A National Olympic Committee (NOC) is a national constituent of the worldwide Olympic movement. Subject to the controls of the International Olympic Committee, NOCs are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the Olympic Games. They may nominate cities within their respective areas as candidates for future Olympic Games. NOCs also promote the development of athletes and training of coaches and officials at a national level within their geographies.
As of 2011, there are 204 NOCs, representing both sovereign nations and other geographical areas. 192 of the 193 member states of the United Nations have IOC-recognized National Olympic Committees (the exception being South Sudan, which gained its independence on 9 July 2011, and does not yet have a National Olympic Committee), as do 12 other territories:
- Taiwan designated as Chinese Taipei by the IOC
- Palestinian Authority, designated as Palestine by the IOC
- Four territories of the United States: American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and United States Virgin Islands (designated just Virgin Islands by the IOC)
- Three British overseas territories: Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, and Cayman Islands
- One territory from the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean: Aruba. The Netherlands Antilles lost its status in July 2011 as a result of the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010.
- Hong Kong, a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
- Cook Islands, an associated state of New Zealand
The NOCs are all members of the Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC), which is also split among five continental associations:
|Continent||Association||NOCs||Oldest NOC||Newest NOC|
|180px||Template:Legend||Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa||53||Egypt (1910)||Eritrea (1999)|
|Template:Legend||Pan American Sports Organization||41||United States (1894)|| Dominica (1993)|
Saint Kitts and Nevis (1993)
Saint Lucia (1993)
|Template:Legend||Olympic Council of Asia||44||Japan, Philippines (1912)||Timor-Leste (2003)|
|Template:Legend||European Olympic Committees||49||France (1894)||Montenegro (2007)|
|Template:Legend||Oceania National Olympic Committees||17||Australia (1895)||Tuvalu (2007)|
See the article for each continental association for the complete lists of all NOCs.
List of NOCs by recognition date
Below is a chronological list of the 204 NOCs recognized by the International Olympic Committee, since its foundation in 1894. Many of these committees were founded many years before their official recognition, while others were immediately accepted after being founded. Former states, nowadays non-existent (e.g. Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands Antilles, etc.), are not listed, only the current states derived from them (f.i. the Czech Olympic Committee representing Bohemia was created and recognized in 1899 already, later transformed into the Czechoslovak Olympic Committee and after the split of Czechoslovakia recognized again in 1993).
Unrecognized National Olympic Committees
The Macau Sports and Olympic Committee was founded in 1987 and has attempted to enroll to the IOC since its foundation, but is still not officially recognized and thus no athlete has participated in the Olympic Games under the name "Macau, China". It has, however, participated in the Paralympic Games. The Faroe Islands have a recognised National Paralympic Committee. (See Faroe Islands at the Paralympics.)
Other existing countries/regions with unrecognized Olympic committees: Catalonia, Gibraltar, French Polynesia, Niue, Kosovo, Somaliland, New Caledonia, Kurdistan, Northern Cyprus, Abkhazia,, Native Americans, the Northern Mariana Islands, Anguilla, Montserrat, and Turks & Caicos Islands.
- National Olympic Committees. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on 2008-01-21.
- Association of National Olympic Committees website
- ↑ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/othersports/olympics/8632832/London-2012-Olympics-South-Sudan-can-compete-at-Games.html London 2012 Olympics: South Sudan 'can compete at Games'] The Telegraph, 12 July 2011</
- ↑ Executive Board concludes first meeting of the new year. olympic.org ("Official website of the Olympic movement") (13 January 2011). Retrieved on 13 January 2011.
- ↑ Curtain comes down on 123rd IOC Session.
- ↑ The OCA includes 45 NOCs; the Macau Sports and Olympic Committee is not recognized by the IOC and Macau does not compete at the Olympic Games.
- ↑ The Olympic Committee of Serbia
- ↑ Ítróttasamband Føroya | Just another WordPress weblog. Isf.fo. Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
- ↑ Freedom for Catalonia?: Catalan Nationalism, Spanish Identity and the Barcelona Olympic Games (Cambridge Cultural Social Sciences) (9780521586153): John Hargreaves: Books. Amazon.com. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
- ↑ www.andalucia.com. www.andalucia.com. Retrieved on 2012-06-20.
- ↑ Article: Miss Tahiti 2003 stripped of her title. | AccessMyLibrary - Promoting library advocacy. AccessMyLibrary (2005-06-03). Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
- ↑ SportingPulse Homepage for Niue Island Sports Association and National Olympic Committee. Sportingpulse.com. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
- ↑ Olympic Committee of Kosovo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. En.wikipedia.org (2009-08-29). Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
- ↑ Website ka wasaaradda Dhalinyaradda Iyo Ciyaaraha Somaliland - Homepage. Somalilandolympics.org (2010-01-18). Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
- ↑ New Caledonia National Olympic Committee. SportingPulse. Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
- ↑ Dispaly Article. Kurdishglobe.net (2010-01-16). Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
- ↑ http://www.sportcountries.org/fileadmin/user_upload/documents/conference_2008/INSCRITS_DEFINITIU.pdfTemplate:Fix
- ↑ Embargo! Time to end the unjust embargoes against the people of North Cyprus. Embargoed.org. Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
- ↑ The ABC Republic: Abkhazia Attempts to Invent Itself - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International. Spiegel.de. Retrieved on 2009-10-24.
- ↑ Native Americans seek recognition. Nativevoices.org (2006-02-27). Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
- ↑ Jim Thorpe’s Sons Bolster Native American Olympic Dream : Fri, 10 Jul 2009 : eNewsChannels. Enewschannels.com (2009-07-10). Retrieved on 2010-08-16.
- ↑ CANOC Members. canoc.net. Retrieved on 2010-08-16.