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A '''National Olympic Committee''' ('''NOC''') is a national constituent of the worldwide Olympic movement. Subject to the controls of the [[International Olympic Committee]], NOCs are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the [[Olympic Games]]. They may nominate cities within their respective areas as candidates for future Olympic Games. NOCs also promote the development of athletes and training of coaches and officials at a national level within their geographies.
 
A '''National Olympic Committee''' ('''NOC''') is a national constituent of the worldwide Olympic movement. Subject to the controls of the [[International Olympic Committee]], NOCs are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the [[Olympic Games]]. They may nominate cities within their respective areas as candidates for future Olympic Games. NOCs also promote the development of athletes and training of coaches and officials at a national level within their geographies.
   
As of 2011, there are 204 NOCs, representing both sovereign nations and other geographical areas. 192 of the 193 [[member states of the United Nations]] have IOC-recognized National Olympic Committees (the exception being [[South Sudan]], which gained its independence on 9 July 2011, and does not yet have a National Olympic Committee<ref>http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/othersports/olympics/8632832/London-2012-Olympics-South-Sudan-can-compete-at-Games.html London 2012 Olympics: South Sudan 'can compete at Games'] ''The Telegraph'', 12 July 2011</</ref>), as do 12 other territories:
+
As of 2011, there are 204 NOCs, representing both sovereign nations and other geographical areas. 192 of the 193 member states of the United Nations have IOC-recognized National Olympic Committees (the exception being [[South Sudan]], which gained its independence on 9 July 2011, and does not yet have a National Olympic Committee<ref>http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/othersports/olympics/8632832/London-2012-Olympics-South-Sudan-can-compete-at-Games.html London 2012 Olympics: South Sudan 'can compete at Games'] ''The Telegraph'', 12 July 2011</</ref>), as do 12 other territories:
 
* [[Taiwan]] designated as ''[[Chinese Taipei]]'' by the IOC
 
* [[Taiwan]] designated as ''[[Chinese Taipei]]'' by the IOC
* [[Palestinian Authority]], designated as ''Palestine'' by the IOC
+
* [[Palestine|Palestinian Authority]], designated as ''Palestine'' by the IOC
* Four [[territories of the United States]]: [[American Samoa]], [[Guam]], [[Puerto Rico]], and [[United States Virgin Islands]] (designated just ''Virgin Islands'' by the IOC)
+
* Four territories of the [[United States]]: [[American Samoa]], [[Guam]], [[Puerto Rico]], and [[United States Virgin Islands]] (designated just ''Virgin Islands'' by the IOC)
* Three [[British overseas territories]]: [[Bermuda]], [[British Virgin Islands]], and [[Cayman Islands]]
+
* Three [[United Kingdom|British overseas territories]]: [[Bermuda]], [[British Virgin Islands]], and [[Cayman Islands]]
* One territory from the [[Kingdom of the Netherlands]] in the Caribbean: [[Aruba]]. The [[Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee|Netherlands Antilles]] lost its status in July 2011 as a result of the [[dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles]] in 2010.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympic.org/media?articleid=112731&articlenewsgroup=-1|date=13 January 2011|accessdate=13 January 2011|title=Executive Board concludes first meeting of the new year|publisher=olympic.org ("Official website of the Olympic movement")}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympic.org/mr-jose-perurena?articleid=133159|title=Curtain comes down on 123rd IOC Session|uitgever=Olympic.org}}</ref>
+
* One territory from the [[Netherlands|Kingdom of the Netherlands]] in the Caribbean: [[Aruba]]. The [[Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee|Netherlands Antilles]] lost its status in July 2011 as a result of the [[dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles]] in 2010.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympic.org/media?articleid=112731&articlenewsgroup=-1|date=13 January 2011|accessdate=13 January 2011|title=Executive Board concludes first meeting of the new year|publisher=olympic.org ("Official website of the Olympic movement")}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.olympic.org/mr-jose-perurena?articleid=133159|title=Curtain comes down on 123rd IOC Session|uitgever=Olympic.org}}</ref>
* [[Hong Kong]], a [[Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China]]
+
* [[Hong Kong]], a Special Administrative Region of the [[China|People's Republic of China]]
* [[Cook Islands]], an [[associated state]] of [[New Zealand]]
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* [[Cook Islands]], an associated state of [[New Zealand]]
   
 
The NOCs are all members of the ''[[Association of National Olympic Committees]]'' (ANOC), which is also split among five continental associations:
 
The NOCs are all members of the ''[[Association of National Olympic Committees]]'' (ANOC), which is also split among five continental associations:
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| '''1978''' || [[Cyprus]]
 
| '''1978''' || [[Cyprus]]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1979''' || [[Bahrain]], [[Laos]], [[Mauritania]], [[Mozambique]], [[People's Republic of China]] (founded 1954), [[Seychelles]], [[Vietnam]]
+
| '''1979''' || [[Bahrain]], [[Laos]], [[Mauritania]], [[Mozambique]], [[China|People's Republic of China]] (founded 1954), [[Seychelles]], [[Vietnam]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''1980''' || [[Angola]], [[Bangladesh]], [[Botswana]], [[Qatar]], [[United Arab Emirates]], [[Zimbabwe]]
 
| '''1980''' || [[Angola]], [[Bangladesh]], [[Botswana]], [[Qatar]], [[United Arab Emirates]], [[Zimbabwe]]
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| '''1991''' || [[Estonia]] (re-established), [[Latvia]] (re-established), [[Lithuania]] (re-established), [[Namibia]], [[South Africa]]
 
| '''1991''' || [[Estonia]] (re-established), [[Latvia]] (re-established), [[Lithuania]] (re-established), [[Namibia]], [[South Africa]]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1993''' || [[Armenia]], [[Azerbaijan]], [[Belarus]], [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]], [[Burundi]], [[Cape Verde]], [[Comoros]], [[Croatia]], [[Czech Republic]], [[Dominica]], [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]], [[Kazakhstan]], [[Kyrgyzstan]], [[Moldova]], [[Republic of Macedonia|Macedonia]], [[Russia]], [[Saint Kitts and Nevis]], [[Saint Lucia]], [[São Tomé and Príncipe]], [[Slovakia]], [[Slovenia]], [[Tajikistan]], [[Turkmenistan]], [[Ukraine]], [[Uzbekistan]]
+
| '''1993''' || [[Armenia]], [[Azerbaijan]], [[Belarus]], [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]], [[Burundi]], [[Cape Verde]], [[Comoros]], [[Croatia]], [[Czech Republic]], [[Dominica]], [[Georgia]], [[Kazakhstan]], [[Kyrgyzstan]], [[Moldova]], [[Republic of Macedonia|Macedonia]], [[Russia]], [[Saint Kitts and Nevis]], [[Saint Lucia]], [[São Tomé and Príncipe]], [[Slovakia]], [[Slovenia]], [[Tajikistan]], [[Turkmenistan]], [[Ukraine]], [[Uzbekistan]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''1994''' || [[Cambodia]], [[Nauru]]
 
| '''1994''' || [[Cambodia]], [[Nauru]]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1995''' || [[Guinea-Bissau]], [[Palestinian territories|Palestine]]
+
| '''1995''' || [[Guinea-Bissau]], [[Palestine]]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1997''' || [[Federated States of Micronesia]]
+
| '''1997''' || [[Micronesia|Federated States of Micronesia]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''1999''' || [[Eritrea]], [[Palau]]
 
| '''1999''' || [[Eritrea]], [[Palau]]
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==Unrecognized National Olympic Committees==
 
==Unrecognized National Olympic Committees==
The [[Macau Sports and Olympic Committee]] was founded in 1987 and has attempted to enroll to the IOC since its foundation, but is still not officially recognized and thus no athlete has participated in the Olympic Games under the name "[[Macau|Macau, China]]". It has, however, [[Macau at the Paralympics|participated in the Paralympic Games]]. The [[Faroe Islands]] have a recognised [[National Paralympic Committee]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.isf.fo/uk/ |title=Ítróttasamband Føroya &#124; Just another WordPress weblog |publisher=Isf.fo |date= |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref> (See [[Faroe Islands at the Paralympics]].)
+
The [[Macau Sports and Olympic Committee]] was founded in 1987 and has attempted to enroll to the IOC since its foundation, but is still not officially recognized and thus no athlete has participated in the Olympic Games under the name "Macau, China". It has, however, participated in the Paralympic Games. The [[Faroe Islands]] have a recognised National Paralympic Committee.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.isf.fo/uk/ |title=Ítróttasamband Føroya &#124; Just another WordPress weblog |publisher=Isf.fo |date= |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref>
   
Other existing countries/regions with unrecognized Olympic committees: [[Catalonia]],<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/dp/0521586151 Freedom for Catalonia?: Catalan Nationalism, Spanish Identity and the Barcelona Olympic Games (Cambridge Cultural Social Sciences) (9780521586153): John Hargreaves: Books]. Amazon.com. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.</ref> [[Gibraltar]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.andalucia.com/gibraltar/sport.htm |title=www.andalucia.com |publisher=www.andalucia.com |date= |accessdate=2012-06-20}}</ref> [[French Polynesia]],<ref>[http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-8195406_ITM Article: Miss Tahiti 2003 stripped of her title. | AccessMyLibrary - Promoting library advocacy]. AccessMyLibrary (2005-06-03). Retrieved on 2009-10-24.</ref> [[Niue]],<ref>[http://www.sportingpulse.com/assoc_page.cgi?c=2-3851-0-0-0&sID=134809 SportingPulse Homepage for Niue Island Sports Association and National Olympic Committee]. Sportingpulse.com. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.</ref> [[Republic of Kosovo|Kosovo]],<ref>[[Olympic Committee of Kosovo|Olympic Committee of Kosovo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia]]. En.wikipedia.org (2009-08-29). Retrieved on 2009-10-24.</ref> [[Somaliland]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://somalilandolympics.org/ |title=Website ka wasaaradda Dhalinyaradda Iyo Ciyaaraha Somaliland - Homepage |publisher=Somalilandolympics.org |date=2010-01-18 |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref> [[New Caledonia]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sportingpulse.com/assoc_page.cgi?c=2-3850-0-0-0 |title=New Caledonia National Olympic Committee |publisher=SportingPulse |date= |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref> [[Kurdistan]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.kurdishglobe.net/displayArticle.jsp?id=11301963491D9371927E24F3508532C6 |title=Dispaly Article |publisher=Kurdishglobe.net |date=2010-01-16 |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref><ref>http://www.sportcountries.org/fileadmin/user_upload/documents/conference_2008/INSCRITS_DEFINITIU.pdf{{dead link|date=August 2010}}</ref> [[Northern Cyprus]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.embargoed.org/press_releases.php?id=51 |title=Embargo! Time to end the unjust embargoes against the people of North Cyprus |publisher=Embargoed.org |date= |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref> [[Abkhazia]],<ref>[http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,645068,00.html The ABC Republic: Abkhazia Attempts to Invent Itself - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International]. Spiegel.de. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.</ref>, [[Indigenous peoples of the Americas|Native Americans]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nativevoices.org/articles/native_plympic_team.htm |title=Native Americans seek recognition |publisher=Nativevoices.org |date=2006-02-27 |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://enewschannels.com/2009/07/10/enc7921_124722.php |title=Jim Thorpe’s Sons Bolster Native American Olympic Dream : Fri, 10 Jul 2009 : eNewsChannels |publisher=Enewschannels.com |date=2009-07-10 |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref> the [[Northern Mariana Islands]], [[Anguilla]], [[Montserrat]], and [[Turks and Caicos Islands|Turks & Caicos Islands]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://canoc.net/component/option,com_contxtd/catid,14/Itemid,32/ |title=CANOC Members |publisher=canoc.net |date= |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref>
+
Other existing countries/regions with unrecognized Olympic committees: [[Catalonia]],<ref>[http://www.amazon.com/dp/0521586151 Freedom for Catalonia?: Catalan Nationalism, Spanish Identity and the Barcelona Olympic Games (Cambridge Cultural Social Sciences) (9780521586153): John Hargreaves: Books]. Amazon.com. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.</ref> [[Gibraltar]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.andalucia.com/gibraltar/sport.htm |title=www.andalucia.com |publisher=www.andalucia.com |date= |accessdate=2012-06-20}}</ref> [[French Polynesia]],<ref>[http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-8195406_ITM Article: Miss Tahiti 2003 stripped of her title. | AccessMyLibrary - Promoting library advocacy]. AccessMyLibrary (2005-06-03). Retrieved on 2009-10-24.</ref> [[Niue]],<ref>[http://www.sportingpulse.com/assoc_page.cgi?c=2-3851-0-0-0&sID=134809 SportingPulse Homepage for Niue Island Sports Association and National Olympic Committee]. Sportingpulse.com. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.</ref> [[Kosovo]],<ref>[[Olympic Committee of Kosovo|Olympic Committee of Kosovo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia]]. En.wikipedia.org (2009-08-29). Retrieved on 2009-10-24.</ref> [[Somaliland]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://somalilandolympics.org/ |title=Website ka wasaaradda Dhalinyaradda Iyo Ciyaaraha Somaliland - Homepage |publisher=Somalilandolympics.org |date=2010-01-18 |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref> [[New Caledonia]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sportingpulse.com/assoc_page.cgi?c=2-3850-0-0-0 |title=New Caledonia National Olympic Committee |publisher=SportingPulse |date= |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref> [[Kurdistan]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.kurdishglobe.net/displayArticle.jsp?id=11301963491D9371927E24F3508532C6 |title=Dispaly Article |publisher=Kurdishglobe.net |date=2010-01-16 |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref><ref>http://www.sportcountries.org/fileadmin/user_upload/documents/conference_2008/INSCRITS_DEFINITIU.pdf </ref> [[Northern Cyprus]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.embargoed.org/press_releases.php?id=51 |title=Embargo! Time to end the unjust embargoes against the people of North Cyprus |publisher=Embargoed.org |date= |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref> [[Abkhazia]],<ref>[http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,645068,00.html The ABC Republic: Abkhazia Attempts to Invent Itself - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International]. Spiegel.de. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.</ref>, [[Native Americans]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nativevoices.org/articles/native_plympic_team.htm |title=Native Americans seek recognition |publisher=Nativevoices.org |date=2006-02-27 |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://enewschannels.com/2009/07/10/enc7921_124722.php |title=Jim Thorpe’s Sons Bolster Native American Olympic Dream : Fri, 10 Jul 2009 : eNewsChannels |publisher=Enewschannels.com |date=2009-07-10 |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref> the [[Northern Mariana Islands]], [[Anguilla]], [[Montserrat]], and [[Turks and Caicos Islands|Turks & Caicos Islands]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://canoc.net/component/option,com_contxtd/catid,14/Itemid,32/ |title=CANOC Members |publisher=canoc.net |date= |accessdate=2010-08-16}}</ref>
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==

Latest revision as of 07:20, August 14, 2012

A National Olympic Committee (NOC) is a national constituent of the worldwide Olympic movement. Subject to the controls of the International Olympic Committee, NOCs are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the Olympic Games. They may nominate cities within their respective areas as candidates for future Olympic Games. NOCs also promote the development of athletes and training of coaches and officials at a national level within their geographies.

As of 2011, there are 204 NOCs, representing both sovereign nations and other geographical areas. 192 of the 193 member states of the United Nations have IOC-recognized National Olympic Committees (the exception being South Sudan, which gained its independence on 9 July 2011, and does not yet have a National Olympic Committee[1]), as do 12 other territories:

The NOCs are all members of the Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC), which is also split among five continental associations:

Continent Association NOCs Oldest NOC Newest NOC
180px Template:Legend Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa 53 Egypt (1910) Eritrea (1999)
Template:Legend Pan American Sports Organization 41 United States (1894) Dominica (1993)
Saint Kitts and Nevis (1993)
Saint Lucia (1993)
Template:Legend Olympic Council of Asia 44[4] Japan, Philippines (1912) Timor-Leste (2003)
Template:Legend European Olympic Committees 49 France (1894) Montenegro (2007)
Template:Legend Oceania National Olympic Committees 17 Australia (1895) Tuvalu (2007)

See the article for each continental association for the complete lists of all NOCs.

List of NOCs by recognition dateEdit

Below is a chronological list of the 204 NOCs recognized by the International Olympic Committee, since its foundation in 1894. Many of these committees were founded many years before their official recognition, while others were immediately accepted after being founded. Former states, nowadays non-existent (e.g. Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands Antilles, etc.), are not listed, only the current states derived from them (f.i. the Czech Olympic Committee representing Bohemia was created and recognized in 1899 already, later transformed into the Czechoslovak Olympic Committee and after the split of Czechoslovakia recognized again in 1993).

1894 France, United States
1895 Australia, Germany, Greece, Hungary
1900 Norway
1905 Denmark, Great Britain
1906 Belgium
1907 Canada, Finland
1909 Portugal
1910 Egypt
1911 Turkey
1912 Austria, Japan, Philippines, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Serbia,[5] Spain, Switzerland
1913 Sweden
1914 Romania
1915 Italy
1919 New Zealand, Poland
1922 Ireland, Latvia
1923 Argentina, Estonia, Mexico, Uruguay
1924 Bulgaria, Haiti, Lithuania
1927 India
1933 Israel (then Eretz Israel)
1934 Chile
1935 Brazil, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Venezuela
1936 Afghanistan, Bermuda, Bolivia, Jamaica, Malta, Peru
1937 Sri Lanka (then Ceylon)
1947 Guatemala, Iran, Myanmar (then Burma), Panama, South Korea (designated Korea by the IOC)
1948 Colombia, Guyana (then British Guiana), Iraq, Lebanon, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Syria, Trinidad and Tobago
1950 Thailand
1951 Hong Kong, Nigeria
1952 Bahamas, Ghana (then Gold Coast), Indonesia, Israel (re-established)
1953 Monaco
1954 Costa Rica, Cuba, Ethiopia, Malaysia (then Malaya)
1955 Barbados, Fiji, Kenya, Liberia
1956 Honduras, Uganda
1957 North Korea, Tunisia
1959 Albania, Ecuador, Morocco, Nicaragua, San Marino, Sudan, Suriname
1960 Chinese Taipei (then Republic of China founded 1922)
1962 Benin (then Dahomey), Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Mongolia
1963 Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire (then Ivory Coast), Jordan, Libya, Mali, Nepal, Senegal
1964 Algeria, Chad, Madagascar, Niger, Congo, Sierra Leone, Zambia
1965 Central African Republic, Guinea, Saudi Arabia, Togo
1966 Kuwait
1967 Belize (then British Honduras), Virgin Islands
1968 Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Malawi, Tanzania
1970 Paraguay
1972 Burkina Faso (then Upper Volta), Lesotho, Mauritius, Somalia, Swaziland
1974 Papua New Guinea
1975 Andorra
1976 Antigua and Barbuda, Cayman Islands, Gambia
1978 Cyprus
1979 Bahrain, Laos, Mauritania, Mozambique, People's Republic of China (founded 1954), Seychelles, Vietnam
1980 Angola, Bangladesh, Botswana, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Zimbabwe
1981 Yemen
1982 British Virgin Islands, Oman
1983 Bhutan, Samoa (then Western Samoa), Solomon Islands
1984 Brunei, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Grenada, Rwanda, Tonga
1985 Maldives
1986 Aruba, Cook Islands, Guam
1987 American Samoa, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Vanuatu
1991 Estonia (re-established), Latvia (re-established), Lithuania (re-established), Namibia, South Africa
1993 Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi, Cape Verde, Comoros, Croatia, Czech Republic, Dominica, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Macedonia, Russia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, São Tomé and Príncipe, Slovakia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
1994 Cambodia, Nauru
1995 Guinea-Bissau, Palestine
1997 Federated States of Micronesia
1999 Eritrea, Palau
2003 Kiribati, Timor-Leste
2006 Marshall Islands
2008 Montenegro, Tuvalu

Unrecognized National Olympic CommitteesEdit

The Macau Sports and Olympic Committee was founded in 1987 and has attempted to enroll to the IOC since its foundation, but is still not officially recognized and thus no athlete has participated in the Olympic Games under the name "Macau, China". It has, however, participated in the Paralympic Games. The Faroe Islands have a recognised National Paralympic Committee.[6]

Other existing countries/regions with unrecognized Olympic committees: Catalonia,[7] Gibraltar,[8] French Polynesia,[9] Niue,[10] Kosovo,[11] Somaliland,[12] New Caledonia,[13] Kurdistan,[14][15] Northern Cyprus,[16] Abkhazia,[17], Native Americans,[18][19] the Northern Mariana Islands, Anguilla, Montserrat, and Turks & Caicos Islands.[20]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/othersports/olympics/8632832/London-2012-Olympics-South-Sudan-can-compete-at-Games.html London 2012 Olympics: South Sudan 'can compete at Games'] The Telegraph, 12 July 2011</
  2. Executive Board concludes first meeting of the new year. olympic.org ("Official website of the Olympic movement") (13 January 2011). Retrieved on 13 January 2011.
  3. Curtain comes down on 123rd IOC Session.
  4. The OCA includes 45 NOCs; the Macau Sports and Olympic Committee is not recognized by the IOC and Macau does not compete at the Olympic Games.
  5. The Olympic Committee of Serbia
  6. Ítróttasamband Føroya | Just another WordPress weblog. Isf.fo. Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
  7. Freedom for Catalonia?: Catalan Nationalism, Spanish Identity and the Barcelona Olympic Games (Cambridge Cultural Social Sciences) (9780521586153): John Hargreaves: Books. Amazon.com. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
  8. www.andalucia.com. www.andalucia.com. Retrieved on 2012-06-20.
  9. Article: Miss Tahiti 2003 stripped of her title. | AccessMyLibrary - Promoting library advocacy. AccessMyLibrary (2005-06-03). Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
  10. SportingPulse Homepage for Niue Island Sports Association and National Olympic Committee. Sportingpulse.com. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
  11. Olympic Committee of Kosovo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. En.wikipedia.org (2009-08-29). Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
  12. Website ka wasaaradda Dhalinyaradda Iyo Ciyaaraha Somaliland - Homepage. Somalilandolympics.org (2010-01-18). Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
  13. New Caledonia National Olympic Committee. SportingPulse. Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
  14. Dispaly Article. Kurdishglobe.net (2010-01-16). Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
  15. http://www.sportcountries.org/fileadmin/user_upload/documents/conference_2008/INSCRITS_DEFINITIU.pdf
  16. Embargo! Time to end the unjust embargoes against the people of North Cyprus. Embargoed.org. Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
  17. The ABC Republic: Abkhazia Attempts to Invent Itself - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International. Spiegel.de. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
  18. Native Americans seek recognition. Nativevoices.org (2006-02-27). Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
  19. Jim Thorpe’s Sons Bolster Native American Olympic Dream : Fri, 10 Jul 2009 : eNewsChannels. Enewschannels.com (2009-07-10). Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
  20. CANOC Members. canoc.net. Retrieved on 2010-08-16.

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