Location on Map
|Years Hosted Olympics||1980 Summer (as Soviet Union), 2014 Winter|
|Years Attended Olympics||1900, 1908, 1912, 1994-2012|
|Gold Medals 2008 Summer||23|
|Gold Medals 2010 Winter||3|
|Total Olympic Medals|
|National Olympic Committee|
||Russian Olympic Committee (ROC)|
Russia has competed at the modern Olympic Games on many occasions, but as different nations in its history. As the Russian Empire, the nation first competed at the 1900 Games, and returned again in 1908 and 1912. After the Russian revolution in 1917, and the subsequent establishment of the Soviet Union in 1922, it would be forty years until Russian athletes once again competed at the Olympics, as part of the Soviet Union at the 1952 Summer Olympics. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia competed as part of the Unified Team in 1992, and finally returned once again as Russia at the 1994 Winter Olympics.
Russian athletes have won a total of 324 medals (316 since 1994) at the Summer Olympic Games and another 76 at the Winter Olympic Games. Over the most recent eight Games (since 1994), Russia's 392 total medals, including 141 gold medals, are second only to the United States (with 489 and 183, respectively).
The Russian Olympic Committee was created in 1991 and recognized in 1993.