|Olympics Attended||1968, 1972|
|Olympic Medals Won|
|Nickname||Mark the Shark|
|Birthdate||10 February 1950|
|Birthplace||Modesto, California, USA|
|Height||6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)|
Between 1968 and 1972, Spitz won nine Olympic golds plus a silver and a bronze, five Pan American golds, 31 US Amateur Athletic Union titles, and eight US National Collegiate Athletic Association titles. During those years, he set 35 world records, but 2 were in trials and unofficial. He was the most successful athlete at the 1972 Summer Olympics. He was named World Swimmer of the Year in 1969, 1971, and 1972 by Swimming World magazine. He was the third athlete to win nine Olympic gold medals.
Spitz was born in Modesto, California, the first of three children of Arnold and Lenore (Smith) Spitz. His family is Jewish. When he was two years old, Spitz's family moved to Honolulu, Hawaii, where he swam at Waikiki Beach every day. "You should have seen that little boy dash into the ocean. He'd run like he was trying to commit suicide." Lenore Spitz told a reporter for Time (April 12, 1968). At age six his family returned to Sacramento, California, and he began to compete at his local swim club. At age nine, he was training at Arden Hills Swim Club in Sacramento with swimming coach Sherm Chavoor, who mentored seven Olympic medal winners including Spitz. Before he was 10, Spitz held 17 national age-group records, and one world record. At 14 his family moved to Santa Clara so Spitz could train with George F. Haines of the Santa Clara Swim Club. From 1964 to 1968 Mark trained with Haines at SCSC and Santa Clara High School. During his four years there, Mark held national high school records in every stroke and in every distance. It was a remarkable and unprecedented achievement. In 1966 at age 16 he won the 100 meter butterfly at the National AAU Championships, the first of his 24 AAU titles. The following year Mark set his first world record at a small California meet in the 400 meter freestyle with a time of 4:10.60, and emerged on the world swimming stage.
The 1965 Maccabiah Games was his first international competition. At age 15 in Tel Aviv, Spitz, won four gold medals and was named the most outstanding athlete.
In 1985 Spitz lit a torch to open the Maccabiah Games.
In 2005 he was a member of the U.S. delegation at the 17th Maccabiah Games. He spoke at the JCC Maccabiah Games Opening Ceremonies, which was held in Richmond, Virginia. The Weinstein JCC in Richmond was one of the Host JCC's for the 2005 games with over 1,000 teenagers participating in various sports, including swimming.
Pan American GamesEdit
In 1967 he won five gold medals at the Pan American Games, thereby setting a record that lasted until 2007 when Brazilian swimmer, Thiago Pereira, won six golds at the XV Pan American Games in Rio de Janeiro.
Holder of ten world records already, Spitz predicted brashly he would win six golds at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. However, he won only two team golds: the 4 × 100 meter freestyle relay in 3:31:70, and the 4 × 200 meter freestyle relay in 7:52:33. In addition, Spitz finished second in the 100m butterfly in 00:56:40. In this event he was beaten by fellow American Doug Russell by a half second, despite holding the world record and having beaten Russell the previous ten times they had swum against each other that year. Russell did briefly match Spitz's world record in late August 1967, holding the world record equally with Spitz for five days before Spitz regained it solely on October 2, 1967. As a result of being beaten by Russell, Spitz did not get to swim in the 4 × 100 meter medley relay, which gave Russell his second gold medal and the USA team another World Record swim.
Disappointed in his 1968 Olympic performance, Spitz decided in January 1969 to swim for the Indiana University Hoosiers to train with legendary coach, Doc Counsilman, who was also his coach in Mexico City. He called choosing Indiana and Counsilman "the biggest decision of my life (and) the best." While at Indiana, Spitz won eight individual NCAA titles. In 1971 he won the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. Spitz also set a number of world records during the U.S. Olympic Swim Trials held in Chicago's Portage Park in 1972.
He was nicknamed "Mark the Shark" by his teammates.
At the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich (West Germany), Spitz was back to maintain his bid for the six gold medals. He did even more, winning seven Olympic gold medals. Further, Spitz set a new world record in each of the seven events (the 100 m freestyle [00:51:22], 200 m freestyle [01:52:78], 100 m butterfly [00:54:27], 200 m butterfly [02:00:70], 4 × 100 m freestyle relay [03:26:42], 4 x 200 m freestyle relay [07:35:78] and the 4 × 100 m medley relay [03:48:16]). Originally Spitz was reluctant to swim the 100m freestyle fearing a less than gold medal finish. Minutes before the race he confessed on the pool deck to ABC's Donna de Varona, "I know I say I don't want to swim before every event but this time I'm serious. If I swim six and win six, I'll be a hero. If I swim seven and win six, I'll be a failure." Spitz won by half a stroke in a world-record 51.22.
Spitz is one of five Olympians to win nine or more career gold medals: Larisa Latynina, Paavo Nurmi and Carl Lewis also have nine;> only swimmer Michael Phelps has won more with 18. Spitz's record of seven gold medals in a single Olympics was not surpassed until Michael Phelps at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
Following the Munich Olympics, even though he was still only 22, Spitz retired from competition.
In 1999 Spitz ranked #33 on ESPN SportsCentury 50 Greatest Athletes, the only aquatic athlete to make the list.
Spitz briefly came out of retirement in 1992 to compete for a place on the U.S. Swimming Team at the Barcelona Games at the age of 41. He was two seconds slower than the requisite qualifying time at the Olympic trials.
Hall of FameEdit
- International Swimming Hall of Fame, Inducted 1977.
- International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, Inducted 1979.
- United States Olympic Hall of Fame, Inducted 1983.
- San Jose Sports Hall of Fame, inducted Wednesday, November 14, 2007.
- National Jewish Museum Sports Hall of Fame, Inducted 2007.
- Long Beach City College Hall of Fame, Inducted 2007
- Indiana University Athletics Hall of Fame
Film and television careerEdit
After swimming retirementEdit
After his retirement from swimming at age 22, he was managed by the William Morris Agency, which tried to get him into show business while his name was still familiar due to his athletic success.
A poster featuring Spitz wearing his swimsuit and seven gold medals made him the hottest pin-up since Betty Grable.
In 1973–74, Spitz appeared on TV's The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson and The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour. On the TV drama Emergency!, he portrayed Pete Barlow, who accidentally shoots his wife (played by Spitz's wife, Suzy). He also appeared briefly on the The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast of then-Governor of California Ronald Reagan in September 1973.
Spitz went to work for ABC Sports in 1976 and worked on many sports presentations, including coverage of the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal and the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. In 1985 he appeared as a TV announcer in Challenge of a Lifetime. He continued as a broadcaster for some time, but within a few years, he was hardly seen as a public figure except perhaps as a commentator for swimming events like the 2004 Summer Olympics. Instead Spitz focused on his real estate company in Beverly Hills and hobbies such as sailing.
In 2006 he received critical praise for his narration of Freedom's Fury, a Hungarian documentary about the Olympic water polo team's famous Blood in the Water match against Russia during the Revolution of 1956—considered the most famous match in water polo history. The film was executive produced by Quentin Tarantino and Lucy Liu, and made its debut at the Tribeca Film Festival.
He appeared in an ad for the California Milk Advisory Board. One of his print advertisements featured the caption "I always drink it-is something I like to do. I want to be loved by the mothers."
In 1974 he was in a number of Schick razors commercials. In 1998 he appeared with Evel Knievel in a TV commercial for PlayStation.
In 2004 he appeared in a TV commercial for Sprint PCS. Then in November 2007, Spitz made a cameo appearance on Amanda Beard's first television commercial (for GoDaddy) featuring her own seven Olympic medals (won between 1996–2004). The ad was entitled "Shock". Also, in 2007 he appeared in the infomercial for the "Orbitrek Elite" fitness workout.
He appeared in a commercial for Lear Capital, a gold investment company. (at 8:13 and 15:42 on a video at http://www.stanpredicts.com/media.php dated February 12, 2011, but the commercial was edited out of the version labeled "Episode 1: Will Massive Amount [sic] Of Oil Be Discovered In Israel?")
In 2012 Spitz appeared in a commercial for Ageless Male, a testosterone supplement.
When Spitz returned from the Olympics, he began dating Suzy Weiner, a UCLA theater student and part-time model, who also was the daughter of one of his father's business acquaintances. Less than a year after the Munich Olympics, they were married on May 6, 1973, in a traditional Jewish service at the Beverly Hills Hotel. They have two sons, Matthew (born October 1981) and Justin (born September 1991). Justin currently is a sophomore at Stanford University, and is on the swim team.
From 1964 to 1968 Spitz attended Santa Clara High School. After graduating he went on to Indiana University. At Indiana University from 1968–72, he was a pre-dental student and member of Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. TIME magazine asked him if he wanted to return to dental school after the Olympics. "I always wanted to be a dentist from the time I was in high school, and I was accepted to dental school in the spring of 1972. I was planning to go, but after the Olympics there were other opportunities. I did some television and speaking engagements, and things just went from there."
In 1972, soon after his return to the US, Spitz landed several lucrative corporate endorsement contracts. He earned about $7 million in a two-year period. However, as the memory of his feat receded, so did his endorsement and promotional deals. As his endorsements faded he started a successful real-estate company in Beverly Hills. He bought a Ferrari and says he made more than $1 million. "A million dollars in 1972 would be equivalent to more than $10 million today," Spitz said. "I did very well, thank you very much." "I would say I was a pioneer. There wasn't anyone who'd gone to the Olympics before me who capitalized the same way on opportunity. It depends on timing, it depends on hype, it depends on the economy, and most importantly, it depends on looks. I mean, I've never seen a magazine of uglies. That's our society. I'm not saying it's right. That's just the facts."
Per his official website, Spitz is self-employed as a corporate spokesperson and motivational speaker. However, Sports Yahoo! lists his occupation as a stock broker and motivational speaker. According to a recent interview "Spitz became a stockbroker in 2002 and has since moved into private equity. He is now also dabbling in the "water business," as he calls it, and is in negotiations to build a water-bottling facility on aquifer-rich land that he and a business partner own.
He has pursued various entrepreneurial projects with former NBA player Rick Barry. He travels the world delivering about 25 lectures a year. His biography, The Extraordinary Life of An Olympic Champion by Richard J. Foster was released in July 2008.
In July 2012 he endorsed Istanbul's bid to host the 2020 Summer Olympics. 
His hobbies include sailing, skiing and collecting art. He has been involved in blue water ocean racing (sailing) and in the summer of 1981 competed in his third Trans-Pac Yacht Race from Los Angeles to Hawaii, finishing third.
Iconic moustache during OlympicsEdit
In an era when other swimmers, male and female, were shaving body hair, he swam with a moustache. When asked why he initially grew one he stated "I grew the moustache because a coach in college said I couldn't grow one." Spitz said he originally grew the moustache as a form of rebellion against the clean-cut look imposed on him in college. “It took a long time to grow,” he said. It took four months to grow, but Spitz was proud of it, he decided the moustache was a "good-luck piece."
Mark Spitz is quoted as saying, "When I went to the Olympics, I had every intention of shaving the moustache off, but I realized I was getting so many comments about it—and everybody was talking about it—that I decided to keep it. I had some fun with a Russian coach who asked me if my moustache slowed me down. I said, 'No, as a matter of fact, it deflects water away from my mouth, allows my rear end to rise and make me bullet-shaped in the water, and that's what had allowed me to swim so great.' He's translating as fast as he can for the other coaches, and the following year every Russian male swimmer had a moustache."
According to a Sports Illustrated article, on February 14, 1988, after talking about shaving off his moustache for a year, he finally did. "He looked great with it, don't get me wrong," explained his wife Suzy, "but he looks so handsome without it."
When he was asked why he shaved it off he responded "well, one, I'm not swimming anymore; two, it started to turn gray; and three, my wife had never seen me, nor my family, without the moustache... I'm happy [without it]." He also commented on his moustache in a live, in-studio interview with KCRA host Mike TeSelle on June 14, 2008, Spitz commented that he no longer maintains his iconic moustache because it had become "too gray."
After retirement, Spitz was diagnosed with acid reflux disease, a condition from which his physician thinks he suffered throughout his career. "During my Olympic training, I attributed the symptoms [of acid reflux] to an overexposure to chlorine and eating too soon before and after swimming," says Spitz. "It wasn't until the symptoms began to get in the way of my 1976 Olympic broadcasting career in Montreal, which was four years after retirement that I suspected something more serious must be happening."
He has also reported having high cholesterol and other chronic health issues. "People don't believe that I have high cholesterol, but it's a fact," said Spitz. "I take medication every day because my doctor told me that diet and exercise are not enough to keep my cholesterol down. He is a paid spokesperson for Medco, a pharmacy benefit management company."
1972 medal podium incidentEdit
In 1972, Spitz was accused of product placement during the medal ceremony. Following the 200-meter freestyle race Spitz arrived to obtain his gold medal barefoot and carrying his shoes. He put them down when the American national anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner" was played. After the anthem played, he picked up his shoes and waved to the crowd. The Soviets saw this as product placement. When questioned by the IOC, Spitz explained that the gesture was innocent, the shoes were old and he was not paid. The IOC cleared him of any wrongdoing.
Issues with 2008 Summer OlympicsEdit
Spitz felt snubbed by not being asked to attend the 2008 Olympics to watch Michael Phelps attempt to break his seven gold medal record. In an article, he is quoted as saying, "I never got invited. You don't go to the Olympics just to say, I am going to go. Especially because of who I am....I am going to sit there and watch Michael Phelps break my record anonymously? That's almost demeaning to me. It is not almost—it is."
Spitz has stated that he has no hard feelings towards Phelps. He is, however, unhappy that he was not invited to the 2008 Summer Olympics. As a result, Spitz refused to attend the games. "They voted me one of the top five Olympians of all time. Some of them are dead. But they invited the other ones to go to the Olympics, but not me," he said. "Yes, I am a bit upset about it."
However, on August 14, 2008 Spitz appeared on NBC's Today Show where he clarified his statement and his pride in Michael Phelps:
"It’s about time that somebody else takes the throne. And I’m very happy for him. I really, truly am...I was working with a corporate sponsor who elected not to bring their US contingent over to China, and they piled on more work for me here in the United States, which was great. So I wasn't able to get to the Olympics and watch Michael in the first couple of days. And they thought, some of these reporters, that I was supposed to be invited by some entity, and I told them that that wasn't really the case, that doesn't happen that way. And so, I'm sort of disappointed that I wasn't there, but, you know, that interview somehow took a different turn, and I've done hundreds and hundreds of them and I've been true to form about the way I feel about Michael, and he's doing a great job for the United States and inspiring a lot of great performances by the other team members."
Also on August 14, 2008, in an interview aired on Los Angeles KNBC-4's morning news show, Today in L.A., Spitz was quoted saying he does believe that, "Michael Phelps is the greatest Olympic athlete ever."
On August 15, 2008, as part of an interview on NBC, Spitz said that he felt Phelps' performance in the 100 fly in Beijing was "epic". Spitz paid this compliment to Phelps just two hours after his record-tying seventh gold medal during a live joint interview with Bob Costas:
"You know, Bob and Michael, I wondered what I was going to say at this monumental time, when it would happen and who I would say it to, and of course I thought I was going to say it to you for some time now. But, it's the word that comes to mind, "epic". What you did tonight was epic, and it was epic for the whole world to see how great you really are. I never thought for one moment that you were out of that race and contention, because I watched you at Athens win the race by similar margins, and 18 months ago at the World's by similar margins. And, you know, that is a tribute to your greatness. And now the whole world knows. We are so proud of you Michael here in America, and we are so proud of you and the way that you handle yourself, and you represent such an inspiration to all the youngsters around the world. You know, you weren't born when I did what I did, and I'm sure that I was a part of your inspiration, and I take that as a full compliment. And they say that you judge one's character by the company you keep, and I'm happy to keep company with you. And you have a tremendous responsibility for all those people that you are going to inspire over the next number of years, and I know that you will wear the crown well. Congratulations, Mike."
Views on drug testingEdit
Mark Spitz has been consistent in criticism of both swimming's world bodies, FINA and the IOC, in their incomplete attempts to keep drugs out of the sport. He has felt that not enough has been done to monitor and encourage drug-free participation. In 1998 he criticized FINA for its "embarrassing" attempts to stamp out drug abuse, urging them to test for all known drugs. In September 1999 Spitz said the IOC had the technology to test for a plethora of drugs but was refusing to do so because of some IOC member protests.
During a radio interview in Australia, Spitz was quoted as saying "They don't want to test for everything because there's tremendous pressure from the television networks because they want the television to have athletic competitions with the world record holders there for the finals. They want the medals not to be tainted in their value of accomplishment by winning them, and it's all about ratings and commercial selling of time and about money. And an International Olympic Committee has got their hand in the pockets of the network television people, so there's a tremendous conflict of interest in what they should do and what they're doing."
In August 2008 the Los Angeles Times reported, that Spitz continued to discuss drug testing and was saying "the IOC has sponsors who demand a good show. Television pays the IOC for the rights to that good show, and its sponsors want that too. Drug news and drug distractions are not a good show. People are not going to tune in to see athletes have their medals taken away from them."
- ↑ International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame. Jewishsports.net (February 10, 1950). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 www.indiana.edu. www.indiana.edu. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Jewish Virtual Library. ',Spitz',. Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/1207/14/pmt.01.html
- ↑ Santa Clara Swim Club. Alumni: Spitz. Santaclaraswimclub.org (November 14, 2007). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Mark Spitz – "Swimming Isn't Everything". Sports.jrank.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Great Jewish Men By Elinor Slater, Robert Slater. Jonathan David Company, 1996. ISBN 0-8246-0381-8
- ↑ Jewish Virtual Library ',Maccabiah Games',. Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ He also won a bronze medal in the 100m freestyle in 00:53:00 at the same games. International Olympic Committee – Athletes
- ↑ Indiana University Archives. Indiana.edu (May 16, 2003). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Moore, K. Spitz's mark of seven world records in one Olympic meet was equaled by Michael Phelps in 2008 (This was because Phelps's 100 m butterfly win fell short of the world mark). "Bionic Man." Sports Illustrated. October 23, 1989. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
- ↑ Phelps reaches the end, so limitless and free. NBC 2012 Olympics. http://www.nbcolympics.com+(August 4, 2012). Retrieved on 08/05 2012.
- ↑ International Swimming Hall of Fame. Ishof.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Mark Spitz. Jewishsports.net (February 10, 1950). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Hof Polls , Team USA. U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame (July 1, 2009). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ San Jose Sports Authority – Hall of Fame ,. Sjsa.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Mark Spitz Update. Santa Clara Swim Club (November 14, 2007). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ http://fr.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1171894488677&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull
- ↑ Long Beach City College Athletics. Athletics.lbcc.edu (October 11, 2007). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ :Phi Kappa Psi:.:Indiana Beta:. Indiana.edu. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 Roberts, M. B.. Spitz lived up to enormous expectations. ESPN.com. ESPN. Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 22.2 Mark Spitz's biography. Panasonic.com (2004). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 Bruns, Bill (July 8, 1974). The Shark Gets Soft – Couples, Olympics, Mark Spitz, Suzy Spitz. People. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ His Other Works
- ↑ Go Daddy to Air New TV Commercial , WHIR Web Hosting Industry News. Thewhir.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 IMDb Biography
- ↑ "Golden glow still follows Spitz", USA Today, August 13, 2004. Retrieved on May 2, 2010.
- ↑ Mark Spitz. Nndb.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ www.gostanford.com
- ↑ 30.0 30.1 Park, Alice. "10 Questions For Mark Spitz", TIME, 16 August 2004. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ the ,United States. Mark Spitz: Biography from. Answers.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ The New York Times. International Herald Tribune (March 29, 2009). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ http://www.inrich.com/cva/ric/sports.apx.-content-articles-RTD-2008-07-27-0133.html
- ↑ 34.0 34.1 Spitz, once the star, upset over Beijing snub. Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ McGarr, Elizabeth. "Catching up with Mark Spitz", Sports Illustrated, July 21, 2008. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Goodman, Dean. "Mark Spitz makes splash about Beijing invite", 2 August 2008. Retrieved on August 16, 2008.
- ↑ Olympic legend backs Istanbul 2020
- ↑ Olympic Legends: Mark Spitz. Rediff.com (August 10, 2004). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Mark Spitz reveals the story behind his mustache, Around Town. Blogs.mercurynews.com (November 18, 2007). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Mark Spitz – Glory Days – Mustache, World, Soviets, Swimmer, Stroke, and Swimming. Sports.jrank.org. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Extremes, Survival, Injuries, Faster Higher Stronger – Fitness Fixer. Healthline.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ "Catching up with Mark Spitz", CNN, July 21, 2008. Retrieved on May 2, 2010.
- ↑ Mark Spitz talks about his mustache (and Michael Phelps). Amny.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Mark Spitz expresses health issues he faced while achieving Olympic dreams. Medicalnewstoday.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Overview of Mark Spitz
- ↑ Lane 9 News Archive: Industry News: Mark Spitz, Greg Louganis Join Tour of Champions to Educate Americans on Health Care. Swimmingworldmagazine.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Roberts, M.B.. Spitz lived up to enormous expectations. ESPN Classic. Retrieved on August 16, 2008.
- ↑ Related Topics: athletes, olympics, sports. Mark Spitz. Mahalo.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ (AFP) – Aug 10, 2008 (August 10, 2008). AFP: Spitz, once the star, upset over Beijing snub. Google. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Considine, Bob (August 14, 2008). Spitz on Phelps: ‘I’m rooting him on’ – TODAY in Beijing. MSNBC. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Breaking News, NBC Los Angeles. Video.knbc.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ "XXIX Summer Olympics, NBC, interview with Bob Costas, August 15, 2008
- ↑ ESPN Classic – Spitz lived up to enormous expectations. ESPN. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ AM Archive – Champion swimmer attacks IOC over drug testing. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (July 31, 2000). Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
- ↑ Dwyre, Bill. "Spitz still a man apart, but not by own choice", Los Angeles Times, August 2, 2008. Retrieved on May 2, 2010.
- Official Website
- Mark Spitz Official Bio
- Mark Spitz ESPN Classic biography
- Mark Spitz Olympic Medals and Stats
|Most career Olympic medals by an American|
1972 – 2004
| Succeeded by|
|Most career Olympic medals by an American man|
1972 – 2008
| Succeeded by|