
* International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, Inducted 1979.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.jewishsports.net/BioPages/MarkSpitz.htm |title=Mark Spitz |publisher=Jewishsports.net |date=February 10, 1950 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
* [[United States Olympic Hall of Fame]], Inducted 1983.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.usolympichalloffame.com/?page_id=46 |title=Hof Polls , Team USA |publisher=U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame |date=July 1, 2009 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
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* United States Olympic Hall of Fame, Inducted 1983.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.usolympichalloffame.com/?page_id=46 |title=Hof Polls , Team USA |publisher=U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame |date=July 1, 2009 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
* [http://www.sjsa.org/ San Jose Sports Hall of Fame], inducted Wednesday, November 14, 2007.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sjsa.org/hall_of_fame/bios_07.asp#mspitz |title=San Jose Sports Authority – [ Hall of Fame , |publisher=Sjsa.org |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.santaclaraswimclub.org/alumni/spitzUpdate.html |title=Mark Spitz Update |publisher=Santa Clara Swim Club |date=November 14, 2007 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
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* [http://www.sjsa.org/ San Jose Sports Hall of Fame], inducted Wednesday, November 14, 2007.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sjsa.org/hall_of_fame/bios_07.asp#mspitz |title=San Jose Sports Authority – Hall of Fame , |publisher=Sjsa.org |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.santaclaraswimclub.org/alumni/spitzUpdate.html |title=Mark Spitz Update |publisher=Santa Clara Swim Club |date=November 14, 2007 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
* National Jewish Museum Sports Hall of Fame, Inducted 2007.<ref>http://fr.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1171894488677&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull</ref>
 
* National Jewish Museum Sports Hall of Fame, Inducted 2007.<ref>http://fr.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1171894488677&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull</ref>
 
* Long Beach City College Hall of Fame, Inducted 2007<ref>{{cite web|url=http://athletics.lbcc.edu/athletichome/athletics101107.cfm |title=Long Beach City College Athletics |publisher=Athletics.lbcc.edu |date=October 11, 2007 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
* Long Beach City College Hall of Fame, Inducted 2007<ref>{{cite web|url=http://athletics.lbcc.edu/athletichome/athletics101107.cfm |title=Long Beach City College Athletics |publisher=Athletics.lbcc.edu |date=October 11, 2007 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
* Indiana University Athletics Hall of Fame<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.indiana.edu/~phipsi/alumni.php?sortby=lname |title=:Phi Kappa Psi:.:Indiana Beta: |publisher=Indiana.edu |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
* Indiana University Athletics Hall of Fame<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.indiana.edu/~phipsi/alumni.php?sortby=lname |title=:Phi Kappa Psi:.:Indiana Beta: |publisher=Indiana.edu |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
   
== Film and television career ==
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==Film and television career==
=== After swimming retirement ===
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===After swimming retirement===
 
After his retirement from swimming at age 22, he was managed by the William Morris Agency, which tried to get him into show business while his name was still familiar due to his athletic success.
 
After his retirement from swimming at age 22, he was managed by the William Morris Agency, which tried to get him into show business while his name was still familiar due to his athletic success.
   
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In 1973–74, Spitz appeared on TV's ''The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson'' and ''The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour''. On the TV drama ''Emergency!'', he portrayed Pete Barlow, who accidentally shoots his wife (played by Spitz's wife, Suzy). He also appeared briefly on the ''The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast'' of then-Governor of California Ronald Reagan in September 1973.
 
In 1973–74, Spitz appeared on TV's ''The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson'' and ''The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour''. On the TV drama ''Emergency!'', he portrayed Pete Barlow, who accidentally shoots his wife (played by Spitz's wife, Suzy). He also appeared briefly on the ''The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast'' of then-Governor of California Ronald Reagan in September 1973.
   
Spitz went to work for ABC Sports in 1976 and worked on many sports presentations, including coverage of the [[Montreal 1976|1976 Summer Olympics]] in [[Montreal]] and the [[Los Angeles 1984|1984 Summer Olympics]] in [[Los Angeles]].<ref name="panasonic.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.panasonic.com/olympics2004/sptiz_bio.html |title=Mark Spitz's biography |publisher=Panasonic.com |date=2004 |accessdate= January 30, 2011}}</ref> In 1985 he appeared as a TV announcer in ''Challenge of a Lifetime''. He continued as a broadcaster for some time, but within a few years, he was hardly seen as a public figure<ref name=ESPN/> except perhaps as a commentator for swimming events like the [[Athens 2004|2004 Summer Olympics]]. Instead Spitz focused on his real estate company in Beverly Hills and hobbies such as sailing.<ref name=ESPN/>
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Spitz went to work for ABC Sports in 1976 and worked on many sports presentations, including coverage of the [[Montreal 1976|1976 Summer Olympics]] in Montreal and the [[Los Angeles 1984|1984 Summer Olympics]] in Los Angeles.<ref name="panasonic.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.panasonic.com/olympics2004/sptiz_bio.html |title=Mark Spitz's biography |publisher=Panasonic.com |date=2004 |accessdate= January 30, 2011}}</ref> In 1985 he appeared as a TV announcer in ''Challenge of a Lifetime''. He continued as a broadcaster for some time, but within a few years, he was hardly seen as a public figure<ref name=ESPN/> except perhaps as a commentator for swimming events like the [[Athens 2004|2004 Summer Olympics]]. Instead Spitz focused on his real estate company in Beverly Hills and hobbies such as sailing.<ref name=ESPN/>
   
=== Critical praise ===
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===Critical praise===
In 2006 he received critical praise for his narration of ''Freedom's Fury'', a Hungarian documentary about the Olympic [[water polo]] team's famous [[Blood in the Water match]] against Russia during the Revolution of 1956—considered the most famous match in [[History of water polo|water polo history]]. The film was executive produced by Quentin Tarantino and Lucy Liu, and made its debut at the Tribeca Film Festival.
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In 2006 he received critical praise for his narration of ''Freedom's Fury'', a Hungarian documentary about the Olympic water polo team's famous Blood in the Water match against Russia during the Revolution of 1956—considered the most famous match in water polo history. The film was executive produced by Quentin Tarantino and Lucy Liu, and made its debut at the Tribeca Film Festival.
   
=== Commercials ===
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===Commercials===
 
He appeared in an ad for the California Milk Advisory Board. One of his print advertisements featured the caption "I always drink it-is something I like to do. I want to be loved by the mothers."
 
He appeared in an ad for the California Milk Advisory Board. One of his print advertisements featured the caption "I always drink it-is something I like to do. I want to be loved by the mothers."
   
 
In 1974 he was in a number of Schick razors commercials.<ref name="people.com">{{cite web|last=Bruns |first=Bill |url=http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20064247,00.html |title=The Shark Gets Soft – Couples, Olympics, Mark Spitz, Suzy Spitz |work=People |date=July 8, 1974 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> In 1998 he appeared with Evel Knievel in a TV commercial for PlayStation.
 
In 1974 he was in a number of Schick razors commercials.<ref name="people.com">{{cite web|last=Bruns |first=Bill |url=http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20064247,00.html |title=The Shark Gets Soft – Couples, Olympics, Mark Spitz, Suzy Spitz |work=People |date=July 8, 1974 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> In 1998 he appeared with Evel Knievel in a TV commercial for PlayStation.
   
In 2004 he appeared in a TV commercial for Sprint PCS.<ref>http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0819156/otherworks</ref> Then in November 2007, Spitz made a cameo appearance on Amanda Beard's first television commercial (for GoDaddy) featuring her own seven Olympic medals (won between 1996–2004). The ad was entitled "Shock".<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.thewhir.com/marketwatch/110707_Go_Daddy_to_Air_New_TV_Commercial.cfm |title=Go Daddy to Air New TV Commercial , WHIR Web Hosting Industry News |publisher=Thewhir.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> Also, in 2007 he appeared in the infomercial for the "Orbitrek Elite" fitness workout.<ref name="imdb.com">http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0819156/bio</ref>
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In 2004 he appeared in a TV commercial for Sprint PCS.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0819156/otherworks His Other Works]</ref> Then in November 2007, Spitz made a cameo appearance on Amanda Beard's first television commercial (for GoDaddy) featuring her own seven Olympic medals (won between 1996–2004). The ad was entitled "Shock".<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.thewhir.com/marketwatch/110707_Go_Daddy_to_Air_New_TV_Commercial.cfm |title=Go Daddy to Air New TV Commercial , WHIR Web Hosting Industry News |publisher=Thewhir.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> Also, in 2007 he appeared in the infomercial for the "Orbitrek Elite" fitness workout.<ref name="imdb.com">[http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0819156/bio IMDb Biography]</ref>
   
 
He appeared in a commercial for Lear Capital, a gold investment company. (at 8:13 and 15:42 on a video at http://www.stanpredicts.com/media.php dated February 12, 2011, but the commercial was edited out of the version labeled "Episode 1: Will Massive Amount [sic] Of Oil Be Discovered In Israel?")
 
He appeared in a commercial for Lear Capital, a gold investment company. (at 8:13 and 15:42 on a video at http://www.stanpredicts.com/media.php dated February 12, 2011, but the commercial was edited out of the version labeled "Episode 1: Will Massive Amount [sic] Of Oil Be Discovered In Israel?")
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In 2012 Spitz appeared in a commercial for Ageless Male, a testosterone supplement.
 
In 2012 Spitz appeared in a commercial for Ageless Male, a testosterone supplement.
   
== Personal life ==
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==Personal life==
=== Family life ===
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===Family life===
When Spitz returned from the Olympics, he began dating Suzy Weiner, a UCLA theater student and part-time model, who also was the daughter of one of his father's business acquaintances.<ref name=ESPN/><ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.usatoday.com/sports/olympics/athens/swimming/2004-08-12-spitz-phelps-sidebar-bonus_x.htm | work=USA Today | title=Golden glow still follows Spitz | first1=Vicki | last1=Michaelis | date=August 13, 2004 | accessdate=May 2, 2010}}</ref> Less than a year after the Munich Olympics, they were married on May 6, 1973,<ref name="imdb.com"/> in a traditional Jewish service at the Beverly Hills Hotel.<ref name="people.com"/> They have two sons, Matthew (born October 1981) and Justin (born September 1991). Justin currently is a sophomore at [[Stanford University]], and is on the swim team.<ref name="panasonic.com"/><ref name="nndb.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.nndb.com/people/148/000023079/ |title=Mark Spitz |publisher=Nndb.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref><ref>[http://www.gostanford.com/sports/m-swim/mtt/spitz_justin00.html www.gostanford.com]</ref>
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When Spitz returned from the Olympics, he began dating Suzy Weiner, a UCLA theater student and part-time model, who also was the daughter of one of his father's business acquaintances.<ref name=ESPN/><ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.usatoday.com/sports/olympics/athens/swimming/2004-08-12-spitz-phelps-sidebar-bonus_x.htm | work=USA Today | title=Golden glow still follows Spitz | first1=Vicki | last1=Michaelis | date=August 13, 2004 | accessdate=May 2, 2010}}</ref> Less than a year after the Munich Olympics, they were married on May 6, 1973,<ref name="imdb.com"/> in a traditional Jewish service at the Beverly Hills Hotel.<ref name="people.com"/> They have two sons, Matthew (born October 1981) and Justin (born September 1991). Justin currently is a sophomore at Stanford University, and is on the swim team.<ref name="panasonic.com"/><ref name="nndb.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.nndb.com/people/148/000023079/ |title=Mark Spitz |publisher=Nndb.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref><ref>[http://www.gostanford.com/sports/m-swim/mtt/spitz_justin00.html www.gostanford.com]</ref>
   
=== Education ===
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===Education===
 
From 1964 to 1968 Spitz attended Santa Clara High School. After graduating he went on to Indiana University.<ref name=ESPN/> At Indiana University from 1968–72, he was a pre-dental student and member of Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. ''TIME'' magazine asked him if he wanted to return to dental school after the Olympics. "I always wanted to be a dentist from the time I was in high school, and I was accepted to dental school in the spring of 1972. I was planning to go, but after the Olympics there were other opportunities. I did some television and speaking engagements, and things just went from there."<ref name="10Questions">{{cite news|last=Park |first=Alice |url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,994874,00.html |first=Alice |last=Park | title=10 Questions For Mark Spitz |work=TIME |date=16 August 2004 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
From 1964 to 1968 Spitz attended Santa Clara High School. After graduating he went on to Indiana University.<ref name=ESPN/> At Indiana University from 1968–72, he was a pre-dental student and member of Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. ''TIME'' magazine asked him if he wanted to return to dental school after the Olympics. "I always wanted to be a dentist from the time I was in high school, and I was accepted to dental school in the spring of 1972. I was planning to go, but after the Olympics there were other opportunities. I did some television and speaking engagements, and things just went from there."<ref name="10Questions">{{cite news|last=Park |first=Alice |url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,994874,00.html |first=Alice |last=Park | title=10 Questions For Mark Spitz |work=TIME |date=16 August 2004 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
   
=== Post-swimming career ===
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===Post-swimming career===
 
In 1972, soon after his return to the US, Spitz landed several lucrative corporate endorsement contracts. He earned about $7&nbsp;million in a two-year period.<ref>{{cite web|author=the ,United States |url=http://www.answers.com/topic/mark-spitz |title=Mark Spitz: Biography from |publisher=Answers.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> However, as the memory of his feat receded, so did his endorsement and promotional deals. As his endorsements faded he started a successful real-estate company in Beverly Hills. He bought a Ferrari and says he made more than $1&nbsp;million. "A million dollars in 1972 would be equivalent to more than $10&nbsp;million today," Spitz said. "I did very well, thank you very much."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/03/26/sports/AS-SPT-SWM-Worlds-Mark-Spitz.php?page=1 |title= The New York Times |work=International Herald Tribune |date=March 29, 2009 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> "I would say I was a pioneer. There wasn't anyone who'd gone to the Olympics before me who capitalized the same way on opportunity. It depends on timing, it depends on hype, it depends on the economy, and most importantly, it depends on looks. I mean, I've never seen a magazine of uglies. That's our society. I'm not saying it's right. That's just the facts."<ref>http://www.inrich.com/cva/ric/sports.apx.-content-articles-RTD-2008-07-27-0133.html</ref>
 
In 1972, soon after his return to the US, Spitz landed several lucrative corporate endorsement contracts. He earned about $7&nbsp;million in a two-year period.<ref>{{cite web|author=the ,United States |url=http://www.answers.com/topic/mark-spitz |title=Mark Spitz: Biography from |publisher=Answers.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> However, as the memory of his feat receded, so did his endorsement and promotional deals. As his endorsements faded he started a successful real-estate company in Beverly Hills. He bought a Ferrari and says he made more than $1&nbsp;million. "A million dollars in 1972 would be equivalent to more than $10&nbsp;million today," Spitz said. "I did very well, thank you very much."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/03/26/sports/AS-SPT-SWM-Worlds-Mark-Spitz.php?page=1 |title= The New York Times |work=International Herald Tribune |date=March 29, 2009 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> "I would say I was a pioneer. There wasn't anyone who'd gone to the Olympics before me who capitalized the same way on opportunity. It depends on timing, it depends on hype, it depends on the economy, and most importantly, it depends on looks. I mean, I've never seen a magazine of uglies. That's our society. I'm not saying it's right. That's just the facts."<ref>http://www.inrich.com/cva/ric/sports.apx.-content-articles-RTD-2008-07-27-0133.html</ref>
   
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He has pursued various entrepreneurial projects with former NBA player Rick Barry. He travels the world delivering about 25 lectures a year. His biography, ''The Extraordinary Life of An Olympic Champion'' by Richard J. Foster was released in July 2008.<ref>{{cite news| last= Goodman |first=Dean |url=http://www.reuters.com/article/sportsNews/idUSN1935785920080802?feedType=RSS&feedName=sportsNews |title=Mark Spitz makes splash about Beijing invite |agency=Reuters |date= 2 August 2008|accessdate=August 16, 2008 }}</ref>
 
He has pursued various entrepreneurial projects with former NBA player Rick Barry. He travels the world delivering about 25 lectures a year. His biography, ''The Extraordinary Life of An Olympic Champion'' by Richard J. Foster was released in July 2008.<ref>{{cite news| last= Goodman |first=Dean |url=http://www.reuters.com/article/sportsNews/idUSN1935785920080802?feedType=RSS&feedName=sportsNews |title=Mark Spitz makes splash about Beijing invite |agency=Reuters |date= 2 August 2008|accessdate=August 16, 2008 }}</ref>
   
In July 2012 he endorsed [[Istanbul]]'s [[Istanbul bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics|bid]] to host the [[2020 Summer Olympics]]. <ref>[http://www.insidethegames.biz/sports/2020-bidding-sports/17731-olympic-legend-backs-istanbul-2020 Olympic legend backs Istanbul 2020]</ref>
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In July 2012 he endorsed Istanbul's bid to host the 2020 Summer Olympics. <ref>[http://www.insidethegames.biz/sports/2020-bidding-sports/17731-olympic-legend-backs-istanbul-2020 Olympic legend backs Istanbul 2020]</ref>
   
=== Hobbies ===
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===Hobbies===
 
His hobbies include sailing, skiing and collecting art.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.rediff.com/sports/2004/aug/10oly-swim1.htm |title=Olympic Legends: Mark Spitz |publisher=Rediff.com |date=August 10, 2004 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> He has been involved in blue water ocean racing (sailing) and in the summer of 1981 competed in his third Trans-Pac Yacht Race from Los Angeles to Hawaii, finishing third.<ref name="panasonic.com"/>
 
His hobbies include sailing, skiing and collecting art.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.rediff.com/sports/2004/aug/10oly-swim1.htm |title=Olympic Legends: Mark Spitz |publisher=Rediff.com |date=August 10, 2004 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> He has been involved in blue water ocean racing (sailing) and in the summer of 1981 competed in his third Trans-Pac Yacht Race from Los Angeles to Hawaii, finishing third.<ref name="panasonic.com"/>
   
=== Iconic moustache during Olympics ===
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===Iconic moustache during Olympics===
 
In an era when other swimmers, male and female, were shaving body hair, he swam with a moustache. When asked why he initially grew one he stated "I grew the moustache because a coach in college said I couldn't grow one."<ref name="10Questions"/> Spitz said he originally grew the moustache as a form of rebellion against the clean-cut look imposed on him in college. “It took a long time to grow,” he said.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://blogs.mercurynews.com/pizarro/2007/11/18/mark-spitz-reveals-the-story-behind-his-mustache/ |title=Mark Spitz reveals the story behind his mustache, Around Town |publisher=Blogs.mercurynews.com |date=November 18, 2007 |accessdate= January 30, 2011}}</ref> It took four months to grow, but Spitz was proud of it, he decided the moustache was a "good-luck piece."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://sports.jrank.org/pages/4524/Spitz-Mark-Glory-Days.html |title=Mark Spitz – Glory Days – Mustache, World, Soviets, Swimmer, Stroke, and Swimming |publisher=Sports.jrank.org |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
In an era when other swimmers, male and female, were shaving body hair, he swam with a moustache. When asked why he initially grew one he stated "I grew the moustache because a coach in college said I couldn't grow one."<ref name="10Questions"/> Spitz said he originally grew the moustache as a form of rebellion against the clean-cut look imposed on him in college. “It took a long time to grow,” he said.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://blogs.mercurynews.com/pizarro/2007/11/18/mark-spitz-reveals-the-story-behind-his-mustache/ |title=Mark Spitz reveals the story behind his mustache, Around Town |publisher=Blogs.mercurynews.com |date=November 18, 2007 |accessdate= January 30, 2011}}</ref> It took four months to grow, but Spitz was proud of it, he decided the moustache was a "good-luck piece."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://sports.jrank.org/pages/4524/Spitz-Mark-Glory-Days.html |title=Mark Spitz – Glory Days – Mustache, World, Soviets, Swimmer, Stroke, and Swimming |publisher=Sports.jrank.org |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
   
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When he was asked why he shaved it off he responded "well, one, I'm not swimming anymore; two, it started to turn gray; and three, my wife had never seen me, nor my family, without the moustache... I'm happy [without it]."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.amny.com/sports/am-spitz0716,0,2248638.story?track=rss |title=Mark Spitz talks about his mustache (and Michael Phelps) |publisher=Amny.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> He also commented on his moustache in a live, in-studio interview with KCRA host Mike TeSelle on June 14, 2008, Spitz commented that he no longer maintains his iconic moustache because it had become "too gray."
 
When he was asked why he shaved it off he responded "well, one, I'm not swimming anymore; two, it started to turn gray; and three, my wife had never seen me, nor my family, without the moustache... I'm happy [without it]."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.amny.com/sports/am-spitz0716,0,2248638.story?track=rss |title=Mark Spitz talks about his mustache (and Michael Phelps) |publisher=Amny.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> He also commented on his moustache in a live, in-studio interview with KCRA host Mike TeSelle on June 14, 2008, Spitz commented that he no longer maintains his iconic moustache because it had become "too gray."
   
=== Health issues ===
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===Health issues===
 
After retirement, Spitz was diagnosed with acid reflux disease, a condition from which his physician thinks he suffered throughout his career.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/11653.php |title=Mark Spitz expresses health issues he faced while achieving Olympic dreams |publisher=Medicalnewstoday.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> "During my Olympic training, I attributed the symptoms [of acid reflux] to an overexposure to chlorine and eating too soon before and after swimming," says Spitz. "It wasn't until the symptoms began to get in the way of my 1976 Olympic broadcasting career in Montreal, which was four years after retirement that I suspected something more serious must be happening."
 
After retirement, Spitz was diagnosed with acid reflux disease, a condition from which his physician thinks he suffered throughout his career.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/11653.php |title=Mark Spitz expresses health issues he faced while achieving Olympic dreams |publisher=Medicalnewstoday.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> "During my Olympic training, I attributed the symptoms [of acid reflux] to an overexposure to chlorine and eating too soon before and after swimming," says Spitz. "It wasn't until the symptoms began to get in the way of my 1976 Olympic broadcasting career in Montreal, which was four years after retirement that I suspected something more serious must be happening."
   
He has also reported having high cholesterol and other chronic health issues.<ref>[http://www.tourofchampions.com/athletes/spitz/overview/ ] </ref> "People don't believe that I have high cholesterol, but it's a fact," said Spitz. "I take medication every day because my doctor told me that diet and exercise are not enough to keep my cholesterol down. He is a paid spokesperson for Medco, a pharmacy benefit management company."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/lane9/news/15897.asp |title=Lane 9 News Archive: Industry News: Mark Spitz, Greg Louganis Join Tour of Champions to Educate Americans on Health Care |publisher=Swimmingworldmagazine.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
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He has also reported having high cholesterol and other chronic health issues.<ref>[http://www.tourofchampions.com/athletes/spitz/overview/ Overview of Mark Spitz] </ref> "People don't believe that I have high cholesterol, but it's a fact," said Spitz. "I take medication every day because my doctor told me that diet and exercise are not enough to keep my cholesterol down. He is a paid spokesperson for Medco, a pharmacy benefit management company."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/lane9/news/15897.asp |title=Lane 9 News Archive: Industry News: Mark Spitz, Greg Louganis Join Tour of Champions to Educate Americans on Health Care |publisher=Swimmingworldmagazine.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
   
== Olympic controversies ==
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==Olympic controversies==
=== 1972 medal podium incident ===
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===1972 medal podium incident===
 
In 1972, Spitz was accused of product placement during the medal ceremony. Following the 200-meter freestyle race Spitz arrived to obtain his gold medal barefoot and carrying his shoes. He put them down when the American national anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner" was played. After the anthem played, he picked up his shoes and waved to the crowd. The Soviets saw this as product placement. When questioned by the IOC, Spitz explained that the gesture was innocent, the shoes were old and he was not paid. The IOC cleared him of any wrongdoing.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://espn.go.com/classic/biography/s/spitz_mark.html | title=Spitz lived up to enormous expectations |first=M.B.|last=Roberts | publisher=ESPN Classic | accessdate=August 16, 2008}}</ref>
 
In 1972, Spitz was accused of product placement during the medal ceremony. Following the 200-meter freestyle race Spitz arrived to obtain his gold medal barefoot and carrying his shoes. He put them down when the American national anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner" was played. After the anthem played, he picked up his shoes and waved to the crowd. The Soviets saw this as product placement. When questioned by the IOC, Spitz explained that the gesture was innocent, the shoes were old and he was not paid. The IOC cleared him of any wrongdoing.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://espn.go.com/classic/biography/s/spitz_mark.html | title=Spitz lived up to enormous expectations |first=M.B.|last=Roberts | publisher=ESPN Classic | accessdate=August 16, 2008}}</ref>
   
=== Issues with 2008 Summer Olympics ===
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===Issues with 2008 Summer Olympics===
 
Spitz felt snubbed by not being asked to attend the [[Beijing 2008|2008 Olympics]] to watch [[Michael Phelps]] attempt to break his seven gold medal record. In an article, he is quoted as saying, "I never got invited. You don't go to the Olympics just to say, I am going to go. Especially because of who I am....I am going to sit there and watch Michael Phelps break my record anonymously? That's almost demeaning to me. It is not almost—it is."<ref name=snub/>
 
Spitz felt snubbed by not being asked to attend the [[Beijing 2008|2008 Olympics]] to watch [[Michael Phelps]] attempt to break his seven gold medal record. In an article, he is quoted as saying, "I never got invited. You don't go to the Olympics just to say, I am going to go. Especially because of who I am....I am going to sit there and watch Michael Phelps break my record anonymously? That's almost demeaning to me. It is not almost—it is."<ref name=snub/>
   
 
Spitz has stated that he has no hard feelings towards Phelps. He is, however, unhappy that he was not invited to the 2008 Summer Olympics. As a result, Spitz refused to attend the games.<ref>{{cite web|author=Related Topics: athletes, olympics, sports |url=http://www.mahalo.com/Mark_Spitz |title=Mark Spitz |publisher=Mahalo.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> "They voted me one of the top five Olympians of all time. Some of them are dead. But they invited the other ones to go to the Olympics, but not me," he said. "Yes, I am a bit upset about it."<ref>{{cite web|author=(AFP) – Aug 10, 2008 |url=http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hLnTiMa1nwi9qHodVSMCWbP2WBdQ |title=AFP: Spitz, once the star, upset over Beijing snub |publisher=Google |date=August 10, 2008 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
Spitz has stated that he has no hard feelings towards Phelps. He is, however, unhappy that he was not invited to the 2008 Summer Olympics. As a result, Spitz refused to attend the games.<ref>{{cite web|author=Related Topics: athletes, olympics, sports |url=http://www.mahalo.com/Mark_Spitz |title=Mark Spitz |publisher=Mahalo.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref> "They voted me one of the top five Olympians of all time. Some of them are dead. But they invited the other ones to go to the Olympics, but not me," he said. "Yes, I am a bit upset about it."<ref>{{cite web|author=(AFP) – Aug 10, 2008 |url=http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hLnTiMa1nwi9qHodVSMCWbP2WBdQ |title=AFP: Spitz, once the star, upset over Beijing snub |publisher=Google |date=August 10, 2008 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
   
However, on August 14, 2008 Spitz appeared on NBC's ''Today Show'' where he clarified his statement and his pride in Michael Phelps: {{quote|It’s about time that somebody else takes the throne. And I’m very happy for him. I really, truly am...I was working with a corporate sponsor who elected not to bring their US contingent over to China, and they piled on more work for me here in the United States, which was great. So I wasn't able to get to the Olympics and watch Michael in the first couple of days. And they thought, some of these reporters, that I was supposed to be invited by some entity, and I told them that that wasn't really the case, that doesn't happen that way. And so, I'm sort of disappointed that I wasn't there, but, you know, that interview somehow took a different turn, and I've done hundreds and hundreds of them and I've been true to form about the way I feel about Michael, and he's doing a great job for the United States and inspiring a lot of great performances by the other team members.<ref>{{cite web|last=Considine |first=Bob |url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/26194898/ |title=Spitz on Phelps: ‘I’m rooting him on’ – TODAY in Beijing |publisher=MSNBC |date=August 14, 2008 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>}}
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However, on August 14, 2008 Spitz appeared on NBC's ''Today Show'' where he clarified his statement and his pride in Michael Phelps:
   
Also on August 14, 2008, in an interview aired on Los Angeles KNBC-4's morning news show, ''Today in L.A.'', Spitz was quoted saying he does believe that, "Michael Phelps is the greatest Olympic athlete ever."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://video.knbc.com/player/?id=285272 |title=Breaking News, NBC Los Angeles |publisher=Video.knbc.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}} </ref>
+
''"It’s about time that somebody else takes the throne. And I’m very happy for him. I really, truly am...I was working with a corporate sponsor who elected not to bring their US contingent over to China, and they piled on more work for me here in the United States, which was great. So I wasn't able to get to the Olympics and watch Michael in the first couple of days. And they thought, some of these reporters, that I was supposed to be invited by some entity, and I told them that that wasn't really the case, that doesn't happen that way. And so, I'm sort of disappointed that I wasn't there, but, you know, that interview somehow took a different turn, and I've done hundreds and hundreds of them and I've been true to form about the way I feel about Michael, and he's doing a great job for the United States and inspiring a lot of great performances by the other team members."''<ref>{{cite web|last=Considine |first=Bob |url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/26194898/ |title=Spitz on Phelps: ‘I’m rooting him on’ – TODAY in Beijing |publisher=MSNBC |date=August 14, 2008 |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
  +
  +
Also on August 14, 2008, in an interview aired on Los Angeles KNBC-4's morning news show, ''Today in L.A.'', Spitz was quoted saying he does believe that, "Michael Phelps is the greatest Olympic athlete ever."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://video.knbc.com/player/?id=285272 |title=Breaking News, NBC Los Angeles |publisher=Video.knbc.com |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
   
 
On August 15, 2008, as part of an interview on NBC, Spitz said that he felt Phelps' performance in the 100 fly in Beijing was "epic". Spitz paid this compliment to Phelps just two hours after his record-tying seventh gold medal during a live joint interview with Bob Costas:
 
On August 15, 2008, as part of an interview on NBC, Spitz said that he felt Phelps' performance in the 100 fly in Beijing was "epic". Spitz paid this compliment to Phelps just two hours after his record-tying seventh gold medal during a live joint interview with Bob Costas:
   
{{quote|You know, Bob and Michael, I wondered what I was going to say at this monumental time, when it would happen and who I would say it to, and of course I thought I was going to say it to you for some time now. But, it's the word that comes to mind, "epic". What you did tonight was epic, and it was epic for the whole world to see how great you really are. I never thought for one moment that you were out of that race and contention, because I watched you at Athens win the race by similar margins, and 18 months ago at the World's by similar margins. And, you know, that is a tribute to your greatness. And now the whole world knows. We are so proud of you Michael here in America, and we are so proud of you and the way that you handle yourself, and you represent such an inspiration to all the youngsters around the world. You know, you weren't born when I did what I did, and I'm sure that I was a part of your inspiration, and I take that as a full compliment. And they say that you judge one's character by the company you keep, and I'm happy to keep company with you. And you have a tremendous responsibility for all those people that you are going to inspire over the next number of years, and I know that you will wear the crown well. Congratulations, Mike.<ref>"XXIX Summer Olympics, NBC, interview with Bob Costas, August&nbsp;15,&nbsp;2008</ref>}}
+
''"You know, Bob and Michael, I wondered what I was going to say at this monumental time, when it would happen and who I would say it to, and of course I thought I was going to say it to you for some time now. But, it's the word that comes to mind, "epic". What you did tonight was epic, and it was epic for the whole world to see how great you really are. I never thought for one moment that you were out of that race and contention, because I watched you at Athens win the race by similar margins, and 18 months ago at the World's by similar margins. And, you know, that is a tribute to your greatness. And now the whole world knows. We are so proud of you Michael here in America, and we are so proud of you and the way that you handle yourself, and you represent such an inspiration to all the youngsters around the world. You know, you weren't born when I did what I did, and I'm sure that I was a part of your inspiration, and I take that as a full compliment. And they say that you judge one's character by the company you keep, and I'm happy to keep company with you. And you have a tremendous responsibility for all those people that you are going to inspire over the next number of years, and I know that you will wear the crown well. Congratulations, Mike."''<ref>"XXIX Summer Olympics, NBC, interview with Bob Costas, August&nbsp;15,&nbsp;2008</ref>
   
=== Views on drug testing ===
+
===Views on drug testing===
 
Mark Spitz has been consistent in criticism of both swimming's world bodies, FINA and the IOC, in their incomplete attempts to keep drugs out of the sport. He has felt that not enough has been done to monitor and encourage drug-free participation. In 1998 he criticized FINA for its "embarrassing" attempts to stamp out drug abuse, urging them to test for all known drugs. In September 1999 Spitz said the IOC had the technology to test for a plethora of drugs but was refusing to do so because of some IOC member protests.<ref name="espn.go.com">{{cite web|url=http://espn.go.com/classic/biography/s/spitz_mark.html |title=ESPN Classic – Spitz lived up to enormous expectations |publisher=ESPN |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
Mark Spitz has been consistent in criticism of both swimming's world bodies, FINA and the IOC, in their incomplete attempts to keep drugs out of the sport. He has felt that not enough has been done to monitor and encourage drug-free participation. In 1998 he criticized FINA for its "embarrassing" attempts to stamp out drug abuse, urging them to test for all known drugs. In September 1999 Spitz said the IOC had the technology to test for a plethora of drugs but was refusing to do so because of some IOC member protests.<ref name="espn.go.com">{{cite web|url=http://espn.go.com/classic/biography/s/spitz_mark.html |title=ESPN Classic – Spitz lived up to enormous expectations |publisher=ESPN |accessdate=January 30, 2011}}</ref>
   
Line 179: Line 179:
 
In August 2008 the ''Los Angeles Times'' reported, that Spitz continued to discuss drug testing and was saying "the IOC has sponsors who demand a good show. Television pays the IOC for the rights to that good show, and its sponsors want that too. Drug news and drug distractions are not a good show. People are not going to tune in to see athletes have their medals taken away from them."<ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.latimes.com/news/columnists/la-sp-dwyre2-2008aug02,0,5162507.column?page=2 | work=Los Angeles Times | title=Spitz still a man apart, but not by own choice | first=Bill | last=Dwyre | date=August 2, 2008 | accessdate=May 2, 2010}}</ref>
 
In August 2008 the ''Los Angeles Times'' reported, that Spitz continued to discuss drug testing and was saying "the IOC has sponsors who demand a good show. Television pays the IOC for the rights to that good show, and its sponsors want that too. Drug news and drug distractions are not a good show. People are not going to tune in to see athletes have their medals taken away from them."<ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.latimes.com/news/columnists/la-sp-dwyre2-2008aug02,0,5162507.column?page=2 | work=Los Angeles Times | title=Spitz still a man apart, but not by own choice | first=Bill | last=Dwyre | date=August 2, 2008 | accessdate=May 2, 2010}}</ref>
   
== Records ==
+
==Records==
 
{{S-start}}
 
{{S-start}}
{{S-ach|rec}}
+
{{Succession box|before=AUS Michael Wenden|title=Men's 100 metre freestyle<br />world record holder (long course)|years=August 23, 1970 – June 21, 1975|after={{flagicon|USA}} Jim Montgomery}}
{{Succession box|before={{flagicon|AUS}} [[Michael Wenden]]|title=[[World record progression 100m freestyle|Men's 100 metre freestyle<br />world record holder (long course)]]|years=August 23, 1970June 21, 1975|after={{flagicon|USA}} [[Jim Montgomery (swimmer)|Jim Montgomery]]}}
+
{{Succession box|before={{flagicon|USA}} Don Schollander|title=Men's 200 metre freestyle<br />world record holder (long course)|years=July 12, 1969August 23, 1974|after={{flagicon|USA}} Tim Shaw}}
{{Succession box|before={{flagicon|USA}} [[Don Schollander]]|title=[[World record progression 200m freestyle|Men's 200 metre freestyle<br />world record holder (long course)]]|years=July 12, 1969 – August 23, 1974|after={{flagicon|USA}} [[Tim Shaw (swimmer)|Tim Shaw]]}}
+
{{Succession box|before=ARG Luis Nicolao|title=Men's 100 metre butterfly<br />world record holder (long course)|years= July 31, 1967 – August 27, 1977
{{Succession box|before={{flagicon|ARG}} [[Luis Nicolao]]|title=[[World record progression 100 metres butterfly|Men's 100 metre butterfly<br />world record holder (long course)]]|years= July 31, 1967 – August 27, 1977
+
<sup>Note: Held Jointly with Doug Russell August 29 & October 2, 1967</sup>
<sup>Note: Held Jointly with [[Douglas Russell|Doug Russell]] August 29 & October 2, 1967</sup>
+
|after={{flagicon|USA}} Joe Bottom}}
|after={{flagicon|USA}} [[Joe Bottom]]}}
+
{{Succession box|before=<br>AUS Kevin Berry<br>{{flagicon|USA}} John Ferris<br>{{flagicon|USA}} Gary Hall Sr.<br>FRG Hans-Joachim Fassnacht|title=Men's 200 metre butterfly<br />world record holder (long course)|years=July 26, 1967 – August 30, 1967<br>October 8, 1967 – August 22, 1970<br>August 27, 1971 – August 31, 1971<br>August 2, 1972 – June 3, 1976|after=<br>{{flagicon|USA}} John Ferris<br>{{flagicon|USA}} Gary Hall Sr.<br>FRG Hans-Joachim Fassnacht<br>GDR Roger Pyttel}}
{{Succession box|before=<br>{{flagicon|AUS}} [[Kevin Berry]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[John Ferris (swimmer)|John Ferris]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Gary Hall Sr.]]<br>{{flagicon|FRG}} [[Hans-Joachim Fassnacht]]|title=[[World record progression 200 metres butterfly|Men's 200 metre butterfly<br />world record holder (long course)]]|years=July 26, 1967 – August 30, 1967<br>October 8, 1967 – August 22, 1970<br>August 27, 1971 – August 31, 1971<br>August 2, 1972 – June 3, 1976|after=<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[John Ferris (swimmer)|John Ferris]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Gary Hall Sr.]]<br>{{flagicon|FRG}} [[Hans-Joachim Fassnacht]]<br>{{flagicon|GDR}} [[Roger Pyttel]]}}
 
 
{{S-end}}
 
{{S-end}}
   
== References ==
+
==References==
 
{{Reflist|30em}}
 
{{Reflist|30em}}
   
== External links ==
+
==External links==
 
* [http://www.markspitzusa.com Official Website]
 
* [http://www.markspitzusa.com Official Website]
 
* [http://pmgsports.com/new/swimming_mark_spitz.html Mark Spitz Official Bio]
 
* [http://pmgsports.com/new/swimming_mark_spitz.html Mark Spitz Official Bio]
 
* [http://espn.go.com/classic/biography/s/spitz_mark.html Mark Spitz ''ESPN Classic'' biography]
 
* [http://espn.go.com/classic/biography/s/spitz_mark.html Mark Spitz ''ESPN Classic'' biography]
* {{IMDb name|0819156}}
 
 
* [http://www.databaseolympics.com/players/playerpage.htm?ilkid=SPITZMAR01 Mark Spitz Olympic Medals and Stats]
 
* [http://www.databaseolympics.com/players/playerpage.htm?ilkid=SPITZMAR01 Mark Spitz Olympic Medals and Stats]
   
 
{{s-start}}
 
{{s-start}}
{{s-sports|oly}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
{{s-bef|rows=2|before={{flagicon|USA}} [[Carl Osburn]]}}
 
{{s-bef|rows=2|before={{flagicon|USA}} [[Carl Osburn]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[United States at the Olympics|Most career Olympic medals by an American]]|years= 1972 – 2004}}
+
{{s-ttl|title=Most career Olympic medals by an American|years= 1972 – 2004}}
 
{{s-aft|after={{flagicon|USA}} [[Jenny Thompson]]}}
 
{{s-aft|after={{flagicon|USA}} [[Jenny Thompson]]}}
 
|-
 
|-
{{s-ttl|title=[[United States at the Olympics|Most career Olympic medals by an American man]]|years= 1972 – 2008}}
+
{{s-ttl|title=Most career Olympic medals by an American man|years= 1972 – 2008}}
 
{{s-aft|after={{flagicon|USA}} [[Michael Phelps]]}}
 
{{s-aft|after={{flagicon|USA}} [[Michael Phelps]]}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
{{s-end}}
 
{{s-end}}
 
{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]] -->
 
|NAME = Spitz, Mark
 
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Spitz, Mark Andrew; Spitz, Mark A.
 
|SHORT DESCRIPTION = American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist
 
|DATE OF BIRTH = February 10, 1950
 
|PLACE OF BIRTH = Modesto, California, United States
 
|DATE OF DEATH =
 
|PLACE OF DEATH =
 
}}
 
 
[[Category:Athletes]]
 
[[Category:Athletes]]
 
[[Category:Mexico City 1968 Athletes]]
 
[[Category:Mexico City 1968 Athletes]]

Latest revision as of 16:55, January 16, 2013

Mark Spitz
Mark-Spitz
Country United States
Sport Swimming
Olympics Attended 1968, 1972
Olympic Medals Won
Gold medal icon Gold Silver medal icon Silver Bronze medal icon Bronze
9 1 1
Personal Information
Nickname Mark the Shark
Birthdate 10 February 1950
Birthplace Modesto, California, USA
Height 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)
Weight
Hometown
Mark Andrew Spitz (born February 10, 1950) is a retired American swimmer. He won seven gold medals at the 1972 Summer Olympics, an achievement only surpassed by Michael Phelps who won eight golds at the 2008 Olympics. Spitz set new world records in all seven events in which he competed, a record that still stands. Since the year 1900, no other swimmer ever won such a high fraction of all Olympic events at a single Games.

Between 1968 and 1972, Spitz won nine Olympic golds plus a silver and a bronze, five Pan American golds, 31 US Amateur Athletic Union titles, and eight US National Collegiate Athletic Association titles. During those years, he set 35 world records, but 2 were in trials and unofficial.[1][2] He was the most successful athlete at the 1972 Summer Olympics. He was named World Swimmer of the Year in 1969, 1971, and 1972 by Swimming World magazine. He was the third athlete to win nine Olympic gold medals.

Early lifeEdit

Spitz was born in Modesto, California, the first of three children[3] of Arnold and Lenore (Smith) Spitz. His family is Jewish.[4] When he was two years old, Spitz's family moved to Honolulu, Hawaii, where he swam at Waikiki Beach every day. "You should have seen that little boy dash into the ocean. He'd run like he was trying to commit suicide." Lenore Spitz told a reporter for Time (April 12, 1968).[3] At age six his family returned to Sacramento, California, and he began to compete at his local swim club. At age nine, he was training at Arden Hills Swim Club in Sacramento with swimming coach Sherm Chavoor, who mentored seven Olympic medal winners including Spitz. Before he was 10, Spitz held 17 national age-group records, and one world record. At 14 his family moved to Santa Clara so Spitz could train with George F. Haines of the Santa Clara Swim Club. From 1964 to 1968 Mark trained with Haines at SCSC and Santa Clara High School. During his four years there, Mark held national high school records in every stroke and in every distance. It was a remarkable and unprecedented achievement. In 1966 at age 16 he won the 100 meter butterfly at the National AAU Championships, the first of his 24 AAU titles. The following year Mark set his first world record at a small California meet in the 400 meter freestyle with a time of 4:10.60, and emerged on the world swimming stage.[5]

Swimming careerEdit

Maccabiah GamesEdit

The 1965 Maccabiah Games was his first international competition. At age 15 in Tel Aviv, Spitz, won four gold medals and was named the most outstanding athlete.[3]

He returned to Israel in 1969 following the Mexico Olympics to again compete in the Maccabiah Games. This time he won six gold medals.[6] He was again named outstanding athlete of the Games.[7]

In 1985 Spitz lit a torch to open the Maccabiah Games.[8]

In 2005 he was a member of the U.S. delegation at the 17th Maccabiah Games. He spoke at the JCC Maccabiah Games Opening Ceremonies, which was held in Richmond, Virginia. The Weinstein JCC in Richmond was one of the Host JCC's for the 2005 games with over 1,000 teenagers participating in various sports, including swimming.

Pan American GamesEdit

In 1967 he won five gold medals at the Pan American Games, thereby setting a record that lasted until 2007 when Brazilian swimmer, Thiago Pereira, won six golds at the XV Pan American Games in Rio de Janeiro.

1968 OlympicsEdit

Holder of ten world records already, Spitz predicted brashly he would win six golds at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. However, he won only two team golds: the 4 × 100 meter freestyle relay in 3:31:70, and the 4 × 200 meter freestyle relay in 7:52:33. In addition, Spitz finished second in the 100m butterfly in 00:56:40. In this event he was beaten by fellow American Doug Russell by a half second, despite holding the world record and having beaten Russell the previous ten times they had swum against each other that year.[9] Russell did briefly match Spitz's world record in late August 1967, holding the world record equally with Spitz for five days before Spitz regained it solely on October 2, 1967. As a result of being beaten by Russell, Spitz did not get to swim in the 4 × 100 meter medley relay, which gave Russell his second gold medal and the USA team another World Record swim.

College trainingEdit

Disappointed in his 1968 Olympic performance, Spitz decided in January 1969 to swim for the Indiana University Hoosiers[2] to train with legendary coach, Doc Counsilman,[10] who was also his coach in Mexico City. He called choosing Indiana and Counsilman "the biggest decision of my life (and) the best." While at Indiana, Spitz won eight individual NCAA titles. In 1971 he won the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. Spitz also set a number of world records during the U.S. Olympic Swim Trials held in Chicago's Portage Park in 1972.

He was nicknamed "Mark the Shark" by his teammates.

1972 OlympicsEdit

At the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich (West Germany), Spitz was back to maintain his bid for the six gold medals. He did even more, winning seven Olympic gold medals. Further, Spitz set a new world record in each of the seven events (the 100 m freestyle [00:51:22], 200 m freestyle [01:52:78], 100 m butterfly [00:54:27], 200 m butterfly [02:00:70], 4 × 100 m freestyle relay [03:26:42], 4 x 200 m freestyle relay [07:35:78] and the 4 × 100 m medley relay [03:48:16]). Originally Spitz was reluctant to swim the 100m freestyle fearing a less than gold medal finish. Minutes before the race he confessed on the pool deck to ABC's Donna de Varona, "I know I say I don't want to swim before every event but this time I'm serious. If I swim six and win six, I'll be a hero. If I swim seven and win six, I'll be a failure." Spitz won by half a stroke in a world-record 51.22.[11]

Spitz is one of five Olympians to win nine or more career gold medals: Larisa Latynina, Paavo Nurmi and Carl Lewis also have nine;> only swimmer Michael Phelps has won more with 18.[12] Spitz's record of seven gold medals in a single Olympics was not surpassed until Michael Phelps at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

RetirementEdit

Following the Munich Olympics, even though he was still only 22, Spitz retired from competition.

In 1999 Spitz ranked #33 on ESPN SportsCentury 50 Greatest Athletes, the only aquatic athlete to make the list.

Spitz briefly came out of retirement in 1992 to compete for a place on the U.S. Swimming Team at the Barcelona Games at the age of 41. He was two seconds slower than the requisite qualifying time at the Olympic trials.

Hall of FameEdit

  • International Swimming Hall of Fame, Inducted 1977.[13]
  • International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, Inducted 1979.[14]
  • United States Olympic Hall of Fame, Inducted 1983.[15]
  • San Jose Sports Hall of Fame, inducted Wednesday, November 14, 2007.[16][17]
  • National Jewish Museum Sports Hall of Fame, Inducted 2007.[18]
  • Long Beach City College Hall of Fame, Inducted 2007[19]
  • Indiana University Athletics Hall of Fame[20]

Film and television careerEdit

After swimming retirementEdit

After his retirement from swimming at age 22, he was managed by the William Morris Agency, which tried to get him into show business while his name was still familiar due to his athletic success.

A poster featuring Spitz wearing his swimsuit and seven gold medals made him the hottest pin-up since Betty Grable.[21]

In 1973–74, Spitz appeared on TV's The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson and The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour. On the TV drama Emergency!, he portrayed Pete Barlow, who accidentally shoots his wife (played by Spitz's wife, Suzy). He also appeared briefly on the The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast of then-Governor of California Ronald Reagan in September 1973.

Spitz went to work for ABC Sports in 1976 and worked on many sports presentations, including coverage of the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal and the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.[22] In 1985 he appeared as a TV announcer in Challenge of a Lifetime. He continued as a broadcaster for some time, but within a few years, he was hardly seen as a public figure[21] except perhaps as a commentator for swimming events like the 2004 Summer Olympics. Instead Spitz focused on his real estate company in Beverly Hills and hobbies such as sailing.[21]

Critical praiseEdit

In 2006 he received critical praise for his narration of Freedom's Fury, a Hungarian documentary about the Olympic water polo team's famous Blood in the Water match against Russia during the Revolution of 1956—considered the most famous match in water polo history. The film was executive produced by Quentin Tarantino and Lucy Liu, and made its debut at the Tribeca Film Festival.

CommercialsEdit

He appeared in an ad for the California Milk Advisory Board. One of his print advertisements featured the caption "I always drink it-is something I like to do. I want to be loved by the mothers."

In 1974 he was in a number of Schick razors commercials.[23] In 1998 he appeared with Evel Knievel in a TV commercial for PlayStation.

In 2004 he appeared in a TV commercial for Sprint PCS.[24] Then in November 2007, Spitz made a cameo appearance on Amanda Beard's first television commercial (for GoDaddy) featuring her own seven Olympic medals (won between 1996–2004). The ad was entitled "Shock".[25] Also, in 2007 he appeared in the infomercial for the "Orbitrek Elite" fitness workout.[26]

He appeared in a commercial for Lear Capital, a gold investment company. (at 8:13 and 15:42 on a video at http://www.stanpredicts.com/media.php dated February 12, 2011, but the commercial was edited out of the version labeled "Episode 1: Will Massive Amount [sic] Of Oil Be Discovered In Israel?")

In 2012 Spitz appeared in a commercial for Ageless Male, a testosterone supplement.

Personal lifeEdit

Family lifeEdit

When Spitz returned from the Olympics, he began dating Suzy Weiner, a UCLA theater student and part-time model, who also was the daughter of one of his father's business acquaintances.[21][27] Less than a year after the Munich Olympics, they were married on May 6, 1973,[26] in a traditional Jewish service at the Beverly Hills Hotel.[23] They have two sons, Matthew (born October 1981) and Justin (born September 1991). Justin currently is a sophomore at Stanford University, and is on the swim team.[22][28][29]

EducationEdit

From 1964 to 1968 Spitz attended Santa Clara High School. After graduating he went on to Indiana University.[21] At Indiana University from 1968–72, he was a pre-dental student and member of Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. TIME magazine asked him if he wanted to return to dental school after the Olympics. "I always wanted to be a dentist from the time I was in high school, and I was accepted to dental school in the spring of 1972. I was planning to go, but after the Olympics there were other opportunities. I did some television and speaking engagements, and things just went from there."[30]

Post-swimming careerEdit

In 1972, soon after his return to the US, Spitz landed several lucrative corporate endorsement contracts. He earned about $7 million in a two-year period.[31] However, as the memory of his feat receded, so did his endorsement and promotional deals. As his endorsements faded he started a successful real-estate company in Beverly Hills. He bought a Ferrari and says he made more than $1 million. "A million dollars in 1972 would be equivalent to more than $10 million today," Spitz said. "I did very well, thank you very much."[32] "I would say I was a pioneer. There wasn't anyone who'd gone to the Olympics before me who capitalized the same way on opportunity. It depends on timing, it depends on hype, it depends on the economy, and most importantly, it depends on looks. I mean, I've never seen a magazine of uglies. That's our society. I'm not saying it's right. That's just the facts."[33]

Per his official website, Spitz is self-employed as a corporate spokesperson and motivational speaker. However, Sports Yahoo! lists his occupation as a stock broker and motivational speaker.[34] According to a recent interview "Spitz became a stockbroker in 2002 and has since moved into private equity. He is now also dabbling in the "water business," as he calls it, and is in negotiations to build a water-bottling facility on aquifer-rich land that he and a business partner own.[35]

He has pursued various entrepreneurial projects with former NBA player Rick Barry. He travels the world delivering about 25 lectures a year. His biography, The Extraordinary Life of An Olympic Champion by Richard J. Foster was released in July 2008.[36]

In July 2012 he endorsed Istanbul's bid to host the 2020 Summer Olympics. [37]

HobbiesEdit

His hobbies include sailing, skiing and collecting art.[38] He has been involved in blue water ocean racing (sailing) and in the summer of 1981 competed in his third Trans-Pac Yacht Race from Los Angeles to Hawaii, finishing third.[22]

Iconic moustache during OlympicsEdit

In an era when other swimmers, male and female, were shaving body hair, he swam with a moustache. When asked why he initially grew one he stated "I grew the moustache because a coach in college said I couldn't grow one."[30] Spitz said he originally grew the moustache as a form of rebellion against the clean-cut look imposed on him in college. “It took a long time to grow,” he said.[39] It took four months to grow, but Spitz was proud of it, he decided the moustache was a "good-luck piece."[40]

Mark Spitz is quoted as saying, "When I went to the Olympics, I had every intention of shaving the moustache off, but I realized I was getting so many comments about it—and everybody was talking about it—that I decided to keep it. I had some fun with a Russian coach who asked me if my moustache slowed me down. I said, 'No, as a matter of fact, it deflects water away from my mouth, allows my rear end to rise and make me bullet-shaped in the water, and that's what had allowed me to swim so great.' He's translating as fast as he can for the other coaches, and the following year every Russian male swimmer had a moustache."[41]

According to a Sports Illustrated article, on February 14, 1988, after talking about shaving off his moustache for a year, he finally did. "He looked great with it, don't get me wrong," explained his wife Suzy, "but he looks so handsome without it."[42]

When he was asked why he shaved it off he responded "well, one, I'm not swimming anymore; two, it started to turn gray; and three, my wife had never seen me, nor my family, without the moustache... I'm happy [without it]."[43] He also commented on his moustache in a live, in-studio interview with KCRA host Mike TeSelle on June 14, 2008, Spitz commented that he no longer maintains his iconic moustache because it had become "too gray."

Health issuesEdit

After retirement, Spitz was diagnosed with acid reflux disease, a condition from which his physician thinks he suffered throughout his career.[44] "During my Olympic training, I attributed the symptoms [of acid reflux] to an overexposure to chlorine and eating too soon before and after swimming," says Spitz. "It wasn't until the symptoms began to get in the way of my 1976 Olympic broadcasting career in Montreal, which was four years after retirement that I suspected something more serious must be happening."

He has also reported having high cholesterol and other chronic health issues.[45] "People don't believe that I have high cholesterol, but it's a fact," said Spitz. "I take medication every day because my doctor told me that diet and exercise are not enough to keep my cholesterol down. He is a paid spokesperson for Medco, a pharmacy benefit management company."[46]

Olympic controversiesEdit

1972 medal podium incidentEdit

In 1972, Spitz was accused of product placement during the medal ceremony. Following the 200-meter freestyle race Spitz arrived to obtain his gold medal barefoot and carrying his shoes. He put them down when the American national anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner" was played. After the anthem played, he picked up his shoes and waved to the crowd. The Soviets saw this as product placement. When questioned by the IOC, Spitz explained that the gesture was innocent, the shoes were old and he was not paid. The IOC cleared him of any wrongdoing.[47]

Issues with 2008 Summer OlympicsEdit

Spitz felt snubbed by not being asked to attend the 2008 Olympics to watch Michael Phelps attempt to break his seven gold medal record. In an article, he is quoted as saying, "I never got invited. You don't go to the Olympics just to say, I am going to go. Especially because of who I am....I am going to sit there and watch Michael Phelps break my record anonymously? That's almost demeaning to me. It is not almost—it is."[34]

Spitz has stated that he has no hard feelings towards Phelps. He is, however, unhappy that he was not invited to the 2008 Summer Olympics. As a result, Spitz refused to attend the games.[48] "They voted me one of the top five Olympians of all time. Some of them are dead. But they invited the other ones to go to the Olympics, but not me," he said. "Yes, I am a bit upset about it."[49]

However, on August 14, 2008 Spitz appeared on NBC's Today Show where he clarified his statement and his pride in Michael Phelps:

"It’s about time that somebody else takes the throne. And I’m very happy for him. I really, truly am...I was working with a corporate sponsor who elected not to bring their US contingent over to China, and they piled on more work for me here in the United States, which was great. So I wasn't able to get to the Olympics and watch Michael in the first couple of days. And they thought, some of these reporters, that I was supposed to be invited by some entity, and I told them that that wasn't really the case, that doesn't happen that way. And so, I'm sort of disappointed that I wasn't there, but, you know, that interview somehow took a different turn, and I've done hundreds and hundreds of them and I've been true to form about the way I feel about Michael, and he's doing a great job for the United States and inspiring a lot of great performances by the other team members."[50]

Also on August 14, 2008, in an interview aired on Los Angeles KNBC-4's morning news show, Today in L.A., Spitz was quoted saying he does believe that, "Michael Phelps is the greatest Olympic athlete ever."[51]

On August 15, 2008, as part of an interview on NBC, Spitz said that he felt Phelps' performance in the 100 fly in Beijing was "epic". Spitz paid this compliment to Phelps just two hours after his record-tying seventh gold medal during a live joint interview with Bob Costas:

"You know, Bob and Michael, I wondered what I was going to say at this monumental time, when it would happen and who I would say it to, and of course I thought I was going to say it to you for some time now. But, it's the word that comes to mind, "epic". What you did tonight was epic, and it was epic for the whole world to see how great you really are. I never thought for one moment that you were out of that race and contention, because I watched you at Athens win the race by similar margins, and 18 months ago at the World's by similar margins. And, you know, that is a tribute to your greatness. And now the whole world knows. We are so proud of you Michael here in America, and we are so proud of you and the way that you handle yourself, and you represent such an inspiration to all the youngsters around the world. You know, you weren't born when I did what I did, and I'm sure that I was a part of your inspiration, and I take that as a full compliment. And they say that you judge one's character by the company you keep, and I'm happy to keep company with you. And you have a tremendous responsibility for all those people that you are going to inspire over the next number of years, and I know that you will wear the crown well. Congratulations, Mike."[52]

Views on drug testingEdit

Mark Spitz has been consistent in criticism of both swimming's world bodies, FINA and the IOC, in their incomplete attempts to keep drugs out of the sport. He has felt that not enough has been done to monitor and encourage drug-free participation. In 1998 he criticized FINA for its "embarrassing" attempts to stamp out drug abuse, urging them to test for all known drugs. In September 1999 Spitz said the IOC had the technology to test for a plethora of drugs but was refusing to do so because of some IOC member protests.[53]

During a radio interview in Australia, Spitz was quoted as saying "They don't want to test for everything because there's tremendous pressure from the television networks because they want the television to have athletic competitions with the world record holders there for the finals. They want the medals not to be tainted in their value of accomplishment by winning them, and it's all about ratings and commercial selling of time and about money. And an International Olympic Committee has got their hand in the pockets of the network television people, so there's a tremendous conflict of interest in what they should do and what they're doing."[54]

In August 2008 the Los Angeles Times reported, that Spitz continued to discuss drug testing and was saying "the IOC has sponsors who demand a good show. Television pays the IOC for the rights to that good show, and its sponsors want that too. Drug news and drug distractions are not a good show. People are not going to tune in to see athletes have their medals taken away from them."[55]

RecordsEdit

Preceded by
AUS Michael Wenden
Men's 100 metre freestyle
world record holder (long course)

August 23, 1970 – June 21, 1975
Succeeded by
United States Jim Montgomery
Preceded by
United States Don Schollander
Men's 200 metre freestyle
world record holder (long course)

July 12, 1969 – August 23, 1974
Succeeded by
United States Tim Shaw
Preceded by
ARG Luis Nicolao
Men's 100 metre butterfly
world record holder (long course)

July 31, 1967 – August 27, 1977

Note: Held Jointly with Doug Russell August 29 & October 2, 1967

Succeeded by
United States Joe Bottom
Preceded by

AUS Kevin Berry
United States John Ferris
United States Gary Hall Sr.
FRG Hans-Joachim Fassnacht
Men's 200 metre butterfly
world record holder (long course)

July 26, 1967 – August 30, 1967
October 8, 1967 – August 22, 1970
August 27, 1971 – August 31, 1971
August 2, 1972 – June 3, 1976
Succeeded by

United States John Ferris
United States Gary Hall Sr.
FRG Hans-Joachim Fassnacht
GDR Roger Pyttel

ReferencesEdit

  1. International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame. Jewishsports.net (February 10, 1950). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 www.indiana.edu. www.indiana.edu. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Jewish Virtual Library. ',Spitz',. Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  4. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/1207/14/pmt.01.html
  5. Santa Clara Swim Club. Alumni: Spitz. Santaclaraswimclub.org (November 14, 2007). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  6. Mark Spitz – "Swimming Isn't Everything". Sports.jrank.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  7. Great Jewish Men By Elinor Slater, Robert Slater. Jonathan David Company, 1996. ISBN 0-8246-0381-8
  8. Jewish Virtual Library ',Maccabiah Games',. Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  9. He also won a bronze medal in the 100m freestyle in 00:53:00 at the same games. International Olympic Committee – Athletes
  10. Indiana University Archives. Indiana.edu (May 16, 2003). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  11. Moore, K. Spitz's mark of seven world records in one Olympic meet was equaled by Michael Phelps in 2008 (This was because Phelps's 100 m butterfly win fell short of the world mark). "Bionic Man." Sports Illustrated. October 23, 1989. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
  12. Phelps reaches the end, so limitless and free. NBC 2012 Olympics. http://www.nbcolympics.com+(August 4, 2012). Retrieved on 08/05 2012.
  13. International Swimming Hall of Fame. Ishof.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  14. Mark Spitz. Jewishsports.net (February 10, 1950). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  15. Hof Polls , Team USA. U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame (July 1, 2009). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  16. San Jose Sports Authority – Hall of Fame ,. Sjsa.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  17. Mark Spitz Update. Santa Clara Swim Club (November 14, 2007). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  18. http://fr.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1171894488677&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull
  19. Long Beach City College Athletics. Athletics.lbcc.edu (October 11, 2007). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  20. :Phi Kappa Psi:.:Indiana Beta:. Indiana.edu. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
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  23. 23.0 23.1 Bruns, Bill (July 8, 1974). The Shark Gets Soft – Couples, Olympics, Mark Spitz, Suzy Spitz. People. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  24. His Other Works
  25. Go Daddy to Air New TV Commercial , WHIR Web Hosting Industry News. Thewhir.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  26. 26.0 26.1 IMDb Biography
  27. "Golden glow still follows Spitz", USA Today, August 13, 2004. Retrieved on May 2, 2010.
  28. Mark Spitz. Nndb.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  29. www.gostanford.com
  30. 30.0 30.1 Park, Alice. "10 Questions For Mark Spitz", TIME, 16 August 2004. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  31. the ,United States. Mark Spitz: Biography from. Answers.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  32. The New York Times. International Herald Tribune (March 29, 2009). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  33. http://www.inrich.com/cva/ric/sports.apx.-content-articles-RTD-2008-07-27-0133.html
  34. 34.0 34.1 Spitz, once the star, upset over Beijing snub. Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  35. McGarr, Elizabeth. "Catching up with Mark Spitz", Sports Illustrated, July 21, 2008. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
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  37. Olympic legend backs Istanbul 2020
  38. Olympic Legends: Mark Spitz. Rediff.com (August 10, 2004). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  39. Mark Spitz reveals the story behind his mustache, Around Town. Blogs.mercurynews.com (November 18, 2007). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
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  43. Mark Spitz talks about his mustache (and Michael Phelps). Amny.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  44. Mark Spitz expresses health issues he faced while achieving Olympic dreams. Medicalnewstoday.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  45. Overview of Mark Spitz
  46. Lane 9 News Archive: Industry News: Mark Spitz, Greg Louganis Join Tour of Champions to Educate Americans on Health Care. Swimmingworldmagazine.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
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  48. Related Topics: athletes, olympics, sports. Mark Spitz. Mahalo.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
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  50. Considine, Bob (August 14, 2008). Spitz on Phelps: ‘I’m rooting him on’ – TODAY in Beijing. MSNBC. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
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  55. Dwyre, Bill. "Spitz still a man apart, but not by own choice", Los Angeles Times, August 2, 2008. Retrieved on May 2, 2010.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
United States Carl Osburn
Most career Olympic medals by an American
1972 – 2004
Succeeded by
United States Jenny Thompson
Most career Olympic medals by an American man
1972 – 2008
Succeeded by
United States Michael Phelps

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