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|Optional caption=Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics official logo
 
|Optional caption=Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics official logo
 
|Motto="Hot. Cool. Yours."<ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.sochi2014.com/en/media/news/59607/|title=Sochi 2014 Reveals its Slogan| work=Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games Organizing Committee| date=25 September 2012| accessdate=29 September 2012}}</ref> (Russian: Жаркие. Зимние. Твои.)
 
|Motto="Hot. Cool. Yours."<ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.sochi2014.com/en/media/news/59607/|title=Sochi 2014 Reveals its Slogan| work=Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games Organizing Committee| date=25 September 2012| accessdate=29 September 2012}}</ref> (Russian: Жаркие. Зимние. Твои.)
|Nations participating = 37 (qualified)<br>82+/- (estimated)
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|Nations participating = 88
|Athletes participating = 2500+ (estimated)
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|Athletes participating = 2800+
 
|Officially opened by = <!-- Vladimir Putin -->
 
|Officially opened by = <!-- Vladimir Putin -->
 
|Athlete's Oath = <!-- Name of athlete -->
 
|Athlete's Oath = <!-- Name of athlete -->
 
|Judge's Oath = <!-- Name of judge/official who swore the Olympic Oath -->
 
|Judge's Oath = <!-- Name of judge/official who swore the Olympic Oath -->
 
|Coach's Oath = <!-- Name of coach who swore the Olympic Oath -->
 
|Coach's Oath = <!-- Name of coach who swore the Olympic Oath -->
|Olympic Torch = <!-- Name of last torch bearer -->
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|Olympic Torch. = <!-- Name of last torch bearer -->
 
}}
 
}}
 
<!--{{2014 Winter Olympics}}-->
 
<!--{{2014 Winter Olympics}}-->
   
[[File:100 Olympic rubles.jpg|thumb|150px|100 [[Russian ruble]] banknote issued in 2013 to commemorate the Games]]
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The '''2014 Winter Olympics''', officially the '''XXII Olympic Winter Games''', or the 22nd [[Winter Olympic Games]], took place 7 to 23 February 2014, in [[Sochi]],<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-15325178|title=Sochi 2014: A look at Russia's Olympic city|work=BBC News|first=Matthew|last=Pinsent|date=15 October 2011|accessdate=15 October 2011}}</ref> [[Russia]], with some events held in the resort town of Krasnaya Polyana. Ninety-eight events in fifteen winter sports were held. Both the Olympics and [[2014 Winter Paralympics]] were organized by the [[Sochi Organizing Committee]] (SOC).
   
The '''2014 Winter Olympics''', officially the '''XXII Olympic Winter Games''', or the 22nd [[Winter Olympics]], are scheduled to take place 7 to 23 February 2014, in [[Sochi]],<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-15325178|title=Sochi 2014: A look at Russia's Olympic city|work=BBC News|first=Matthew|last=Pinsent|date=15 October 2011|accessdate=15 October 2011}}</ref> [[Russia]], with some events held in the resort town of [[Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi, Krasnodar Krai|Krasnaya Polyana]]. Ninety-eight events in fifteen winter sports will be held. Both the Olympics and [[2014 Winter Paralympics]] are being organized by the [[Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Organizing Committee|Sochi Organizing Committee]] (SOC).
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Sochi was selected as the host city on July 4, 2007, during the 119th I.O.C. Session held in Guatemala City,<ref name="GamesBids2014">{{cite web|url=http://www.gamesbids.com/english/bids/2014.shtml|title=2014 Winter Olympic Games bids|publisher=GamesBids|accessdate=2 April 2007}}</ref> defeating bids from Salzburg, Austria, and Pyeongchang, South Korea. The Sochi Olympics became the first Winter Olympics (and first Olympics altogether) for the Russian Federation, since the [[Moscow 1980|1980 Summer Olympics]] were in Moscow when that was the capital of the Soviet Union.
   
Sochi was selected as the host city on July 4, 2007, during the 119th I.O.C. Session held in Guatemala City,<ref name="GamesBids2014">{{cite web|url=http://www.gamesbids.com/english/bids/2014.shtml|title=2014 Winter Olympic Games bids|publisher=GamesBids|accessdate=2 April 2007}}</ref> defeating bids from [[Salzburg]], [[Austria]], and [[Pyeongchang]], [[South Korea]]. The Sochi Olympics will be the first Winter Olympics (and first Olympics altogether) for the Russian Federation, since the [[Moscow 1980|1980 Summer Olympics]] were in [[Moscow]] when that was the capital of the [[Soviet Union]].
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Construction in preparation for the Games involved the building of new venues; and modernizing the telecommunications, electric power, and transportation systems of this area. These improvements included the construction of a new Olympic Park along the coast of the Black Sea in the Imeretin Valley, with several buildings clustered in that area. The venues in Krasnaya Polyana were new, also.
 
Construction in preparation for the Games involves the building of new venues; and modernizing the telecommunications, electric power, and transportation systems of this area. These improvements will include the construction of a new Olympic Park along the coast of the Black Sea in the [[Imeretin Valley]], with several buildings clustered in that area. The venues in [[Krasnaya Polyana]] will be new, also.
 
   
 
==Organization==
 
==Organization==
   
 
===Bid and preparations===
 
===Bid and preparations===
{{Main|2014 Winter Olympics bids}}
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Sochi was elected on July 4, 2007, during the 119th [[International Olympic Committee]] (IOC) session held in Guatemala City, Guatemala.<ref>[http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=2221 Sochi Elected as Host City of XXII Olympic Winter Games] International Olympic Committee, 4 July 2007</ref> This will be the first time that the Russian Federation will host the Winter Olympics. The U.S.S.R. was the host of the [[Moscow 1980|1980 Summer Olympics]] held in and around Moscow.
 
Sochi was elected on July 4, 2007, during the 119th [[International Olympic Committee]] (IOC) session held in Guatemala City, Guatemala.<ref>[http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=2221 Sochi Elected as Host City of XXII Olympic Winter Games] International Olympic Committee, 4 July 2007</ref> This will be the first time that the [[Russian Federation]] will host the Winter Olympics. The [[Soviet Union at the 1980 Summer Olympics|U.S.S.R.]] was the host of the [[Moscow 1980|1980 Summer Olympics]] held in and around [[Moscow]].
 
   
 
{|class=wikitable
 
{|class=wikitable
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| style="background:silver;"|'''Round 2'''
 
| style="background:silver;"|'''Round 2'''
 
|-
 
|-
|''' [[Sochi]]'''
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|'''[[Sochi]]'''
|''' {{RUS}}'''
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|[[File:Flag-russia.gif|left|16px|link=]] [[Russia]]
 
| style="text-align:center;"| 34
 
| style="text-align:center;"| 34
 
| style="text-align:center;"| '''51'''
 
| style="text-align:center;"| '''51'''
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Pyeongchang]]
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| Pyeongchang
| {{KOR}}
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|[[File:Southkorea.png|left|16px|link=]] [[South Korea]]
 
| style="text-align:center;"| '''36'''
 
| style="text-align:center;"| '''36'''
 
| style="text-align:center;"| 47
 
| style="text-align:center;"| 47
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Salzburg]]
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| Salzburg
| {{AUT}}
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|[[File:Austria-flag.jpg|left|16px|link=]] [[Austria]]
 
| style="text-align:center;"| 25
 
| style="text-align:center;"| 25
 
| style="text-align:center;"| –
 
| style="text-align:center;"| –
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===Financials===
 
===Financials===
{{Update|inaccurate=yes|section|date=February 2013}}
 
 
{| class="wikitable" style="float:right;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="float:right;"
 
|- style="background:#e7e7e7;"
 
|- style="background:#e7e7e7;"
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|- style="background:#efefef;"
 
|- style="background:#efefef;"
 
| style="background:silver;"| Year
 
| style="background:silver;"| Year
| style="background:silver;"|'''Billions of [[Russian ruble|rubles]]'''<ref>[http://www.interfax.ru/r/B/0/0.html?id_issue=11785572 Interfax]{{dead link|date=July 2012}}</ref>
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| style="background:silver;"|'''Billions of rubles'''<ref>[http://www.interfax.ru/r/B/0/0.html?id_issue=11785572 Interfax]{{dead link|date=July 2012}}</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2006
 
| 2006
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|}
 
|}
   
According to [[Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Organizing Committee]] President and CEO [[Dmitry Chernyshenko]], the successful partnership and commercial programs allowed the use of funds generated by Sochi 2014 for the 2009–2010 development period, postponing the need for the state funds guaranteed by the Russian Government. He confirmed that the Organizing Committee successfully generated more than $500&nbsp;million through the marketing program in the first five months of 2009.<ref name="financing">[http://www.sochi2014.com/en/media/news/36751/ Sochi 2014 Confirms Ability to Self-finance in 2009–10] Sochi 2014, 2 June 2009</ref>
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According to Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Organizing Committee President and CEO Dmitry Chernyshenko, the successful partnership and commercial programs allowed the use of funds generated by Sochi 2014 for the 2009–2010 development period, postponing the need for the state funds guaranteed by the Russian Government. He confirmed that the Organizing Committee successfully generated more than $500&nbsp;million through the marketing program in the first five months of 2009.<ref name="financing">[http://www.sochi2014.com/en/media/news/36751/ Sochi 2014 Confirms Ability to Self-finance in 2009–10] Sochi 2014, 2 June 2009</ref>
   
Russia provides nearly 327&nbsp;billion rubles (approximately US$9.964&nbsp;billion) for the total development, expansion and hosting of the Games.{{citation needed|date=September 2012}} 192.4&nbsp;billion coming from the federal budget and 7.1&nbsp;billion from the [[Krasnodar Krai]] budget and from the Sochi budget. The organizers expect to have a surplus of US$300 million when the Games conclude.<ref>[http://www.gamesbids.com/eng/other_news/1216135928.html Sochi 2014 Expects $300 Million Surplus] GamesBids.com, 14 October 2011</ref>
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Russia provides nearly 327&nbsp;billion rubles (approximately US$9.964&nbsp;billion) for the total development, expansion and hosting of the Games. 192.4&nbsp;billion coming from the federal budget and 7.1&nbsp;billion from the Krasnodar Krai budget and from the Sochi budget. The organizers expect to have a surplus of US$300 million when the Games conclude.<ref>[http://www.gamesbids.com/eng/other_news/1216135928.html Sochi 2014 Expects $300 Million Surplus] GamesBids.com, 14 October 2011</ref>
   
 
Financing from non-budget sources (including private investor funds) is distributed as follows:<ref name="analyzed">[http://www.rosbalt.biz/2007/10/1/306566.html Experts analyzed which industries are most interested in Sochi Olympics]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} Rosbalt.biz, 6 July 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
 
Financing from non-budget sources (including private investor funds) is distributed as follows:<ref name="analyzed">[http://www.rosbalt.biz/2007/10/1/306566.html Experts analyzed which industries are most interested in Sochi Olympics]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} Rosbalt.biz, 6 July 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
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{{Main|Venues of the 2014 Winter Olympics}}
 
{{Main|Venues of the 2014 Winter Olympics}}
   
With an average February temperature of 8.3 °C (42.8 °F) and having a humid subtropical climate, Sochi will be the warmest city to have ever hosted a Winter Olympic Games.<ref>[http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Olympics/2010/0301/Vancouver-Olympics-Embarrassed-Russia-looks-to-2014-Sochi-Olympics Vancouver Olympics: Embarrassed Russia looks to 2014 Sochi Olympics] The Christian Science Monitor, 1 March 2010</ref>
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With an average February temperature of 8.3 °C (42.8 °F) and having a humid subtropical climate, Sochi is the warmest city to have ever hosted a Winter Olympic Games.<ref>[http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Olympics/2010/0301/Vancouver-Olympics-Embarrassed-Russia-looks-to-2014-Sochi-Olympics Vancouver Olympics: Embarrassed Russia looks to 2014 Sochi Olympics] The Christian Science Monitor, 1 March 2010</ref>
   
 
====Sochi Olympic Park (Coastal Cluster)====
 
====Sochi Olympic Park (Coastal Cluster)====
[[File:Sochi 2014 olympic coastal cluster map-en.svg|right|thumb|255px|This sketch shows the Olympic Park concept with all venues gathered around the Medals Plaza]]
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[[File:500px-Sochi_Olympic_Park.png|right|255px|This sketch shows the Olympic Park concept with all venues gathered around the Medals Plaza]]
   
The Sochi Olympic Park will be built by the [[Black Sea]] coast in the [[Imeretin Valley]].<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7746114.stm Sochi's mixed feelings over Olympics] BBC News, 26 November 2008</ref><ref>[http://www.insidethegames.biz/olympics/winter-olympics/2014/9667-russian-deputy-pm-leads-sochi-delegation-to-inspect-munich-olympic-park Russian Deputy PM leads Sochi delegation to inspect Munich Olympic Park] Inside the Games, 22 May 2010</ref> All the venues are new.<ref>[http://www.yugopolis.ru/galleries/sport/2013/07/16/423/sochi-2014-sochi-olimpiada-v-sochi-olimpiiskoe-stroitelstvo Посмотрели свысока] Yugopolis, 16 July 2013</ref> The venues will be clustered around a central water basin on which the Medals Plaza will be built. This will provide a great compactness of the concept with the Olympic Stadium and all indoor venues of the Olympics gathered within walking distance.
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The Sochi Olympic Park was built by the Black Sea coast in the Imeretin Valley.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7746114.stm Sochi's mixed feelings over Olympics] BBC News, 26 November 2008</ref><ref>[http://www.insidethegames.biz/olympics/winter-olympics/2014/9667-russian-deputy-pm-leads-sochi-delegation-to-inspect-munich-olympic-park Russian Deputy PM leads Sochi delegation to inspect Munich Olympic Park] Inside the Games, 22 May 2010</ref> All the venues are new.<ref>[http://www.yugopolis.ru/galleries/sport/2013/07/16/423/sochi-2014-sochi-olimpiada-v-sochi-olimpiiskoe-stroitelstvo Посмотрели свысока] Yugopolis, 16 July 2013</ref> The venues were clustered around a central water basin on which the Medals Plaza was built. This provided a great compactness of the concept with the Olympic Stadium and all indoor venues of the Olympics gathered within walking distance.
 
* [[Bolshoy Ice Dome]] – ice hockey (final), 12,000 spectators
 
* [[Bolshoy Ice Dome]] – ice hockey (final), 12,000 spectators
 
* [[Shayba Arena]] – ice hockey, 7,000 spectators
 
* [[Shayba Arena]] – ice hockey, 7,000 spectators
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* [[Fisht Olympic Stadium]] – ceremonies (opening/closing) 40,000 spectators<ref>[http://sochi2014.com/en/objects/sea/central_stadium/ «Fisht» Olympic Stadium] Sochi 2014; Accessed 31 December 2010</ref>
 
* [[Fisht Olympic Stadium]] – ceremonies (opening/closing) 40,000 spectators<ref>[http://sochi2014.com/en/objects/sea/central_stadium/ «Fisht» Olympic Stadium] Sochi 2014; Accessed 31 December 2010</ref>
 
* Main Olympic village
 
* Main Olympic village
* International [[broadcasting centre]] and main [[press room]]
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* International broadcasting centre and main press room
   
 
=====Tentative post-Olympic usage=====
 
=====Tentative post-Olympic usage=====
After the Olympics, a [[Formula One]] [[Sochi Olympic Park Circuit|street circuit]] is planned for the site. The deal to hold the [[Russian Grand Prix]] was signed on 14 October 2010, and runs from 2014 to 2020.<ref>{{cite news|last=Korsunskaya|first=Darya|coauthors=Gennady Fydorov, Alan Baldwin|title=Sochi to host Russian GP from 2014–2020|agency=Reuters|date=14 October 2010|url=http://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKTRE69D1X020101014|accessdate=20 October 2010}}</ref> The first race will take place after the Closing Ceremony of the Games, but the IOC has announced that the race will be delayed until 2015 if construction of the circuit interferes with preparations for the 2014 Olympics.<ref name="IOC warns">{{cite news|title=IOC threatens to postpone Russian Grand Prix|url=http://www.gpupdate.net/en/f1-news/250388/ioc-threatens-to-postpone-russian-grand-prix/|work=GP Update|date=13 January 2011|accessdate=6 April 2012}}</ref>
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After the Olympics, a Formula One street circuit was planned for the site. The deal to hold the Russian Grand Prix was signed on 14 October 2010, and runs from 2014 to 2020.<ref>{{cite news|last=Korsunskaya|first=Darya|coauthors=Gennady Fydorov, Alan Baldwin|title=Sochi to host Russian GP from 2014–2020|agency=Reuters|date=14 October 2010|url=http://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKTRE69D1X020101014|accessdate=20 October 2010}}</ref> The first race was expected to take place after the Closing Ceremony of the Games, but the IOC has announced that the race will be delayed until 2015 if construction of the circuit interferes with preparations for the 2014 Olympics.<ref name="IOC warns">{{cite news|title=IOC threatens to postpone Russian Grand Prix|url=http://www.gpupdate.net/en/f1-news/250388/ioc-threatens-to-postpone-russian-grand-prix/|work=GP Update|date=13 January 2011|accessdate=6 April 2012}}</ref>
   
 
====Krasnaya Polyana (Mountain Cluster)====
 
====Krasnaya Polyana (Mountain Cluster)====
{{Main|Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi, Krasnodar Krai}}
 
 
* [[Laura Biathlon & Ski Complex]] – Biathlon, Cross-country skiing
 
* [[Laura Biathlon & Ski Complex]] – Biathlon, Cross-country skiing
 
* [[Rosa Khutor Extreme Park]] – Freestyle skiing and Snowboarding
 
* [[Rosa Khutor Extreme Park]] – Freestyle skiing and Snowboarding
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* [[Sliding Center Sanki]] – Bobsleigh, Luge and Skeleton
 
* [[Sliding Center Sanki]] – Bobsleigh, Luge and Skeleton
 
* [[RusSki Gorki Jumping Center]] – Ski jumping and Nordic combined (both ski jumping and Cross-country Skiing on a 2&nbsp;km route around the arena)
 
* [[RusSki Gorki Jumping Center]] – Ski jumping and Nordic combined (both ski jumping and Cross-country Skiing on a 2&nbsp;km route around the arena)
* Rosa Khutor Plateau [[Olympic Village]]
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* Rosa Khutor Plateau Olympic Village
   
 
Sochi 2014 will be the 12th straight Olympics to outlaw smoking. This means that all Sochi venues, Olympic Park bars and restaurants and public areas will be smoke-free during the Games.<ref>[http://www.aroundtherings.com//articles/view.aspx?pv=xqv&id=37492 Rio Golf Course; Women's World Cup; IOC Nominee for Japan? – No Smoking in Sochi] Around the Rings, 14 July 2011</ref>
 
Sochi 2014 will be the 12th straight Olympics to outlaw smoking. This means that all Sochi venues, Olympic Park bars and restaurants and public areas will be smoke-free during the Games.<ref>[http://www.aroundtherings.com//articles/view.aspx?pv=xqv&id=37492 Rio Golf Course; Women's World Cup; IOC Nominee for Japan? – No Smoking in Sochi] Around the Rings, 14 July 2011</ref>
   
 
===Marketing===
 
===Marketing===
Along with [[Russian presidential election, 2008|2008 Russian presidential election]], on 2 March 2008 there was an unofficial [[referendum]] held in [[Sochi]] to elect the [[2014 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games mascots|mascot for the 2014 Winter Olympics]]. 270,000 voters along with their ballots received a coupon with four mascot candidates: [[Ded Moroz]], a snowflake, a polar bear and a dolphin. According to a representative of Sochi city administration, the majority of Sochians voted for the dolphin.<ref>[http://www.olimpizm.ru/sochi_2014/20080303/56903450.html Sochi People Want a Dolphin to Become the Mascot of the Games] RIA Novosti {{Ru icon}}</ref> However, representatives of the [[Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Organizing Committee|Sochi Organizing Committee]] for the Games, which is to officially elect a logo and a mascot, commented that while respecting the opinion of Sochians, such a procedure is usually held later. They also pointed out, that the final version of the mascot should be a consensus of opinions of all citizens of the country and the result of work by professional designers and market analysts.<ref>[http://www.rian.ru/sport/20080303/100492285.html 2014 Winter Olympics Mascot Should Appear Not Earlier Than 2011] RIA Novosti {{Ru icon}}</ref>
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Along with 2008 Russian presidential election, on 2 March 2008 there was an unofficial referendum held in [[Sochi]] to elect the mascot for the 2014 Winter Olympics. 270,000 voters along with their ballots received a coupon with four mascot candidates: Ded Moroz, a snowflake, a polar bear and a dolphin. According to a representative of Sochi city administration, the majority of Sochians voted for the dolphin.<ref>[http://www.olimpizm.ru/sochi_2014/20080303/56903450.html Sochi People Want a Dolphin to Become the Mascot of the Games] RIA Novosti {{Ru icon}}</ref> However, representatives of the Sochi Organizing Committee for the Games, which is to officially elect a logo and a mascot, commented that while respecting the opinion of Sochians, such a procedure is usually held later. They also pointed out, that the final version of the mascot should be a consensus of opinions of all citizens of the country and the result of work by professional designers and market analysts.<ref>[http://www.rian.ru/sport/20080303/100492285.html 2014 Winter Olympics Mascot Should Appear Not Earlier Than 2011] RIA Novosti {{Ru icon}}</ref>
   
 
On 1 December 2009 the official 2014 Winter Olympic logo was released.<ref>[http://sochi2014.com/106629 Unique Digital Olympic Emblem Revealed by Sochi 2014 for Russia’s First Winter Games]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} Sochi 2014 Olympic Committee 1 December 2009</ref> International Olympic Committee President, Jacques Rogge, said of the logo: "It's very appealing. It's very creative, innovative. I think it will appeal especially to the young population."<ref>[http://rt.com/news/medvedev-sochi-t-shirt/ Medvedev tries on first Sochi 2014 T-shirt] RT, 2 December 2009</ref>
 
On 1 December 2009 the official 2014 Winter Olympic logo was released.<ref>[http://sochi2014.com/106629 Unique Digital Olympic Emblem Revealed by Sochi 2014 for Russia’s First Winter Games]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} Sochi 2014 Olympic Committee 1 December 2009</ref> International Olympic Committee President, Jacques Rogge, said of the logo: "It's very appealing. It's very creative, innovative. I think it will appeal especially to the young population."<ref>[http://rt.com/news/medvedev-sochi-t-shirt/ Medvedev tries on first Sochi 2014 T-shirt] RT, 2 December 2009</ref>
   
There has been controversy over the announced mascots. The frog [[Zoich]], which won the official online vote was inexplicably excluded by officials from the second round of voting. The ultimately selected mascots: a polar bear, snow hare, and snowboarding leopard (said to be Vladimir Putin's favorite) found only timid popular support.
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There has been controversy over the announced mascots. The frog Zoich, which won the official online vote was inexplicably excluded by officials from the second round of voting. The ultimately selected mascots: a polar bear, snow hare, and snowboarding leopard (said to be Vladimir Putin's favorite) found only timid popular support.
   
Sochi 2014 is the only Olympic emblem to include a web address. The mirror of "Sochi" and "2014" 'reflects' that Sochi is a meeting point between sea and mountains. As the main component of the Sochi 2014 emblem, the Olympic rings sit large and in color to show that this is a symbol of progress for the Olympic Movement.{{Citation needed|date=March 2010}} The change of colours and inner design of the rest of the emblem encourages people to express themselves, with some expected to transform it using traditional images, while others will take an ultra-modern approach.
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Sochi 2014 is the only Olympic emblem to include a web address. The mirror of "Sochi" and "2014" 'reflects' that Sochi is a meeting point between sea and mountains. As the main component of the Sochi 2014 emblem, the Olympic rings sit large and in color to show that this is a symbol of progress for the Olympic Movement. The change of colours and inner design of the rest of the emblem encourages people to express themselves, with some expected to transform it using traditional images, while others will take an ultra-modern approach.
   
The fourth [[video game]] in the ''[[Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games|Mario & Sonic]]'' series, ''[[Mario & Sonic at the Sochi Winter Games]]'', is currently being developed by [[Sega]] for the [[Wii U]].<ref>{{cite web|title=Mario & Sonic at the Sochi Winter Games & 3rd Sonic Nintendo Exclusive Revealed|url=http://www.animenewsnetwork.co.uk/news/2013-05-17/mario-and-sonic-at-the-sochi-winter-games-and-3rd-sonic-nintendo-exclusive-revealed|publisher=Anime News Network}}</ref>
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The fourth video game in the ''[[Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games|Mario & Sonic]]'' at the Olympic Games series, ''[[Mario & Sonic at the Sochi Winter Games]]'', is currently being developed by Sega for the Wii U.<ref>{{cite web|title=Mario & Sonic at the Sochi Winter Games & 3rd Sonic Nintendo Exclusive Revealed|url=http://www.animenewsnetwork.co.uk/news/2013-05-17/mario-and-sonic-at-the-sochi-winter-games-and-3rd-sonic-nintendo-exclusive-revealed|publisher=Anime News Network}}</ref>
   
 
==Mascots==
 
==Mascots==
{{Main|2014 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games mascots}}
 
 
[[File:Stamps of Russia 2012 No 1559-61 Mascots 2014 Winter Olympics.jpg|260 px|right|thumb|The three mascots of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games]]
 
[[File:Stamps of Russia 2012 No 1559-61 Mascots 2014 Winter Olympics.jpg|260 px|right|thumb|The three mascots of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games]]
 
On 26 February 2011, at 11.20&nbsp;pm (GMT+3) the final results of the public vote during the live television show "Talismaniya Sochi 2014 – The Final” were announced on the first Channel. The election council made the decision that the top-three characters with the maximum number of votes would all become the Olympic Winter Games mascots:<ref>[http://sochi2014.com/en/sochi-live/news/38689/ Five Mascots Selected for Sochi 2014] Sochi2014.com, 26 February 2011</ref>
 
On 26 February 2011, at 11.20&nbsp;pm (GMT+3) the final results of the public vote during the live television show "Talismaniya Sochi 2014 – The Final” were announced on the first Channel. The election council made the decision that the top-three characters with the maximum number of votes would all become the Olympic Winter Games mascots:<ref>[http://sochi2014.com/en/sochi-live/news/38689/ Five Mascots Selected for Sochi 2014] Sochi2014.com, 26 February 2011</ref>
* the [[Polar Bear]] (by Oleg Serdechniy, [[Sochi]]),
+
* the Polar Bear (by Oleg Serdechniy, [[Sochi]]),
* the [[European Hare]] (by Silviya Petrova, [[Chuvashia]])
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* the European Hare (by Silviya Petrova, Chuvashia)
* the [[Amur Leopard]] (by Vadim Pak, [[Nakhodka]])
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* the Amur Leopard (by Vadim Pak, Nakhodka)
   
 
Commenting on the results of the live vote, Dmitry Chernyshenko, President and CEO of the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, said:
 
Commenting on the results of the live vote, Dmitry Chernyshenko, President and CEO of the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, said:
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===Telecommunications===
 
===Telecommunications===
According to the FTP, US$580&nbsp;million will be spent on construction and modernization of telecommunications in the region. [[Avaya|Avaya Inc]], a global provider of business collaboration and communications solutions, has been named by the Sochi 2014 Organising Committee as the official supplier of telecom equipment for the 2014 Olympic Games. Avaya will be a part of the overall Games technology solutions group. Avaya will provide network, collaboration and communications equipment and work with other technology partners to provide athletes, dignitaries and fans worldwide a full communications experience around the Olympic Games.{{citation needed|date=January 2013}}
+
According to the FTP, US$580&nbsp;million will be spent on construction and modernization of telecommunications in the region. Avaya Inc, a global provider of business collaboration and communications solutions, has been named by the Sochi 2014 Organising Committee as the official supplier of telecom equipment for the 2014 Olympic Games. Avaya will be a part of the overall Games technology solutions group. Avaya will provide network, collaboration and communications equipment and work with other technology partners to provide athletes, dignitaries and fans worldwide a full communications experience around the Olympic Games.
   
Expected to be built:{{citation needed|date=August 2012}}
+
Expected to be built:
* A network of [[TETRA]] mobile radio communications for 100 user groups (with capacity of 10,000 subscribers)
+
* A network of TETRA mobile radio communications for 100 user groups (with capacity of 10,000 subscribers)
* {{convert|700|km|mi|abbr=on}} of [[Fiber-optic communication|fiber-optic cables]] along the [[Anapa]]-[[Dzhubga]]-[[Sochi]] highways and Dzhubga-[[Krasnodar]] branch
+
* 700 km of fiber-optic cables along the Anapa-Dzhubga-[[Sochi]] highways and Dzhubga-Krasnodar branch
* [[Digital television in Russia|Digital broadcasting]] infrastructure, including radio and TV [[Television station|broadcasting station]]s (building and [[communications tower]]) with coverage from Grushevaya Polyana (''Pear Glade'') to Sochi and Anapa cities. The project also includes construction of infocommunications centre for broadcasting abroad via three [[HDTV]] [[satellite]]s
+
* Digital broadcasting infrastructure, including radio and TV broadcasting stations (building and communications tower) with coverage from Grushevaya Polyana (''Pear Glade'') to Sochi and Anapa cities. The project also includes construction of infocommunications centre for broadcasting abroad via three HDTV satellites
   
During the Olympic Games, the telecommunications backbones of UTK, [[Rostelecom]] and TransTeleCom providers will be used.<ref>[http://www.osp.ru/nets/2007/10/4275795/ Сочи-2014 выходит на связь] Открытые системы, 2007 {{ru icon}}</ref>
+
During the Olympic Games, the telecommunications backbones of UTK, Rostelecom and TransTeleCom providers will be used.<ref>[http://www.osp.ru/nets/2007/10/4275795/ Сочи-2014 выходит на связь] Открытые системы, 2007 {{ru icon}}</ref>
   
The fiber-optic channel links Sochi between [[Adlersky City District|Adler]] and Krasnaya Polyana. The {{convert|46|km|mi|abbr=on}} long channel will enable videoconferencing and news reporting from the Olympics.<ref>[http://www.radiomayak.ru/doc.html?id=67646 Fiber-optic communications in Olympic Sochi] Mayak Radio, 28 March 2008 {{Ru icon}}{{dead link|date=September 2012}}</ref>
+
The fiber-optic channel links Sochi between Adler and Krasnaya Polyana. The 46km long channel will enable videoconferencing and news reporting from the Olympics.<ref>[http://www.radiomayak.ru/doc.html?id=67646 Fiber-optic communications in Olympic Sochi] Mayak Radio, 28 March 2008 {{Ru icon}}{{dead link|date=September 2012}}</ref>
   
 
===Power infrastructure===
 
===Power infrastructure===
A five-year strategy for increasing power supply in the Sochi region was presented by Russian energy experts during a seminar on 29 May 2009, held by the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, and attended by International Olympic Committee (IOC) experts and officials from the [[Russian Ministry of Regional Development]], the [[Russian Ministry of Energy]], the State Corporation Olimpstroy and the Krasnodar Krai administration.<ref name=energy2>[http://sochi2014.com/87868 Games 2014 Will Double Sochi Power Supply]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} Sochi 2014, 29 May 2009</ref>
+
A five-year strategy for increasing power supply in the Sochi region was presented by Russian energy experts during a seminar on 29 May 2009, held by the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, and attended by International Olympic Committee (IOC) experts and officials from the Russian Ministry of Regional Development, the Russian Ministry of Energy, the State Corporation Olimpstroy and the Krasnodar Krai administration.<ref name=energy2>[http://sochi2014.com/87868 Games 2014 Will Double Sochi Power Supply]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} Sochi 2014, 29 May 2009</ref>
   
 
The event was a part of the Olympic Games Knowledge Management (OGKM) program by the IOC.
 
The event was a part of the Olympic Games Knowledge Management (OGKM) program by the IOC.
Line 175: Line 172:
   
 
Power demand of Sochi in the end of May 2009 was 424 MW. Power demand of the Olympic infrastructure is expected to be about 340 MW.
 
Power demand of Sochi in the end of May 2009 was 424 MW. Power demand of the Olympic infrastructure is expected to be about 340 MW.
* Poselkovaya [[electrical substation]] became operational in early 2009
+
* Poselkovaya electrical substation became operational in early 2009
* Sochi [[thermal power station]] is being reconstructed (expected power output is 160 MW)
+
* Sochi thermal power station is being reconstructed (expected power output is 160 MW)
 
* Laura and Rosa Khutor electrical substations were completed in November 2010
 
* Laura and Rosa Khutor electrical substations were completed in November 2010
 
* Mzymta electrical substation was completed in March 2011
 
* Mzymta electrical substation was completed in March 2011
* Krasnopolyanskaya [[hydroelectricity|hydroelectric]] [[power station]] was completed in 2010
+
* Krasnopolyanskaya hydroelectric power station was completed in 2010
* Adler [[Combined heat and power|CHP]] station design and construction was completed in 2012. Expected power output is 360 MW<ref>[http://www.gazprom.com/press/news/2009/september/article68506/ Gazprom launches construction of Adler CHPS] Gazprom, 28 September 2009</ref>
+
* Adler Combined heat and power (CHP) station design and construction was completed in 2012. Expected power output is 360 MW<ref>[http://www.gazprom.com/press/news/2009/september/article68506/ Gazprom launches construction of Adler CHPS] Gazprom, 28 September 2009</ref>
* Bytkha substation, under construction with two [[transformer]]s 25 MW each, includes dependable microprocessor-based protection
+
* Bytkha substation, under construction with two transformers 25 MW each, includes dependable microprocessor-based protection
   
Earlier plans also include building [[combined cycle]] (steam and gas) power stations near the cities of [[Tuapse]] and [[Novorossiysk]] and construction of a cable-wire powerline, partially on the floor of the [[Black Sea]].<ref name=energy>[http://top.rbc.ru/economics/06/07/2007/108439.shtml The power capacities of the Sochi region will increase before the Olympics by a factor of four] RBC, 6 July 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
+
Earlier plans also include building combined cycle (steam and gas) power stations near the cities of Tuapse and Novorossiysk and construction of a cable-wire powerline, partially on the floor of the Black Sea.<ref name=energy>[http://top.rbc.ru/economics/06/07/2007/108439.shtml The power capacities of the Sochi region will increase before the Olympics by a factor of four] RBC, 6 July 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
   
 
===Transportation===
 
===Transportation===
 
The transportation infrastructure being prepared to support the Olympics includes many roads, tunnels, bridges, interchanges, railroads and stations in and around Sochi.
 
The transportation infrastructure being prepared to support the Olympics includes many roads, tunnels, bridges, interchanges, railroads and stations in and around Sochi.
   
The [[Sochi Light Metro]] is located between [[Adlersky City District|Adler]] and [[Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi, Krasnodar Krai|Krasnaya Polyana]] connecting the Olympic Park, the [[Adler-Sochi International Airport|airport]] and the venues in Krasnaya Polyana.<ref>[http://www.insidethegames.biz/olympics/winter-olympics/2014/15926-sochi-opens-new-rail-line-for-2014-winter-olympics Sochi opens new rail line for 2014 Winter Olympics] Inside the Games, 17 February 2012</ref>
+
The Sochi Light Metro is located between Adler and Krasnaya Polyana connecting the Olympic Park, the Adler-Sochi International Airport and the venues in Krasnaya Polyana.<ref>[http://www.insidethegames.biz/olympics/winter-olympics/2014/15926-sochi-opens-new-rail-line-for-2014-winter-olympics Sochi opens new rail line for 2014 Winter Olympics] Inside the Games, 17 February 2012</ref>
   
The existing {{convert|102|km|mi|abbr=on}} Tuapse to Adler railroad would be renovated to provide double track throughout, increasing capacity and enabling a reliable regional service to be provided and extending to the airport. In December 2009 [[Russian Railways]] ordered 38 [[Siemens Mobility]] [[Siemens Desiro|Desiro]] trains for delivery in 2013 for use during the Olympics, with an option for a further 16 which would be partly built in Russia.<ref>[http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/10/siemens-signs-russian-olympic-train-order.html Siemens signs Russian Olympic train order] ''Railway Gazette International'', 1 January 2010</ref>
+
The existing 102km Tuapse to Adler railroad would be renovated to provide double track throughout, increasing capacity and enabling a reliable regional service to be provided and extending to the airport. In December 2009 Russian Railways ordered 38 Siemens Mobility Desiro trains for delivery in 2013 for use during the Olympics, with an option for a further 16 which would be partly built in Russia.<ref>[http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/10/siemens-signs-russian-olympic-train-order.html Siemens signs Russian Olympic train order] ''Railway Gazette International'', 1 January 2010</ref>
   
[[Russian Railways]] has had gone to establish a high-speed Moscow-Adler link and a new railroad (more than 60&nbsp;km long) passing by the territory of [[Ukraine]].<ref>[http://www.gudok.ru/index.php/50604 Expensive road to the Olympics] Gudok, 22 August 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
+
Russian Railways has had gone to establish a high-speed Moscow-Adler link and a new railroad (more than 60&nbsp;km long) passing by the territory of Ukraine.<ref>[http://www.gudok.ru/index.php/50604 Expensive road to the Olympics] Gudok, 22 August 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
   
At the [[Adler-Sochi International Airport|Sochi airport]], a new terminal has been built along a {{convert|3.5|km|mi|abbr=on}} [[runway]] extension, possibly overlapping [[Mzymta River|Mzymta river]].<ref>[http://www.yuga.ru/news/99375/ Runway in Sochi airport will cross the river] YuGA.ru, 8 July 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref> Backup airports will be built in [[Gelendzhik]], [[Mineralnye Vody]] and [[Krasnodar]] by 2009.<ref>[http://en.rian.ru/russia/20070707/68544988.html Russia to build 3 reserve airports in country's south by 2009] RIA Novosti, 7 July 2007</ref>
+
At the Sochi airport, a new terminal has been built along a 3.5km runway extension, possibly overlapping Mzymta river.<ref>[http://www.yuga.ru/news/99375/ Runway in Sochi airport will cross the river] YuGA.ru, 8 July 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref> Backup airports will be built in Gelendzhik, Mineralnye Vody and Krasnodar by 2009.<ref>[http://en.rian.ru/russia/20070707/68544988.html Russia to build 3 reserve airports in country's south by 2009] RIA Novosti, 7 July 2007</ref>
   
At the Sochi sea port, a new offshore terminal {{convert|1.5|km|mi|abbr=on}} from the shore allows docking for cruise ships with capacities of 3000 passengers.<ref>[http://www.km.ru/news/view.asp?id=CC849CF12459441DB39C9B1DBC33ED98&data= Offshore terminal will be built at the Sochi sea port]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} KM.ru, 7 July 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref> The cargo terminal of the sea port is to be moved from the Sochi centre.
+
At the Sochi sea port, a new offshore terminal 1.5km from the shore allows docking for cruise ships with capacities of 3000 passengers.<ref>[http://www.km.ru/news/view.asp?id=CC849CF12459441DB39C9B1DBC33ED98&data= Offshore terminal will be built at the Sochi sea port]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} KM.ru, 7 July 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref> The cargo terminal of the sea port is to be moved from the Sochi centre.
   
 
Road ways will be detoured, some going around the construction site and others being cut off.<ref>[http://www.dp.ru/msk/news/transport/2007/10/08/240832/print/ Sochi authorities close the entrance to the city]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} DP.RU, 8 October 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
 
Road ways will be detoured, some going around the construction site and others being cut off.<ref>[http://www.dp.ru/msk/news/transport/2007/10/08/240832/print/ Sochi authorities close the entrance to the city]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} DP.RU, 8 October 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
Line 205: Line 202:
 
* One-track railway tunnel, 2473 m, to be completed in Q2 2013
 
* One-track railway tunnel, 2473 m, to be completed in Q2 2013
   
Russian Railways president [[Vladimir Yakunin]] said the road construction will cost more than 200&nbsp;billion rubles.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://eng.rzd.ru/isvp/public/rzdeng?STRUCTURE_ID=15&layer_id=4839&id=105753|title=Russian Railways President Yakunin sums up investment programme for first 7 months of 2011|publisher=Russian Railways|accessdate=17 August 2011}}{{dead link|date=August 2013}}</ref>
+
Russian Railways president Vladimir Yakunin said the road construction will cost more than 200&nbsp;billion rubles.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://eng.rzd.ru/isvp/public/rzdeng?STRUCTURE_ID=15&layer_id=4839&id=105753|title=Russian Railways President Yakunin sums up investment programme for first 7 months of 2011|publisher=Russian Railways|accessdate=17 August 2011}}{{dead link|date=August 2013}}</ref>
   
 
===Other infrastructure===
 
===Other infrastructure===
 
Funds will be spent on construction of 15 modern sport venues and some hotels for 10,300 guests.<ref name="not_a_place">[http://sport.gazeta.ru/sport/2007/07/a_1880984.shtml Sochi is not a place for recreation] Gazeta.ru, 5 July 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref> The first of the Olympic hotels, Zvezdny (''Stellar''), will be rebuilt anew.<ref>[http://rian.ru/sport/olympic_games/20070807/70510471.html Construction of the first olympic hotel starts in Sochi] RIA Novosti, 7 August 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
 
Funds will be spent on construction of 15 modern sport venues and some hotels for 10,300 guests.<ref name="not_a_place">[http://sport.gazeta.ru/sport/2007/07/a_1880984.shtml Sochi is not a place for recreation] Gazeta.ru, 5 July 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref> The first of the Olympic hotels, Zvezdny (''Stellar''), will be rebuilt anew.<ref>[http://rian.ru/sport/olympic_games/20070807/70510471.html Construction of the first olympic hotel starts in Sochi] RIA Novosti, 7 August 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
   
Federation Island will be built in the sea near the Lesser Akhun subdistrict of [[Sochi#Khostinsky City District|Khostinsky City District]]. The island will be shaped like the [[Russian Federation]]. It will hold hotels and offices.<ref>[http://www.dp.ru/msk/news/estate/2007/09/18/238021/ Russia will get new lands before the Olympics]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} DP.RU, 18 September 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref><ref>[http://www.dp.ru/msk/news/estate/2007/09/24/238875/ Arabians will own 70% of the island in Sochi]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} DP.RU, 24 September 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
+
Federation Island will be built in the sea near the Lesser Akhun subdistrict of Khostinsky City District. The island will be shaped like the Russian Federation. It will hold hotels and offices.<ref>[http://www.dp.ru/msk/news/estate/2007/09/18/238021/ Russia will get new lands before the Olympics]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} DP.RU, 18 September 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref><ref>[http://www.dp.ru/msk/news/estate/2007/09/24/238875/ Arabians will own 70% of the island in Sochi]{{dead link|date=August 2013}} DP.RU, 24 September 2007 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
   
Significant funds are being spent on construction of an advanced [[sewage treatment]] system in Sochi, designed by Olimpstroy. The system meets BREF standards and employs top available technologies for environment protection, including [[tertiary treatment]] with [[microfiltration]].<ref>[http://www.mnr.gov.ru/part/?act=more&id=5965&pid=11 Minister of Natural Resources held a meeting on design and construction of sewage treatment facilities in preparation for 2014 Olympics in Sochi] Press Service of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russian Federation, 13 July 2009 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
+
Significant funds are being spent on construction of an advanced sewage treatment system in Sochi, designed by Olimpstroy. The system meets BREF standards and employs top available technologies for environment protection, including tertiary treatment with microfiltration.<ref>[http://www.mnr.gov.ru/part/?act=more&id=5965&pid=11 Minister of Natural Resources held a meeting on design and construction of sewage treatment facilities in preparation for 2014 Olympics in Sochi] Press Service of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russian Federation, 13 July 2009 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
   
 
==The Games==
 
==The Games==
[[File:Olympics medal Sochi 2014.jpg|thumb|The gold (left), silver (center) and bronze (right) medal for the 2014 Olympics.]]
 
 
===Torch Relay===
 
===Torch Relay===
{{main|2014 Winter Olympics torch relay}}
+
[[File:Sochi2014_torch.jpg|right|200px]]
The torch relay will start at [[Moscow]] on 7 October 2013 before passing 83 Russian cities and arriving at Sochi on the day of the opening ceremony, 7 February 2014.
+
On September 29, 2013, the Olympic torch was lit in Ancient Olympia, beginning a seven-day journey across Greece and on to Russia, then the torch relay started at Moscow on October 7, 2013 before passing 83 Russian cities and arriving at Sochi on the day of the opening ceremony, February 7, 2014. It is the longest torch relay in Olympic history, a 40,000-mile route that will pass through all regions of the country, from Kaliningrad in the west to Chukotka in the east.
   
 
===Participating National Olympic Committees===
 
===Participating National Olympic Committees===
So far 38 nations have qualified at least one athlete.
+
So far 88 nations have qualified at least one athlete.
<div class="center" >
 
{|class="wikitable collapsible" style="width:100%;"
 
|-
 
! Participating [[:Category:Nations at the 2014 Winter Olympics|National Olympic Committees]]
 
|-
 
|
 
{{multicol}}
 
<!--spacing--->
 
{{multicol}}
 
* {{flagIOC|AUS|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|AUT|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|AZE|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|BLR|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|BEL|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|BUL|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|CAN|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|CHN|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|CRO|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|CZE|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|DEN|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|EST|2014 Winter|}}
 
{{Col-break}}
 
* {{flagIOC|FIN|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|FRA|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|GER|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|GBR|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|ITA|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|JPN|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|KAZ|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|LAT|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|LIB|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|LTU|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|NED|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|NZL|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|NOR|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|PAK|2014 Winter|}}<ref>{{cite web|title=Pakistani skiers qualify for Olympic winter games-2014|url=http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/asianet/130409/pakistani-skiers-qualify-olympic-winter-games-2014|work=Global Post|accessdate=10 April 2013}}</ref>
 
{{Col-break}}
 
* {{flagIOC|PER|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|POL|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|ROU|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|RUS|2014 Winter|}} '''(host)'''
 
* {{flagIOC|SRB|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|SVK|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|SLO|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|KOR|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|ESP|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|SWE|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|SUI|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|UKR|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|USA|2014 Winter|}}
 
* {{flagIOC|UZB|2014 Winter|}}
 
{{Col-end}}
 
|}
 
|}
 
</div>
 
   
 
===National houses===
 
===National houses===
Line 229: Line 225:
 
!Nation !! Location !! Name !! Ref
 
!Nation !! Location !! Name !! Ref
 
|-
 
|-
| Netherlands || Olympic Parc || [[2012 Holland Heineken House|Holland Heineken House]] || align=center|<ref>{{cite news|title=Holland Heineken House finds home at Sochi 2014 after deal extended |url=http://www.insidethegames.biz/olympics/winter-olympics/2014/1015229-holland-heineken-house-finds-home-at-sochi-2014-after-deal-extended|publisher=insidethegames.biz|date=24 July 2013|accessdate=2 August 2013}}</ref>
+
| Netherlands || Olympic Parc || Holland Heineken House || align=center|<ref>{{cite news|title=Holland Heineken House finds home at Sochi 2014 after deal extended |url=http://www.insidethegames.biz/olympics/winter-olympics/2014/1015229-holland-heineken-house-finds-home-at-sochi-2014-after-deal-extended|publisher=insidethegames.biz|date=24 July 2013|accessdate=2 August 2013}}</ref>
 
|}
 
|}
   
 
===Sports===
 
===Sports===
Fifteen winter sport disciplines, organized as seven olympic sports, were included in the 2014 Winter Olympics. The three skating sports disciplines were: [[figure skating]], [[speed skating]], and [[short track speed skating]]. The six skiing sport disciplines were: [[alpine skiing|alpine]], [[cross-country skiing]], [[freestyle skiing|freestyle]], [[Nordic combined]], [[ski jumping]] and [[snowboarding]]. The two bobsleigh sports disciplines are: [[bobsleigh]] and [[skeleton (sport)|skeleton]]. The other four sports were: [[biathlon]], [[curling]], [[ice hockey|hockey]], and [[luge]]. A total of twelve new events will be contested to make it the largest Winter Olympics to date.<ref name="sportsnew">{{cite web|url=http://rt.com/sport/rogge-sochi2014-new-sports/|publisher=TV-Novosti|work=Russia Today|accessdate=6 July 2011|date=5 July 2011|title=Rogge announces three new disciplines for Sochi 2014}}</ref>
+
[[File:Olympics medal Sochi 2014.jpg|thumb|The gold (left), silver (center) and bronze (right) medal for the 2014 Olympics.]]
+
Fifteen winter sport disciplines, organized as seven olympic sports, were included in the 2014 Winter Olympics. The three skating sports disciplines were: [[Figure skating|figure skating]], [[Speed skating|speed skating]], and short track speed skating. The six skiing sport disciplines were: [[Alpine skiing|alpine]], [[Skiing|cross-country skiing]], [[Skiing|freestyle]], [[Nordic combined]], [[ski jumping]] and [[Snowboarding|snowboarding]]. The two bobsleigh sports disciplines are: bobsleigh and skeleton. The other four sports were: [[biathlon]], [[Curling|curling]], [[Ice hockey|hockey]], and [[Luge|luge]]. A total of twelve new events will be contested to make it the largest Winter Olympics to date.<ref name="sportsnew">{{cite web|url=http://rt.com/sport/rogge-sochi2014-new-sports/|publisher=TV-Novosti|work=Russia Today|accessdate=6 July 2011|date=5 July 2011|title=Rogge announces three new disciplines for Sochi 2014}}</ref>
''Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each sports discipline''
 
{{Col-begin|width=100%}}
 
{{Col-3}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Alpine skiing|Events=10}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Biathlon|Events=11}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Bobsleigh|Events=3}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Cross-country skiing|Events=12}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Curling|Events=2}}
 
{{Col-3}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Figure skating|Events=5}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Freestyle skiing|Events=10}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Ice hockey|Events=2}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Luge|Events=4}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Nordic combined|Events=3}}
 
{{Col-3}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Short track speed skating|Events=8}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Skeleton|Events=2}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Ski jumping|Events=4}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Snowboarding|Events=10}}
 
* {{GamesSport|Speed skating|Events=12}}
 
{{Col-end}}
 
   
 
On 6 April 2011, the IOC accepted a number of events that were submitted by their respective sports federations to be considered for inclusion into the official program of these Olympic Games.<ref>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/winter-sports/12986716 Women's ski jumping gets 2014 Sochi Olympics go-ahead] BBC Sport, 6 April 2011</ref>
 
On 6 April 2011, the IOC accepted a number of events that were submitted by their respective sports federations to be considered for inclusion into the official program of these Olympic Games.<ref>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/winter-sports/12986716 Women's ski jumping gets 2014 Sochi Olympics go-ahead] BBC Sport, 6 April 2011</ref>
Line 241: Line 237:
 
* [[Ski jumping|Women's ski jumping]]
 
* [[Ski jumping|Women's ski jumping]]
 
* [[Biathlon|Mixed relay biathlon]]
 
* [[Biathlon|Mixed relay biathlon]]
* [[Half-pipe|Ski half-pipe]]
+
* Ski half-pipe
 
* [[Luge|Team relay luge]]
 
* [[Luge|Team relay luge]]
   
Line 249: Line 245:
 
* Snowboard parallel special slalom
 
* Snowboard parallel special slalom
   
Team alpine skiing was presented as a candidate for inclusion in the Olympic program but the Executive board of the IOC rejected this proposal. The [[International Ski Federation]] persisted with the nomination and this was considered.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fis-ski.com/uk/news/pressreleases/press-releases-2010/fis-congress-2010-decisi.html|title=FIS Congress 2010 Decisions|publisher=FIS-Ski|accessdate=23 March 2011}}</ref> There were reports of [[Bandy]] potentially being added to the sports program,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?hl=en&ie=UTF-8&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http://infox.ru/sport/hockey/2010/06/04/FHR_nye_pomozhyet_by.phtml&prev=_t&rurl=translate.google.com&usg=ALkJrhgJ55OPRHLYORdxRSUrrT2wXWSXFA|title=Russian ice hockey will be skating in Sochi|publisher=AktivMedia|work=Infox.ru|date=7 June 2010|accessdate=23 March 2011}}</ref><ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/29/sports/olympics/29bandy.html?pagewanted=all It's Not Hockey, It's Bandy] NYTimes.com, 29 January 2010</ref><ref>[http://www.eastbourneherald.co.uk/news/comment/no-time-to-relax-the-show-must-go-on-again-1-1432453 No time to relax! The show must go on...again!] Eastbourne Herald, 9 March 2010</ref> but the IOC rejected this request.{{citation needed|date=September 2012}} Subsequently, the international governing body, [[Federation of International Bandy]], decided to have Sochi host the 2014 Bandy World Championships during the Olympics.<ref>[http://www.gazeta.ru/news/sport/2009/01/23/n_1320844.shtml ЧМ по хоккею с мячом 2014 года пройдет в Сочи, во время ОИ] gazeta.ru, 23 January 2009 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
+
Team alpine skiing was presented as a candidate for inclusion in the Olympic program but the Executive board of the IOC rejected this proposal. The International Ski Federation persisted with the nomination and this was considered.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fis-ski.com/uk/news/pressreleases/press-releases-2010/fis-congress-2010-decisi.html|title=FIS Congress 2010 Decisions|publisher=FIS-Ski|accessdate=23 March 2011}}</ref> There were reports of Bandy potentially being added to the sports program,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?hl=en&ie=UTF-8&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http://infox.ru/sport/hockey/2010/06/04/FHR_nye_pomozhyet_by.phtml&prev=_t&rurl=translate.google.com&usg=ALkJrhgJ55OPRHLYORdxRSUrrT2wXWSXFA|title=Russian ice hockey will be skating in Sochi|publisher=AktivMedia|work=Infox.ru|date=7 June 2010|accessdate=23 March 2011}}</ref><ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/29/sports/olympics/29bandy.html?pagewanted=all It's Not Hockey, It's Bandy] NYTimes.com, 29 January 2010</ref><ref>[http://www.eastbourneherald.co.uk/news/comment/no-time-to-relax-the-show-must-go-on-again-1-1432453 No time to relax! The show must go on...again!] Eastbourne Herald, 9 March 2010</ref> but the IOC rejected this request. Subsequently, the international governing body, Federation of International Bandy, decided to have Sochi host the 2014 Bandy World Championships during the Olympics.<ref>[http://www.gazeta.ru/news/sport/2009/01/23/n_1320844.shtml ЧМ по хоккею с мячом 2014 года пройдет в Сочи, во время ОИ] gazeta.ru, 23 January 2009 {{Ru icon}}</ref>
   
 
On 28 November 2006, the Executive Board of the IOC decided not to include the following sports in the review process of the program.<ref name=IOCUpdatesNov2006>{{cite web|title=Olympic Programme Updates|date=28 November 2006|url=http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=1972|publisher=International Olympic Committee|work=Olympic.org|accessdate=20 August 2008|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20080915063849/http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=1972|archivedate=15 September 2008|deadurl=no}}</ref>
 
On 28 November 2006, the Executive Board of the IOC decided not to include the following sports in the review process of the program.<ref name=IOCUpdatesNov2006>{{cite web|title=Olympic Programme Updates|date=28 November 2006|url=http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=1972|publisher=International Olympic Committee|work=Olympic.org|accessdate=20 August 2008|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20080915063849/http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=1972|archivedate=15 September 2008|deadurl=no}}</ref>
* [[Ski mountaineering]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://themountainworld.blogspot.com/2006/12/no-olympics-for-ski-mountaineering.html|title=No Olympics for Ski Mountaineering|accessdate=2 April 2012|publisher=The Mountain World}}</ref>
+
* Ski mountaineering<ref>{{cite web|url=http://themountainworld.blogspot.com/2006/12/no-olympics-for-ski-mountaineering.html|title=No Olympics for Ski Mountaineering|accessdate=2 April 2012|publisher=The Mountain World}}</ref>
* [[Ski-orienteering]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://orienteering.org/no-inclusion-of-ski-orienteering-in-the-ioc-review-process-for-2014/|title=No inclusion of ski orienteering in the IOC review process for 2014|accessdate=2 April 2012|publisher=International Orienteering Federation}}</ref>
+
* Ski-orienteering<ref>{{cite web|url=http://orienteering.org/no-inclusion-of-ski-orienteering-in-the-ioc-review-process-for-2014/|title=No inclusion of ski orienteering in the IOC review process for 2014|accessdate=2 April 2012|publisher=International Orienteering Federation}}</ref>
* [[Winter triathlon]]<ref name=IOCUpdatesNov2006/>
+
* Winter triathlon<ref name=IOCUpdatesNov2006/>
   
 
===Calendar===
 
===Calendar===
:''All dates are [[Moscow Time|MSK]] ([[UTC+04:00|UTC+4]])''
+
:''All dates are Moscow Time (MSK) UTC+4''
{{2014 Winter Olympics Calendar}}
+
[[File:Sochi2014_calendar.png|center|650px]]
   
==Concerns and controversies==
 
{{main|Concerns and controversies at the 2014 Winter Olympics}}
 
There have been controversies and concerns affecting the upcoming Winter Olympics. The major disputes are with [[Circassians]], environmental and economic issues, lack of political stability and governance and the [[LGBT rights in Russia|safety and human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT)]] athletes, supporters and journalists.<ref>{{cite news|last=Johnson|first=Ted|title=Russia’s Anti-Gay Laws Present Challenge for NBC’s Olympics Coverage|url=http://variety.com/2013/tv/news/russia-7-1200567694/|accessdate=25 July 2013|newspaper=Variety|date=24 July 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Fierstein|first=Harvey|title=Russia’s Anti-Gay Crackdown|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/22/opinion/russias-anti-gay-crackdown.html?_r=0|accessdate=25 July 2013|newspaper=The New York Times|date=21 July 2013}}</ref> The 2014 Winter Olympics will be the most expensive games in history, with an estimated cost of $50 billion. Much of the cost overruns have been blamed on corruption.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.economist.com/news/europe/21581764-most-expensive-olympic-games-history-offer-rich-pickings-select-few-castles |title=The Sochi Olympics: Castles in the sand |publisher=Economist.com |date=2013-07-13 |accessdate=2013-08-08}}</ref>
 
   
==Broadcasting rights==
+
==Concerns and controversies==
{{main|List of 2014 Winter Olympics broadcasters}}
+
There have been controversies and concerns affecting the upcoming Winter Olympics. The major disputes are with Circassians, environmental and economic issues, lack of political stability and governance and the LGBT rights in Russia athletes, supporters and journalists.<ref>{{cite news|last=Johnson|first=Ted|title=Russia’s Anti-Gay Laws Present Challenge for NBC’s Olympics Coverage|url=http://variety.com/2013/tv/news/russia-7-1200567694/|accessdate=25 July 2013|newspaper=Variety|date=24 July 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Fierstein|first=Harvey|title=Russia’s Anti-Gay Crackdown|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/22/opinion/russias-anti-gay-crackdown.html?_r=0|accessdate=25 July 2013|newspaper=The New York Times|date=21 July 2013}}</ref> The 2014 Winter Olympics will be the most expensive games in history, with an estimated cost of $50 billion. Much of the cost overruns have been blamed on corruption.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.economist.com/news/europe/21581764-most-expensive-olympic-games-history-offer-rich-pickings-select-few-castles |title=The Sochi Olympics: Castles in the sand |publisher=Economist.com |date=2013-07-13 |accessdate=2013-08-08}}</ref>
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
{{Portal|Olympics}}
+
* Chelyabinsk meteor, the anniversary of the event was celebrated at the games.<ref>{{Cite news|title = Winners at Sochi Winter Olympics to receive pieces of Russia meteorite|date = 26 July 2013|url = http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/russia/10203817/Winners-at-Sochi-Winter-Olympics-to-receive-pieces-of-Russia-meteorite.html|publisher = The Telegraph|accessdate = 28 July 2013}}</ref>
* [[Chelyabinsk meteor]], the anniversary of the event will be celebrated at the games.<ref>{{Cite news|title = Winners at Sochi Winter Olympics to receive pieces of Russia meteorite|date = 26 July 2013|url = http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/russia/10203817/Winners-at-Sochi-Winter-Olympics-to-receive-pieces-of-Russia-meteorite.html|publisher = The Telegraph|accessdate = 28 July 2013}}</ref>
+
<br clear="all">
{{Clear}}
 
   
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
 
{{Reflist|30em}}
 
{{Reflist|30em}}
  +
61. [https://storify.com/sheribrown/2-translation-facts-you-should-know-about-the-wint Translation Facts you should know about the Winter Olympics 2014] Storify Retrieved on 20 February 2014.
   
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
{{Commons category|2014 Winter Olympics}}
+
*[http://sochi2014.com Officail site]
* {{official website|http://sochi2014.com|Sochi 2014}}{{ref-ru}}{{ref-en}}{{ref-fr}}
 
 
* [http://www.olympic.org/sochi-2014-winter-olympics Sochi 2014] IOC Page
 
* [http://www.olympic.org/sochi-2014-winter-olympics Sochi 2014] IOC Page
 
* [http://www.olympic.org/ International Olympic Committee]
 
* [http://www.olympic.org/ International Olympic Committee]
Line 283: Line 277:
 
* [http://www.sochi2014.com/en/team/translation/glossary/ English-Russian translating & explanatory Glossary of Olympic and Paralympic winter sports] This is the first attempt of the modern winter sports vocabulary synthesizing. It has been prepared by the Organizing Committee 'Sochi 2014' Language Services Department.
 
* [http://www.sochi2014.com/en/team/translation/glossary/ English-Russian translating & explanatory Glossary of Olympic and Paralympic winter sports] This is the first attempt of the modern winter sports vocabulary synthesizing. It has been prepared by the Organizing Committee 'Sochi 2014' Language Services Department.
   
==Image Gallery==
 
<gallery widths="120" captionalign="left">
 
sochi20201420f300.png|A Protest image for Sochi 2014
 
Fisht olympic Stadium.gif|Fisht Olympic Stadium
 
Bolshoy Ice Dome.gif|Bolshoy Ice Dome
 
Shayba Arena.gif|Shayba Arena
 
Ice Cube Curling Center.gif|Ice Cube Curling Center
 
Iceberg Skating Place.gif|Iceberg Skating Place
 
Adler Arena.gif|Adler Arena
 
</gallery>
 
   
 
==Links==
 
==Links==
Line 301: Line 285:
   
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
*[[Sochi 2014/Logos|Logos]] - A collection of logos featuring this event.
+
*[[:Category:Sochi 2014 Athletes|Athletes]] - Athletes from these games.
*[[Sochi 2014/Mascots|Mascots]] - The official mascots of this Olympics'.
+
*[[:Category:Sochi 2014 Events|Events]] - Sochi 2014 events.
*[[Sochi 2014/Torch|Torch]] - Information about this Olympics' torch.
+
*[[Sochi 2014 Venues|Venues]] - Venues used for these games.
  +
*[[2014 Winter Paralympics]]
  +
  +
{{Olympic Games}}
  +
[[de:Olympische Winterspiele 2014]]
  +
[[ru:Сочи 2014]]
 
[[Category:Olympic Games]]
 
[[Category:Olympic Games]]
 
[[Category:Winter Olympic Games]]
 
[[Category:Winter Olympic Games]]

Latest revision as of 19:56, May 20, 2014

XXII Olympic Winter Games
2014 Winter Olympics logo.svg
Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics official logo
Host city Sochi, Russia
Motto "Hot. Cool. Yours."[1] (Russian: Жаркие. Зимние. Твои.)
Nations participating 88
Athletes participating 2800+
Opening ceremony February 7
Closing ceremony February 23
Stadium Olympic Stadium

The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially the XXII Olympic Winter Games, or the 22nd Winter Olympic Games, took place 7 to 23 February 2014, in Sochi,[2] Russia, with some events held in the resort town of Krasnaya Polyana. Ninety-eight events in fifteen winter sports were held. Both the Olympics and 2014 Winter Paralympics were organized by the Sochi Organizing Committee (SOC).

Sochi was selected as the host city on July 4, 2007, during the 119th I.O.C. Session held in Guatemala City,[3] defeating bids from Salzburg, Austria, and Pyeongchang, South Korea. The Sochi Olympics became the first Winter Olympics (and first Olympics altogether) for the Russian Federation, since the 1980 Summer Olympics were in Moscow when that was the capital of the Soviet Union.

Construction in preparation for the Games involved the building of new venues; and modernizing the telecommunications, electric power, and transportation systems of this area. These improvements included the construction of a new Olympic Park along the coast of the Black Sea in the Imeretin Valley, with several buildings clustered in that area. The venues in Krasnaya Polyana were new, also.

OrganizationEdit

Bid and preparationsEdit

Sochi was elected on July 4, 2007, during the 119th International Olympic Committee (IOC) session held in Guatemala City, Guatemala.[4] This will be the first time that the Russian Federation will host the Winter Olympics. The U.S.S.R. was the host of the 1980 Summer Olympics held in and around Moscow.

2014 Winter Olympics bidding results[5]
City NOC Name Round 1 Round 2
Sochi
Flag-russia
Russia
34 51
Pyeongchang
Southkorea
South Korea
36 47
Salzburg
Austria-flag
Austria
25

FinancialsEdit

Funds approved
from 2006 until 2014
Year Billions of rubles[6]
2006 4.9
2007 15.9
2008 31.6
2009 27.3
2010 22.2
2011 27.1
2012 26.3
2013 22.1
2014 8.4

According to Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Organizing Committee President and CEO Dmitry Chernyshenko, the successful partnership and commercial programs allowed the use of funds generated by Sochi 2014 for the 2009–2010 development period, postponing the need for the state funds guaranteed by the Russian Government. He confirmed that the Organizing Committee successfully generated more than $500 million through the marketing program in the first five months of 2009.[7]

Russia provides nearly 327 billion rubles (approximately US$9.964 billion) for the total development, expansion and hosting of the Games. 192.4 billion coming from the federal budget and 7.1 billion from the Krasnodar Krai budget and from the Sochi budget. The organizers expect to have a surplus of US$300 million when the Games conclude.[8]

Financing from non-budget sources (including private investor funds) is distributed as follows:[9]

  • Tourist infrastructure – $2.6 billion
  • Olympic venues – $500 million
  • Transport infrastructure – $270 million
  • Power supply infrastructure – $100 million

VenuesEdit

Main article: Venues of the 2014 Winter Olympics

With an average February temperature of 8.3 °C (42.8 °F) and having a humid subtropical climate, Sochi is the warmest city to have ever hosted a Winter Olympic Games.[10]

Sochi Olympic Park (Coastal Cluster)Edit

500px-Sochi Olympic Park

The Sochi Olympic Park was built by the Black Sea coast in the Imeretin Valley.[11][12] All the venues are new.[13] The venues were clustered around a central water basin on which the Medals Plaza was built. This provided a great compactness of the concept with the Olympic Stadium and all indoor venues of the Olympics gathered within walking distance.

Tentative post-Olympic usageEdit

After the Olympics, a Formula One street circuit was planned for the site. The deal to hold the Russian Grand Prix was signed on 14 October 2010, and runs from 2014 to 2020.[15] The first race was expected to take place after the Closing Ceremony of the Games, but the IOC has announced that the race will be delayed until 2015 if construction of the circuit interferes with preparations for the 2014 Olympics.[16]

Krasnaya Polyana (Mountain Cluster)Edit

Sochi 2014 will be the 12th straight Olympics to outlaw smoking. This means that all Sochi venues, Olympic Park bars and restaurants and public areas will be smoke-free during the Games.[17]

MarketingEdit

Along with 2008 Russian presidential election, on 2 March 2008 there was an unofficial referendum held in Sochi to elect the mascot for the 2014 Winter Olympics. 270,000 voters along with their ballots received a coupon with four mascot candidates: Ded Moroz, a snowflake, a polar bear and a dolphin. According to a representative of Sochi city administration, the majority of Sochians voted for the dolphin.[18] However, representatives of the Sochi Organizing Committee for the Games, which is to officially elect a logo and a mascot, commented that while respecting the opinion of Sochians, such a procedure is usually held later. They also pointed out, that the final version of the mascot should be a consensus of opinions of all citizens of the country and the result of work by professional designers and market analysts.[19]

On 1 December 2009 the official 2014 Winter Olympic logo was released.[20] International Olympic Committee President, Jacques Rogge, said of the logo: "It's very appealing. It's very creative, innovative. I think it will appeal especially to the young population."[21]

There has been controversy over the announced mascots. The frog Zoich, which won the official online vote was inexplicably excluded by officials from the second round of voting. The ultimately selected mascots: a polar bear, snow hare, and snowboarding leopard (said to be Vladimir Putin's favorite) found only timid popular support.

Sochi 2014 is the only Olympic emblem to include a web address. The mirror of "Sochi" and "2014" 'reflects' that Sochi is a meeting point between sea and mountains. As the main component of the Sochi 2014 emblem, the Olympic rings sit large and in color to show that this is a symbol of progress for the Olympic Movement. The change of colours and inner design of the rest of the emblem encourages people to express themselves, with some expected to transform it using traditional images, while others will take an ultra-modern approach.

The fourth video game in the Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games series, Mario & Sonic at the Sochi Winter Games, is currently being developed by Sega for the Wii U.[22]

MascotsEdit

Stamps of Russia 2012 No 1559-61 Mascots 2014 Winter Olympics

The three mascots of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games

On 26 February 2011, at 11.20 pm (GMT+3) the final results of the public vote during the live television show "Talismaniya Sochi 2014 – The Final” were announced on the first Channel. The election council made the decision that the top-three characters with the maximum number of votes would all become the Olympic Winter Games mascots:[23]

  • the Polar Bear (by Oleg Serdechniy, Sochi),
  • the European Hare (by Silviya Petrova, Chuvashia)
  • the Amur Leopard (by Vadim Pak, Nakhodka)

Commenting on the results of the live vote, Dmitry Chernyshenko, President and CEO of the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, said:

«Today, the Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games have adopted its own symbols and, for the first time in the history of the Olympic Movement, the whole country was involved in choosing the mascots. There are three mascots for the Olympic Winter Games, representing the three places on the Olympic podium. All top-three characters according to the Olympic system will become the Olympic Winter Games mascots. The mascots are the choice of the whole our country and will remain in the history of the Olympic movement».

ConstructionEdit

The Olympic infrastructure is being constructed according to a Federal Target Program (FTP). In June 2009 the Games' organisers reported they are one year ahead in building the main Olympic facilities as compared to recent Olympic Games.[24] In November 2011 IOC President Jacques Rogge was in Sochi and concluded that the city has made significant progress since he last visited eighteen months earlier.[25]

TelecommunicationsEdit

According to the FTP, US$580 million will be spent on construction and modernization of telecommunications in the region. Avaya Inc, a global provider of business collaboration and communications solutions, has been named by the Sochi 2014 Organising Committee as the official supplier of telecom equipment for the 2014 Olympic Games. Avaya will be a part of the overall Games technology solutions group. Avaya will provide network, collaboration and communications equipment and work with other technology partners to provide athletes, dignitaries and fans worldwide a full communications experience around the Olympic Games.

Expected to be built:

  • A network of TETRA mobile radio communications for 100 user groups (with capacity of 10,000 subscribers)
  • 700 km of fiber-optic cables along the Anapa-Dzhubga-Sochi highways and Dzhubga-Krasnodar branch
  • Digital broadcasting infrastructure, including radio and TV broadcasting stations (building and communications tower) with coverage from Grushevaya Polyana (Pear Glade) to Sochi and Anapa cities. The project also includes construction of infocommunications centre for broadcasting abroad via three HDTV satellites

During the Olympic Games, the telecommunications backbones of UTK, Rostelecom and TransTeleCom providers will be used.[26]

The fiber-optic channel links Sochi between Adler and Krasnaya Polyana. The 46km long channel will enable videoconferencing and news reporting from the Olympics.[27]

Power infrastructureEdit

A five-year strategy for increasing power supply in the Sochi region was presented by Russian energy experts during a seminar on 29 May 2009, held by the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, and attended by International Olympic Committee (IOC) experts and officials from the Russian Ministry of Regional Development, the Russian Ministry of Energy, the State Corporation Olimpstroy and the Krasnodar Krai administration.[28]

The event was a part of the Olympic Games Knowledge Management (OGKM) program by the IOC.

According to the strategy, the capacity of the regional energy network will increase by two and a half times by 2014, guaranteeing stable power supply during and after the Games.

Power demand of Sochi in the end of May 2009 was 424 MW. Power demand of the Olympic infrastructure is expected to be about 340 MW.

  • Poselkovaya electrical substation became operational in early 2009
  • Sochi thermal power station is being reconstructed (expected power output is 160 MW)
  • Laura and Rosa Khutor electrical substations were completed in November 2010
  • Mzymta electrical substation was completed in March 2011
  • Krasnopolyanskaya hydroelectric power station was completed in 2010
  • Adler Combined heat and power (CHP) station design and construction was completed in 2012. Expected power output is 360 MW[29]
  • Bytkha substation, under construction with two transformers 25 MW each, includes dependable microprocessor-based protection

Earlier plans also include building combined cycle (steam and gas) power stations near the cities of Tuapse and Novorossiysk and construction of a cable-wire powerline, partially on the floor of the Black Sea.[30]

TransportationEdit

The transportation infrastructure being prepared to support the Olympics includes many roads, tunnels, bridges, interchanges, railroads and stations in and around Sochi.

The Sochi Light Metro is located between Adler and Krasnaya Polyana connecting the Olympic Park, the Adler-Sochi International Airport and the venues in Krasnaya Polyana.[31]

The existing 102km Tuapse to Adler railroad would be renovated to provide double track throughout, increasing capacity and enabling a reliable regional service to be provided and extending to the airport. In December 2009 Russian Railways ordered 38 Siemens Mobility Desiro trains for delivery in 2013 for use during the Olympics, with an option for a further 16 which would be partly built in Russia.[32]

Russian Railways has had gone to establish a high-speed Moscow-Adler link and a new railroad (more than 60 km long) passing by the territory of Ukraine.[33]

At the Sochi airport, a new terminal has been built along a 3.5km runway extension, possibly overlapping Mzymta river.[34] Backup airports will be built in Gelendzhik, Mineralnye Vody and Krasnodar by 2009.[35]

At the Sochi sea port, a new offshore terminal 1.5km from the shore allows docking for cruise ships with capacities of 3000 passengers.[36] The cargo terminal of the sea port is to be moved from the Sochi centre.

Road ways will be detoured, some going around the construction site and others being cut off.[37]

In May 2009 Russian Railways started the construction of tunnel complex No.1 (the final total is six) on the combined road (automobile and railway) from Adler to Alpica Service Mountain Resort in Krasnaya Polyana region. The tunnel complex No.1 is located near Akhshtyr settlement in Adlersky City District, and includes:[38]

  • Escape tunnel, 2.25 km, completed in 2010
  • Road tunnel, 2153 m, to be completed in Q1 2013
  • One-track railway tunnel, 2473 m, to be completed in Q2 2013

Russian Railways president Vladimir Yakunin said the road construction will cost more than 200 billion rubles.[39]

Other infrastructureEdit

Funds will be spent on construction of 15 modern sport venues and some hotels for 10,300 guests.[40] The first of the Olympic hotels, Zvezdny (Stellar), will be rebuilt anew.[41]

Federation Island will be built in the sea near the Lesser Akhun subdistrict of Khostinsky City District. The island will be shaped like the Russian Federation. It will hold hotels and offices.[42][43]

Significant funds are being spent on construction of an advanced sewage treatment system in Sochi, designed by Olimpstroy. The system meets BREF standards and employs top available technologies for environment protection, including tertiary treatment with microfiltration.[44]

The GamesEdit

Torch RelayEdit

Sochi2014 torch

On September 29, 2013, the Olympic torch was lit in Ancient Olympia, beginning a seven-day journey across Greece and on to Russia, then the torch relay started at Moscow on October 7, 2013 before passing 83 Russian cities and arriving at Sochi on the day of the opening ceremony, February 7, 2014. It is the longest torch relay in Olympic history, a 40,000-mile route that will pass through all regions of the country, from Kaliningrad in the west to Chukotka in the east.

Participating National Olympic CommitteesEdit

So far 88 nations have qualified at least one athlete.

National housesEdit

During the Games some countries and continents will have a national house. These temporary meeting place for supporters, athletes and other followers will be located throughout Sochi and Adler.

SportsEdit

Olympics medal Sochi 2014

The gold (left), silver (center) and bronze (right) medal for the 2014 Olympics.

Fifteen winter sport disciplines, organized as seven olympic sports, were included in the 2014 Winter Olympics. The three skating sports disciplines were: figure skating, speed skating, and short track speed skating. The six skiing sport disciplines were: alpine, cross-country skiing, freestyle, Nordic combined, ski jumping and snowboarding. The two bobsleigh sports disciplines are: bobsleigh and skeleton. The other four sports were: biathlon, curling, hockey, and luge. A total of twelve new events will be contested to make it the largest Winter Olympics to date.[46]

On 6 April 2011, the IOC accepted a number of events that were submitted by their respective sports federations to be considered for inclusion into the official program of these Olympic Games.[47] The events include:

Other events that were also considered to be included had their decision postponed for further study, however on 4 July 2011 the IOC announced that these events would be added to the program.[48] These events were officially declared by Olympic Committee President Jacques Rogge on 5 July 2011.[46]

Team alpine skiing was presented as a candidate for inclusion in the Olympic program but the Executive board of the IOC rejected this proposal. The International Ski Federation persisted with the nomination and this was considered.[49] There were reports of Bandy potentially being added to the sports program,[50][51][52] but the IOC rejected this request. Subsequently, the international governing body, Federation of International Bandy, decided to have Sochi host the 2014 Bandy World Championships during the Olympics.[53]

On 28 November 2006, the Executive Board of the IOC decided not to include the following sports in the review process of the program.[54]

  • Ski mountaineering[55]
  • Ski-orienteering[56]
  • Winter triathlon[54]

CalendarEdit

All dates are Moscow Time (MSK) UTC+4
Sochi2014 calendar


Concerns and controversiesEdit

There have been controversies and concerns affecting the upcoming Winter Olympics. The major disputes are with Circassians, environmental and economic issues, lack of political stability and governance and the LGBT rights in Russia athletes, supporters and journalists.[57][58] The 2014 Winter Olympics will be the most expensive games in history, with an estimated cost of $50 billion. Much of the cost overruns have been blamed on corruption.[59]

See alsoEdit

  • Chelyabinsk meteor, the anniversary of the event was celebrated at the games.[60]


NotesEdit

  1. "Sochi 2014 Reveals its Slogan", Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games Organizing Committee, 25 September 2012. Retrieved on 29 September 2012.
  2. Pinsent, Matthew. "Sochi 2014: A look at Russia's Olympic city", BBC News, 15 October 2011. Retrieved on 15 October 2011.
  3. 2014 Winter Olympic Games bids. GamesBids. Retrieved on 2 April 2007.
  4. Sochi Elected as Host City of XXII Olympic Winter Games International Olympic Committee, 4 July 2007
  5. http://www.webcitation.org/5xFvf0ufx
  6. InterfaxTemplate:Fix
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  8. Sochi 2014 Expects $300 Million Surplus GamesBids.com, 14 October 2011
  9. Experts analyzed which industries are most interested in Sochi OlympicsTemplate:Fix Rosbalt.biz, 6 July 2007 Template:Ru icon
  10. Vancouver Olympics: Embarrassed Russia looks to 2014 Sochi Olympics The Christian Science Monitor, 1 March 2010
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  13. Посмотрели свысока Yugopolis, 16 July 2013
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  19. 2014 Winter Olympics Mascot Should Appear Not Earlier Than 2011 RIA Novosti Template:Ru icon
  20. Unique Digital Olympic Emblem Revealed by Sochi 2014 for Russia’s First Winter GamesTemplate:Fix Sochi 2014 Olympic Committee 1 December 2009
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  31. Sochi opens new rail line for 2014 Winter Olympics Inside the Games, 17 February 2012
  32. Siemens signs Russian Olympic train order Railway Gazette International, 1 January 2010
  33. Expensive road to the Olympics Gudok, 22 August 2007 Template:Ru icon
  34. Runway in Sochi airport will cross the river YuGA.ru, 8 July 2007 Template:Ru icon
  35. Russia to build 3 reserve airports in country's south by 2009 RIA Novosti, 7 July 2007
  36. Offshore terminal will be built at the Sochi sea portTemplate:Fix KM.ru, 7 July 2007 Template:Ru icon
  37. Sochi authorities close the entrance to the cityTemplate:Fix DP.RU, 8 October 2007 Template:Ru icon
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  41. Construction of the first olympic hotel starts in Sochi RIA Novosti, 7 August 2007 Template:Ru icon
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  43. Arabians will own 70% of the island in SochiTemplate:Fix DP.RU, 24 September 2007 Template:Ru icon
  44. Minister of Natural Resources held a meeting on design and construction of sewage treatment facilities in preparation for 2014 Olympics in Sochi Press Service of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russian Federation, 13 July 2009 Template:Ru icon
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61. Translation Facts you should know about the Winter Olympics 2014 Storify Retrieved on 20 February 2014.

External linksEdit


LinksEdit

Preceded by
London 2012
Olympics
2014
Succeeded by
Rio de Janeiro 2016
Preceded by
Vancouver 2010
Winter Olympics
2014
Succeeded by
Pyeongchang 2018

See AlsoEdit

Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
Athens 1896Paris 1900St. Louis 1904Athens 1906London 1908Stockholm 1912Berlin 1916Antwerp 1920Paris 1924Amsterdam 1928Los Angeles 1932Berlin 1936London 1948 • • Helsinki 1952Melbourne 1956Rome 1960Tokyo 1964Mexico City 1968Munich 1972Montreal 1976Moscow 1980Los Angeles 1984Seoul 1988Barcelona 1992Atlanta 1996Sydney 2000Athens 2004Beijing 2008London 2012Rio de Janeiro 2016
Winter Olympic Games
Chamonix 1924St. Moritz 1928Lake Placid 1932Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936St. Moritz 1948Oslo 1952Cortina 1956Squaw Valley 1960Innsbruck 1964Grenoble 1968Sapporo 1972Innsbruck 1976Lake Placid 1980Sarajevo 1984Calgary 1988Albertville 1992Lillehammer 1994Nagano 1998Salt Lake City 2002Torino 2006Vancouver 2010Sochi 2014Pyeongchang 2018

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